辅导讲座( 初中英语阅读训练 辅导讲座(一)
阅读题型的基本模式及答题技巧
行知二中 姚春妹 20
  05. 2
英语水平是一种能力。 英语水平的提高在于听说读写四种语言技能全面的发展。 它们相辅相成,相互促进,但一般说来,阅读能力显得尤 其重要,它已经成为检验我们学生英语水平和能力高低的 重要手段。
  1。如果不通过阅读掌握一定量的词汇和语法知识,就很难 提高听的能力。
  2。如果不通过阅读掌握足够的语法结构、词汇和语言背景 知识,提高口语表达能力也就成了空谈。
  3。阅读对我们学生写作能力的影响更是十分明显。因为, 从各类题材和体裁的阅读材料中获得的语言知识和生活知 识是写作的源泉。
阅读测试题型
  1。判断正误题 True or False
  2。选择题 Choose the best answer
  3。根据短文内容书面回答问题 Questions
阅读理解三步曲
  1。通读全文、把握整体。 如遇到不认识的单词 通读全文、把握整体 通读全文 或难懂的句子,只要对全文理解影响不大, 可跳过再说,待全文阅读完毕,再根据全文的 意思以及前后句子之间的时间、因果、逻辑 关系等推测它的意思。
  2。抓住中心、注意开头和结尾 抓住中心、 抓住中心 注意开头和结尾。(包括每个段落 的开头和结尾句,它们都是表达短文意思的 关键。)
  3。注意方式、准确理解 注意方式、 注意方式 准确理解。浏览正误题、选择题 带着问题阅读确定答案。对短文所提供 的线索或暗示,则要进行分析、归纳和推理。

  1。中心归纳题 。 对大多数短文(段落)的主题(subject),中心 思想(main idea),标题(title),或作者的写作 目的(purpose),拟题者大概有以下提问方式:
  1.The subject of the paragraph(passage) is .
  2.The main idea of the paragraph is .
  3.From the passage we know that .
  4. Which of the following is the best title for the paragraph (passage)?
  5. What is the author’s main purpose?
  6.The main purpose of this story is to tell us.
  7.The conclusion we can get from the story is__.
You speak, write a letter, make a telephone call.Your words carry a message. People communicate with words. But do you think you can communicate without words? A smile on your face shows you are happy and friendly. Tears in your eyes tell others that you are sad. When you raise your hand in class, the teacher knows you want to say something or ask questions. You shake your head, and people know you are saying “No.” You nod, and people know you are saying “Yes”. Others can also carry messages, for example, a sign at the bus stop helps you to know which bus to take, a sign on the door tells you where to go in or out. Have you ever noticed that there are a lot of signs around you and that you receive messages from them all the time?
People can communicate in many other ways. An artist can use his drawing to tell about beautiful mountains, about the blue sea and many other things. Books are written to tell about all the wonderful things in the world and also about people and their ideas. Books,magazines, TV, radio and films all help us communicate with others. They all help us to know what is going on in the world and what other people are thinking about.
Choices:
  1. The main idea of this passage is that people communicate . A.with words only B. in many different ways C. in letters and with drawings D. with smiles, tears and hands
  2. The best title for this passage is . A.Signs Carry Messages B.The Importance of Communication C.Words, Signs and Drawings D.Ways of Communication

  2。单词、短语、句子理解题
这种题型主要测试学生能否通过上下文正确理 解某个单词、短语或句子的意思。在确定词汇与 语句的内涵时,我们可循下列线索:
  1)近意线索,即借助上下文判别与确定语意最 接近的词汇或句型。
  2)环境线索,即根据语意的递进、转折、对比等 特定语境确定应选的词汇或句型。
  3)对比线索,即借过度词根据前后两句的意思 反差,确定有关词汇或句型。
  4)思维线索,即根据语段之间的逻辑关系确定 有关词汇或句型。
其提问方式有:
  1. The word/ phrase “……” (in Line…, Paragraph…) in this context means .
  2. The author uses the word/ phrase “…….” to mean.
  3. The sentence “……” means.
  4. What does the word/phrase/sentence mean?
The United States has long been known as a melting pot because so many people from all over the world make up its population. The first immigrants in American history came from England and the Netherlands. Immigrants from many other countries then began arriving and are still coming. The greatest numbers came in the years 1800 to 19
  14. Between 1820 and 1973, the United States admitted over 46 million immigrants. Most came from Europe, but many also came from Latin America, Asia, Australia and Canada. melting pot 人种混杂的国家;熔炉
Choices:

  1. The word “immigrants” in the third line means__. A. Indians B. foreigners C. people coming into a country from abroad to make their home there D. people going out of their motherland
  2. The expression “make up” in the third line means . A. understand with difficulty B. form C. become friends again D. collect together
A yellow room makes us feel more cheerful and comfortable than a dark green one, and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. On the other hand, black is depressing. Light and bright colors make people not only happier but more active. It is a fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange than when they are painted black or dark gray.

