Revision English for Mid?exam Mid?
形容词、 形容词、副词
形 名+动 副
特例: 系动词+形 特例: 系动词+
易混淆的副词、形容词 易混淆的副词、
★ alone(客观独自一人) =by oneself 客观独自一人) lonely(心情孤独)可作表语、定语 心情孤独)可作表语、 He lived alone, but he didn’t feel lonely. 努力地) ★ hard(努力地) hardly(几乎不)否定副词 几乎不) * She works very hard, and he hardly
has a rest on Sundays.
形容词和副词三级 (比较级和最高级)
规则变化 单音节词和少数双音节词
  1) 一般情况加 ? er 或 ? est
fast ? faster ? fastest faster fastest high ? higher ? highest higher highest clever ? cleverer ? cleverest cleverer cleverest
大胖瘦双写 大胖瘦双写加 ?er 或 ?est 双写加
big ? bigger ? biggest bigg bigg fat ? fatter ? fattest fatt fatt thin ? thinner ? thinnest thinn thinn
规则变化 双音节和多音节词(一般7个字母) 双音节和多音节词(一般7个字母) 在词前加 more 或 most slowly - more slowly - most slowly easily - more easily - most easily carefully - more carefully - most carefully
不规则变化 good/well ? better ? best many/much ? more ? most little ? less ? least far ? farther ? farthest bad/badly/ill ? worse ? worst
形容词和副词 比较级和最高级的用法

  1)表示两者(人或事物)的比较时 表示两者 用比较级, 引导, 用比较级,通常用连词 than 引导, 表示“ ??????”或 ??????一些 一些” 表示“较??????”或“更??????一些”的意 思
*This cake is more delicious than that one. *Li Lei jumped farther than Jim (did).

  2) 表示三者或三者以上(人或事物) 表示三者或三者以上(人或事物) 的比较用最高级, 的比较用最高级,最高级的前面一般要 加定冠词the,后面可带of(in, among) 短语来说明比较的范围 短语来说明比较的范围 *Shanghai is the biggest city in China. *Lucy sings (the) best of all. *He is the most careful among us.

  3)原级在表示 “和??????一样??????” ??????一样 ” 一样?????? 不及??????” 这类概念时, 和 “不及??????” 这类概念时,可以 as+原级 ” 原级+as 用 “as+原级+as” 和 “not as so) 原级+as” (so)+原级+as”的句型 *Our teacher is as busy as before. *He does not run so fast as I.

  4) much, a little, even + 比较级 *She is much taller than Mrs.Liu. *He is three years older than I. *This problem is a little more difficult than the other one.

  1.“ 比较级 + and + 比较级 ” 表示“ 越来越?????? 表示“ 越来越?????? ”
*Your English is getting better and better. better. 你的英语越来越好了。 你的英语越来越好了。 *These days more and more people are learning English. 现在学英语的人越来越多了。 现在学英语的人越来越多了。

  2. “the + 比较级…,the + 比较 比较级… 级…” 表示“ 表示“ 越??????就越?????? ” ??????就越 就越?????? *The more, the better. 越多越好。 越多越好。 *The busier he is, the happier he feels. 他越忙越高兴。 他越忙越高兴。

  4.“more or less”表示“差不多, less”表示“差不多, 或多或少” 或多或少” *The problem is more or less solved.
这个问题差不多已经解决了。 这个问题差不多已经解决了。
*Is it straight? ? More or less.
它直吗? 差不多吧。 它直吗? ? 差不多吧。


  1. 形容词最高级前一定要用the,副
  2.在比较级中为了避免重复 在比较级中为了避免重复, the后
  2.在比较级中为了避免重复,在the后 常用that,those等词来替代前面提到 常用that,those等词来替代前面提到 过的名词 *This pen is shorter than that one. one. *The weather here is warmer than that of Shanghai.

  3.用or连接两项需作比较的内容 须用比较级; or连接三项或 时,须用比较级;若or连接三项或 三项以上的内容时, 三项以上的内容时,则须用最高级 *Who is taller, Mary or Jane? *Which is biggest, the sun, the moon or the earth?


