初中英语完型填空妙招三: 初中英语完型填空妙招三:全面考虑定选项
一、妙招一通读全文知大意 Mr. Johnson had a factory. He once (
  1) on TV that animals could be taught to (
  2) some work for people if they were given(
  3) to eat. He loved the idea. He thought it would be (
  4) to have a dog look after his (
  5) and an elephant do some heavy jobs (
  6) his factory. He bought a dog (
  7) an elephant in the market and decided to teach them to do some work for him. Of course. he (
  8) bought a lot of food for them. Several months later,the dog and the elephant (
  9) fatter and fatter,but they (
  10) do any work for him. At last,Mr. Johnson had to give up.
  1. A. saw B. asked C. met
  2. A. make B.do C. 1et
  3. A. someone B.nothing C. something
  4. A. bad B. good C. 1ate
  5. A. house B. shirt C. eyes
  6. A. in B. above C. under
  7. A. but B. or C. and
  8. A. also B. never C. yet
  9. A. smelt B. sounded C. became
  10. A. mustn’t B. couldn’t C. shouldn’t
运用“跳读”或“边读边猜”等技巧把握中心大意。 短文的中心直接影响故事情节的发展, 决定着各小题选项该如何确定。 通过一到两遍的阅读, 有些小题答案会在我们的脑海里浮现, 比如 2 空填 do, 空填 something 或 food, 3 5 空填 home 或 house 或 his factory,7 空填 and 等等。 [注] 此时不要急于确定答案!
(Keys:
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. B
  5. A
  6. A
  7. C
  8. A
  9. C
  10. B)
二、妙招二重视首句获信息 重视首句、突破首句。完形填空题所选用短文的第一句话通常是不设空的,目的是给同学们一个整体印象,同时提示短文的中心内容或提供故事发生的时间、地点、背景 等。 At our school, we sometimes have a special day to help others. Last year we went to an old people’s 1 and sang songs and performed a play for 2 . The old people were very 3 . We should be allowed to take time to do things like that more often. For example, we should 4 primary schools and help 5 young students. I want to be a teacher 6 I’m older so it would be a great experience for me. Other students would like to do other jobs. For example, my friend Tian Ge wants to 7 for a newspaper. She should be allowed to volunteer at the newspaper office once a week.
  1. A. home B. bank C. shop D. river
  2. A. us B. them C. him D. her
  3. A. great B. angry C. smart D. happy
  4. A. buy B. have C. visit D. build
  5. A. tell B. ask C. teach D. find
  6. A. how B. when C. where D. why
  7. A. write B. wait C. look D. pay
首句 At our school, we sometimes have a special day to help others.有提纲挈领之效,简明扼要地 提示我们,作者的学校有一个特殊的日子,那就是帮助别人献爱心的日子。有助于我们理解全文。甚至让 我们毫不犹豫地确认 1 空应添单词 home. (Keys:
  1. A
  2. B
  3. D
  4. C
  5. C
  6. B
  7. A)
三、妙招三全面考虑定选项 整体理解短文、把握中心并根据文中线索(含体裁、时态变化线索、词汇线索、句法线索、社会文化线索、上下文线索等)由易到难地做出选择。
[注] 不要试图从头至尾地去解答完形填空题。有的选项内容在短文的其他地方有较为明确的提示,甚至原封不动地重现。 Shirley Yeats is certainly a very brave woman! At the age of sixty-seven, she 1 to take a trip round the coast(海岸) of Malaysia. Everything was fine 2 one day, as she was going back to her room on the 3 , she saw smoke coming out of another room. She 4 the captain from her room at once and told him about the fire. Then she went up on deck(甲板) to see 5 she could do to help. The fire spread(蔓延) very quickly and soon 6 was completely out of control. The captain decided to get all the passengers out as 7 as possible.
  1. A. stopped B. usedC. had D. decided
  2. A. since B. afterC. until D. before
  3. A. way B. shipC. land D. road
  4. A. phoned B. toldC. asked D. ordered
  5. A. if B. howC. what D. where
  6. A. she B. heC. that D. it
  7. A. quickly B. muchC. well D. usually

  1.由上下文可知她决定去旅游,decided to do sth.意为“决定做某事”。
  2.根据下文可知直到火灾发生的那一天情况一切正常。
  3.从下文的 captain, deck,可确定她是乘船去旅游。
  4.由下文的 from her room 可知她马上打电话将情况告诉了船长。
  5.根据上下文可知她走上甲板去看看能不能帮忙做点儿什么。
  6.由上文的 The fire spread very quickly,可知大火无法控制了。
  7. as quickly as 意为“尽快地” (Keys:
  1. D
  2. C
  3. B
  4. A
  5. C
  6. D
  7. A)
 

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