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第二节 句子与短文改错练习 英文作文同中文一样,要想文章内容充实,语言生动,情节清楚,意思明白,富于感染力, 除了在巧妙构思,谴词造句和布局谋篇上下功夫外,写完后还要在“修改”上做一番努力, 下一番功夫。 “竭力将可有可无的字、句、段删去,毫不可惜”是要我们注意“精炼”。 我们写文章一定要注意做到“简而明”, “可有可无”的, 一定删去。 而且, 要“毫不可惜”! 写文章最忌讳“画蛇添足”。我们很多同学易犯的一个毛病就是觉得自己好不容易写出来 的,不愿删减,甚至有的同学是为了达到要求的字数“凑字”。这样很难写出“漂亮”的文 章。 那么,具体怎样修改一句话或一篇文章呢?一个句子或一篇英文短文(不管什么体裁)写完 后,首先要认真读两、三遍,读完后要针对题目要求,认真检查,看看要点是不是齐全,有 无遗漏。如有遗漏,及时补上。再读,检查句子是否正确,句式表达是否符合英文习惯,包 括句子结构(如主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语的位置);动词时态;介词短语等。三读, 检查有无漏词、多词,有无拼写错误,标点符号是否恰当等。四读,整体体会语感如何、逻 辑是否合理,是否简明扼要。删除多余的东西。最后,工整地抄写在作业本(或考卷)上。 本练习先从单句改错入手,逐步过度到短文改错,目的是使我们熟悉改错的方法、技巧,为 我们后面英文作文的改错打好基础。做完后,对照后面的参考答案认真揣摩,以便把握常犯 错误的规律,在进行正式写作时,少犯错误或不犯错常见名词错误。 一、单句改错练习 单句改错一般是一个句子中有一处错误,要我们指出并改正。这是修改句子的基础,解题时 一要充分理解全句,掌握句子大意。二要在清楚句子意思的基础上,从语法、惯用法、搭配 习惯、 拼写、 标点、 大小写等多方面进行检查, 修改。 有的句子还要考虑英美人的文化习俗。 常见名词改错
  1. I hope you can come some times tomorrow.
  2. Papers catches fire very easily.
  3. I bought a great many book yesterday.
  4. We study quite a few subject, such as Chinese, maths, English and physics.
  5. Today I visited the Smiths?my first time visit to an American family.
  6. What a fine weather it is today!
  7. What fine day we have today!
  8. There are some sheeps in the woods.
  9. There are library in most cities in China.
  10. My American friends were eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of
question.
  11. I like musics of all kinds.
  12. These children had a great fun in the park.
  13. There are many tomatos on the table.
  14. Some people read books or watch televisions while others have sports in their spare time.
  15. One of the first thing Ann did was to teach me how to play.
  16. This bike isn’t mine. It is Mary.
  17. -- Is you bike like Bill and Ann’s? -- No. Mine is quite different from their bikes.
  18. What good dinner we had the other day in that restaurant.
  19. Many leafs are falling as the autumn is coming.
  20. You shouldn’t take along knifes on a trip.
  21. Put on more clothing, or you’ll catch a cold.
  22. Eating much sugar is bad for your tooth.
  23. I hope I didn’t cause you too much troubles.
  24. A journey of a thousand mile must begin with a single step.
  25. They were all tired out after five hour walk in the woods.
  26. Have the finished their homeworks?
  27. I borrowed this books from the school library.
  28. Don’t make any voice. Your father is sleeping.
  29. It’s not my book. Maybe it’s somebody else.
  30. Both of them are member of the school football team.
  31. The book with red cover is mine.
  32. She’s bought some clothes to make herself a dress.
  33. When you catch bad cold, you should go to the doctor as soon as possible.
  34. Please accept our congratulation on your success.
  35. Cows feed on grasses.
  36. A friend of my father will call at his office today.
  37. The man has been hunting for job for a long time.
  38. In our school, there are eighty woman teachers in all.
  39. If you want to be thinner and healthier, you have to eat less foods and take more exercise.
  40. The Turners often do their shoppings on Saturday.
  41. What a good news she has given us!
  42. Are there any important news in today’s newspaper?
  43. After a few years’ self-study I got a lot of knowledges.
  44. Finally, she found his telephone numbers in the phone’s book.

