初中英语状语从句 【考点直击】
  1. 时间状语从句
  2. 条件状语从句
  3. 原因状语从句
  4. 结果状语从句
  5. 比较状语从句
  6. 目的状语从句
  7. 让步状语从句
  8. 地点状语从句 【名师点睛】 用来修饰主句中的动词,副词和形容词的从句叫状语从句。根据其含义状语 从句可分为时间状语从句,地点状语从句,条件状语从句, 原因状语从句,结果 状语从句,比较状语从句,目的状语从句,让步状语从句。
  1. 时间状语从句 (
  1)时间状语从句常用 when, as, while, before, after, since, till, until, as soon as 等 连词来引导。例如: It was raining hard when got to school yesterday. While he was doing his homework, the telephone rang. As he walked along the lake, he sang happily. (
  2)在时间状语从句里,通常不用将来时态,用现在时态表示将来的动作或状 态。例如: I’ll ring you up as soon as I get to New York. He won’t believe it until he sees it with his own eyes. (
  3)在带有 till 或 until 引导的时间状语从句的主从复合句里, 如果主句用肯定式, 其含义是“一直到……时”, 谓语动词只能用延续性动词。 如果主句用否定式, 其含义是“直到……才……”, “在……以前不……”, 谓语动词可用瞬间动词。 例如: The young man read till the light went out. Let’s wait until the rain stops. We won’t start until Bob comes.
  2. 条件状语从句 (
  1)条件状语从句通常由 if, unless 引导。例如: What shall we do if it snows tomorrow? Don’t leave the building unless I tell you to. (
  2)在条件状语从句里,谓语动词通常用现在时态表示将来的动作或状态。例 如: I’ll help you with your English if am free tomorrow. He won’t be late unless he is ill. (
  3)“祈使句 + and (or)+ 陈述句” 在意思上相当于一个带有条件状语从句的复 合句。例如: Hurry up, or you’ll be late. =If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late. Study hard and you will pass the exam. =If you study hard, you will pass the exam.
  3. 原因状语从句 (
  1)原因状语从句通常由 because, since, as 引导。例如: He didn’t come to school because he was ill. As it is raining, we shall not go the zoo. Since you can’t answer the question, I’ll ask someone else. (
  2)because 表示直接原因,语气最强。Because 引导的原因状语从句多放在主 句之后。回答由 why 提出的问题,只能用 because。As 和 since 语气较弱, 一般用来表示明显的原因。由 as 和 since 引导的原因状语从居多放在句首。 例如:

  4.

  5.

  6.

