初中英语选词填空大攻关 根据平时的观察,学生在做英语的“选词填空”时,遭遇较多困难,有的甚至条件反射一样畏惧或厌烦。 在此,把解题技巧和训练技巧略作归纳,希望能给有需要的学生朋友提供一点帮助。 “选词填空”要求学生利用所给的 10-15 个词汇(一般有名词、代词、动词、形容词、副词、数词、冠词、 介词和连词等)补全一篇有 10-15 个空缺的短文。要攻克这一难关,学生除了要进行大量的课外阅读,积累 丰富的语言知识外,还需掌握一定的解题技巧。
  1. 在拿到题目后,不要急于看文章,首先对备选的词汇研究几遍,对词性作简单的标记,例如:名词-n., 动词-v.,形容词-a.,副词-ad. 等等。同时对词义作初步的理解。
  2. 通读全文,语义完整、适用、合乎逻辑是做好填词的前提。通过上、下文的句子,充分理解短文的内容, 注意发现固定搭配关系,凭借语感积极主动地猜测空格中所缺的信息,根据需要去寻找匹配的答案。
  3. 在选定单词后,不要轻率地填入。在填词过程中,需要瞻前顾后,既要符合本句的含义,又要保证句式 结构的正确。 为了方便记忆,试着记住下面的顺口溜:空前空后要注意,“名词”单复数要牢记, “动词”注意正确形式, “形副”注意三种级, “数词”别忘 “基” 和“序”。
  4. 完成填词后,应通读全文,复核校对。检查单词拼写是否正确,是否有时态、语态、惯用法及词语选用 上的错误,以确保答案的正确性。最后把答案填入答卷时,切勿错位。 例如: 例如: French, same, words, Chinese, example, many, why, great, another, tell,much, what Languages change with time and the world. So does English. New __1__ are borrowed from other languages. About nine hundred years ago there were __2__ changes in England. A great __3__ words were borrowed into English from __4__. About five hundred years ago there was __5__ change. This time it was a change in pronunciation(发音), but the spelling was not __6__ changed. English words are spelled quite the __7__ as they were in those days. The spelling shows how words were spoken at that time. It does not __8__ us much about the pronunciation of words today. For __9__, the letters “gh” in the word “night” show us nothing about how it is spoken now. That’s __10__ students learning English find English spelling so confusing(容易弄混淆的). 2010 年各地中考试题选词填空摘录 年初中毕业生学业考试试卷) (兰州市 2010 年初中毕业生学业考试试卷)用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每个单词限用一次。 history, choose, common, buy, make, enjoy, way, another, while, serve American summers are filled with outdoor picnics, baseball games and swimming pools. Summer in America is a time 66 the outdoors, no matter how hot it might be. Let’s take a look at some of the popular drinks. Lemonade is 67 of all American summer drinks. It 68 by mixing lemon juice, water and sugar. It is usually served very cold, with ice. Ice tea is 69 popular summer drink in America. Ice tea is usually 70 in a tall glass of ice. Many Americans 71 to add sugar to sweeten the drink. This drink is often drunk in the afternoon 72 relaxing in the shade. Ice tea is now also sold by the bottle , at almost any store in America. The Slurpee, a famous American drink in recent years, is a great 73to cool off in the summer heat. It is a mix of ice, sugar and fruit juices. However, the drink is mostly made of ice. They can 74 at most small convenient stores. Slurpees are popular with young Americans. Milkshakes have a long 75 in America . It is made of a mix of ice cream , milk and flavoring. 年四川眉山市初中毕业会考试题英语 英语) (2010 年四川眉山市初中毕业会考试题英语)在短文后的空格处填上一个恰当的词,使短文完整、通顺。 much , arm , wait, see, when , spend, she, worry , have , grow Only Mother Love is true love. It gives everybody everything all his life. __71__you are still a baby, mother takes good care of you as much as possible . In your waking hours she always holds you in her
  72. When you are ill, she stops her work right now to look after you day and night and forgets about 73 . When you are 74 up day by day, she feels very happy. When you are old enough to go to school, mother still looks after you all the time. On cold winter days, she always tells you to put on 75 clothes . She always stands in the wind 76 for you back from school. When you hurry to leave home for school with little breakfast, she always feels 77 about you at home. She usually knows about your study and 78 much money on your school things. When you do well at school, the brightest smile will be 79 on her face. Mother is always ready to give everything she 80 to her children, not to receive . What true love that is in the world! We will remember Mother Love for ever. 年四川宜宾市高中招生英语试题) 从下面方框中选出 8 个单词, 用它们的适当形式填入短文空格内 (2010 年四川宜宾市高中招生英语试题) good, what, come, dress, important, parent, hold, nothing, how, necessary Now lots of parents will buy everything that their children want to have. If they go on with the habit, their children won’t know the money 76 from hard work. Some parents like to 77 birthday parties for their children. If they keep on doing this, their children will think it 78 for them to enjoy birthday parties every year. Year after year, maybe they will forget their 79 birthdays and only remember their own. It is against traditional habits. Many parents don’t let the children do housework. They think children have only one thing to do. They should in their lessons. If parents go on doing this, the children will only learn to open their study hard and do 80 mouths to be fed and stretch out (伸出) their arms to be 81 every day. When the children grow up, they will
