come back
  12) The Greens Beijing in a week B. has gone to, will be back D. has gone to, won’t come back
A. is moving to
B. is moving
C. will move
are moving to

  13) Why didn’t he go with us ? He there several times . A. has been to B. had been to C. has been D. had been

  14) How long have you learnt English ? since I began to study English . A. It passed five years C. It had been five years B. It’s five years D. It was five years

  15) While he NBA Games in the sitting room, his mother . A. watched,was doing some cleaning C. was watching, did some cleaning B. was watching, was doing some cleaning D. watched, did some cleaning

  16) You meant when you got home , your mother supper . Yes . so we had supper at once . A. was cooking B. cooked C. had cooked D. would cook

  17) Mum , My grandfather often me stories when I was a child , I remembered it clearly. So . He loves you very much . A. was telling, did he B. tells , he does C. told, did he D. told , he did

  18) I haven’t written a letter to him for a long time. How about you ? Well, I just now . A. wrote it B. wrote one C. did it D. did one
  2、句型转换题 (同义改句 、 同义改句) 同义改句 The film was put on in that cinema four days ago. The film four days ago. The market opened last year. The market for . My friend went to Beijing last year. She is still in Beijing. My friend He came here five years ago. He It’s five years since he left Wuhan. He I have had this book for three years. It he bought this book . for five years .
专题三:直接引语改为间接引语 专题三: 第一部分
易错点: 易错点: ① 分辨不清疑问词是主语还是宾语,例如: I don’t know what was the matter with her. Do you know who Father Christmas is? ② could, would 等引导的主句是一直礼貌用语而不是一般过去时态。 Could you tell me where he lives(易用成 lived)? Would you please let me know where the principle is(易用成 was)? ③ 如果直接引语是表示客观真理时,变为间接引语,时态不变。如: The teacher said, "The earth goes round the sun." →The teacher said(that)the earth goes round the sun. ④ 直接引语改为间接引语时选择正确的引导词,语序、人称和时态的呼应,选择疑 问句即有 or(not)时只能用 whether 的情况。
  4、解题技巧: 解题技巧:
  1、在单项选择题中,首先排除疑问句式结构的句子,再看前后时态能否呼应:主句用 现在时或将来时,从句可用任何时 态。主句用过去时,从句用与过去相关的时态
  2、 在句型转换中,直接引语是陈述句只需注意时态和人称的变化;直接引语是祈使句用 ask/tell sb. (not) to do sth.来转换;直接引语是特殊疑问句时需保留疑问词、 把问句改为陈述句还要注意时态和人称的变化;直接引语是一般疑问句时用 if 或 whether 作连接词,再把问句改为陈述句,还要注意时态和人称的变化, 当后面又 or(not)时只能用 whether。
第二部分: 第二部分:强化练习
  1、 基础题
  1. ?Excuse me.Could you tell me get to the station? ?Certainly.Turn right at the end of the road and you can't miss it. can we we can C.when can we D.when we can

  2. Do you still remember at the meeting. Sorry! I was so sleepy at that time. A. whether the headmaster said C. if the headmaster said
  3. I wondered B. what the headmaster said D. what did the headmaster say a famous singer because her voice wasn’t so beautiful. B. if Lily will become
A. whether Lily would become
C. weather Lily would become
  4. Nobody was sure
D. if would Lily become in 2000 when I was born.
How time flies! You are 20 now. A. what life would be like C. what be would life like
  5. Mother didn’t tell me . B. what would life be like D. life would be like what
But I did call you this morning and she took a message. A. if you will go shopping with me C. that you will go shopping with me
  6. The teacher told the students A. the earth went around the sun C. the earth goes around the sun
  7. Tom never gets lost in HongKong. He said that A. he has lived
  8. Do you know A. what were they doing C. what they were doing
  9. I want to know A. who is she looking for C. who is she looking
  10. Have you decided A. when will you leave C. when are you leaving
  11. Could you tell me ? . there for a long time. B. he had lived at that moment? C. he was living D. he have lived B. whether you will go shopping with me D. if you would go shopping with me . B. that the earth go around the sun D. that the earth went around the sun
No. I wasn’t there then.
B. what they did D. what did they do Acturally, it’s her dog. B. who she is looking D. who she is looking for for Canada? Not yet.
B. when you will leave D. when you leaving At about ten.
A. what time did your father arrive home B. what time does your father arrive home C. when your father arrived home
  12. Jim asked Lucy A. doesn’t forget to
  2、 提高题
  1. He said everyone was here except Lin Feng. A.that B.what C.when D.where feed their cat. B. didn’t forget to C. not to forget to D. to forget to D. when your arrives home

