2011 级英语总复习
构词法-2 构词法
初中英语形容词否定前后缀语法归纳 否定形式 disim规律 例词 dishonest impolite 在字母 p, m, b 前,初中 impossible 英语主要在字母 p 前 impatient incorrect inactive 在字母 r 前 irregular useless careless homeless hopeless endless unimportant unpopular uncomfortable unnecessary unhappy unwelcome (大多数形容词否定前 uncommon unable 缀都是以 un-开头) unfriendly unhealthy unsafe unfair unusual … 中文释义 不诚实的 不礼貌的 不可能的 不耐烦的 不正确的 不活跃的 不规则的 无用的 粗心的 无家可归的 没有希望的 无尽的 不重要的 不流行的 不舒适的 不必要的 不开心的 不受欢迎的,讨厌的 不普通的 不能的 不友好的 不健康的 不安全的 不公平的 不同寻常的
☆特别提醒: ◇初中阶段,形容词否定前缀大多以 un-构成,除去少数几个以-less 否定后缀结尾外,不是 以 un-否定前缀构成的形容词基本上只有 7 个。 即上表中以 dis-, im-, in-, ir-开头的七个例词。换言之,如果把这七个词烂熟于心,那么记 忆形容词否定前缀就将事半功倍。 ◇以 un-开头的形容词其前面的冠词用的是 an。例如:an unusual boy。 ◇dis-否定前缀除了形容词 dishonest 外, 还常常用在动词前构成否定形式, dislike, disagree, 如 disappear 等。 用所给单词的适当形式填空:

  1. You will be (able) to pass the exam if you don’t study hard.
  2. There are lots of (common) kinds of birds in Zhalong. Many people like to go birdwatching there.
  3. It is (necessary) for you to walk the little dog once a week to the park.
  4. It is (important) to keep quiet when you watch the birds and insects.
  5. He feels (happy) because he lost his wallet.
  6. There is a (regular) rain in Sahara desert every year.
  7. Is it (possible) to get to the city by train?
  8. Some people are ( friendly) to birds. They throw stones to them.
  9. Some people feel (happy) that government give poor people such small and (comfortable) flats.
  10. It is (safe) to walk on the street at night.
  11. We should keep students staying away from the (healthy) books.
  12. These trainers are too small. They are (comfortable) to wear.
  13. If someone does not show good manners to others, he is (polite).
  14. Jim never tells lies and he is an (honest) boy.
  15. This girl is so (care) that she often makes mistakes in her homework.
◇江苏 13 城市中考试题汇编◇
  1. It's (friendly) of him to say such bad words to his classmates. (08 常州)
  2. Don't get (patient) about your personal trouble. (08 无锡)
  3. He seemed (friend) at first, but now I've got to know him and I realize he's warm and kind. (08 徐州)
  4. If someone doesn't show good manners to others, he or she is (polite). (08 宿 迁)
  5. It’s so (不公平的)! Mary gets more money for less work. (09 镇江)
  6. The basketball team was (luck) to lose in the final minute of the game. (09 徐 州)
  7. In some ways, the space shuttles travel fast, but the journey to Mars may be very(comfortable). (09 泰州)
  8. it’s (possible) for us to finish so much work within so little time. We need help. (2010 南通)
  9. Simon is such a (honest) person that no one believes him. (2010 扬州)
  10. Don’t be (patient)! You should listen to what he is saying first. (2010 常州)
  11. It is (possible) for me to design the poster without your help. (2010 泰州)
  12. it’s not easy for those superstars to face (无穷无尽的)interviews and doubts. (2010 镇江)
  1. unable
  2. uncommon
  3. necessary
  4. important
  5. unhappy
  6. irregular
  7. possible
  8. unfriendly
  9. unhappy, uncomfortable
  10. unsafe 11, unhealthy
  12. uncomfortable
  13. impolite
  14. honest
  15. careless 江苏 13 城市中考试题汇编
  1. unfriendly
  2. impatient
  3. unfriendly
  4. impolite uncomfortable
  8. impossible
  9. dishonest
  10. impatient
  11. impossible
  12. endless

  5. unfair

  6. unlucky




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