初中英语首字母填空练习
首字母填空类属于短文的阅读题的考查,可以是考查英语语言知识方面的,也可能涉及到其它学科 的内容。学会一点常用的答题技巧,再在做习题中体验一下,就可以解决这方面的问题。在此提供了初 中英语第一学期首字母填空练习,从牛津英语教材的角度,按年级划分,并附上参考答案,希望对初中 生有所裨益。 就答题技巧问题也说两句。首先要通读短文,了解文章的大意。每篇短文段落之间必然承上启下、 前呼后应。因此通读全文时要一气呵成,只要能了解短文的大意即可,细节不理解可以跳过。因此,在 解题之前通读一遍短文,目的是对文章有个全面的了解,弄清其中心思想和大意。 其次要特别注意一篇文章的开头和结尾,它们能提供主要的信息,帮助了解全文所描述的事件或文 章的中心思想。在阅读过程中,要注意上、下文的关系,这对于把握文章的整体意义大有用处。对不理 解的地方采用暂时回避的方式,待真正理解全文之后再找解决的方法。有些短文填空题,有时出现少量 的生词是很正常的,这就要求学生根据构词知识或上、下文的意思加以猜测,来确定它的词义。 在阅读过程中,对留空的句子进行全面的分析,看它在全文中所处的位置、作用和意义。这一 遍阅读要求是精心阅读,要留心找出关键词、短语或句子,还要结合所给首字母的提示,进行填写,并 注意单词的正确形式。 做完填空,认真读一遍,检查所填写的单词是否与文章要求相符,文章是否通顺,前后是否呼应, 有无句型结构及语法错误。从实际中看,很多学生能够充分利用词首字母和短文内容填写单词,关注单 词的形式变化,深思熟虑很重要。 七年级期中 阅读短文,根据首字母提示填空,每空一词。(10’) Most American families are smaller than the families in o families e 82 have one or two children. 81 countries. Most American
C 83 in the US will leave their parents' home when they grow up. They usually live far f 84 their parents because they want to find good jobs. They often w 85 to their parents or telephone them. And they often go to visit their parents on h 86 . Parents usually let their children choose their o 87 jobs. Americans think it important for young people to decide on their lives by themselves. Children are asked to do some work around their house. And in many families, children are paid (付钱)for d 88 some housework so that they learn how to make money for their own use. Do you often help y 90 you grow up ? 七年级期末 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。(10’) Lofton is a little village (村庄)in England. It is not f__81 from the city of Manchester. Not many families l__82 around the village, so the people all know each o__
  83. Most of them are friendly and helpful. 89 parents do housework? Do you want to live with your parents
w
Though their homes are in Lofton, many people have jobs in Manchester. S__84__ work in large factories there. A few work in shops o85 offices. Most of these people go to work by train. It usually t__86_ _ about half an hour to go from Lofton to Manchester. In the evening a lot of people like watching TV. But if they go to see a film or go to a concert (音乐会), they have to go to Manchester, because there are n87 cinemas in Lofton. Like many other villages near towns or cities, it is clean and quiet. So life in Lofton may not be so e88 as the life in the b89 cities, but it can be just as interesting. That is w90__ people in Lofton love their village. 八年级期中 阅读短文,根据所给的首字母提示,用合适的单词填空。(10’) One day I found a little girl sitting in the park sadly. Lots of people passed by but never s 81 to see why she looked so sad. As I got closer I saw that her b 82 had a strange shape. That’s a hump (驼背)! Perhaps that was the r 83 why people just passed by and make no effort to help. I sat down beside her and said, “Hello!” Then she, in a low voice, said, “Hi.” I smiled and she smiled b 84 , shyly. Then we talked there u 85 it got dark. I asked the girl why she was so sad. She looked at me and said with a sad face, “Because of the hump.” of an angel (天使), sweet and friendly,” I said. She looked “But, you make me t 86 at me and asked, “Really?” I said, “Yes, I think you are an angel and you come here to watch over all those people walking by.” When she h 87 this, the little girl jumped up. “I am! I’m an angel!” I was happy because she was no sad any m 88 . After that, my life also changed. I learned how to s 89 others. I believe now we give something to others in the s 八年级期末 根据短文内容及首字母提示, 填写所缺的单词。(10’) There was a big earthquake under the India Ocean Area o 81 December 26th 2004 and a large tsunami. Tsunamis are great sea waves produced especially by an it c 82 earthquake. That morning my classmates and I went to the seaside and had breakfast when we h 83 a loud noise like bombs. People in the sea ran w 84 to the bank and s 85 , ‘Water is coming!’ Someone told us to run to a higher place. We ran as q 86 as we could. Since we did not know what happened, we were very f 87 . We looked back and saw a t 88 picture. The water waves were so strong that cars were made to fall upside down and the flood w 89 away everything on the seaside . We were safe but the n Sunday’. 九年级期中 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。(10’) 90 of victims was over 140,0