  2. Could you tell me?
It’s a secret. A .where do you live C. who were you waiting for
  3. Would you please tell me A. if he came back C. whether would he come back
  4. Andy really didn’t know A. what to do C. whether he can do
  5. Do you know B. who you are waiting for D. where you live in ? B. when did he came back D. when will he come back to help the dying old woman. B. how could he do D. what can he did best of the three? B. what book he likes D. what book does he like , but when she , I will let you know.
A. which book he likes C. which book doe she like
  6. I don’t know when she A. arrive, will arrive C. arrives, arrives
B. will arrive, arrives D. will arrive, will arrive

  7. I can't understand the boy alone. A. why she left C. why had she left
  8. Can you guess ? B. why did she leave D. why she had left
A. if the man is in white a footballer B. that is the man in white a footballer C. whether the man in white is a footballer D. if the man in white is a footballer or not
  9. Miss Chen wants to know A. if they will come here C. if will they come here or not, then she can do something for it. B. whether they will come here D. weather they will come here
二、句型转换:把直接引语改为间接引语 句型转换:
  1、 基础题 、
  1. ‘Please open the windows!’ Mum said to Lucy. Mum Lucy .

  2. Lily wanted to know, ‘how much is the pencil-box?’ Lily wanted to know
  3. ‘Where was I born?’ Can you guess? Can you guess ? .

  4. ‘Your classmates will visit Miss Wang this Sunday.’ Mr Li said to me. Mr Li told me
  5. ‘What does your sister prefer?’ I wonder. I wonder . .

  6. ‘Light travels much faster than sound.’ Everybody in our class knew . Everybody in our class knew
  7. Jim’ mother wants to know. ‘Does Jim study hard at school?’ Jim’ mother wants to know . .

  8. A foreigner asked me in the street, ‘Which is the way to the Tim Mall?’ A foreigner asked me in the street
  9. ‘Is your father a reprter?’ Lucy asked me. Lucy asked me . .

  10. ‘Don’t be late next time!’ Mrs Liu said to John. Mrs Liu
  1. ‘Who is the little girl in red?’ No one knows. No one knows . John .

  2. ‘Please take good care of my dog when I am away.’ Mrs White said to her. Mrs White her .

  3. The doctor said to me, ‘don’t smoke any more.’ The doctor .

  4. ‘Jack, could you open the window for me, please?’ Mr Smith said. Mr Smith Jack the window
  5. ‘What time did he get up this morning?’ Please tell us. Please tell us . .

  6. Our classteacher said to him yesterday, ‘please come early next time.’ Yesterday our classteacher him .

  7. ‘Can you come here at once?’ The manager asked Kate on the phone. The manager asked Kate on the phone .

  8. The police want to find out, ‘Is there a picture of the lost boy in the newspaper?’ The police wants to find out 参考答案: 参考答案: 一、单项选择 .

