2272
  44) 244 初中英语疑难例析 300 例 (2272
  44)
日积月累 2
  27.Anyone can't do it.合习惯吗

It is too difficult I'm afraid do it.
A.no one can B.anyone can't C.anyone can D.no one can't
此题应选 A。很容易误选 B。按汉语的表达习惯,此句可理解为“这事 太难了,恐怕任何人都干不了”。所以有的考生套此意思选用了 anyone
can't
这一答案。
但是按英语的习惯:像 any,anyone,anything,either 等这类非肯定词只 能出现在否定词之后,而不能出现在其前:

  1.以下各句是对的,因为 any,either
等非肯定词出现在否定词(not)
之后:
He can't do any work.他不能干任何工作。 I don't think either is rigth.我想两个都不对。
  2. 以下各个错句错的原因就是 any, either
等非肯定词放在否定词 not) (
之前: 任何人也干不了这事。 误:Anyone [Anybody]can't do it. 正:No one[Nobody]can do it. 我朋友当中没有一个懂法语。 误:Any friend of mine knows no French.
正:None of my friends know French. 什么也不能阻挡我去。 误:Anythig cannot prevent me from going. 正:Nothing can prevent me from going.
2
  28.注意分清是特殊疑问句还是一般疑问句

?Do you__ when he will come back?
?I've no idea. A.think B.suppose C.know D.believe
此题应选 C。其余三项都可能被误选。关于这个问题,请注意以下两 类句型:

  1.疑问词 +do you think(believe,imagine,suppose,guess,etc) +主语 +
谓语 +其它? (译成中文通常可在句末加上一个“呢”字):
Who do you think that man is?你认为那个人是谁? What do you think we should say at the meeting?
你认为我们在会上应说些什么呢?
When do you believe he will come?
你认为他什么时候来呢?
Where do you suppose she has gone?
你认为她到哪里去了呢?
What do you guess he wants?
你猜他想要什么呢?

  2.Do you know(hear,ask,tell,etc) +疑问词 +主语 +谓语 +其它?
(译成中文通常可以在句末加上“吗”字)
Do you know who that man is?你知道那个人是谁吗? Do you know when he left here?你知道他是什么时候离开这里的吗? Do you hear when he will come back?你听说他什么时候会回来吗? Did you ask why he had left so soon?你问过他为什么那么快就离开吗? Did you tell her who he was?你告诉了她他是谁吗? 2
  29.much too
还是 too much

The problem is difficult.You needn't spend time on it.
A.too much,much too B.much too,too much C.too much,too much D.much too,much too
此题应选 B。此题主要涉及 too much 和 much too 的区别:

  1.much too
是 too 的强势语,用法与 too 相同:
You are much too kind to me.你对我实在太好了。 This one is much too big.这个确实太大了。 This kind of computer is much too expensive.这种电脑太贵了。 He is much too busy to see visitors.他太忙,不能会见客人。 The coat I bought yesterday was much too large.
我昨天买的那件衣服太大了。

  2.too much
是 much 的强势语,用法与 much 相似。如:
Don't eat too much.别吃得太多。
There's too much water.水太多了。 You have given me too much.你已经给我太多了。 Don't drink too much wine.It is harmful to your health.
不要喝太多的酒,这对你的身体有害。

  3.有时 too much
还用于这样的结构 be too much for,
意为“对?来说太难或太过分”、“非?力所能及”等:
I'm afraid the trip was too much for her.
我怕她旅途太劳累了。
His parents'expectation was too much for him.
他父母对他的期望太高了。
2
  30.because(因为)可与 so(所以)连用吗,为什么

