初中英语形容词、副词
形容词的比较等级 形容词比较等级的规则变化如下表: 构成法
  1、单音节词末尾加-er 和-est
  2、单音节词如以-e 结尾,只加-r 和 -st
  3、闭音节单音节词如末尾只有一个 辅音字母,须先双写这个辅音字母, 再加-er 和-est
  4、少数以-y,-er,-ow,-ble 结构的双音 节词,末尾加-er,和-est(以-y 结尾 的词,如-y 前是辅音字母,则 y 变为 i, 再加-er 和-est。 以-e 结尾的词仍只 加-r 和-st)
  5、其它双音节和多音节词皆在前面 加单词 more 和 most. 原级 伟大的 great brave 勇敢的 fine 好的 big 大的 hot 熟的 比较级 greater braver finer bigger hotter 最高级 greatest bravest finest biggest hottest happiest cleverest narrowest ablest most difficult
happy 快 乐 happier 的 cleverer clever 聪 明 narrower 的 alber narrow 狭窄的 able 能 more difficult 困难的 difficult
形容词比较等级部分不规则变化表 原 级 比较级 最高级 good better best well bad worse worst ill many more most much little less least few farther farthest far further furthest older oldest old elder eldest latter last late later latest 副词的用法 (
  1) 副词在句中可作状语,表语和定语。 He studies very hard. (作状语) Life here is full of joy. (作定语) When will you be back? (作表语) 副词按其用途和含义可分为下面五类:
  1)时间副词 时间副词通常用来表示动作的时间。 常见的时间副词有: now today, tomorrow, yesterday, before, late, early, never, seldom, sometimes, often, usually, always 等。例如: He often comes to school late. What are we going to do tomorrow? He is never been to Beijing.
  2)地点副词 地点副词通常用来表示动作发生的地点。常见的地点副词有:here, there, inside, outside, home, upstairs, downstairs, anywhere, everywhere, nowhere, somewhere, down, up, off, on, in, out 等。例如: I met an old friend of mine on my way home. He went upstairs.
1
Put down your name here.
  3)方式副词 方式副词一般都是回答“怎样的?”这类问题的, 其中绝大部分都是由一个形容词加词尾 -ly 构成的, 有少数方式副词不带词尾-ly, 它们与形容词同形。常见的方式副词有: anxiously, badly, bravely, calmly, carefully, proudly, rapidly, suddenly, successfully, angrily, happily, slowly, warmly, well, fast, slow, quick, hard, alone, high, straight, wide 等。例如: The old man walked home slowly. Please listen to the teacher carefully. The birds are flying high. He runs very fast.
  4)程度副词 程度副词多数用来修饰形容词和副词,有少数用来修饰动词或介词短语。常见的程度 副词有:much, (a) little, a bit, very, so, too, enough, quite, rather, pretty, greatly, completely, nearly, almost, deeply, hardly, partly 等。例如: Her pronunciation is very good. She sings quite well. I can hardly agree with you.
  5)疑问副词是用来引导特殊疑问句的副词。 常见的疑问副词有: how, when, where, why 等。 例如: How are you getting along with your studies? Where were you yesterday? Why did you do that? (
  2)副词在句中的位置
  1)多数副词作状语时放在动词之后。如果动词带有宾语,则放在宾语之后。例如: Mr Smith works very hard. She speaks English well.
  2)频度副词作状语时,通常放在行为动词之前,情态动词,助动词和 be 动词之后。例如: He usually gets up early. I’ve never heard him singing. She is seldom ill.
  3)程度副词一般放在所修饰的形容词和副词的前面, 但 enough 作副词用时,通常放在被 修饰词的后面。例如: It is a rather difficult job. He runs very fast. He didn’t work hard enough.
  4)副词作定语时,一般放在被修饰的名词之后。例如: On my way home, I met my uncle. The students there have a lot time to do their own research work. (
  3)部分常用副词的用法
  1) very, much 这两个副词都可表示“很”,但用法不同。Very 用来修饰形容词和副词的原 级,而 much 用来修饰形容词和副词的比较级。例如: She is a very nice girl I’m feeling much better now. Much 可以修饰动词,而 very 则不能。例如: I don’t like the idea much. They did not talk much.
2