  1、基础题:BBAAD CACDB CC 基础题:
  2、提高题:ABAAA BACB 提高题: 二、句型转换:把直接引语改为间接引语 句型转换:
  1. asked, to open the window
  2. how much the pencil-box was
  3. where I was born
  4. my classmates would visit Miss Wang that Sunday
  5. what your sister prefers
  6. light travels much faster than sound
  7. if Jim studies hard at school
  8. which is the way to the Tim Mall
  9. if my father was a reprter
  10. told, not to be late next time
  2. 提高题
  1.who the little girl in red is
  2. asked, to take good care of her dog when she was away.
  3. told me not to smoke any more
  4. asked, if he could open, for him
  5. what time he got up this/ that morning
  6. asked, to come early the next time
  7. if she could come here / go there at once
  8. if there is a picture of the boy in the newspaper
专题四:被动语态 专题四:被动语态
第一部分: 第一部分:
(一) 简单介绍 (
  1)被动语态的构成形式:be+动词的过去分词 被动语态的时态变化只变化 be 的形式(其变化规则与 be 相同) ,过去分词部分不变。 (
  1、 含有一个宾语的结构(即“主语+谓语+宾语”的形式)
  2、 含有两个宾语的结构(即“主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语”的形式)
  3、 含有复合宾语的结构(即“主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语”的形式) (二)中考考点
  1、 被动语态在不同时态(含有情态动词)中的运用;
  06) As usual, Meihua at 6:30 this morning by her mother to get ready for school. A. has woken up B. woke up C. wakes up D. was woken up
  06) We should water the young trees every two days. The young trees should be watered by us every two days.
  2、 含有介词的短语动词的被动用法; (广州
  05) A neighbour helped to keep our dog. It while we were on holiday. A. was taken care of
  3、 本身构成被动的固定短语或句型的运用(近五年未出现在广州市中考试题中) ;例如: It is well known that Edison is an outstanding inventor. This kind of books is made of recycled paper.
  4、 双宾结构以及复合宾语结构的主动变被动的用法(考查双宾结构的主动变被动用法近五 年未出现在广州市中考试题中) ; (广州
  03) The policeman made the young woman move her car. The young woman was made to move her car by the policeman. (广州
  05) Miss King saw Bill helping a blind man cross the street yesterday afternoon. Yesterday afternoon Bill was seen helping a blind man cross the street by Miss King. (三) 学生易错点 典型错题一: (01 广州市中考题) The man who lived alone on the island thought he never be . A. will, find B. would, be found C. is, found D. had, been found B. took care of C. is taken care of D. was taken care
原因分析:学生受 thought 的影响,认为“没有被人发现”是在宾语从句结构中,因此 时态应该为过去完成时态 D,但是此题应该是一个对于语境的考查题,the man 过去独自一 人居住在岛上,因此“过去的过去”没有被人发现是事实,但是句中 never 的隐含着“永远 不”的意思,语义上更倾向于“过去的将来” ,故而答案应该为 B。 典型错题二: (02 广州市中考题) Don’t worry. All the children by the nurses. A. are well taken care of C. are taken good care B. take good care of D. take good care
原因分析:学生想当然地认为短语 take care of 中可以用形容词 good 修饰名词 care 的情况是唯一正确的形式,没有意识到在动词+介词/ 副词结构中,介词或副词是不可以随 意丢弃的,再者,短语 take care of 本身可以看作一个动词结构,副词 well 修饰动词的用
法也是正确的。因此答案只能是 A。 典型错题三: Can you tell me whom the play in 2003? A. is written B. was written C. is written by D. was written by
原因分析: 学生看到了四个选项就已经很明确地知道了考查被动语态结构, 接着看到题 干中的 in 2003 就已经乐开了, 而忽视了题干中 whom 的存在, 误选了答案 B。 正确答案为 D。 典型错题四:区别本身只具有主动意义的词(近五年未出现在广州市中考试题中) ; Can you tell me ? A. when did it happen C. when was it happened B. when it happened D. when it was happened
原因分析:学生误以为 happen 是及物动词而选择 D,正确答案为 B。 第二部分、强化训练 第二部分、 (一)单项选择 A 组题
  1. We know that English all over the world. A. is spoken B. is speaking C. speaks D. has spoken

  2. Computer in everyday life in this country before long. A. is used



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