初中英语总复习知识点 七年级下 (1?6 单元)

  1. ① ② ③
  2. ① ② live 生存、生活、居住. live in 居住在…… . 例:She lives in the countryside. live on 以……为食,靠……生活。 例:They live on rice. live a/an + 形容词 + life 。 过……的生活。 例:We live a happy life. turn 转动、变得、顺序、次序. turn left==turn to the left 向左转(拐). turn right==turn to the right 向右转(拐). turn on 打开, turn off 关闭 , turn up 开大,turn down 调小. ③ turn around (round)转身、围绕……转 . 例:The earth turns around the sun . ④ take turns to do sth, 轮流做某事. 例:The boys often take turns to play Computer Games. ⑤ It’s one’s turn to do sth 轮到某人去干某事. 例:It’s your turn to be on duty.
  3. open ①形容词。开着的、营业中的。反义词 closed. 例:The shop is open from 9 am to 3 pm. All the windows are open. ②动词“打开” ,反义词 close“关闭”.例:Please open the door
  4. quiet 形容词“安静的” ,keep quiet == be quiet 保持安静 quietly 副词“静静地” “安静地” 。 例:She does her homework very quietly.
  5. enjoy 喜欢,享受……的乐趣。 ① enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事。
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例:Most boys enjoy playing baskeball. ② enjoy oneself 玩得高兴, 过得愉快。 相当于 have a good time 或 have fun . 例:They enjoyed themselves in the park last Sunday . 例:This is an enjoyable game,many students like it.
  6. pass 某人. 例:Please pass me that book=Please pass that book to me .
  7. relax 放松、休息。 ① relaxed ② relaxing 事物性名词。 例:The trip was relaxing .This is a relaxing talk.
  8.give 给 . ① give sth to sb ==give sb sth 给某人某物。 例:Please give the pen to Jim== Please give Jim the pen . ② give up 放弃,后接名词、动名词,接代词时放中间。 例:Don’t give up studying English . English is very interesting .Don’t give it up . ③ give away 赠送。 男警察,policewoman 女警察 例:I gave away a new pen to Lily yesterday.
  9. police 警察、警方,policeman 警方.police 作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。 例:The police are serching for the thief.
  10.news 消息,新词,不可数名词。 A piece of news 一条消息。例: No news is good news.没有消息就是好消息。
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③enjoyable 形容词“愉快的”“有趣的” 、 。 通过、传递。Pass sb sth ==pass sth to sb 把某物递给
放松的、轻松的,常做表语,主语多为人。 令人放松的,可作定语或表语,但主语或所修饰的多为
例:She is very relaxed after the exam.

  11. teach
教,teacher 教师。
① teach sb sth 教某人做事, 例:I teach him English . ② teach oneself 例:I teach ……,自学……。 myself English . 教某人去干某事了。
③teach sb to do sth
例:She taught me to swim last year.
  12. wait 等、等候。waiter 侍者、服务员。 ① wait for 等候……, 例:I will wait for you at the gate. ②can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待地做某事。 例 He does’t wait to turn on the TV as soon as he gets home.
  13. cook 烹调,煮,厨师。 例:My mother often cooks some delicious food for me .
  14. weather 天气,不可数名词。 What’s the weather like today ? 今天的天气怎么样?这是就天气提问常用的句型,相当于:How is the weather today?
  15.(
  1)surprise 名词“惊讶” 。 例:To my surprise he won the game. ② in surprise 吃惊地、惊奇地,常放句末,修饰句子谓 surprise. 形容词“惊奇 语动词, 例:She looked at me ① to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是。 Cook sb sth==cook sth for sb 为某人烹调某物。

