英语作文多功能句型 NMET 书面表达评分标准"最高档"要求:"应用了较多的语法结构或词汇;语法结构或词汇方面有少许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构 或较高级词汇所致;有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑."从历年书面表达高分文章来看,每篇文章都有"亮"点,即在用词, 造句或段落安排上都有独到之处. 要想获得高分就应在"正确"表达的基础上写出自己的特色,写出自己的"亮"点. 一,词汇选择??标新立异 词汇选择 标新立异 在写作中"较高级词汇"的使用主要是指使用《大纲》上没有的词语,使用通过构词法变化来的新词,使用同(近)义词或反义词等来代替 常见词语.
  1)这栋房子在芳草街的一栋楼上. A: The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street. B: The flat situates in a building on Fangcao Street. 分析:is in 是常见词语,而 situates in 则是《大纲》上没有的,属于高级词汇.
  2)在周末我们做很多作业. A: At weekends, we have a lot of homework to do. B: At weekends, we have endless homework to do. 分析:B 句在表达时没有使用过于直接的 a lot of,而是使用了 endless.endless 就是由《大纲》词汇 end 加后缀-less 变化来的.
  3)洗澡间和厨房都很好. A: The bathroom and the kitchen are good. B. The bathroom and the kitchen are well-furnished. 在表达要点时,B 句使用了 well furnished,这比 good 语气强,也显得生动. 在造句时,"较高级词汇"如能运用贴切自然,哪怕整篇文章只用上一个,也会使你的作文显示出与众不同. 二,结构造句??与众不同 结构造句 与众不同 在造句时,既要使句子生动,又要使其简明扼要. 1,使用与人不同的表达方式,特别是提倡打破汉语句子结构的束缚而重组的句子更受欢迎.
  1)唐山曾在二十世纪八十年代发生过一次大地震. A: There was a strong earthquake in Tangshan in the 1980s. B: A terrible earthquake hit/struck Tangshan in the 1980s. 大多数同学使用了 there be 结构,这是对的,但是 B 句却摒弃了常见句式.另辟蹊径而使用了"主语+谓语+宾语"结构,且使用了 terrible,hit/strike 这样的词汇,更是难能可贵的.
  2)你八月十五日的来信我今天早晨收到了. A:I received your letter which was written on August 15th this morning.(多数人使用的方式) B: Your letter of August 15th reached/ got to me this morning.(与多数人使用的方式不同,简洁)
  2.使用一些强势句式,如强调句,感叹句,倒装句等,增强语句的表现力.如:
  3)阿福救了我妹妹. A: Ah Fu saved my sister.(一般句式) B: It was Ah Fu that saved my sister.(强调句式)
  4)我们看到庄稼和蔬菜长势喜人很是高兴. A: We were glad to see crops and vegetables growing well.(一般陈述句) B: How glad we were to see crops and vegetables growing well.(感叹句) 3,句式多样,复杂得体.在写作中应避免使用相同长度的相同句型,而应注意句式的变化,如长短句结合,简单句,并列句与复合句 共用,还可使用简化句等;一些较复杂的结构如独立主格,分词结构等也可使用.下面的表达中 A 句简单句多,而且多处使用 there be 结构,显得单调,乏味,而 B 句就有自己的特色(请同学们自己分析).
  5)这是一套 25 平方米的住房,住房里面有卧室,有洗澡间,有厨房;卧室里有床,沙发,桌子和椅子等. A: It's a flat of 25 square metres. There is a bedroom in the flat. There is a bathroom and a kitchen in it, too. In the bedroom, there is a bed; there is a sofa, a desk and a chair as well. B: It's a flat of 25 square metres, with a bedroom, a bathroom and a kitchen. In the bedroom there is a bed, a sofa, a desk and a chair. 三,布局谋篇??独具匠心 布局谋篇 独具匠心 在写作中,我们可按时间,空间或其它逻辑顺序来安排各要点,同时为使主题突出,结构严谨,我们应注意学习和使用交代句以及段落 的主题句等.在布局谋篇上,NMET2002 范文堪称典范.请看:
Opinions are divided on the question. 60% of the students are against the idea of entrance fees. They believe a public park should be free of charge. People need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. Charging entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away. What is more, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of a city. On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged because you need money to pay gardens and other workers, and to buy plants and young trees. They suggested, however, fees should be charged low.
  1)该文使用 Opinions are divided...作交代句,开门见山,随后两个段落均使用了主题句(见黑体字部分),使全文结构紧凑,表达严谨.
  2)在表述要点时范文还对要点出场顺序作了调整,如"40%的同学认为应收门票,但不宜过高."前部分作为主题句放在句首,而后部 分另起一句放在句末:They suggested, however, fees should be charged low.这样就分清了轻重缓急,主题突出,条理清楚.
  3)范文使用了 and, what is more, however 等连词,在段落之间使用了 on the other hand(说明前后两个观点是相悖的),这些连接手 段的运用加强了句子之间,段落之间的联系,使文章表达连贯,浑然一体.
  4)范文在第二段为说明不收门票的"原因"时增加了 Charging entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away.等细节,这也是解 决句与句之间缺少连贯性的常见方法. 总之,要想使自己的文章有亮点,吸引读者,在考试中获得高分,就应在用词,造句,谋篇上下功夫,哪怕是有一处特长都是"亮"点, 都是值得肯定的. 中高考英文作文 52 活用句型 I. 用于文章主题句
  1. 不用说… It goes without saying that 子句 = (It is) needless to say (that)子句 = It is obvious that 子句 = Obviously, S. + V. 例∶不用说早睡早起是值得的. It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.
  2. …是不可能的; 无法… There is no Ving = There is no way of Ving. = There is no possibility of Ving. = It is impossible to V. = It is out of the question to V. = No one can V. = We cannot V. 例∶不可否认的成功的事业关键在于健康的身心. There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind.
  3. 我深信… I am greatly convinced (that)子句 = I am greatly assured (that)子句 例∶我深信预防是于治疗. I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.
  4. 在各种…之中… Among various kinds of …, … = Of all the …, … 例∶在各种运动中我尤其喜欢慢跑. Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.
  5. …是很容易证明的. It can be easily proved (that)子句 例∶时间最珍贵是很容易证明的. It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.
  6. …无论如何强调都不为过 … cannot be overemphasized
例∶交通安全的重要性无论如何强调都不为过. The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.
  7. 就我的看法…;我认为… In my opinion, … = To my mind, …. = As far as I am concerned, … = I am of the opinion that 子句 例∶就我的看法打电动玩具既花费时间也有害健康. In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.
  8. (A) 每个人都知道… Everyone knows (that)子句 (B) 就我所知… As far as my knowledge is concerned, … 例∶就我所知下列方法对我帮助很大. As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.
  9. 毫无疑问地… There is no doubt (that)子句 例∶毫无疑问地近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的问题. There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.
  10. 根据我个人经验… According to my personal experience, … = Based on my personal experience, … 例∶根据我个人经验微笑已带给我许多好处. According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good.
  11. 在我认识的人当中也许没有一个人比…更值得我尊敬. Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than … 例∶在我认识的人当中也许没有一个人比我的英文老师张老师更值得我尊敬. Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than Miss Chang, my English teacher.
  12. 在我的求学过程中我忘不了… In the course of my schooling. I will never forget … 例∶在我的求学过程中我忘不了学习英文所遭到的大困难. In the course of my schooling. I will never forget the great difficulty I encountered in learning English.
  13. (A) 随着人口的增加… With the increase/growth of the population, … (B) 随着科技的进步, … With the advance of science and technology, … 例∶随着台湾经济的快速发展许多社会问题产生了. With the rapid development of Taiwan's economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass.
  14. (A) 在这信息的年代…扮演重要的角色. In the age of information and communication, … plays an important role. (B) 在今日工业社会中…是生命不可或缺的. In today's industrial society, … is indispensable to life. 例∶在这信息的年代计算机扮演非常重要的角色. In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an extremely important role.
  15. 在讨论…一个人不得不承认…. In dealing with …, one cannot but admit (that)子句 例∶在讨论未来的职业一个人不得不承认尽早决定未来的职业很重要. In dealing with one's future career, one cannot but admit that it is very important to decide one's future career as early as possible.
  16. 世上没有什么比…更令我高兴. Nothing in the world can delight me so much as … 例∶世上没有什么比到快餐店吃汉堡更令我高兴. Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast-food restaurants.