  1. “I’m feeling black” means. A.I’m depressed. B. I’m excited. C. I’m very happy. D. I’m feeling well.

  3. 计算题 A meteorite almost hit an 80-year-old man named Arthur Pettiffer in Britain when he was working in his garden. The meteorite was the biggest in the past 26 years in Britain.
The meteorite weighed one kilo, and might be over four thousand million years old. “I hear the big noise in the air. I looked up and I saw the tops of the trees coming and going,” he said, “I did not know what it was.” Meteorites are small things from the small planets in space. About 3,50meteorites may fall on the earth
every year, but only very few are found. Mr. Pettiffer’s meteorite is the fifth to fall in Britain since the Second World War. Mr. Pettiffer is glad. “When you think about it coming so far away, it really is something strange.” 这种题型测试学生能否根据文章中的有关信息进行 计算,从而检验学生对文章的真正理解。 注意:英文数字的写法。 True or False: ( ) The meteorite was already 40,000,000,000 years old.

  4. Details 细节理解题

  1) Which of the following statements is true(false) ,
according to the paragraph (passage)?
  2) In the passage, which of the following is mentioned (not mentioned)?
  3) All the following statements are NOT true(false) except.
  4) Choose the right order of the events given in the passage.
Washing D.C. is the capital city of the U.S.A. The American leaders meet and work in the capital. That is where they make laws. That is where they run their country’s business. But Washing D.C. is not the largest city of the U.S.A. The main building where the American leaders meet also has a name. It is called the Capitol. The word for the building sounds like the word for the city. But it is spelled differently. Look at both words. How are their differences? The Capitol is a very important building in Washing. The early American leaders wanted people to see it easily. So they made a law. It says that no building in Washing can be higher than the Capitol. That is why Washing has no tall buildings.

  1. Which of the following is correct?
A. B. C. D. Washing D.C. is the capital of the U.S.A. Washing D.C. is the capital of the U.K. Washing is the capital city of the U.S.A. Washing was the capital city of the U.S.A.

  2. In this passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned?
A. B. C. D. The Capitol is a very important building in Washing. The Capitol is the tallest building in Washing. The Capitol can be seen easily. The Capitol is also the oldest building in Washing.

  5.Titles 标题选择
Venice is a large city in Italy. It is not like other cities because it is built on many small islands. Between the islands, bridges go over 170 canals or waterways. There are no wide streets or automobiles in the city. People can walk down narrow lanes, or they can take boats. Mail for Venice comes by train or track to the edge of the city. Then the boat takes the mail to the post office. In the post office, it is sorted for the six main parts of the city. Then it is given to nearly 100 postmen to deliver. Each postman takes a boat called “water bus” to the part of the city where he works. There , he walks from house to house. The postman calls out the names of people. The people live on the second and third floors of a house. These people have
baskets on long strings. They lower the strings to the postman.He puts their mail in the basket, and the people pull the basket back up. Then the postman walks on his way. The best title for this passage would be. A.Taking a Boat in Venice B.How to Walk in Venice C.Delivering Mail in Venice D.Venice, a City Built on Many Islands 把握中心,看清段首和段尾,有时主题句 在中间。
辅导讲座( 初中英语阅读训练 辅导讲座(二)
根据短文内容书面回答问题
行知二中 姚春妹 20
  05. 2

  1。用英语书面回答问题是一个综合性题型。 难度较高,需要学生各方面的能力。
  2。理解全文,注意人物和事件,及事件发生 的时间、地点等。
  3。注意词汇、结构的正确运用,意思表达的 简单明了。时刻注意单词的大、小写,单 复数和动词的单复数、时态、语态等。
学生考虑:
  1。怎样才算是完整的句子;
  2。词与词之间是怎样联系的;
  3。句子的整体意义是否合理。
A pretty, well-dressed young lady stopped a taxi in a big square, and said to the driver, “Do you see that young man at the other side of the square?” “Yes,” said the taxi-driver. The young man was standing outside a restaurant and looking impatiently at his watch every few seconds. “Take me over there,” said the young lady. There were a lot of cars and buses and trucks in the square, So the taxi-driver asked, “Are you afraid to cross the street?” “Oh, no,” said the young lady. “But I said that I would meet that young man for lunch at one o’clock, and it is now a quarter to two. If I arrive in a taxi, it will at least seem as if I have tried not to be late.”
Complete the answer to each question (根据短文内容回答下列问题,不超过五个单词)