  00. People call the day ‘Black both happiness and sadness with 90 way we get the same.
Man has a big brain. He can think and s 76 languages. Scientists once thought that man can think and learn. They know now that dogs, monkeys man isn’t the same as animals b 77 and birds can learn, too. They are beginning to u 78 that men are different from animals because they can speak. Animals can’t speak. They make much n 79 when they are afraid, or unhappy. Apes(猿) can learn some things more quickly than man. One or two of them have learned a few words. But they 81 us because they have no language. cannot join words to make s 80 . They cannot think l Language is a wonderful thing. Man has been a 82 to build a modern world because he has language. Every child can speak his own language very w 83 when he is four or five, b 84 no animals learn to speak. How do children learn it? Scientists don’t really know w 85 happens inside our body when we speak. They only know that man can speak because he has a brain. 九年级期末 根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词。(10’) Fourteen ?year-old girl Du Bingzi was walking towards her home .S her and shouted, “Give me your money!” 67 , a man stopped
Du’s hands were c 68 by the man .But in one quick movement , she took back her arms and started to scream for attention. The man ran away without getting any of her money. Du is a student from Beijing No.25 Middle School . Her teacher Chen Han has started giving his students an u 69 lesson: self-protection. Luckily, Du had just learned how to escape from an a 70 ,a person who plans to hurt someone. The school has taught self?protection for four years. During this time, about 5,000 students have learned to how to protect t 71 . According to a new survey, students’ students say they are worried about r 73 s 72 has become a big problem. Nearly 50% on the way to and from school.
This school is not the only one to care about students’ safety. Many other schools in China also have lessons l 74 this. Student Ma Xiang said, “I learn how to save lives and most such courses tell students situations.” Students practice what to do if they are attacked how to avoid (避免) d 75 by a bad person. They are taught how to save lives if someone is hurt. They also learn how to work build team-spirit. 七年级期中参考答案: 81 other 86 holiday 82 each 87 own 83 Children 89 84 from your 90 85 write when t 76 and
88 doing
七年级期末参考答案:

  81.far
  86.takes

  82.live
  87.no

  83.other
  88.exciting

  84.Some
  89.big

  85.or
  90.why
八年级期中参考答案:
  81. stopped
  86. think
  82. back
  87. heard
  83. reason
  88. more
  84. back
  85. until
  90. same

  89. share
八年级期末参考答案:
  81. on
  82. caused
  83.heard
  84. wildly
  85.screamed/shouted
  89. washed
  90. number

  86.quickly

  87. frightened

  88. terrible
九年级期中参考答案:
  76. speak
  81.like
  77. because
  82. able
  78. understand
  83. well
  79. noise
  84. but
  80. sentences
  85. what
九年级期末参考答案:
  67. Suddenly
  72. safety
  68. caught
  69. unusual / uncommon
  74. like
  70. attacker
  71.themselves
  75. dangerous
  76. together

  73. robbery / risk(s)
 

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