  1. He is taller than any other student in his class.
= He is taller than the other students in his class. = He is taller than any of the other students in his class. = He is the tallest (student)in his class.

  3. I prefer maths to English. =I like maths better than English.
  4. The box is too heavy for him to carry. = The box is so heavy that he can’t carry it. = The box is not light enough for him to carry.
(A )1 Who gets home usually in your family? A. the latest B. later C. early D. as late (B )2 The more we looked at the picture, . A. we like it less B. the less we liked it C. better we liked it D. it looked better (B )3 What a pity. Lucy ran than Lily. A. a few more slowly B. a little more slowly C. much more slowly D. little slowlier
( B)4 Don’t worry. Your baby is looked after here, the nurse are very . A. careful, carefully B. carefully, careful C. care, careless D. careless, care ( C)5 The idea became . He wanted to try . A. strangly, it out B. strangly, out it C. strange, it out D. strange, out it ( C)6 Beijing is biggest cities in China. A. the first B. one of C. the second D. second
hard hardly 1 He works very . He has a rest on Sunday. (hard) Luckily 2 , he didn’t fail in the exam.(luck) surprised 3 He was so that he couldn’t surprising believe this news. (surprise) either 4 He won’t do it. I won’t do it, . (too)
well 5 Mr. Green is feeling enough to go to work. (good) more friendly 6 The old man looks very than you think. (friend) heavy 7 This box is not so as that one. (heavy) highest 8 Lucy jumped of the four. (high)
代 词

  1.人称代词作主语时用主格,作宾语 人称代词作主语时用主格,
时用宾格 * They all like him very much.
他们都很喜欢他。 他们都很喜欢他。
* She gave the books to you and
me. me.
这些书是她送给你和我的。 这些书是她送给你和我的。
Possessive Pronouns
名词性 mine yours his hers its ours yours yours theirs theirs
形容词性 my your his her its our your their

  2.名词性物主代词在句中可作表语、 名词性物主代词在句中可作表语 主语和宾语 * Whose dictionary is this? ? It’s mine.
这字典是谁的? - 我的。 这字典是谁的? 我的。
* Our room is big and theirs is small.
我们的房间大,他们的房间小。 我们的房间大,他们的房间小。
* You may use my pen. I’ll use hers. hers.
你可以用我的笔,我用他的好了。 你可以用我的笔,我用他的好了。

  3.形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代 词的关系: 词的关系:
形容词性物主代词+名词= 形容词性物主代词+名词=名词性物主代词 注意: 注意:名词性物主代词在句中所指代的关 系是单数还是复数。 系是单数还是复数。
* These books aren't ours. Ours are new.
(our books = ours) books ours)
* This is not our room. Ours is over there.
(our room = ours) ours)

  4.“of +名词性物主代词”表示所属 名词性物主代词”
* A sister of his is a nurse. 他的一个妹妹是个护士。 他的一个妹妹是个护士。 * Tom is a friend of mine 我的一个朋友

enjoy oneself = have a good time by oneself = alone help oneself to… learn sth. by oneself =teach oneself sth. 注意: 注意:oneself 有单复数之分 * I enjoy myself. myself. * Children, help yourselves to some fish.

★ some(一些,某)一般用于肯定句中 一些, * There are some flowers in front of the house. ★ any(一些,任何)多用于疑问句和否 一些,任何)
* Do you have any picture-books? picture-
注意: 有时也可用于表示请求、 注意:some有时也可用于表示请求、征求
* Would you like some meat?
你想要些肉吗? 你想要些肉吗?
* May I ask some questions?
我可以问问题吗? 我可以问问题吗?
* Could I have some apples?
我可以吃苹果吗? 我可以吃苹果吗?
* Will you give me some water?
你能给我些水吗? 你能给我些水吗?