  7.
Why aren’t going there? Because I don’t want to. As he has no car, he can’t get there easily. Since we have no money, we can’t buy it. (
  3)because 和 so 不能同用在一个句子里。 结果状语从句 (
  1)结果状语从句由 so…that, such…that, so that 引导。例如: He is so poor that he can’t buy a bike for his son. She is such a good teacher that everybody likes her. My pencil fell under the desk, so that I couldn’t see it. (
  2)so…that 语 such...that 可以互换。例如: 在由 so...that 引导的结果状语从句中,so 是副词,与形容词连用。其结 构是: “...so + 形容词(副词)+ that + 从句”。例如: He was so glad that he couldn’t say a word. The hall is so big that it can hold 2,000 people. Mother lives so far away that we hardly ever see her. 在由 such…that 引导的结果状语从句中, such 是形容词, 它修饰的可以 是单数或复数可数名词,也可以是不可数名词;名词前面可以带形容词, 也可不带。如果是单数可数名词,前面需加不定冠词 a 或 an。例如: It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything. He had such long arms that he could almost touch the ceiling. He made such rapid progress that he did very well in the mid-term. 有时上述两种结构是可以互换的。例如: It was such a wonderful film that all of us wanted to see it again. =The film was so wonderful that all of us wanted to see it again. It is such an important match that nobody wants to miss it. =The match is so important that nobody wants to miss it. (
  3)如果名词前由 many, much, little, few 等词修饰时,只能用 so, 不用 such。例 如: Soon there were so many deer that they ate up all the wild roses. He has so little time that he can’t go to the cinema with you. 比较状语从句 比较状语从句通常由 as…as, 比较级 + than…等连词引导。例如: Tom runs faster than John does. This classroom is as big as that one. 目的状语从句 (
  1)目的状语从句通常由 so that, in order that 引导。例如: We started early so that we could catch the first train. He studies hard so that he could work better in the future. We used the computer in order that we might save time. (
  2)so that 既可引导目的状语从句,又可引导结果状语从句。区别这两种从句 的办法有两个:
  1)目的状语从句里往往带有情态动词 can, could, may, might 等。
  2)从意思上看,目的状语从句往往表示的目的很明确。例如: Speak clearly so that they may understand you. (目的状语从句) Jack is badly ill so that he has to rest. (结果状语从句) 让步状语从句
(
  1)让步状语从句通常由 although, though 等连词引导。例如: Though he is young, he knows a lot. Although I am tired, I must go on working. (
  2)although(though)不能用在同一个句子中。例如: 我们不能说:Though it was raining hard, but he still went out. 应该说:Though it was raining hard, he still went out.或 It was raining hard, but he still went out.
  8. 地点状语从句 地点状语从句常常由 where 来引导。例如: Go where you like. Where there is a will, there is a way. 【实例解析】
  1. (2004 年北京市海淀区中考试题) You will stay healthy you do more exercise, such as running and walking. A. if B. how C. before D. where
  2. (2004 年江西省中考试题) Shall we go on working? Yes, I prefer to have a rest. A. when B. if C. because D. though
  3. (2004 年徐州市中考试题) None of us knew what had happened they told us about it. A. when B. until C. after D. though
  4. (2004 年泉州市中考试题) I hope you’ll enjoy your trip, dear! Thank you, mum. I’ll give you a call I get there. A. until B. as soon as C. since D. till 【中考演练】 一. 单项填空
  1. he’s old, he can still carry this heavy bag. A. Though B. Since C. For D. So
  2. Do you know if he to play basket ball with us? I think he will come if he free tomorrow. A. comes; is B. comes; will be C. will come; is D. will come; will be
  3. In the zoo if a child into the water and can’t swim, the dolphins may come up him. A. will fall; to help B. falls; to help C. will fall; help D. falls; helping
  4. I don’t remember he worked in that city when he was young. A. what B. which C. where D. who
  5. We will stay at home if my aunt to visit us tomorrow. A. comes B. come C. will come D. is coming
  6. The police asked the children cross the street the traffic lights turned green. A. not; before B. don’t; when C. not to; until D. not; after
  7. I was late for class yesterday there was something wrong with my bike. A. when B. that C. until D. because

  8. I’ll go swimming with you if I free tomorrow. A. will be B. shall be C. am D. was
  9. In the exam, the you are, the mistakes you will make. A. careful; little B. more careful; fewest C. more careful; fewer D. more careful; less
  10. You should finish your lessons you go out to paly. A. before B. after C. when D. while
  11. I hurried I wouldn’t be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless
  12. When you read the book, you’d better make a mark you have any questions. A. which B. that C. where D. though
  13. The teacher raised his voice all the students could hear him. A. for B. so that C. because D. in order
  14. He took off his coat he felt hot. A. because B. as C. if D. since
  15. It is that we’d like to go out for a walk. A. a lovely day B. too lovely a day C. so lovely a day D. such lovely a day
  16. Mary had much work to do that she stayed at her office all day. A. such B. so C. too D. very
  17. I felt very tired, I tried to finish the work. A. Although B. Because C. As D. As if
  18. the day went on, the weather got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As
  19. well you can drive, you must drive carefully. A. So long as B. In order that C. No matter how D. The moment
  20. Write to me as soon as you to Beijing. A. will get B. get C. getting D. got 二. 根据中文意思完成下列英语句子
  1. 不管他跟我开什麽玩笑,我都不生气。 I am not angry with him, jokes he on me.
  2. 布鲁斯太太对学生非常亲切,以至于学生把她当做母亲。 Mrs Bruce was kind to her students they her their mother.
  3. 只要我们竭尽全力,父母就会满意我们的表现。 Our parents will be pleased with our performance we try our best.
  4. 你一到上海就给我打个电话好吗? Will you please call me you get to Shanghai.
  5. 这个七岁的女孩酷爱钢琴,以至于他已经坚持练习两年了。 The seven-year-old girl likes playing the piano she has kept practicing for two years.