Because he didn't study hard, he failed in college
entrance examinations. A.so B.but C.and D.×
此题应选 D。容易误选 A。按汉语习惯,我们说“因为...所以...”,但按 英语习惯,我们却不能将 because(因为)与 so(所以)连用。这是为 什么呢?这要从英语的句子类型说起。按照句子结构来分,英语句子 可分为简单句(通常只有一个主谓结构)、并列句(通常是两个或两 个以上的主谓结构用并列连词连接)和复合同(由一个主句加上一个 或几个从句组成)等三类。 现在我们来分析上面这道题: 假若此题选 A so)就构成了 because...so... ( , 结构。在这个结构中,显然 because 是从属连词,它引导的是一个原
因状语从句;而其后的 so 是并列连词,它要求连接两个简单句使之 成为并列句。所以这样一来,这个句子从前面的 because 来看,它像 是一个复合句; 从后面的 so 来看, 它又像是一个并列句, 但事实上, 这两类句型都不是。 改正的办法:要么去掉前面的 because 保留后面的 so,使之成为一个 真正的并列句,或者去掉后面的 so 保留前面的 because,使之成为一 个真正的复合句。 因为他病了,所以不能来。 正:Because he is ill,he can't come.(复合句) 正:He is ill,so he can't come.(并列句) 误:Because he is ill,so he can't come. (既非复合句也非并列句,所以不成立) 类似地,按汉语习惯,我们说“虽然?但是?”,然而按英语习惯.我们 不说(al)though...but...,理由同上。
2
  31.你知道 worth
的用法习惯吗
例 ?How do you like the film? ?Oh,wonderful.It is worth . A.very,seeing B.well,seeing C.very,to be seen D.well,being seen 此题应选 B。关于 worth 的用法,以下几点须注意:
  1.作表语,后接名词或动名词(不接不定式),常用句式:
  1)用名词或代词作主语,这时句子的主语就是 worth 之后动名词的
逻辑宾语(注意:该动名词只能用主动形式表示被动意义,而不能直 接用被动形式): The film isn't worth seeing.这部电影不值得看。 She's not worth getting angry with.犯不上跟她那种人生气。
  2)用 it 作形式主语(原来不这样用,但现在已很普遍): It isn't worth repairing the car.这车不值得修。 Is it worth visiting the city?这座城市值得看吗?
  2.worth 的下列用法也值得注意:
  1)表示“值(多少钱)”,其后主要接表示钱数的词: This picture is worth five pounds.这幅画值 5 镑。
  2)表示“值得”,其后接某些名词: His words are worth notice.他的话值得注意。
  3)表示“拥有?价值的财产”: He is worth a million dollars.他是百万富翁。
  3.关于修饰语:通常用 well 修饰,以加强语气,但一般说来不用 very: The book is well worth buying.这本书完全值得买。 .关于 worth while 的用法 例
It is while to read the book.
A.worth B.worthy C.worth of D.worthy of
此题应选 A。worth while 是一固定结构,注意以下用法和结构:

  1.worth while
的意思是:值得做,值得花时间或精力。

  2.worth while
可以有三种书写形式:worth while,worth-while,worthwhile,
可用作表语或定语(作定语时通常要合写一词或用连字符):
The visit to Paris was worthwhile.去巴黎访问是值得的。 It's a worthwhile(worth-while)book.那是一本值得一读的书。
  3.有时可在 worth
与 while 之间插入 one's:
The work is worth our while.这工作值得我们花时间(或精力)。
  4.worth(one's)while
后可接不定式或动名词:
It is worth your while to visit the museum.这个博物馆值得你去看看。 It is worth while discussing[to discuss]the question again.
这个问题值得再讨论一次。 在这类句型中,一般用 it 作形式主语,worth(one's)while 之后的不定 式或动名词是句子的真正主语。在通常情况下,若句首没有形式主语
it
就不宜使用此句型。如一般不会说:
误:The museum is worth while visiting. 误:The museum is worth while to visit. 2
  33.关于 be worthy 的用法 例 The plan is carefully studied. A.worth to be B.worth being C.worthy to be D.worthy being 此题应选 C。分析如下: 选项 A 错误,因为 be worth 之后习惯上不接不定式结构。 选项 B 错误,因为 be worth 之后接动名词,总是用主动式表示被动
意义,不能直接使用被动式。 选项 D 错误,因为 be worthy 之后习惯上不直接跟动名词,而要先 用介词 of,再接动名词。 选项 C 正确,注意 be worthy(值得的,配得上的)的用法:
  1.be worthy of +名词: He is worthy of confidence.他是个可以信赖的人。
  2.be worthy of +动名词(用主动或被动视含义而定): The book is worthy of being read.这本书值得读。 He's worthy of filling the post.这职位他当之无愧。
  3.be worthy +不定式(用主动或被动视含义而定): He is worthy to receive such honour.他应该得到这样的荣誉。 This suggestion is worthy to be considered.这个建议值得考虑。 以上三个句型有时可互换: 他们的行为值得称赞。 正:Their deeds are worthy of praise. 正:Their deeds are worthy of being praised. 正:Their deeds are worthy to be praised.
2
  34.be possible
等能以人作主语吗