  2)surprise 动词“使惊讶” “使惊奇” ,surprised 例:She was surprised. (
  3)be surprised at +名词,对……惊讶。
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的” “吃惊的” ,常放 be 动词之后作表语,主语多为人。
例:He was surprised at the news. (
  4)be surprised to do sth 做……是惊讶的。 例:I was surprised to hear the news. (
  5)surprising 形容词“令人惊奇的”可作定语或表语但多修饰物。 例:This is a surprising result.
  16.be from==come from 来自于……. 例:Tom is from America== Tom comes from America.
  17.across from,在……的对面。 例:There is a shop across from our school.
  18.next to 贴近、挨着。 例:Our school is next to a shop.
  19.on center street 在中央大街上。
  20.between 在……之间。 (多指两者之间) ,后边习惯上与 and 连用。 between……and……,在……和……之间。 例:The shop is between the post office and the school.
  21.in front of 在……(外面的)前面。in the front of……在…… (里面的)前面。 例:There is a big tree in front of our classroom. The teacher is standing in the front of the classroom.
  22.in order to +动词原形,为了…… . 例:She works hard at her lessons in order to pass the exam.
  23.询问某人职业常用以下句型: ①What do (does) +主语+do? ② What is (are) +主语? ③What is + one’s job? 例:What does he do?He is a worker. What are you ? I’m a teacher. What is your job? I’m a policeman.
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  24.英语中某些名词加上后缀 y 可构成形容词。 cloud 云) cloudy 例: ( → (多云的) ,rain(雨)→rainy(多雨的),snow(雪)→snowy(有 雪的),wind(风)→ windy(多风的),health(健康)→healthy(健 康的),luck(运气)→luck(幸运的).
  25.否定疑问句。在一般疑问句的基础上,把 be 动词、情态动词或助动 词变成否定形式,称之为否定疑问句。它表示赞美、责怪、提建议、邀 请等,译成汉语时, “难道……不……吗?” 例:Can’t he swim?难道他不会游泳吗? Isn’t it interesting? 难道它没有趣吗? 回答否定疑问句时,Yes(不) ,No(是的). Yes 后必须用肯定的,No 后必须用否定的。 例:Doesn’t he like English ?难道他不喜欢英语吗? Yes, he does.
  26. every one 与 every one. (
  1)every one 相当于 everybody, “人人”“每个人” 、 ,二者后边都 不能接 of 短语,作主语时,谓语用单数。 例:Everyone/Everybody in our school likes sports. (
  2)every one “每一个” ,既可指人,也可指物,后边可接 of 短语, 作主语时,谓语用单数。 例:Every one of us has a knife.
  27.hope 与 wish. ①二者都译为“希望” ,后边都可以接句子,但 wish 所表达的内容往往是不能实现的愿望。 例:I hope she will come tomorrow. I wish I were a bird .②hope、wish 后都可接 to do sth。 例 I hope to be back soon.I wish to go to the moon one day .
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(不,他喜欢)
No,he doesn’t.(是的,他不喜欢)
后边接句子时
hope 后不能接 sb to do sth 但 wish 可以。 例:My parents wish me to study hard.
  28.Canada 加拿大, France 法国, Japan 日本, Canadaian 加拿大人, Frenchman 法国人, Japanese 日本人,
Australia 澳大利亚,Australian 澳大利亚人, Singapore 新加坡,Singaporean 新加坡人, China 中国, America 美国, Chinese 中国人, American 美国人。 on the right 在右边,

