初中英语语法梳理和提高 22 定语从句讲解 试题
在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句. 知识梳理:提纲挈领,抓住重点和难点! 定语从句所修饰的词 叫先行词. 定语从句放在先行词后面. 定语从句分为限定性定语 从句和非限定性定语从句.本章只介绍限定性定语从句.引导定语从句的词有关系代词 tha t,which,who, which, whose 和关系副词 where ,when,关系代词和关系副词是引导词, 在定语从句中担当某一成份. 关系代词和关系副词的作用: 先行词指物时, 关系代词用 that 或 which(在句中作主语或宾语). 如:China is a country which / that has a large population. The computer game which/ that he is playing is his favorite. 先行词指人时, 关系代词用(who)作主语或宾语,whom (作宾语),whose (作定语), that (作主语或宾语). 如: The man who is mending the machine has been retired. This is the policeman who/ whom they were talking about yesterday. I like the girl whose mother is an actor. 注意:下列情况下关系代词只用 that 而不用 which 或 who. 先行词是指物的不代词,如:all, little, few, much, none, anything, nothing, everything 等时.如:I didn't understand the words all that he said.
  2.先行词由最高级,序数词以及 any, very, only, all, no, just 等所修饰. 如:This is the most beautiful place that I have been to . 行词既包括人,也包括物.如:They always like to talk about the man and the things that they see on the road. 当主句是以 which 或 who 开头的特殊疑问句时.如:who is the man that opened u p the lab.
例题解析:举一反三,学的更轻松! He is a friend can help you in time of need. A. who he B. whose C. / D. who
解析:引导词在定语从句中做主语,指人. 应选 D . The most important thing we should pay attention to is the first thi ng I have said. A. which, that B. that, which C. which, which D. that, that
解析:先行词前有序数词, 最高级时,引导次只能用 that. 应选 D. This is the only one of these books that worth reading. A.has B. have C. is D. are
解析:引导词 that 在句中作主语,代指 one ,应选 C. The man talked to you just now is my father. A. who B. he C. which D. whose
解析:引导词在句中作主语指人,应选 A. They thought too much about . A. which I had said C. that I had said B. what I had said D. I had said
解析:此题引导词作在从句中作宾语,表示说话的内容,应 选 B. 练习与巩固:熟能生巧,取得好成绩! 一,选择最佳答案填空:
  1. Did you find the notebook Jim had given me for my birthday? A. who B. whom C. which D. whose

  2. That's all I have seen and heard. A. which B. that C. where D. what

  3. Have you seen the man plan we were talking about yesterday ? A. who, them B. its, them C. whose,/ D. whose, them

  4.The Oscar is one of the film prizes offered to any Chinese actor o r actress so far. A. which are not ot been
  5. He never reads anything is not worth reading. A. that B. as C. who D. which B. that have not been C. that has not D. that has n

  6. The man coat is black is waiting at the gate. A. who's B. whose C. that D. of which

  7. cleans the classroom can go home first. A. Anyone B. those whoo C. However D. The one who

  8. The police caught the man stole my handbag. A. he B. that C. whom D. which

  9. The girl is reading under the tree my sister. A. which, is B. whom, was C. who , is D. who, was

  10. George Mallory was an English teacher A. who 1-5 CDCBA B. whom 6-10 BDBCA C. he
loved climbing. D. which
 

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