  2) too, either 这两个副词都表示“也”,但 too 用于肯定句,either 用于否定句。例如: She can dance, and I can dance, too. I haven’t read the book and my brother hasn’t either.
  3) already, yet already 一般用于语肯定句,yet 一般用于否定句。例如: He has already left. Have you heard from him yet? He hasn’t answered yet.
  4) so, neither 都可用于倒装句, 但 so 表示肯定,neither 表示否定。 eg:My brother likes football and so do I. My brother doesn’t like dancing and neither do I. 形容词、副词比较等级的基本用法 形容词与副词都有三个比较等级。
  1)原级常用于“as+原级+as”结构 He likes her as much as he likes his sister. 否定的原级用 not as…as 或 not so…as,二者一般无甚区别。 He does not smoke so heavily as his brother.
  2)比较级常用于“比较级+than”结构. He is taller than me. 否定比较与否定原级一样,也用 not as(so)…as…结构,也可用 less…than 结构. This word is less frequent in British English than in American English.
  3)两个人或物比较时,定冠词 the+比较级表示最高级。 He is the taller of the two.
  4)最高级常用于“the+最高级+比较范围”结构,比较范围为短语或从句。 He is the best picture in the hall.
  5)含有否定词的比较级,如 (
  1)no less than=as much(or many)as “不亚于” not less than=at least “至少” (
  2)no less… than =as…as “和……一样” not less+原级+than “至少不亚于” (
  3)no more…than=not…any more than “和……一样不……” not more…than=not so…as “不像……那样……” (
  4)no more than=only “只不过”,言其少 not more than=at most “不多于”,“至少”
  6)表示“几倍于”用 twice(两倍) ,three times(三倍)+as…as, This book costs twice as much as the other one.
  7)the+比较级……,the+比较级,意思是“越……就越”,如: The harder you work , the moreyou will learn.
  8) 比 较 结 构 之 前 可 用 程 度 状 语 加 以 修 饰 , 如 as…as 前 可 用 almost,nearly,just(about),quite 等词语修饰,如, John is almost as tall as his father.
  9)在 more than 结构之前可用 far,(so)very much, (quite)a lot, a great deal, (just)a bit, still, far 等词 语修饰,如: He speaks English a lot more rapidly than he does French.
  10)比较级+and+比较级,作“越来……越”解,如: The days are getting longer and longer.
练:
  1: 一、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级和最高级。 small late short nice tall large young heavy long early strong easy ight busy low slowly high pretty slow funny fast dirty high beautiful hard interesting cheap bright important dark different cool old excited fat good/ well big bad/ill thin far 二、根据句意填入单词的正确形式。
  1.My brother is two years (old) than me.
  2. Is your sister (young) than you? Yes,she is.
3
many/much expensive hot

  3. Who is (thin),you or Helen? Helen is.
  4. Whose pencil-box is (big),yours or hers? Hers is.
  5.Ben jumps (high) than some of the boys in his class.
  6.Does Nancy sing (well) than Helen? Yes, she does.
  7.My eyes are (big) than hers.
  8.Which is (heavy),the elephant or the pig?
  9.Who gets up (early),Tim or Tom?
  10.Do the girls get up(early) than the boys? No,they.
  11.Jim runs (slow). But Ben runs (slow). 三、选择正确的词填空。 Sarah is 12 years (old,older).She is one year (older,oldest) than me.But I am
  0.1 meter (taller, tallest) than her.She studies in Guangzhou interational Shool.She studies (harder,hardest) in her class.Everyone likes her. Yesterday ,she was ill.She took some medicine and she feels (good,better) now. 四、选择。 ( )
  1. The yellow shoes are than the blue ones. A.expensive B. expensiver C. more expensive ( )
  2. A cow is bigger than a mouse. A.much B.more C.many ( )
  3. Who’s the ,Jean,Joan or Jennet? A.thinner B.thinest C.thinnest ( )
  4. Tim is than Jack. A.funny B.much funny C.funnier ( )
  5. I’m taller than others in my class.I’m . A.tall B.tallest C.the tallest ( )
  6. Who can sing better Rose? A.than B.then C./ ( )
  7. I have books than you have. A.many B.much C.more ( )
  8. His uncle’s house is very . A.old B.older C.oldest ( )
  9. My bike is but his bike is . A.new,new B.new,newer C.new,newest ( )
  10. Please clean your room.It’s now. A.clean B.dirty C.tidy 五、翻译句子。
  1.谁比 Jim 年纪大?是你。 is than Jim? are
  2.谁比 David 更强壮?是 Gao Shan. than David? Gao Shan .
  3.谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。 pencil is , or ? is,I think.
  4.Yang Ling 每天睡得比 Su Yang 晚。 Yang Ling to than Su Yang every day.
  5.你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。 youthe kite than Wang Bing?No,I it than .
  6.我的姐姐起得比我早。My up than me.
  7.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。 She doesn’t in PE. But I don’t than .
练习
  2:
( ( ( (