  6. 虽然她很忙,他还坚持自学英语。 , she kept on learning English by herself.
  7. 他长大后相当一名记者。 He wants to be a journalist .
  8. 无论刮风下雨,我们的老师总是第一个到校。 windy or rainy, our teacher is always the first to get to school.
  9. 如果人人为保护环境做出贡献,世界将会变得更美好。 to protecting the environment, the world will become much more beautiful.
  10. 李明昨天没来上学,因为他病了。 Li Ming didn’t come to school .
 

相关内容

初中英语状语从句

   初中英语状语从句 【考点直击】 1. 时间状语从句 2. 条件状语从句 3. 原因状语从句 4. 结果状语从句 5. 比较状语从句 6. 目的状语从句 7. 让步状语从句 8. 地点状语从句 【名师点睛】 用来修饰主句中的动词,副词和形容词的从句叫状语从句。根据其含义状语 从句可分为时间状语从句,地点状语从句,条件状语从句, 原因状语从句,结果 状语从句,比较状语从句,目的状语从句,让步状语从句。 1. 时间状语从句 (1)时间状语从句常用 when, as, while, before, ...

英语状语从句的翻译

   1.There is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive,however lucky and robust we are。 [参考译文] 不管我们多么幸运,多么健壮,我们所希望的长寿年龄实际上是 有限度的。 [结构分析] 该句分为两部分: (There is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive, ) (however lucky and ro ...

中考英语“状语从句”考查面面观

   中考英语"状语从句"考查面面观 中考英语"状语从句" 中考英语"状语从句"考查面面观 历年中考英语试卷都有对状语从句的考查.从全国部分地区中考英语试卷对状语从句的考查内容来看, 命题热点主要集中在以下几个方面: [热点一]对时间状语从句的考查 [试题精选] (1)我一到美国就给你打电话. I'll ring you up soon I get to America. (北京市海淀区) (2)昨天直到雨停了,孩子们才离开学校. The ...

2010高考英语状语从句--历年真题详解

   第一部分 近年高考题荟萃 2009 年高考题 1. (09 福建 33) She had just finished her homework her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since 答案 A 解析 根据主从句的动词时态可知主句谓语动词的动作在从句谓语动词之前已经完成,引导词的意思是:当……的 时候,选 A. 2. (09 陕西 13) M ...

高中英语 状语从句

   状语从句 http://www.sina.com.cn 2004/12/15 14:59 新浪教育 英语中的状语从句共有九类,这些状语从句各有其引导词,有的引导词又可以引导不同的类型的 状语从句,其详细用法如下。 1. 时间状语从句:由 when, whenever, as, while, after, as soon as , till (until), since, once(一旦) 等指导。 2. 地点状语从句:由 where, wherever 引导。 3. 原因状语从句:由 bec ...

中考英语状语从句

   专题Ⅲ 第二部 专题Ⅲ句型 二 状语从句 考点揭密 中考考点设置 典型例题解析 课时训练 考点揭密 在复合句中修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词, 在复合句中修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词, 起状语作用的从句叫状语从句. 起状语作用的从句叫状语从句.状语从句可置主语之 也可置主语之后.前置时, 前,也可置主语之后.前置时,从句后用逗号与主句 分开;后置时,与主句之间无标点符号. 分开;后置时,与主句之间无标点符号. 状语从句可分为时间,原因,目的,结果,条件, 状语从句可分为时间,原因,目的,结 ...

英语语法:状语从句

   高二英语语法:状语从句讲解 华南师范大学附属中学 由从句担任的状语,在句子中可修饰谓语(或其他动词)、形容词、副词或是整个句子,它可以用来表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、条件、方式、比较、让步等。状语从句是一较大的语法项目,也是近几年高考题中常见的一个重要试点。高考中已考查了时间、让步、地点、条件、目的等状语从句,这些从句仍是今后高考热点,应作充分准备。同时对方式状语从句也应引起重视。 一、时间状语从句 表示时间的状语从句可由when, as, while, whenever, ...