  29.in the neighborhood 在附近, on the left 在左边, welcame 欢迎, welcome to +地点,欢迎到……, welcame back to +地点,欢迎回到…… . 例:Welcome to our school.
  30.take a walk == go out for a walk 散步。
  31.arrive in +大地点,到达……。arrive at +小地点,到达…… get to +地点,到达,get home(here、there) , reach +地点,到达.
  32.a map of China 一张中国地图。a map of the world 一张世界地图。
  33.Would like 想要…… . ① Would like+名词, “想要……”. 例:I Would like a pen. He Would like two rulers. Would you like +名词, “你想要……吗” (表示提建议) ,肯定回答: Yes,please.否定回答:No, thanks. 例:Would you like some apples? 例: He would like to help you .
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No, thanks.
② Would like to do sth 想要做某事(愿意做某事) 。
I would like to go with you . 你愿意(想要)做……吗? 肯定回答:Yes, I’d love (like) to. 否定回答:sorry. 例:Would you like to play soccer with me? Yes, I’d love to.
  34.late 晚的,迟的。be late for……迟到。 例句:She is always late for class.
  35. in hospital 与 in a hospital。 (
  1)in hospital 生病住院, (
  2)in a hospital 在医院(不一定生病) 。 例:His mother is ill in hospital. go to hospital 去医院(看病)。
  36. work as 做……工作。例:She works as a teacher in that school.
  37.①基数词+years old,这种结构常放在 be 动词后边, 表示 “……岁” 。 例:She is ten years old. ②基数词?year ? old ,表示“……岁的……”,常放在名词前。例: She is a ten year ? old girl.
  38.sure 确信的 . ① be sure of 对……的确信(有把握) 。例:He is sure of his answer. ②be sure to do sth 有信心做某事,确信做某事。 例: We are sure to win. ③ be sure +句子,确信……。 例:I’m sure you can help me.
  39.①打电话时,听到铃响,外国人拿起电话后,先说 hello ,然后 说自己的电话号码; ②介绍自己时不说 I’m,而说 This is……. ③询问对方时, 不用 Are you……?而用 Is that……?或 Who’s that ?
  40(
  1)beatiful 漂亮的,主要指女人,也可指景色。
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例:She is a beautiful girl。 (
  2)handsome 英俊的,主要指男孩。 例:He is a handsome boy.
  41.现在进行时。 ①概念: 表示现在 (说话时) 或前一段时间内正在进行的动作, 常与 now 连用。 例: They are watching TV. ②构成:be (am、is、are) +动词现在分词。 动词现在分词规则: a.一般在动词后加 ing ,以不发音字母 e 结尾的动词,把 e 去掉后加 ing。 例: play→playing,come→ coming 。 b.初中阶段以下动词变现在分词时, 需要双写最后一个字母后再加 ing。 shop、stop、run、get、sit、put、dig、begin、swim、 chat. 例: shop→shopping. ③语序:肯定句:主语+ be (am、is、are) +动现分词+……。 例:She is swimming in the river. 疑问句:Be (Am、Is、Are) +主语+动现分词+……? 肯定回答:Yes,主语+ be (am、is、are). 否定回答:No,主语+ be (am、is、are) 与 not 缩写。 否定句:主语+ be (am、is、are) + not +动现分词+……。 例:They aren’t playing basketball. ④现在进行时运用的场合。 ⑴句中含有 now 一词时. 例:We are waiting for the bus now. ⑵句首有 Look!或 Listen!时.例: Look! They are flying the kites. Listen! What are they talking about ? ⑶句首有祈使句或表示时间的句子. 例:Don’t make any noise,the baby is sleeping . It’s ten o’clock in the morning. They’re having a meeting .
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初中英语总复习知识点 七年级下 (7?12 单元)

  1. thin 形容词 (
  1)“瘦的”,反义词 fat(胖的). (
  2) “薄的”反义词 thick(厚的).
  2. heavy 形容词“重的”,反义词 light “轻的” 。 heavyily 副词“严重地”“大量地” 、 , 下大雨→ rain heavily 或 rain hard。 例:It’s rain heavily.
  3. popular 流行的、通俗的、受欢迎的, 反义词 unpopular,不受欢迎的. be popular with,为……所喜爱;为……所欢迎。 例:She is popular with the boys.
  4. joke 笑话、玩笑。 例:Don’t play a joke on others. ② tell sb a joke = tell a joke to sb 给某人讲笑话。 例;Can you tell us a joke?
  5.stop 停止 ① stop doing sth 停止做某事。例:They stopped talking at once. ②stop to do sth 停下来去干某事。例:Please stop to have a rest .
  6.remember 牢记,记住。 ① remember to do sth 记着将要做某事。 例:Please remember to turn off the TV .② remember doing sth 记得曾做过某事。 例:I remembered reading this book.
  7.forget 忘记。
9
① play a joke on sb 开某人的玩笑;戏弄某人。
① forget to do sth 忘记将要做某事。 例:Don’t forget to clean your room. ② forget doing sth 忘记曾做过某事。 例:I forget saying hello to her.
  8. practice 练习、实践。practice doing sth 练习做某事。 例:We should practice speaking English .
  9. glass 玻璃杯。例:a glass of water. glasses 眼镜 a pair of glasses 一副眼镜。 例:Yesterday he bought two pairs of glasses.
  10. crowded 拥挤的。be crowded with 被……挤满。 例:The supermarket is always crowded with the students
  11. feel (
  1)感觉、觉得,后边往往接形容词作表语。 例:He feels happy. I feel well. (
  2)feel like doing sth,想要做某事。 例:They feel like playing soccer.
  12. feel、look、smell、taste、sound 这些词都是系动词,后边往往 接形容词做表语。 例:The dumplings taste delicious. She looks very young .
  13.decide 决定,下决心。 ①decide to do sth ==make a decision to do sth 决定去做某事。 例:I decided to go shopping . ② decide 选定。 decide on doing sth 决定于某事。 例:She decided on a red skirt.
  14. stand ①站起 ②忍受
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例句:Please stand up. stand 当“忍受”讲时,常用于否定
 

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