  5.few/ few/little/
  5.few/a few/little/a little
★ few/a few 修饰可数名词 few/ 修饰可数 可数名词
little/ little/a little 修饰不可数名词 修饰不可数 不可数名词
★ few, little 表示否定意义, 译为 few, 表示否定意义, 没有几个” 没有多少” “没有几个”,“没有多少”
a few, a little 表示肯定意义, 译为 few, 表示肯定意义,
“有几个”,“有一点” 有几个” 有一点”
* There are few people living here.
这里几乎没人住。 这里几乎没人住。
* There are a few students in the
教室里有一些学生。 教室里有一些学生。
* I know little English. English.
我不懂英语。 我不懂英语。
* There is a little milk in the bottle.
瓶子里有些牛奶。 瓶子里有些牛奶。
★ few 和 little 与 quite 或 only 连
用时, 用时,常加不定冠词 a
* There are quite a few new
books in the library.
图书馆里颇有些新书。 图书馆里颇有些新书。
作同位语时,一般放在连系动词、助动词之后, 作同位语时,一般放在连系动词、助动词之后, 行为动词之前

  7.all/none 全部) 表示三者或三者以上, ★ all “(全部)都”,表示三者或三者以上,
* We are all from Canada. They all like English.
★ none “没有”,表示三者或三者以上都不 没有” 谓语动词单、复数均可) ,后常跟介词of(谓语动词单、复数均可) * None of us is/are afraid of dogs.

  8.both/either/neither 两者) 作主语时看作复数; ★ both “(两者)都”,作主语时看作复数;
* My parents are both teachers. teachers. =Both of my parents are teachers. 两者)都不” 含有否定意义, ★ neither “(两者)都不”,含有否定意义,
作主语时谓语用第三人称单数; 作主语时谓语用第三人称单数; 作定语时后跟 名词单数
* Neither answer is right.
★ either “两者中任何一个”,作主语 两者中任何一个”
时谓语用第三人称单数; 时谓语用第三人称单数; 作定语时后跟名 词单数
* There are trees on either side of the street. = There are trees on both sides of sides the street.
A.both of/either of/neither of A.both of/ of/
* Both of them swim well.
他们俩都游得很好。 他们俩都游得很好。
* Either of you goes to Beijing.
你们俩随便谁去北京都可以。 你们俩随便谁去北京都可以。
* Neither of them stopped to have a rest.
他们俩谁都不停下来休息。 他们俩谁都不停下来休息。
B.both…and(谓语动词用复数形式) B.both…and 谓语动词用复数形式) either…or/ either…or/neither…nor(谓语动词
遵循就近原则) 遵循就近原则)
* Both Tom and Lucy are in Grade Two.
Tom 和 Lucy 都在二年级。 都在二年级。
* Either my father or my mother cooks at home.
或者我爸爸或者我妈妈在家烧饭。 或者我爸爸或者我妈妈在家烧饭。
* Neither he nor I am free today.
我和他今天都没空。 我和他今天都没空。

当形容词修饰这些不定代词时,常后置 当形容词修饰这些不定代词时,
* I have something important to tell you. * Is there anything else in the box? question. * Nobody can answer the question.

  2.that,those常指前面提过的东西,以免 常指前面提过的东西,
*These boxes are heavier than those on the desk.
  3.刚才提到的事情,在英文中用that 刚才提到的事情, *He was ill yesterday. I’m sorry to hear that. that.

  2. This film is less interesting than that one =This film isn't as interesting as that one =That film is more interesting than this one.



   一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 。 1、名词 名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 名词 2、代词 代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 代词 3、形容词 形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如: ...


   初中英语语法大全 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, rig ...


   A) 、名词的数 我们知道名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词, 而不可数名词它没有复数形式, 但可数名词 却有单数和复数之分,复数的构成如下: 一)在后面加 s。如:fathers, books, Americans, Germans, apples, bananas 二)x, sh, ch, s, tch 后加 es。如:boxes, glasses, dresses, watches, wishes, faxes 1) baby-babies, family-families, duty- ...