  45. The Great Wall has a long history of about twenty century.
  46. The Smith will make a trip to China during the coming spring.
  47. Would you like some more teas?
  48. A group of sheep are eating grass and leaf at the foot of the hill.
  49. When English peoples meet each other, they often talk about the weather.
  50. I don’t think they’ll give us helps.
  51. The patient has stayed in hospital for one and a half month.
  52. Peter’s and Mary’s Chinese teacher is from Beijing.
  53. We went climbing yesterday and enjoyed myself.
  54. He opened the letter and there was some important informations.
  55. I used to be a newspaper’s reporter, but now I have changed my job.
  56. There is a great deal of them, so you can take any one you like.
  57. The young should make rooms for the old in crowded buses.
  58. The teacher asked the student to write an eight-hundred-words composition.
  59. Computer can be used for making all kinds of cartoons(动画片).
  60. China is one of the oldest country in the world.
常见形容词、 常见形容词、副词改错
  1. The old man looks very health.
  2. He likes to live there. It’s usually very quietly.
  3. Who’s tall, Lucy or Lily?
  4. The elephant is much strong than the panda.
  5. There are many interested stories in the book.
  6. The doctor looked me over carefully, and then said it was nothing seriously.
  7. I can finish the work lonely by the time you arrive.
  8. The dish tasted so well that it was eaten up.
  9. Why do they prefer shooting than wrestling?
  10. Which subject do you prefer better, maths or physics?
  11. The late Premier Zhou Enlai is wide known in the world.
  12. How wonderful the toy boat is made! I couldn’t resist buying it.
  13. I’m sure you’ll find the books usefully.
  14. After two weeks’ careful treatment, her mother was good enough to go to work.
  15. Seeing the trouble he caused, he promised to be more carefully in the future.
  16. When you learn a foreign language, you’ll find it not difficulty if you practice a lot.
  17. We want to make our school as beautifully as a flower garden.
  18. Don’t open your books, please keep them close.