)1 Nowadays science fiction isn’t as as cartoons among teenagers. A.popular B.more popular C.less popular D.the most popular )
  2. We are glad to see that Shanghai is developing these years than ever before A. quickly B.less quickly C.more quickly D.the most quickly )
  3. The cheese cake tasted so that the kids asked for more. A.delicious B.well C.bad D.badly )
  4.?Why didn’t you enjoy the talk? ?It was talk that I had ever listened to. A.the most interesting B.the least interesting C.more interesting D.1ess interesting )
  5. Guo Yue did quite at the World Table Tennis Championship(锦标赛),but Zhang
4

( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
( (
Yining did even . A. better; well B. well; well C. well; better D. better; better )
  6. ? Whose picture is better, Jack’s or Tom’s? ? Both of them are good. I think Jack draws Tom. A. as good as B. as well as C. better than D. worse than )
  7. It gets very here in summer. A.cool B.cold C.warm D.hot )
  8. Be , and you will do well in the English exam. A.careful B.polite C.sure D.friendly )
  9. Lin Tao is good at all the subjects at school, English. A.really B.mostly C.especially D.exactly )
  10. ?The coat is too expensive. ?Look, here's another one. It's and nicer. A. dearer B. cheaper C. older D. longer )
  11.The population of Tianjin is than that of Shanghai. A larger B less C smaller D fewer )
  12.It’s raining . We have to stay at home instead of going fishing . A badly B hardly C heavily D strongly )
  13. Kate is as as Maria. A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest )
  14. She looks very. I think she needs to have a rest. A. tired B. hard C.well D. hardly )
  15.--Tom is terribly ill. --We’d better send him to hospital as as we can. A. slowly B。quickly C。quietly D.easily )
  16. --Do you like the Moonlight Sonata? --Sure, it sounds really A. clear B. clearly C. beautiful D. beautifully )
  17. Supermarkets are necessary. People usually spend time finding things they want, but they usually spend money than they want. A.less; less B.less; more C.fewer; less D.fewer; more )
  18. “Do you want to improve your score in math? Try staying away from your computer!” A recent report in Britain says, “The students use computer at school and at home, the they do in exams of reading and math.” A.more; better B.less; worse C.more; more D.less; better ) 19 . He speaks English an American, so we all believe that he has stayed in America for many years. A.as good as B.worse than C.as badly as D.as well as )20 . The TV programme is boring. Shall we play chess instead? All right. That is than watching a boring programme. A.very good B. much good C、very better D.much better
( )
  21. Even though she looks very young, she is twice my twenty-year-old sister. A. as old as B. older than C. so old as D. as older as ( )
  22. The sooner you take your medicine, you will feel. A. the more good B. better C. the more D. the better ( )
  23. Of the four T-shirts I like the blue one . A. much best B. the best C. better D. the better ( )
  24. Xiao Yang has learned to study in the U.S. A. English enough B. enough English C. more English D. much English ( )
  25. He explained it to me, but I′m no wiser. A. enough B. the C. more D. much ( )
  26. Xiao Wang′s mother bought him a racing bicycle for his birthday. A. five-speeds B. five-speed C. five-speed′s D. five-speeds′ 答案:

  1)A (
  2)C (
  3)B (
  4)B (
  5)C (
  6)C (
  7)D (
  8)A (
  9)C (
  10)B (
  11)C (
  12)C (
  13)
 

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