  1. How did the young woman get to the square? didn’t tell us about it The story .
  2. Why did she want to take a taxi? Because she wanted to be seen getting out of the . taxi
  3. Who at the other side of the square was probably waiting for a long time? . A young man
  4. The young lady was 45 minutes late, wasn’t she? . Yes, she was
  5. Did she try not to be so late? No, . She was just going to pretend that She didn’t she had tried.
Bill Jenkins worked in a big office in the city, and generally he used to go to the barber’s during working hours to have his hair cut, although this was against the rules, clerks had to have their hair cut in their own time. While Bill was at the barber’s one day, the manager of the office came in by chance to have his own hair cut. Bill saw him and tried to hide his face, but the manager came and sat beside him, so he soon recognized him. “Hello, Jenkins,” the manager said, “I see that you are having your hair cut in office time.” “Yes, sir, I am,” admitted Bill calmly. “You see, sir, it grows in office time.” “Not all of it,” said the manager of the office at once. “Some of it grows in your own time.” “Yes, sir, that’s quite true,” answered Bill politely, “but I’m not having it all cut off.”

  1. What were the office rules about going to the barber’s? in their own time Clerks had to go there.
  2. Why did Bill try to hide his face while he was having his hair cut? Because he didn’t want his manager. to recognize him
  3. What was Bill’s excuse for breaking the office rule? grew in office time His hair.
  4. How did the manager argue against this excuse? He said that not all of it grew in office time. Some of it in Bill’s / the clerk’s own time grew .
  5. How did Bill answer that? having it all cut off He said that he wasn’t .
Once Napoleon stayed in a small inn. The next morning he went to thank the inn-keeper for the good service. “You have served me quite well, inn-keeper,” said Napoleon, “I’d
 

相关内容

初中英语阅读训练

   辅导讲座( 初中英语阅读训练 辅导讲座(一) 阅读题型的基本模式及答题技巧 行知二中 姚春妹 2005. 2 英语水平是一种能力。 英语水平的提高在于听说读写四种语言技能全面的发展。 它们相辅相成,相互促进,但一般说来,阅读能力显得尤 其重要,它已经成为检验我们学生英语水平和能力高低的 重要手段。 1。如果不通过阅读掌握一定量的词汇和语法知识,就很难 提高听的能力。 2。如果不通过阅读掌握足够的语法结构、词汇和语言背景 知识,提高口语表达能力也就成了空谈。 3。阅读对我们学生写作能力的影响更 ...

新课标下的高中英语阅读训练

   2010 年 第 17 期 SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION ○ 教学研究 ○ 科技信息 新课标下的高中英语阅读训练 兰 东 (上杭职业中专学校 福建 上杭 364200) 【摘 要】掌握英语语言知识,培养语用能力需要大量的语言实践活动,需要加强阅读技巧与方法的指导,提高阅读速度与能力,以便获取 更多的信息。 【关键词】兴趣;阅读习惯;阅读技巧;阅读速度;篇章结构 新课标要求:“侧重培养阅读能力;特别强调培养学生在阅读过程 中获取和处理信息的能力。 ” ...

中考英语阅读训练

   中考英语阅读训练(006) 中考英语阅读训练(006) John sent for a doctor because his wife was ill. He called the doctor and made thought, sure they would meet at five. He arrived at the doctor's at twenty to five. He thought, the "It's a little bit earlier. I'll wa ...

PEP小学英语阅读训练阅读2

   On Sunday It is Sunday today. The weather is fine. Mike and Tom are in the park. It is a big park. They can see many people there. They come here to have a rest after a week’s hard work and study. Some boys are playing football on the grass. Some g ...

英语阅读理解训练

   2011 考研英语阅读新题型 选 5)模拟 考研英语阅读新题型(7 模拟 题及解析 Directions:You are going to read a list of headings and a text about preparing in the academic community. Choose the most suitable heading from the list A-G for each numbered paragraph (41-45). The first an ...