  19. This is the large factory that I have ever visited.
  20. My brother is too young that he can’t dress himself.
  21. It seems to me that the cold weather started more earlier this year than it did last year.
  22. I feel terrible cold today.
  23. As usually Mr. Smith got up early that morning.
  24. Don’t afraid of making mistakes in the course of your English study.
  25. Nowadays the problem of pollution is growing more seriously than before.
  26. They went straight to home without stopping at Jim’s.
  27. When I was young, I was shy that I never dared meet strangers.
  28. Only if you keep on studying and using English can you make farther progress.
  29. Frog will go deeply into the ground in winter.
  30. A teacher should know his students very much.
  31. It is rather danger either to drink or use polluted water.
  32. This is the large factory that I have ever visited.
  33. My brother is too young that he can't dress himself.
  34. It seems to me that the cold weather started more earlier this year than it did last year.
  35. It seems easily, but as a matter of fact it doesn't.
  36. I feel terrible cold today.
  37. As usually Mr. Smith got up early that morning.
  38. Don't afraid of making mistakes in the course of your English study.
  39. Nowadays the problem of pollution is growing more seriously than before.
  40. They went straight to home without stopping at Jim's.
  41. When I was young, I was shy that I never dared meet strangers.
  42. Only if you keep on studying and using English can you make farther progress.
  43. It is my belief that your illness is caused by something more seriously than overwork.
  44. This room is not enough big for us to hold this party.
  45. He told me that nearly nothing there was worth looking into.
  46. You didn't do well in the test; I didn't too.
  47. A hibernating animal looks died.
  48. He just looked strange at the foot prints, full of great fear.
  49. I' m sure that you will have a wonderfully time.
  50. I never thought horse riding could be so much interesting.
  51. Our class adviser is very stricted with us in our studies.
  52. You needn't have hurried. There was plenty time.
  53. Deep moved by the speech, he began to shed tears.
  54. Since traveling across the country might cost as much 300 yuan, I suggested that she not plan
the trip.
  55. Many young Americans don' t hardly know about the New China well.
  56. The more careful you are, the few mistakes you' 11 make.
  57. You should make as fewer mistakes as you can.
  58. I can't find a job everywhere.
  59. We need your farther explanation.
  60. Traffic today is very heavier than the past.
  61. We all feel surprising to see what was happening.
  62. Your handwriting is as well as mine.
  63. He asked for the more money for the work.
  64. We have collected as many as 3000 dollars, which will be sent to Africa.
  65. Much more people have realized the importance of traveling around.
常见冠词改错
  1. There is public library in every town in Britain.
  2. What a great fun it is to have a swim in the summer vacation!
  3. What a good news you've brought us!
  4. Light travels faster than the sound, doesn’t it?
  5. I have a small box in one of my hands. Can you guess what it is in my the other hand?
  6. Please allow me to introduce Jack. He is an U.S soldier.
  7. I have idea what to do with such a problem.
  8. What a fine weather it is today!
  9. This is so difficult job that I can’t do without your help.
  10. The fourth and the last runner is from France.
  11. Good health is person’s most valuable possession.
  12. I have to work ten hours one day.
  13. The writer and a teacher has accepted the invitation.
  14. Each football player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team.
  15. Most of students in my class come from the countryside.
  16. I want to be bus driver when I finish middle school.
  17. Ten years ago I was an university student of English.
  18. We’ll set out after the breakfast.
  19. The policeman caught me by my arm.
  20. Tom didn’t go to school. His mother went to school to ask for leave.
  21. I used to work in a same shop as she does.
  22. One of the three foreign visitors is an Englishman, other two are Germans.

  23. China sent up her first man-made satellite a day in 19
  70.
  24. The man is the only animal that can think by itself.
  25. Chinese people is a hard-working people.
  26. Plastics will take place of wood in many ways.
  27. In the time of danger man is often much wiser than usual.
  28. This dictionary is the same as one I lost.
  29. The United States fought in the World War II, didn't it?
  30. I at last found a job paid by an hour.
  31. Actually this room is bigger of the two.
  32. Is your brother a student of the Class 2, too?
  33. The sun gives us light during day.
  34. It is a great fun to collect old stamps and coins.
  35. I think it honour to be invited to make a speech here.
  36. The all students had a good time in the park last Sunday.
  37. Did you have wonderful time walking through the forest?
  38. He never tells lie and he is an honest young man.
  39. What surprised us most is that the blind girl played piano so well.
  40. The writer began writing in 1940s.
  41. If you want to come, maybe you could during a winter holidays.
  42. Today I visited the Smiths -- my first visit to a American family.
  43. Many people dream of walking in the space like astronauts one day.
  44. Will you leave for the United States the next month?
  45. Our city government has paid a great attention to the pollution.
  46. I have failed three times, but I would like to have the fourth time.
  47. My favourite sport is football. I practise for three times one week.
  48. There were so many people present at the meeting. Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.
  49. When I was child of three, I started to play the piano.
  50. In May of 2001, Beijing succeeded in becoming the city where the 2008 Olympic Games take place.
  51. The man knows a little but he talks a lot.
  52. I don't know how to make the friends.
  53. I read a interesting story.
  54. We always have rice for the lunch.
  55. A Greens came to visit our school.

  56. The musician gave me some good advices.
  57. Shanghai is one of biggest cities in the world.
  58. He was very careful, but he still made few mistakes.
  59. We have never seen such wonderful film.
  60. What a nice shoes you are wearing!
常见介词改错
  1. The old man lives for himself but doesn’t feel lonely.
  2. I have played the piano for five years ago.
  3. Jeff, you are wanted by the phone.
  4. The bookstore will never open for eight in the morning.
  5. Can I sit next you?
  6. I shot the bird and they flew
 

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