初中中考英语单项选择题解题技巧
【解指技巧】 解指技巧】 单项选择是一种容量大,考查面广的题型.它可集中考查词法,句法,语法知识.因此在各级各类考试中,单 项选择是必不可少的题型. 要做好单项选择题,首先必须熟练掌握句型,固定搭配,习惯用法,语法等方面的基础知识.还应该了解一些 解题技巧,提高解题的综合能力. 解答单项选择题,一般要经过四个阶段 :阅读审题??观察分析??选择判断??复查验证.
  1. 阅读审题 :首先要默读试题中的英语句子,了解空格在句中所处的位置,句子缺少什么成份,初步确定一个 答案的范围.根据备选答案二者结合起来就会大致明白考查什么.例如 : He goes to work by bus A. So do I B. I so do . C. I do so D. So am I
默读此题后,就不难知道,此题缺少的是一个跟前句有关的一个句子;再根据选项就会清楚此题是考查副词 "so"一词的用法(前边的情况也适于另一个人或物),只能选 A.

  2. 观察分析 :这是一个快速而又严密的思维过程. 要求将试题中所提供的条件和备选答案的情况结合起来去分 析,推理,排除那些明显不符合试题,甚至本身就有错的各选项目,再在剩余的备选中比较分析.例如 : Wang Fang is young,but she plays ping-pong A. as good as C. as better as B. as well as D. as best as her mother.
根据观察分析就会清楚,C,D 两项本身就不能成立,应先排除,只能在 A,B 两项中选.

  3. 选择判断 :在分析句子和备选答案的基础上,经过反复验证,选出一个使句子语法正确,语意通顺,附合逻 辑道理的答案. 就上例所示,先排除了 C,D,就在 A,B 两者中选.因句中"play"为一个行为动词,需用一个副词来修饰, 故应选择 B.

  4. 复查验证 :将所选答案放在句中空格处再默读全句.首先看是否顺口,再在读法,意思和逻辑关系上推敲一 下,完全符合条件则可放心. 这就是做单项选择题的总过程.其次,事实上大多数同学在许多情况下靠语感选择答案,所谓语感就是平时知 识的积累,是技巧的熟练,就是读来顺口,有把握.特别是情景反应式选择题运用此法效果更佳.例如 :
  1)?"Happy New Year!" ?" ". B. Thank you very much D. The same to you
A. Happy New Year, too C. You're right
根据平时练习的情景对话,一读就会感到 D 是正确的.

  2)?"Mum,can I watch TV now?" ?No,you must finish A. doing B. do your homework first. C. to do D. done sth. "一读就会发现,空白处只有填
根据我们平时已学的"finish"一词的语法知识"finish doing "doing"才是正确的,读来顺口,就会马上确定 A.
【经典范例引路】 经典范例引路】 例1 A. Every
of the twins passed the exam because they worked hard at their lessons.
B. Neither
C. None
D. Both
简析 :此题选 D.B,C 两项是否定含义的词,在句中逻辑上说不通.另外注意 neither 强调"两者都不",none 强调三者以 上的"都不".A 项的 every 只能作定语,不能作主语,表语或宾语.
例2
the window. What's happening there?
A. Look off
B. Look over
C. Look out of D. Look for
此题考查带 look 的短评动词的用法. 根据第二个句子问外面发生了什么事, 可推知第一句是让"往窗外看", 简析 :此题选 C. 故用 look out of.look over 是指医生"检查"病人,look for 是"寻找",A 项短语不正确.
例3
bad weather we are having !We've never had
rainy days.
A. What a;such B. How;so
C. What;such
D. What;so
简析 :此题选 C.第一个句子是感叹句,中心词是名词 weather,故应填 what,而非 how,又因 weather 是不可数名词, 所以 what 后面不能加 a.第二个句子中的 days 是名词,故应填 such,而非 so(so 修饰形容词或副词).
【综合能力训练】 综合能力训练】 Ⅰ. 单项选择. ( )
  1. He came to China B. since 19
  98. C. at D. in
A. from ( )
  2. ?
did you buy the new bag?
?Last Monday. A. Where ( B. How C. When D. Who
)
  3. Mr. Yang is too B. tall
to go on walking. C. kind D. tired
A. strong ( )
  4.
trees are cut down every year. B. Thousands of C. Thousands 19
  80. C. from D. since D. Thousand of
A. Thousand (
)
  5. He s lived here B. in
A. after (
)
  6. ?Can you understand me ? understand you. B. almost C. nearly D. ever
?Sorry, I can A. hardly ( )
  7. ?
does it take me to go from my school to your school ?
?About five minutes. A. How many ( ? B. How far C. How much please ? D. How long
)
  8. ?Hello. May I speak to Jim, , please ?
A. Who are you B. How is he (
C. Who is that D. What are you . D. was it your coat. D. put up
)
  9. She asked me if I knew whose pen B. it was C. it is
A. is it (
)
  10. It s cold outside. You d better B. put away
A. put on (
C. put back
)
  11. ?I have finished my homework. you it ? B. do; finish
?When
A. have; finished
C. did; finish ( )
  12. ?Can I
D. will; finish your bike ? it to others. D. borrow;keep
?With pleasure. But you mustn t A. lend;borrow ( )
  13. B. borrow;lend C. carry;lend of them has an English dictionary. B. Each C. Both
A. Every ( )
  14. It
D. All
me about ten minutes to go to school by bike every day. B. spends C. costs D. takes you and me. D. with
A. pays (
)l
  5. Don t tell anybody about it. Keep it B. between C. in the word in French. C. tell
A. among (
)
  16. I'd like to B. speak
A. say (
D. talk much rain. D. get
)
  17. A strong wind will arrive in Harbin. It will B. take C. carry
A. bring ( )
  18. It s
a beautiful stamp. B. too C. very D. so
A. quite (
)
  19. He doesn t know
English because he has studied it for only weeks.
A. much; a few B. little; few C. few; little D. a few; a little ( )
  20. It s about walk from my home. D. ten-minutes
A. ten minute (
B. ten minutes C. ten minute s
)
  21. ?Is this your sock ? it is. But where is B. the other one ? C. others D. other one a little?
?Yes,
A. the others (
)
  22. The radio is too noisy. Would you please
A. turn it off B. turn it down (
C. stop it from D. pick it up ?
)
  23. The woman had to do the farm work herself, B. didn't she C. had she
A. did she (
D. wasn't she
)
  24. He has
for about twelve years. B. left here
A. bought the house
C. lived here (
D. gone there .
)
  25. I'd like some water, but he wants
A. two bottle orange C. two bottle oranges ( )
  26. Mike is learning
B. two bottles of orange D. two bottles of oranges a computer. B. how to use D. how to using for the game. Please come and join us. C. at times English next term? C. our D. ours D. at the time
A. how can he use C. how he use ( )
  27. You are just B. on time
A. in time (
)
  28. Who will teach B. us
A. ourselves ( A. so ( )
  30. ?
)
  29. Everything is B. more
lighter on the moon than on the earth. C. much D. very
do you go to see your parents?
?Once a week. A. How often B. How long C. How soon D. When
参考答案 【综合能力训练】 综合能力训练】 Ⅰ. 1?5 DCDBD 6?10 ADCBA 11?15 CBBDB 16?20 AAAAB 21?25 BBBCB 26?30 BABCA
 

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