初一年级( 初一年级(上) 【知识梳理】 知识梳理】 I. 重点短语
  1. Sit down
  2. on duty
  3. in English
  4. have a seat
  5. at home
  6. look like
  7. look at
  8. have a look
  9. come on
  10. at work
  11. at school
  12. put on
  13. look after
  14. get up
  15. go shopping II. 重要句型
  1. help sb. do sth.
  2. What about…?
  3. Let’s do sth.
  4. It’s time to do sth.
  5. It’s time for …
  6. What’s…? It is…/ It’s…
  7. Where is…? It’s….
  8. How old are you? I’m….
  9. What class are you in? I’m in….
  10. Welcome to….
  11. What’s …plus…? It’s….
  12. I think…
  13. Who’s this? This is….
  14. What can you see? I can see….
  15. There is (are) ….
  16. What colour is it (are they)? It’s (They’re)…
  17. Whose …is this? It’s….
  18. What time is it? It’s…. III. 交际用语
  1. Good morning, Miss/Mr….
  2. Hello! Hi!
  3. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too.
  4. How are you? I’m fine, thank you/thanks. And you?
  5. See you. See you later.
  6. Thank you! You’re welcome.
  7. Goodbye! Bye!
  8. What’s your name? My name is ….
  9. Here you are. This way, please.
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  10. Who’s on duty today?
  11. Let’s do.
  12. Let me see. IV. 重要语法
  1. 动词 be 的用法;
  2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法;
  3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法;
  4. 冠词的基本用法;
  5. There be 句型的用法。 名师讲解】 【名师讲解】
  1. in/on 在表示空间位置时,in 表示在某个空间的范围以内,on 表示在某一个物体的表面之上。 例如: There is a bird in the tree. 树上有只鸟。 There is a picture on the wall. 墙上有张图。
  2. this/that/these/those (
  1)this 常常用来指在时间、 地点上更接近讲话人的人和事, these 是 this 的复数形式。 that 常常用来指在时间、地点上离讲话人更远一点的人和事,those 时 that 的复数形式。例 如: You look in this box and I’ll look in that one over there.你看看这个盒子,我去看那边的那 个盒子。 I want this car, not that car. 我想要这辆小汽车,不是那一辆。 Take these books to his room, please. 请把这些书拿到他房间去。 This is mine; that’s yours. 这个是我的,那个是你的。 These are apples; those are oranges. 这些是苹果,那些是橘子。 (
  2)在打电话的用语中,this 常常指的是我,that 常常指的是对方。例如: This is Mary speaking. Who’s that? 我是玛丽。你是谁?
  3. There be/ have There be "有",其确切含意为"某处或某时存在某人或某物。"其结构是:There be + 某 人或某物 + 表示地点或时间的状语。 There be 后面的名词实际上是主语, 动词的形式要 be 和主语在数上保持一致,be 动词后面的名词是单数或不可数名词时用 is,名词是复数时用 are。例如: (
  1) There is a big bottle of coke on the table. 桌上有一大瓶子可乐。 (
  2) There is a doll in the box. 那个盒子里有个娃娃。 (
  3) There are many apples on the tree. 那树上有许多苹果。 总之,There be 结构强调的是一种客观存在的"有"。have 表示"拥有,占有,具有",即: 某人有某物(sb. have / has sth.)。主语一般是名词或代词,与主语是所属关系。例如: (
  4) I have two brothers and one sister.我有两个兄弟,一个姐姐。 (
  5) That house has four rooms.那所房子有四个房间。
  4. look/ see/ watch (
  1)look 表示“看、瞧”,着重指认真看,强调看的动作,表示有意识地注意看,但不一 定看到,以提醒对方注意。,如: Look! The children are playing computer games. 瞧!孩子们在玩电脑游戏。 Look! What’s that over there? 看!那边那个是什么? 单独使用是不及物动词,如强调看某人/物,其后接介词 at,才能带宾语,如: He’s looking at me。他正在看着我。
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(
  2)see 强调“看”的结果,着重的是 look 这个动作的结果,意思是“看到”,see 是及物动 词,后面能直接跟宾语。如: What can you see in the picture? 你能在图上看到什么? Look at the blackboard. What did you see on it?看黑板!你看到了什么? (
  3)watch“观看,注视”,侧重于场面,表示全神贯注地观看、观察或注视某事务的活动, 强调过程,常用于“看电视、看足球、看演出”等。如: Yesterday we watched a football match on TV.昨天我们从电视上看了一场足球比赛。