  17. … 是必要的 It is necessary that S (should) V … 是重要的 It is important/essential that S (should) V … 是适当的 It is proper that S (should) V … 是紧急的 It is urgent that S (should) V 例∶我们当保持公共场所清洁是应当的. It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.
  18. 每当我听到…我就忍不住感到兴奋.Whenever I hear …, I cannot but feel excited. 每当我做… 我就忍不住感到悲伤. Whenever I do …, I cannot but feel sad. 每当我想到…我就忍不住感到紧张.Whenever I think of …, I cannot but feel nervous. 每当我遭遇…我就忍不住感到害怕.Whenever I meet with …, I cannot but feel frightened. 每当我看到… 我就忍不住感到惊讶.Whenever I see …, I cannot but feel surprised. 例∶每当我想到我家附近那一条清澈的小溪我就忍不住感到悲伤. Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad. = Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad.
  19. 据说… It is said (that)子句 一般认为… It is thought (that)子句 大家都知道… It is known (that)子句 据报导… It is reported (that)子句 一般预料… It is expected (that)子句 一般估计… It is estimated (that)子句 一般相信… It is believed (that)子句 例∶一般相信阅读增加我们的知识,扩大我们的心胸. It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind.
  20. …的主要理由是… The main reason why ….. is (that)子句 例∶青少年犯罪的主要理由是社会环境日一败坏. The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse.
  21. 俗语说得好:「…」. Well goes an old saying, "…" = As an old saying goes(runs, says), "…" = An old saying goes, "…" = It's an old saying (that)子句 例∶俗话说得好:「诚实为上策」. As an old saying goes, "Honesty is the best policy."
  22. (A) …用下列方法… … in the following ways. (B) …有三个主要理由. … for three major reasons. (C) 要…至少我们可做三件事. To …, there are at least three things we can do. 例∶(A) 我用下列方法增加信心. I increase my confidence in the following ways. (B) 人们学外语有三个理由. People learn a foreign language for three major reasons. (C) 为了维护健康我们每天至少可做三件事. To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day. II. 用于文章承转句
  23. 那就是(说)…;亦即… That is to say, … = That is, … = Namely, … 例∶我们生活需有规律.也就是说早睡早起戒除烟酒. We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities.

  24. (A) 基于这个理由… For this reason, … (B) 为了这个目的… For this purpose, … 例∶基于这个理由我已决定把行医作为未来的职业. For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career.
  25. 我们有理由相信… We have reasons to believe (that)子句 例∶我们有理由相信体罚应该严格禁止. We have reasons to believe that corporal punishment should be strictly prohibited.
  26. 事实上… As a matter of fact, … = In fact, … 例∶事实上健康才是最重要. As a matter of fact, it is health that count
 

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