英语中的同义词(组)可以分成三类。一、完全同义,可以换用,例如a lot of = lots of ;二、在表达某个意思时同义,这时它们可以换用,但它们可能还有各自的其它意思,例如:get to sw. = reach sw. 中的get to 与reach只有表示“到达”这一意思时同义;三、只是在字面意思上一样,但在表达实际意思时是有区别的,不可以换用,例如:walk across the road与 walk through the hall中的walk across 与walk through的字面意思都是“穿过”,但它们却不能换用。

  1、许多、很多:a lot of = lots of 后面跟复数名词相当于many,后面跟不可数名词相当于much。

  2、非常、十分:a lot,very much 它们是两个相当于副词性质的短语,用来修饰动词。

  3、两点十五:a quarter past two,two fifteen 实际上这反映英语中时间的两种表达方式,前一种是介词past, to表达法,后一种是直接数字表
达法,例如:ten to ten = nine fifty, half past seven = seven thirty......

  4、一点:a bit,a little 它们的这个共同点是既可以修饰动词,例如:move a little = move a bit,也可以修饰形容词和副词,
例如:a little small = a bit small。另外,如果它们要修饰名词(不可数),则 a little = a bit of 例如,a little water = a bit of water....

  5、一会儿之后: a moment later,after a moment/while, in a moment/while 类似的还有很多,例如“三天以后”可以用英语表示为:
three days later = after three days, in three days……。只不过一定要记住:用...later或者after....的一般用在过去时中,而用in ....
的一般用在将来时中。

  6、 刚才:a moment ago,just now

  7、到达:arrive in/at,get to,reach

  8、 立刻、马上:at once,right now,right away,immediately

  9、有时:at times,sometimes

  10、最后:at last,in the end=finally

  11、在中午:at noon,in the middle of a day

  12、在那个时候:at that moment,at that time,just then,

  13、在诊所:at the doctor's,in the doctor's office

  14、全世界:all over the world,across the world,around the world,in the world

  15、总是:always ,all the time

  16、尽可能快地:as soon as possible,as quick as possible

  17、为……而着急:be anxious about=be worried about

  18、身体好: be fine,be well,be OK

  19、来自:be from,come from

  20、在家:be in,be at home

  21、不在家: be not at home ,be out

  22、……迟到:be late for,come late for

  23、参观……:be on a visit to, visit

  24、能……:be able to,can

  25、应该:be supposed to , should

  26、装满了……:be full of,be filled with

  27、忙着干……: be busy doing sth.,be busy with sth.

  28、高兴:be pleased,be glad,be happy

  29、给某人买东西:buy sb. Sth,buy sth. for sb 类似的还有:give sb sth. = give sth to sb, offer sb sth.= offer sth, to sb.……

  30、有信心干某事:be confident of doing=have confidence in doing

  31、起床:be up,get up

  32、对……感到惊奇:be surprised at,be amazed at

  33、对……生气:be angry with=be mad at

  34、被用来干……:be used for...=be used to do

  35、偶然、意外地:by accident=by chance

  36、赶上:catch up with,keep up with

  37、坐公交车:catch a bus,take a bus

  38、给……打电话:call up, ring up, give ... a phone call, give…a call,give…a ring ,call sb,phone sb,

  39、考虑干……:consider doing, think about doing, think of doing

  40、继续干:continue doing..., go on doing..., go on with...

  41、感冒:catch/get a cold,have a cold

  42、走进: come into,step into

  43、插队:cut in line,jump the queue

  44、过来:come on,come along

  45、下来:come down,get down

  46、在……干得好: do well in,be good at

  47、(去)购物:do the shopping,go shopping

  48、把……捐赠给……:donate...to=give away...to

  49、喜欢干……: enjoy doing sth.,like doing sth.

  50、希望某人干……:expect sb. to do=wish sb.to do

  51、即使、尽管:even thought,even if

  52、过的愉快:have a good time,enjoy oneself

  53、回电话: reply to the telephone,answer the telephone

  54、举行音乐会:give a concert, have a concert 而后者常常表示:听音乐会。类似的还有:give a talk have a talk

  55、和……相处的好:get on/along well with sb,

  56、放弃干……:give up doing , stop doing

  57、沿着……走: go down/up ,go along

  58、入睡:go to sleep, get to sleep, fall asleep

  59、分发:give out, hand out

  60、去游泳:go for a swim,go swimming, go to have a swim

  61、看一看: have a look (at),look (at)

  62、游泳:have a swim, swim 类似的还有:have a talk, talk等等。

  63、有:have got,have

  64、受到某人的来信:hear from,receive a letter from,have a letter from,get a letter from

  65、帮某人干某事:help sb with sth,help sb (to) do sth

  66、举行会议:hold a meeting,have a meeting, 而have a meeting 常常表示参加一个会议,等同与attend a meeting

  67、稍等(打电话用语):hold on,wait a minute,hold the line

  68、快点:hurry up,be quick

  69、代替:instead of,in place of

  70、在……的南方:in the southern part of,in the south of

  71、在白天:in the day,in the daytime

  72、最后:in the end=at last=finally,

  73、敲……:knock at,knock on

  74、 从……持续到……:last from…to,be from…to

  75、喜欢干某事:like doing sth,like to do sth,enjoy doing ,love to do sth,

  76、小心、当心:look out,be careful,watch out

  77、迷路:lose one's way, get lost

  78、决定干某事:make a decision to do,decide to do
类似的还有:plan to do = make a plan to do, promise to do = make a promise to do

  79、下决心干某事:make up one's mind to do,set one's mind to do

  80、中国的很多地方:much of China,many places of China

  81、超过、多于:more than,over

  81、一点也不:not....in the slightest=not at all

  82、不再:no longer,not…any longer,no more=not… any more

  83、离……不远: not far from,near to,close to

  84、在展览中:on display=on show

  85、当然:of course,certainly,sure

  86、和……相比,更喜欢……:prefer…to..,like .....better than.....

  87、大量的:plenty of,a lot of,lots of??(可以连接可数不可数名词)
quite a few,large number of,a great/good many of,??(只连接可数名词)
a good/great deal of??(只可以连接不可数名词)

  88、派人去请某人:send for sb,ask sb to come

  89、建立:set up=establish

  90、向某人展示……:show sb sth,show sth to sb
类似的还有:give sb sth = give sth to sb, buy sb sth = buy sth for sb, offer sb sth = offer sth to sb , pass sb sth = pass sth to sb……

  91、远离……:stay away from=keep away from

  92、以……而感到自豪:take pride in=be proud of

  93、照顾,保管:take care of,look after

  94、想出来……:think of.... =come up with.....

  95、像……: take after, be similar to, look like , like

  96、锻炼,做运动:take/do exercise,do/have sports

  97、考虑: think about,think of

  98、自学:teach oneself,learn all by oneself

  99、尽力: try one's best, do one's best
1
  00、两年半:two and a half years,two years and a half
其实这是讲到数量问题:“几个半”的表达方式。类似的还有:one and a half hours = one hour and a half, three and a half apples = three apples and a half.....
1
  01、用完: use up, run out of
1
  02、继续走: walk on,go on
1
  03、步行去……:walk to,go to …on foot
1
  04、沿着……走:walk along,go along
1
  05、无论什么:whatever=no matter what 类似的还有: whenever, wherever, however.....
1
  06、担心……:worry about....=be worried about....
 

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