  4. put on/ / in put on 意为“穿上,戴上”。主要指“穿上”这一动作, 后面接表示服装、鞋帽的名词。 in 是介词,表示“穿着”强调状态。在句中可以做定语、标语和状语。如: It’s cold outside, put on your coat. 外面冷,穿上你的外衣。 He puts on his hat and goes out. 他戴上帽子,走了出去。 The woman in a white blouse is John’s mother.穿白色衬衣的那个妇女是 John 的妈妈。
  5. house/ home/family house :“房子”,指居住的建筑物; Home: “家”,指一个人同家人共同经常居住的地 方; Family: “家庭“,“家庭成员”。例如: Please come to my house this afternoon. 今天下午请到我家来。 He is not at home. 他不在家。 My family all get up early. 我们全家都起得很早。
  6. fine, nice, good, well 四者都可用作形容词表示"好"之意, 但前三者既可作表语又可作定语, 而后者仅用作表 语。主要区别在于: (
  1) fine 指物时表示的是质量上的"精细",形容人时表示的是"身体健康",也 可以用来指"天气晴朗"。例如: Your parents are very fine. 你父母身体很健康。 That's a fine machine. 那是一台很好的机器。 It's a fine day for a walk today. 今天是散步的好时候。 (
  2)nice 主要侧重于人或物的外表,有"美好","漂亮"的意思,也可用于问候或赞扬别 人。例如: Lucy looks nice. 露西看上去很漂亮。 These coats are very nice. 那些裙子很好看。 Nice to meet you. 见到你很高兴。 It's very nice of you. 你真好。 (
  3)good 形容人时指"品德好",形容物时指"质量好",是表示人或物各方面都好的普通 用语。例如: Her son is a good student. 她儿子是一个好学生。 The red car is very good. 那辆红色小汽车很好。 (
  4)well 只可用来形容人的"身体好",但不能作定语,它也能用作副词作状语,多放在 所修饰的动词之后。例如: I'm very well, thanks. 我身体很好,谢谢。
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My friends sing well. 我的朋友们歌唱得好。 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 中考考点在本单元主要集中在:
  1. 动词 be 的用法;
  2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法;
  3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法;
  4. 冠词的基本用法;
  5. There be 句型的用法。
  6. 本单元学过的词汇、短语和句型;
  7. 本单元学过的日常交际用语。 考试形式可以是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空、完成句子。 中考范例】 【中考范例】
  1. (2004 年北京市中考试题) Mary, please show your picture. A. my B. mine C. I D. me 【解析 解析】答案:D。该题考查的是人称代词和物主代词的用法。本题中动词 show 后面 解析 跟双宾语,空白处应填入人称代词的宾格 me 作宾语。
  2. (2004 年上海市徐汇区中考试题) orange on the desk is for you, Mike. A. A B.An C. / D. The 【解析 解析】答案:D。该题考查的是冠词的基本用法。因为是特指课桌上的那个橘子,所 解析 以用定冠词 the。
  3. (2004 年哈尔滨市中考试题) What the number of the girls in your class? About twenty. A. is B. am C. are D. be 【解析 解析】答案:A。该题考查的是动词 be 的用法和主谓一致。the number 作主语,应该 解析 是单数第三人称,动词 be 变为 is。
  4. (2004 年陕西省中考试题) There a football match on TV this evening. A. will have B. is going to be C. has D. is going to have 【解析 解析】答案:B。该题考查的是 There be…句型和动词 have 用法区别。There be 句型 解析 本身就表示“在某个地方存在某个人或物”,不能和动词 have 混在一起用。 满分演练】 【满分演练】 一. 单项填空
  1. What colour is the bike? It’s orange. A. an B. a C. / D. the
  2. That isn’t her bag. It’s . A. my B. I C. mine D. me
  3. Oh, your kite is very nice. . A. That’s right B. No, it’s not nice C. Yes, it is D. Thank you
  4. The woman is sixty, but she young. A. is B. sees C. looks D. watches
  5. It’s time lunch. Let’s go home. A. to B. in C. for D. on
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  6. is your coat? The black one. A. What B. Where C. Which D. How
  7. is the toy? It’s on the bed. A. Who B. Where C. What D. Whose
  8. The shoes are too old. Put over there. A. it B. they C. their D. them
  9. Excuse me. Can you my watch, please? A. look B. look like C. look after D. look at
  10. Look the blackboard and listen the teacher. A. / / B. at; to C. after; / D. on; after
  11. Whose dress is this? It’s . A. Lucy B. Lucy’s C. Jim D. Jim’s
