初中英语 一、动词+介词
  1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照料…
  2.listen to…听……
  3.welcome to…欢迎到……
  4.say hello to …向……问好
  5.speak to…对……说话 二、动词+副词
  1.put on 穿上
  2.take off 脱下
  3.write down 记下
  1.come on 赶快
  2.get up 起床
  3.go home 回家
  4.come in 进来
  5.sit down 坐下
  6.stand up 起立 三、其它类动词词组
  1.close the door
  4.be ill
  7.1ook young
  10. play games at the door, in the middle,
  2.1ook the same
  5.have a look/seat
  8.go shopping on duty, in the sky,
  3.go to work/class
  6.have supper
  9.watch TV/games after breakfast, on one’s bike 等。 at night,

  1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。
  2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade 等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。
  3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。
  4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。
  5. the tree 表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”; the tree 表示“在树上(为树本身所 in on 有)”。
  6. the wall 表示“在墙上 in (凹陷进去) on the wall 表示“在墙上 ”; (指墙的表面) ”。
  7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无 the。
  8.at + 时刻表示钟点。
  9.like this/that 表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。
  11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。
  12.from 与 to 多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。
[重点句型大回放]
  1. I think…意为“我认为……”, 是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。 I don’t think…,
其否定式常用

  2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词 give 之后可接双宾语, 可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用 give it/ them to sb.
  3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。
  4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必 须是两者中。
  5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带 to 的动词不定式,其否定 式为 Don’t
let sb,do sth.,或 Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s 与 Let us 的含义不完全相同, 前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,
  6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作 宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换.
  7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?询问或征求对方的观点、 意见、看法等。about 为介词,其后须接名词、代词或 V-ing 等形式。 ”是用来
  8.It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中 to 后须接原 形动词,for 后可接名词或 V-ing 形式。
  9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次 性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作,
  10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中 ask sb.后应接动词不 定式,
  11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面 第 2 点。
  12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人 作介绍”。
[重点短语快速复习]
  1.kinds of 各种各样的
  2. either…or…或者……或者……,不是……就是……
  3. neither…nor…既不……也不……
  4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶
  5. take a seat 就坐
  6. home cooking 家常做法
  7. be famous for 因……而著名
  8. on ones way to 在……途中
  9. be sick/ill in hospital 生病住院
  10. at the end of 在……的尽头,在……的末尾
  11. wait for 等待
  12. in time 及时
  13. make one’s way to…往……(艰难地)走去
  14. just then 正在那时
  15. first of all 首先,第一
  16. go wrong 走错路
  17. be/get lost 迷路
  18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗
  19. get on 上车
  20. get off 下车
  21. stand in line 站队
  22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室
  23. at the head of……在……的前头
  24. laugh at 嘲笑
  25. throw about 乱丢,抛散
  26. in fact 实际上
  27. at midnight 在半夜
  28. have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得愉快

  29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架
  30. take one’s temperature 给某人体温
  31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛
  32. have a headache 头痛
  33. as soon as… 一……就……
  34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事
  35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事
  36. fall asleep 入睡
  37. again and again 再三地,反复地
  38. wake up 醒来,叫醒
  39. instead of 代替
  40. look over 检查
  41. take exercise 运动
  42. had better(not) do sth. 最好(不要)干某事
  43. at the weekend 在周末
  44. on time 按时
  45. out of 从……向外
  46. all by oneself 独立,单独
  47. lots of=a lot of 许多
  48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再
  49. get back 回来,取回
  50. sooner or later 迟早
  51. run away 逃跑
  52. eat up 吃光,吃完
  53. run after 追赶
  54. take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物
  55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well) (好好)照顾,照料
  56. think of 考虑到,想起
  57. keep a diary 坚持写日记

  58. leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下
  59. harder and harder 越来越厉害
  60. turn on 打开(电灯、收音机、煤气等)
  61. turn off 关 [重温重点句型]
  1.So + be/助动词/情态动词/主语. 前面陈述的肯定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装结构,表示“另一 人 (物) 也如此。 ”前面陈述的否定情况也适于另一人 (物) 时, 常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装结构。 注意:“So+主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”这一句型常用于表示赞同,进一步肯 定对方的看法,表示“的确如此。”“是呀。”
  2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing. 这一指路的句型意为“在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。” 于 Take the first /second/…turning on theright/left. 相当

  3.It takes sb.some time to do sth. 此句型表示“干某事花了某人一段时间。”其中的 it 是形式主语,后面的动词不定 式(短语)才是真正的主语.
  4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth. 此句型中的 it 是形式宾语,不可用其它代词替代,形容词作宾语的补足语,后面 的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的宾语。
  5.What’s wrong with…? 此句型相当于 What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物 出什么毛病了?”后跟某人作宾语时,意为“某人怎么了?”
  6.too…to… 在 so…that…复合句中, 后的句子是否定句时, that 常与简单句 too…to… (太…… 而不能……)进行句型转换。 在 so…that…复合句中,that 后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进 行句型转换.
  7.Sorry to hear that.
全句应为 I’m so(遗憾)。”常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之意。 [重点句型、词组大盘点]
  1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。 [用法] used to + 动词原形, 表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态, 含有现在不再 如此之意。 [搭配] used to do 的否定式可以是 usedn’t to do 或 didn’t use to do. [比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事; be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。