He is to win the match.
A.possible B.difficult C.sure D.easy
此题应选 C。其余几项不能选为答案,是因为它们在通常情况下,不 以人作主语。
他可能会赢得这场比赛。 误:He is possible to win the match. 正:It is possible for him to win the match. 我很难按时完成它。 误:I'm difficult to finish it in time. 正:It's difficult for me to finish it in time. 他可以轻而易举地把它干好。 误:He's easy to do it well. 正:It's easy for him to do it well. 他不可能成功。 误:He is impossible to succeed. 正:It is impossible for him to succeed. 他有必要买台电脑。 误:He is necessary to buy a computer. 正:It is necessary for him to buy a computer. 对于以上结构,有些形容词有时也可用人作主语,但要注意,此时这 个主语必须是其后不定式的逻辑宾语: 他很容易(难)相处。 正:He's easy(difficult)to get along with. 正:It's easy(difficult)to get along with him.
2
  35.这个句末介词不能省略

It is too small a room for us

A.to live B.to live in C.living D.living in
此题应选 B。从结构上看,句子前部的 too small 应连用一个不定式, 所以选项 C,D 不宜选择。至于为什么要选 B 而不选 A,这是因为有 些用作后置定语的不定式与它所修饰的名词有动宾关系, 此时若不定 式是不及物动词,则应在其后加上适当的介词:
He has no pens to write with.他没有钢笔写字。 Give me a chair to sit on.给我一把椅子坐。 He has a lot of things to attend to.他有许多事要管。 I've to find a large bag to put these things in.
我得找一个大袋子来装这些东西。
The child has no toys to play with.这小孩没有玩具玩。 He is a very nice person to work with.他是个很好共事的人。 There is nothing(for us)to worry about.没什么值得发愁的。 Please give me some paper to write on.请给我一些纸来写字。
有时句子主语与其后的不定式有动宾关系,若不定式是不及物动词, 同样要考虑加适当的介词:
The room is too small for us to live in.这房间太小,我们住不下。 2
  36.可说 last morning,yesterday night


?Did he arrive morning?
?No,he came night. A.last,last B.yesterday,yesterday
C.last,yesterday D.yesterday,last
此题应选 D。注意以下习惯搭配:

  1.morning,afternoon,night
等与 yesterday,last
的搭配习惯 如下: 昨天早上 正:yesterday morning 误:last morning 昨天下午 正:yesterday afternoon 误:last afternoon 昨天夜晚 正:last night 误:yesterday night

昨天晚上” 通常说成 yesterday evening ,
至于能否用 last evening,专家们有不同意见,有的词书说能用,有的 词书说不能用,建议考生在应试时用 yesterday evening 为宜。

  2.另外 last week,last month,last year,last spring last。
  3.以上各表达均具有副词性质,因此通常不在其前使用 at,on,in 之
等之类的说法,也都用
类的介词。 如:
他昨晚到达。 正:He arrived last night. 误:He arrived on last night. 2
  37.是 two other 还是 other two 例 他又写了两本小说。 Which is wrong? A.He has written two other novels. B.He has written other two novels. C.He has written two more novels. 此题应选 B。other 与数词连用时,要注意以下习惯:
  1.若泛指(即没有冠词),数词应放在 other 之前: 桌上另外有两本书。 正:There are two other books on the desk. 误:There are other two books on the desk. 又有两个学生入了团。 正:Two other students have joined t
 

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