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be able to do 82 , and they won’t even find a job. Parents should teach the children 83 to do housework because it can help them start good habits of working by themselves. 年龙岩市九年级(升学)质量检查) (2010 年龙岩市九年级(升学)质量检查)阅读下面短文,选择框格内词汇的正确形式填入空白处。 stay, hope, rainy, change, outside, snow, with, go, place, much It is well known that the English go out with an umbrella or a raincoat. Why? Because the weather in Britain often 96 quickly. It is not very usual for the same kind of weather to 98 long. Spring can be 98 or windy. The weather is getting warmer and you can 99 for more sunny days. In fact, there can be as 100 sunshine in spring as in summer. Summer is the time for visitors to go to the seaside and other 101 of interest. The weather can be sunny and nice. People often 102 out to have a walk or swim. During fall it is still nice to be 103 , too. Fall is a beautiful season 104 trees in the woods and parks changing color. In winter, it gets colder. It might 105 , especially on high land and in the north. There are also very high winds in this season. 初中毕业生学业考试试卷) (兰州市 2009 年初中毕业生学业考试试卷) easily, pass, job, spend, will, expensive, other, marry, interest, city Young People in Britain Life used to be fun for “teenagers”. They used to have money to spend, and free time to while away(消磨). They used to wear teenage clothes, and meet in teenage coffee bars and discos. Some of them still do. But for many young people, life is harder now. 66 are difficult to find. There’s not so much money around. Things are 67 , and it’s hard to find a place to live in. Teachers say that students work harder than they used to. They are less 68 in politics, and more interested in 69 exams. They know that good exam results may bring them better jobs. Most young people worry more about money than their parents did twenty years ago. They try 70 less and save more. They want to be able to get homes of their own one day. For some, the answer to unemployment(失业) is to leave home and look for jobs in one of Britain’s big 71 . Every day hundreds of young people arrive in London from other parts of Britain, looking for jobs. Some find jobs and stay. 72 don’t, and go home again, or join the unemployed(失业者) in London. When you read the newspapers and watch the news on television, it’s 73 to get the idea that British young people are all unemployed, angry and in trouble. But that’s not true. Three quarters of them do more or less what their parents did. They do their best at school, find some kinds of jobs in the end, and get 74 in their early twenties. They get on well with their parents, and enjoy their family life. After all, if they don’t, they 75 be British, will they? 年河南省初中学业水平暨高级中等学校招生考试) (2010 年河南省初中学业水平暨高级中等学校招生考试)从方框中选择适当的词并用其正确形式填空。 dirty with have always time they large want speak lesson first drop After a quick breakfast, I went into the lecture hall in a hurry.A famous teacher was 66 to the students.He was holding up a $100 bill.Then he said to the three hundred students,“Who would like this $1 00 bill?” The students put up 67 hands at once.Then he said, am going to give this $100 “I bill to one of you,but 68 ,let me do this.”He made the bill into a ball.Then he said. “Who 69 it now?” The hands went back into the air. “Well,” he said, “what if I do this?” and he 70 it on the floor and stepped on it.He picked up the 7l bill and said.“Who still wants it?” Hands went back again into the air. “My friends,”? he said,“you have learned a valuable(有价值的) 72 today.No matter what I did to the $100 bill! Many 73 in our life,we are dropped and stepped on.We feel as if we are worth nothin
  9.But remember, no matter what 74 happened to you,you will never lose your value:You are 75 valuable to those people who love you.Your value doesn’t come from what you do or whom you know, but who you are.’’ (江西省 2010 年中等学校招生考试) angry well song hope also relax think tired clean when finger medicine I am a doctor. People often come to see me because they have colds or coughs. People 56 come to see me because they are sad or nervous. Sometimes 57 helps. Sometimes talking helps. But many doctors 58 that music can help people feel better. I asked a few of my patients(病人) how music helps them. “Sometimes I was 59 when I was a child. My family said, ‘Play your feelings on the piano!’ Sometimes I play a loud 60 on the piano. Soon I feel calm(平静的). I can laugh and cry through my 61 on the piano. It’s natural for me. It’s like breathing(呼吸).” “Listening to music helps me feel 62 . I like to listen to music and dance when I 63 my house.” “I play the violin. I like playing at night 64 it is quiet. After playing I am tired and I am happy. I always after playing my violin.” sleep 65 Are you a musician? Good! Keep playing. If you are not a musician, listen to music and sing or dance. It’s good medicine.
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