  12. The girl the purple coat is his sister. A. at B. in C. on D. with
  13. There is a bird the tree. A. in B. on C. to D. of
  14. There are many in our school. A. woman teachers B. woman teacher C. women teacher D. women teachers
  15. Is there a ball under the desk? . A. Yes, it is B. Yes, there’s C. No, there isn’t D. No, there is
  16. There some books and a pencil on the desk. A. am B. is C. are D. be
  17. Let me help you. . A. You’re welcome B. Thanks very much C. Don’t worry D. Yes, thanks
  18. old man is English teacher. A. The; an B. An; an C. The; the D. A; a
  19. What five plus six? It’s eleven. A. am B. is C. are D. /
  20. What you see in the picture? I can see some flowers. A. must B. can C. are D. do 二. 完形填空 This is a picture of Kat’s
  1. What can we 2 in the picture? Look 3 it, please. The man 4 the black coat is Kate’s father, Mr. Green. The 5 in the red sweater is Mrs. Green. They 6 young. The baby is Kate. The little boy is Kate’s 7, Jim. 8 the man behind Mrs. Green? Oh, he’s 9 brother, Mr. Read. He 10 young, too.
  1. A. families B. family C. parents D. brothers
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  2. A. look B. do C. see D.put
  3. A. at B. after C. for D. up
  4. A. on B. of C. in D. to
  5. A. man B. girl C. women D. woman
  6. A. are B. is C. look like D. looking
  7. A. sister B. brother C. father D. aunt
  8. A. What’s B. Where’s C. Who’s D. How is
  9. A. his B. her C. our D. their
  10. A. looks B. am C. look D. very 三. 在 B 栏中找出 A 栏英语句子的正确答语 (A) (B)
  1. How are you? A. I am in Row
  6.
  2. Can you spell it, please? B. Fine, thank you.
  3. How do you do? C. Yes, b-o-o-k, book.
  4. What row are you in? D. It is ten.
  5. What’s two plus eight? E. Nice to meet you, too.
  6. Nice to meet you. F. I am
  14.
  7. How old are you? G. Wang Ping is.
  8. Who’s not here? H. It’s here.
  9. Where is the bag? I. It’s a book.
  10. What is this in English? J. How do you do? 四. 完成对话:在对话后面的句子中选出正确的填入空白处 Jim: Excuse me, Ann. Whose black dog is this? Is it yours? Ann: Let me have a look.
  1. I think it’s Sam’s. My dog is brown. Jim: Sam, look at the dog behind the tree.2? Sam: Sorry, it isn’t mine. My dog is black and white. I think it looks like Mary’s. Jim: 3? Sam: She’s my friend. Look! She’s over there. Let’s go and ask her. Jim:
  4. Sam: Hi, Mary! Is that dog yours? Mary:
  5. Sam: It’s a lovely dog! Don’t lose it! Mary: Yes, thank you. A. Who’s Mary B. OK, let’s go C. Oh, no it’s not mine D. Oh, yes. It’s mine E. Is it yours 五. 用所给单词的适当形式填空
  1. (He) pen is in (I) pencil-box.
  2. (You) shoes (be) under the bed.
  3. (Who) new ruler is this?
  4. Are these trousers (you)? No, they aren’t (we)
  5. It’s time (go) and play games.
  6. This is my pen. Please give it to (I).
  7. I have two (baby).
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  8. Look! That is a (China) car.
  9. It is (my teacher) sweater.
  10. Now her ( parent) are in America. 六. 阅读理解 (A) Bob was born in a big and rich family. His father is a university professor. He teaches American history. His mother is a very capable woman. She is the manager of a big company. She
 

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