  2.…return it sooner or later. ……迟早要将它归还。 [用法] l)sooner or later 意为“迟早”、“早晚”。
  2)return 此处用作及物动词,意为“归还”,相当于 give back. [拓展]return 还可用作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相当于 go back 或 come back。
  3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气…… [用法]no matter what 相当于 whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。 [拓展]类似 no matter what 的表达方式还有: no matter when 无论什么时候 nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;no matter where 无论什么地方 no matter who 无论谁 no matter how 无论怎么样
  4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green. 一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。 [用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。 [拓展]practice 名词,“实践”、“实施”、“练习”;put a plan into practice 实行某计 划。
  5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. 他鼓励大家参加保护我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。 [用法]
  1)encourage 用作动词,意思是“鼓励”、“支持”。
  2)take part in“参加”,常表示参加活动。

  3)protect 是动词,表示“防御”、“保护”。 rry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很难过[搭配]
  1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓 励或支持某人 nbsp;encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人干某事
  2)protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害
  6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。 [用法] warn 用作动词,意思是“警告”、“警戒”。 [搭配]
  1)warn sb.+ that 从句
  2)warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事
  3)warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事
  4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事 初中英语短语和句型归纳
  1. Nice to meet (see) you!或 Glad to meet (see) you!见到您很高兴! 式为 It's nice (glad) to meet (see) you!的略写。
  2. It's time to do sth. / It's time for sb. to do sth. / It's time for sth.某人做某事的时 间到了。例如:It's time to get up. It's time for class.
  3. Welcome to somewhere.(欢迎到某地) Welcome back to somewhere.(欢迎回到某地)例如: Welcome back to school.
  4. Let sb. do sth. (让某人做某事)例如: Please let me help you. Now let me call your names.
  5. May I do sth. ?(我可以做某事吗?)例如: May I have a piece of paper? May I borrow a pencil, please?
  6. like doing sth.(喜欢做某事。)例如: Uncle Wang likes making things. I like walking. 这种表达方

  7. call sb. (sth.)…(把某人或某物称做……)例如: Please don't call me Lily. We can call it Mid-Autumn Day.
  8. Would…like sb. to do sth..(愿意叫某人做某事) I'd like you to meet my parents, too. Would you like to come to have supper?
  9. Why don't you do sth. ?(为何不做某事)也可说:Why not do sth. ?例如: But why don't you come with me?
  10. help sb. with sth. / help sb. (to) do sth. (帮助某人做某事)例如: We're going to help some farmers with their work.. I'll help him mend his clothes.
  11. sth. is hard (easy…) to do (某事难或易……做)例如: Some of the apples are hard to reach.. English is not difficult to learn.
  12. Shall we do sth. ?或 Let's do sth. , shall we? (咱们做某事,好吗?)例如: Shall we go to the park?
  13. What about sth. ? What about doing sth. ? (……某事如何?做某事如何?)例如: What about a quarter past two? What about having a short rest?
  14. like better(较喜欢)like best(最喜欢)例如: Which animal do you like best? Which do you like better, tiger or panda?
  15. have a good time / enjoy oneself(过得愉快)例如: They are having a good time. We enjoyed ourselves during last summer holiday.
  16. be good at…(擅长……)do well in…(在某方面做或学得好)例如: Some are very good at it.
Li lei is very good at football. She does better than me in Maths.
  17. love to do sth.(爱好做某事)例如: Children often love to play this game.
  18. had better do sth.(最好做某事)例如: You'd better catch a bus. You'd better ask that ******man over there.
  19. be good (bad) for sth..(对某事有好或坏处)例如: Is watching TV too much good or bad for your health?
  20. be late for…(迟到)例如: How often are you late for school?
  21. be away / be not here(不在此处) Who was away yesterday?
  22. have sth. for breakfast (lunch, supper)(早、午或晚餐吃的是……)例如: The twins had eggs and porridge for breakfast this morning.
  23. enjoy doing sth.(喜欢做某事)例如: Are you enjoying living here?
  24. want to do sth.(想做某事)例如: My father wanted to work in China.
  25. on one's way to…(在去某地的路上)例如: On her way home she bought a new pen in a shop. On my way to school this morning I found a little girl crying.
  26. be out / be not in / be not at home(不在家,出去了) I'm afraid he's out at the moment.
  27. ask sb. to do sth.(叫某人做某事) Could you ask him to call me ? Ask him to speak more loudly. Please ask him not to talk in class.
  28. How do sb. do sth.…?(某人怎样做某事?)例如: How do you spell that, please? How do you usually come to school?
  29. need to do sth.(需要做某事)例如: They needed to climb up the trees with ladders.
You need to wear warm clothes.
  30. be di
 

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