   Revision of Junior English 初三英语复习 Adjectives and Adverbs 形容词,副词 形容词, 区别几组易混淆的副词, 区别几组易混淆的副词,形容词 ★ already 常用于肯定句,个别疑问句 常用于肯定句, yet 常用于否定句,疑问句 常用于否定句, * The train has already gone. * They haven't come back yet. yet. 修饰形容词, ★ such 修饰名词 so 修饰形容词,副词 *I ...


   Revision of Junior English 初三英语复习 Adjectives and Adverbs 形容词、副词 形容词、 区别几组易混淆的副词、 区别几组易混淆的副词、形容词 ★ already 常用于肯定句、个别疑问句 常用于肯定句、 yet 常用于否定句、疑问句 常用于否定句、 * The train has already gone. * They haven’t come back yet. yet. 修饰形容词、 ★ such 修饰名词 so 修饰形容词、副词 *I ...


   Revision of Junior English 初三英语复习 Adjectives and Adverbs 形容词,副词 形容词, 区别几组易混淆的副词, 区别几组易混淆的副词,形容词 ★ already 常用于肯定句,个别疑问句 常用于肯定句, yet 常用于否定句,疑问句 常用于否定句, * The train has already gone. * They haven't come back yet. yet. 修饰形容词, ★ such 修饰名词 so 修饰形容词,副词 *I ...


   初中英语语法大全 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 词类:英语词类分十种: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 。 1、名词 n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, 名词(n boy, morning, bag, ball, 名词 boy class, orange. class, orange 2、代词 pron. 代词(pron. 代词 pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如: ...


   初中英语语法大全 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、 名词(n.): 表示人、 事物、 地点或抽象概念的名称。 boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 如: 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4 ...


   更多英语学习资料,请访问。在线学习英语,听说读写全掌握 英语语法大全 英语语法大全 初中英语语法 学习提纲 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 。 名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, 1、名词 名词 ball, class, orange. 2、代词 代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。 ...


   英语语法大全 初中英语语法 学习提纲 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange ...



   东街小学 五年级英语期中调研试题 命题人: 命题人: 王敏 密 三、 2009.11 2009.11 听句子选图画,根据听到的句子把相符的图画下面的字母填在横线上(5 分) 听力部分( 听力部分(30 分) 一、 ( ( ( 听句子,选出你所听到的信息,把序号填在题前括号内。 分) (5 ) ) ) 3 ) 4 ) 5 1、 2 A A A A A aunt daughter father speak China B B B B B uncle younger mother meat Chi ...


   金融英语词汇 A Accounts payable 应付帐款 Accounts receivable 应收帐款 Accrued interest 应计利息 Accredited Investors 合资格投资者;受信投资人 指符合美国证券交易委员(SEC)条例,可参与一般美国非公开(私募)发行的部份机构和高净值个人投资者 Accredit value 自然增长值 ACE 美国商品交易所 ADB 亚洲开发银行 ADR 美国存股证;美国预托收据; 美国存托凭证 [股市] 指由负责保管所存托外国股 ...


   Chapter One 文章开头句型 1-1 对立法 : 先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法, 适用于 有争议性的主题. 例如(e.g) [1]. When asked about....., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that ....... But I think/view a bit differently. [2]. When it comes to .... , some people bie ...


   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 excuse me yes is this your handbag pardon it thank you very much pencil book watch coat dress n. 借口,理由;低劣的样品; v. 原谅 pron. 我(宾格) a. 是的; ad. 是,是的; v. 是 v. 是 a. pron. 这,这个 pron. 你的,你们的 n. 手提包 n. 原谅,赦免; v. 宽恕,原谅 p ...


   英语词汇有一个特点,每个基本意义都有两种或者两种以上的表达,如 吃 1 eat 2 ed 看 1 see 2 vis 听 1 hear 2 aud 1 是单词 2 是词根 Vis visable 看 log dialogue 言 lingu dilingual 语言 later 边 bilateral 双边的 Flor 花?florist 花 商 mort 死 --immortal 不死的 cord 心 ?cordial 衷心的 dent 牙 -dentist pend 悬 -suspen ...