英语四级必过阅读训练指导

   英语四级必过之阅读训练指导 阅读理解可谓四级考试的重中之重,改革后的新四级考试,阅读 考查形式有所增加,能力要求也有所提高。除了传统的选择题型外, 还增加了快速阅读题型,以及简答题的题型,除了 A、B、C、D 这种 客观题考生哪怕不会做也有25%的答对几率,简答题这种主观题型使 很多考生的侥幸心理大大降低。而且,完形填空和翻译在一定程度上 也考查了一个学生的阅读能力。因此,提高阅读水平,在阅读理解上 拿高分,是四级必过的又一大支柱。 那么,如何进行阅读理解的复习,提高阅读水平呢?下面就介绍 ...

大学英语六级阅读训练10套

   There was on shop in the town of Mufulira, which was notorious for its color bar. It was a drugstore. While Europeans were served at the counter, a long line of Africans queued at the window and often not only were kept waiting but, when their turn ...

中考英语复习:阅读训练专项十四组42篇

   中考英语总复习阅读理解专项练习 第一组(共 3 篇) : (A) ( CCTV 9, October CHINA will send two more THE 2008 Olympic 16,2003) astronauts into space next year. Games will get some CHINA launched its first This time, they will stay up help from space. Next manned spaceship ...

初中英语作文

   How to keep healthy What is the most important thing in the world? I think it is health. You can take away our money, house, car, or even our clothes and we can survive. But if our health was taken away, we would surely die. That is why we always t ...

初中英语作文

   初中英语作文范文 1 A Photo of My Family Look at this photograph 照片) my family. There are five people in it. ( of The tallest one is my father. He is forty-eight (48) years old. My mother is standing beside him. She is three years younger than my father. Si ...

热门内容

2009年高考英语真题单项训练??状语从句

   2009年高考英语真题单项训练??状语从句 (09福建)1. She had just finished her homework her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since 【答案】A 根据主从句的动词时态可知主句谓语动词的动作在从句谓语动词之前已经完成,引导词的意思是:当……的时候,选A。 (09陕西)2. My pa ...

高中英语常见写作范文100篇

   高中英语百篇常见写作范文 一、写作 1、 分) (1 提示: 张楠的父亲有位美国同事,他的孩子约翰?史密斯即将来华。约翰写信向张楠询问一些有关他所在城市 的问题。张楠回信,内容如下: 得知约翰要来非常高兴。告诉他可能遇到一些不同于美国的情况。 气候:冬天冷,有时下雪。夏天几乎不下雨,但一下起来就很大。提醒约翰带雨衣、棉衣。 饮食:饮食与美国很不同,他应尽力适应中国饮食,并要学会如何使用筷子。 最后,请他带一张美国地图,希望早日能见面。 字数:100?120 个词。 2、 分) (1 日记 1 ...

通过200例句巧学快学高中英语词汇

   通过例句巧学快学高中英语词汇 单词的意义,搭配及其运用是高中英语词汇教学的主要内容,其中一些词义的辨析是很令人头疼的, 而且也很难记得明白.但如果能在一个句子中将几个词的词义差异部分同时展示出来,这样的例句在英语 的教学中起着事半功倍的作用.如: 1, Hunting is allowed in this area, though not officially permitted.这个地区是可以狩猎的, 尽管法律 上不允许.allow 指"听凭","不禁止&qu ...

高中英语竞赛复习课件

   Section 1 vocabulary 反义词) 一. Antonym (反义词 1*10' 反义词 1. light 2. clever 3. deep 4. humble 5. interesting 6. clean 7. safe 8. thick 9. rough 10. nervous h□□□□ s□□□□□ s□□□□□□ p□□□□ b□□□□□ □□□□y d□□□□□□□□ t□□□ □□□□□h □□□□ed heavy stupid shallow proud b ...

中介语理论及其对大学英语写作教学的启示

   教育与人才 中介语理论及其对大学英语写作教学的启示 汪名玖 (常州工程职业技术学院,江苏 常州 213000) 摘 要:中介语是外语学习者在学习过程中对于目的语规律所作的不正确的归纳与推论而产生的一个语言系统。这个 语 言系统随着学习者学习程度的加深、逐渐向目的语的正确形式方面靠拢。本文介绍了中介语的起源及其成因。结合中介 语的石化现象对大学英语写作教学的启示,提出了一种新的大学英语写作五步教学法。 关键词:中介语;大学英语写作教学 Abstract:Interlanguage is a l ...