1
连词

  1.and “和,而且”表顺接。
  1). He got up and put on his coat.他起床然后穿衣服。
  2). Use your head , and you will have an idea.动动脑筋,你就会有主意了。
  2. or “否则,或者”
  1). Hurry up, or you will miss the bus.快点,否则你会赶不上汽车的。
  2). Tom or I am right.我或者是汤姆是对的。
  3. but “(虽然)。。。但是 ”不能与 though /although 连用,只可单独使用。
  1). She is ill, but she still goes to school. (虽然)她病了,但是仍坚持上学。
  2). Marry likes violin, but Tom doesn’t.玛利喜欢小提琴,但汤姆不喜欢。
  4. so “ 所以 ” 不能与 because 连用,只可单独使用
It began to rain , so I had to stay here.开始下雨了,所以我只好留在这里。
  5. for(= because)“因为”只可单独使用 I soon went to sleep ,for(because) I was tired. 我很快就睡着了,因为我累了。
  6. both… and …“和,既。。。也。。。” (与 not 连用表部分否定)
  1). He can play both the violin and the piano.他即会拉小提琴又会弹钢琴。
  7. either…or “或者。。。或者。。。,不是。。。就是”(与 not 连用表全否定)。 注意: 谓语 用 is 还是 are , do 还是 does ?关键看它最近的主语是单数还是复数。
  1).Either you or he is right. 不是你就是他是对的。
  2).I don’t want to visit either Tianjing or shanghai. 天津和上海我都不想参观。(全否定)
  8. neithernor “既不也不”(本身是否定句,不可与 not 等否定词连用) 注意: 注意: 谓语 用 is 还是 are , do 还是 does ?关键看它最近的主语是单数还是复数。
  1). Neither Peter nor his parents like playing football .
  2).I can speak neither Japanese nor French .日语和法语我都不会说。
  3). I can’t speak neither Japanese nor French。(错) 。(错 。(
  9. not only …but also…“不但。。。而且” Jane is not only beautiful but also kind.简不但漂亮,而且人非常好。 { 注意:当 either…or , neither…nor , not only …but also 连接两个主语时,谓语动词要 注意: 连接两个主语时, 遵循“就近的原则” 遵循“就近的原则”。即: 谓语 用 is 还是 are , do 还是 does ?关键看它最近的主语是单数还是 复数。 例如: Not only Tom but also I am a student of Grade Three. Not only I but also Tom is a student of Grade Three. Tom 和我都是初三的学生。
  10. as well as = not only …but also…:“不但。。。而且” (注意翻译) Jane is beautiful as well as kind. 简不但为人好,而且人也漂亮。
  11. so…(adj.)that…can’t …= too…(adj.)to+(do) “太。。。以至(不能)。。。”
He is so old that he can’t work.=He is too old to work.他太老了,不能工作。
  12. if 如果(条件状语从句用一般时表示将来意思) If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, I’ll go to the park.如果明天不下雨,我就会去公园。
2