高考英语语法-状语从句

   高考英语备考语法之状语从句 (2011年) 状语从句(adverbial clause) 状语从句 含义:在句中作状语,可修饰主句中的动 词、形容词和副词等。 状语从句可放在句首或句末。放在句首时, 从句后面常用逗号;放在句末时,从句前 面往往不用逗号。 状语从句根据它们的含义分为时间、地点、 原因、目的、结果、方式、让步、条件、 比较等九种。 一、时间状语从句 1、while, when, whenever和as的用法比较 (1)while 常表示一段较长的时间或一个过程,强调主句的动词和 ...

高中英语之状语从句讲义

   状 语 从 句 一、基本概念 定义: 在复合句中由从句表示的状语称作状语从句, 它可以用来修饰谓语 (包括非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个句子。状语从句通常由一个 连词引起, 也可以由一个起连词作用的词组引起, 有时甚至不需要连词直 接和主句连接起来。状语从句一般分为九大类(见下表): 状 语 从 句 类 别 时间状语从句 地点状语从句 原因状语从句 目的状语从句 结果状语从 句 条件状语从句 方式状语从句 比较状语从句 让步状语从句 1.时间状语从句: 时间状语从句: 在时间状语从句中, ...

高中英语语法全解-状语从句

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 第 11 章 状语从句( 状语从句(一) 在复合句中修饰主句或主句中的某一成分的从句叫状语从句。状语从句通常 由从属连词或起连词作用的词组引导,有时甚至不需要连词直接和主句连接起来。 状语从句根据它表达的意思不同,可分为时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、条件、 方式、比较、让步等九类。 一、时间状语从句 时间状语从句是表示时间关系的从句。可以引导时间状语从句的连词很多,根据 意义和主从句之间的时间关系,通常可分为以下几种情况 ...

热门内容

浅谈初中英语课堂的导入艺术

   浅谈初中英语课堂的导入艺术 摘要: 在影响课堂教学的效率和激发学生的学习兴趣的众多因素中, 课堂导入是至关重要的 因素之一。导入是教师在一个新的教学内容和活动开始时,组织学生进行课前的心理准备和 知识准备,引导学生进入学习的行为方式。 它是整个教学活动中的热身活动,目的是让学生在 最短时间内进入课堂学习的最佳状态。 本文重点探讨初中英语新课导入的形式和相应的方法 以及对英语教师的要求。 关键词:英语课堂 导入方法 导入原则 在英语课堂中,课堂导入是课堂教学的主要环节之一,是教学艺术的第一闪光 ...

英语专业大四课程论文格式

   青 岛 农 业 大 学 (宋体二号) 本 科 生 课 程 论 文 (宋体一号加粗) 论 文 题 目 学生专业班级 多媒体辅助英语教学研究 (宋体 3 号) 英语 2007 级 3 班 学生姓名(学号)李 XX 20073171 指 导 教 师 潘 桂 荣 完 成 时 间 2009. 12. 8 二 OO 九年 十二 月 八 日 外国语学院英语专业课程论文格式要求 外国语学院英语专业课程论文格式要求 英语专业课程论文 题目字居中 On Wordsworth and Emerson’s Conc ...

四级英语作文范文选集1

   四级英语作文范文选 Smoking It is almost known to all that smoking is bad for people's health. Scientific researchs show that smoking can lead to heart disease,cancer and other problem.The World Health Organization says diseases linked to smoking kill at lea ...

英语学习方法总论(中英文对照)

   英语学习方法总论(中英文对照) 方法就是方法,它最终无法取代刻苦的学习. 第1部分 整体建议 1. We'd better develop our interest in English at the beginning of our study. To develop interest in English study is not very hard. We may have the feeling of satisfaction and achievement from our Engl ...

高中英语语法 词性 易混易错词汇总结

   词性】 【高中英语语法 词性】易混易错词汇总结 1. clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装 的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of 2. incident, accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 He was killed in the accident. 3. amount, number amo ...