  13. though /although
“虽然。。。(但是)”,单独使用。
Though I was tired, I still worked hard. 虽然我很累,但是我仍然努力工作。
  14. but “(虽然)。。。但是”,单独使用。 I was hungry, but I have nothing to eat. 我很饿,但没东西吃。
  15。Unless“除非” You will be late for school unless you hurry up.除非你快点,不然你会迟到的。 中考研究连词练习题 中考研究 连词练习题 一 基本型 根据 A 句完成 B 句,使两句意思一致,每空只填一词:
  1. A: Jane is a singer. She is also a dancer. B: Jane is a singer a dancer.
  2. A: We should learn from books and we should learn from teachers. B: We should learn from books from teachers.
  3. A: His mother can’t help him with his lessons, and his father can’t, either. B: his mother his father can help him with his lessons.
  4. A: It’s hard work, but I enjoy it. B: it’s hard work, I enjoy it.
  5. A: Men can’t live without air and water. B: Men will die without air water.
  6. A: If you stand higher, you will see farther. B: Stand higher, you will see farther.
  7. A: If you don’t work harder, you will fail in the exam. B: Work harder, you won’t pass the exam.
  8. A: How important the meeting is! I can’t miss it. B: It is important meeting I can’t miss it.
  9. A: After the mother came back, the boy went to bed. B: The boy go to bed his mother came back.
  10. A: There’re many rabbits there. They can’t kill them all. B: There’re many rabbits there they can’t kill them all.
  11. A: When I get there, I’ll go to see him at once. B: I’ll go to see him I get there.
  12. A: You may stay at home. You may also go out with us.(江西 B: You may stay at home go out with us.
  13. A: Mary is the tallest girl in her class.(1999 福州) B: Mary is any other girl in her class.
  14. A: Peter draws well. Henry draws well, too.(1999 广西) B: Henry draws Peter.
  15. A: Mary runs faster than my sister.(1999 兰州) B: My sister doesn’t run Mary does.
  16. A: Uncle Wang finished his work. He went home. B: Uncle Wang go home he finished his work.
  17. A: Lucy has been away from the USA for 5 years.(内蒙古 B: It’s 5 years she the USA.
  18. A: “Does the girl need any help?” he asked me.(甘肃)
3
B: He asked me the girl some help.
  19. A: Mrs. Smith is my teacher. She is also my good friend. B: Mrs. Smith is my teacher my good friend.
  20. A: “Nanjing has changed a lot these years.” “That’s right.” B: “Nanjing has changed a lot these years.” “ it .” 二 提高型
  1. They didn’t start the work their teacher came back. A. untilB. whileC. as soon asD. if
  2. The dictionary cost me too much, it’s really useful. A. andB. soC. butD. or
  3. ?Carl, are you interested in swimming?-Yes, I’m not good at it at all. A. soB. andC. orD. but
  4. You’ll be late you don’t get up early tomorrow morning. A. ifB. whenC. beforeD. until
  5. I’d like to change this pair of trousers, give me my money back. (99 杭州) A. soB. orC. butD. and
  6. Alice wanted to know her grandmother liked the bag. A. thatB. ifC. whichD. what
  7. Mr John has worked in that small town he left Canada in 19
  98. (98 山西) A. whenB. afterC. forD. since
  8. That was our first lesson, she didn’t know all our names. A. forB. butC. soD. or
  9. Saturday Sunday is OK. I’ll be free in these two days. A. Either; orB. Neither; norC. Both; andD. One; the othe
  10.Please come have dinner with us.(1998 天津) A. orB. butC. andD. so
  11. He is listening to the music he is washing clothes. (广西 A. afterB. beforeC. thatD.while
  12. there are too many people here, we have to find another house. A. Because; soB. Though; butC. Since; /D. /; if
  13. Li Lei said he could finish his homework before six o’clock. A. ifB. what C. thatD. when
  14. Can you tell me the nearest hospital is? A. whatB. howC. whetherD. where
  15. This TV set is too dear, it gives you a better picture. A. orB. andC. ifD. though
  16. Don’t drink too much tea in the evening, you won’t fall asleep. (大连) A. andB. soC. orD. but
  17. he is very young, he knows several languag(江西) Though; butB. Because; soC. Though; / D. Because; /
  18. Go down the street you see the third crossing. (内蒙 A. thoughB. sinceC. untilD. while
  19. He was tired he couldn’t go on working. (河北) A. too; toB. such; thatC. so; thatD. too; that
  20. You’d better take this book. It is very good it’s a bit expensive. (2000 安徽)
4
A. thoughB. andC. butD. so 三 综合型
  1. he is very young, he knows a lot about science. A. Though; butB. Because; so C. Though; /D. When; and
  2. She was we all like her. A. such a good singerB. such a good singer that C. a very good singer thatD. so good singer that
  3. I’ll give her the message she comes back. A. tillB. beforeC. sinceD. as soon as
  4. Mother didn’t go to bed she finished cleaning the room. A. afterB. untilC. becauseD. while
  5. It is a long time _ we met last time in Shanghai. A. beforeB. afterC. sinceD. for
  6. He was worried about he would come to my party. A. thatB. whatC. ifD. whether
  7. Can you tell me is she going to give me as a present? A. whereB. whenC. whoD. what
  8. Rose is an English girl, she doesn’t like English food. A. yetB. soC. forD. and
  9. There is air water on the moon. A. andB. orC. soD. yet
  10. Tom laughed the others did, he didn’t understand the story. A. like; thoughB. as; thoughC. like; becauseD. as; as
  11. It was we went fishing in the open air yesterday. A. such a nice weatherB. so nice weather that C. such nice weather thatD. a nice weather so that
  12. I didn’t hear he said just now. A. thatB. whatC. whichD. it
  13. They were reading the lights were out. A. as B. whenC. whileD. until
  14. The street was wet, it rained last night. A. becauseB. asC. forD. since
  15. Could you tell me his father is like? A. thatB. howC. whyD. what
 

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