大学生英语综合教程第四册答案(从第四单元开始哦) UNIT4 P107 Word In Action Working with Words And Expressions
  1.
  1) mass
  2) gambled
  3) voluntary
  4) hunted
  5) classified
  6) abolished
  7) division
  8) senseless
  9) fashions
  10)coordination
  11)declarations
  12)spanned
  13)recommends
  14)moderately
  15)slightest
  2.
  1)stand/stood a chance
  2)ruled out
  3)worthy of
  4)gone through
  5)in the strict sense
  6)At a guess
  7)earns a living
  8)coincide with
  9)gone in for
  10)got their teeth into Increase Your Word Power
  1. Adjectives Chinese meanings planetary 行星的 congratulatory 祝贺的 contraditary 矛盾的,对立的 customary 通常的,习惯的 documentary 公文的,文件的 explanatory 解释的,说明的 imaginary 想象中的,说明的
introductory legendary migratory visionary
  1.imaginary
  2.congratulatory
  3.Migratory
  4.documentary
  5.legendary
  6.introductory
  7.contradictory
  8.explanatory P111
  2.
  1) vocation
  2) posts
  3) trade
  4) job
  5) work
  6) profession
  7) career
  8) position
  3.
  1.gardener
  2.lawyer
  3.eletrician
  4.philosopher
  5.musician
  6.engineer
  7.surgeon
  8.cashier
  9.photographer
  10.biologist
介绍的,导言的 传说中的,传奇的 迁徙的,移居的 有远见的,不实际的
Grammar Review
  1.I don’t remember having borrowed/borrowing anything from you.
  2.She’ll stay here for a couple of weeks going on to New York.
  3.The prospect of Professor Smith’s coming to visit us cheered us all.
  4.Jim,a man of strong character,naturally didn’t give in.
  5.Arriving at the school gate ,he found his classmates had already assembled.

  2.
  1.He was afraid of falling behind the others.
  2.We were all amused at Hennry’s running after the dog in his slippers.
  3.Hace they informed you nof the change in the plan?
  4.We’re grateful to you for having given us so much help.
  5.We assured them of our willingness to cooperate with them. Cloze enjoy physical status values fortunate
compelled classified
necessity support essential
mental mind
idealize attitude
Translation
  1、随着她个人生活的细节越来越多地被媒体披露出来,她不得不辞去公司总经理的职务。 As more and more details of her private life were disclosed by the media, she was compelled to resign her post as general manager (or: resign as general manager / resign from the post of general manager) of the company.
  2、她对自己的新工作很满意,因为这份工作正好与她的兴趣相符。 She is very satisfied with her new job as it coincides with her interests.
  3、我买了这件衬衣,因为它的价格从 300 元减到了 80 元。 I bought this shirt because the price was reduced from 300 yuan to 80 yuan .
  4、为了把孩子们抚养成人,这位母亲真是历经了各种磨难。 To bring her children up, the mother really went through all kinds of hardships.
  5、警方在老太太的死亡案中已经排除了他杀的可能性。 The police have ruled out murder in the case of the old lady’s death.
  6、市政府承诺将尽快采取有效措施,解决空气污染问题。 The municipality (municipal government) promised to take effective steps as soon as possible to solve the problems of air pollution.
  7、因为腿部受伤,我没有参加上个月学校举行的网球锦标赛。 I did not go in for the Campus Tennis Championships held last month because of my injured leg.
  8、要是能得到大多数女生支持的话,你赢得选举成为学生会主席的机会是很大的。 If you can get the support of the majority of the girls, you stand a good chance of winning the election and becoming Chairman of the Students Union.
  9、他写的书并非都像这一本这么成功,所以我建议你从图书馆把它借出来读一下。 Not all the books he wrote were as successful as this one so I recommend that you borrow it from the library and read it.
  10、在 2004 年雅典奥运会上刘翔打破男子 110 米栏(110-meter hurdles)世界纪录,获 得冠军,这个纪录以前是由一个美国运动员保持的。 At the 2004 Athens Olympic Games Liu Xiang won the championship of the man’s 110-meter hurdle and broke the world record, which had been previously held by an American athlete.
Unit 5 Word In Action Working with Word and Expressions
  1.
  1).fortune
  2)dull
  3)chased
  4)launched
  5)finance
  6)reputation
  7)liberty
  8)publicity
  9)sufficiently
  10)sympathy
  11).target
  12)educate
  13)commerce
  14)alike
  15)bored
  16)audiences
  17)regard
  18)assure
  2.
  1)thrown our
  2)and so on
  3)for dear life
  4)dedicate himself to
  5)was tired of
  6)turn away
  7)hang on
  8)for the sake of
Increasing Your Word Power
  1. Original Word Back-formation
  1.automation housekeep
  3.babysitter mass-produce
  5.book-keeping self-destruct
  7.dry-cleaning window-shop
  9.editor wordprocess
Original word
  2.housekeeper
  4.mass-production
  6.self-destruction \
  8.window-shopping
  10.wordprocessor

  1)
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5)
  6)
reached/secured achieved/attained attained/reached reach/secure achieved/realized/fulfilled fulfill/meet/satisfy

  3.
  1)dull
  2)competitive
  3)same
  4)momentary
  5)specific
  6)sufficient
  7)cruel
  8)humble
  9)famous
  10)reasonable
Grammar Review
  1)(real)subject
  2)object to the verb “make”
  3)predicate
  4)attribute modifying:opportunity
  5)object
  6)adverbial of purpose
  7)adverbial of result
  8)predicative
  9)attribute modifying “person”
  10)independent element
  2.
  1)To become a famous writer
  2)To take traveler’s checks
  3)to employ a young engineer
  4)take the machine apart
  5)To understand the situation completely
  6)to rise higher in position
  7)to find that the train had left 10 minutes before
  8)to apply for a known job opening
  9)to make trouble

  10)To be more exact Cloze
  1) chase
  2) reputation
  3) dedicate
  4) reward
  5) sufficiently
  6) measured
  7) assure
  8) Momentary
  9) Celebrity
  10) Target
  11) Frank
  12) Liberty
  13) Illusory
  14) Regard
Translation
  1、他试图拯救这家濒临倒闭的企业,但失败了。 He attempted to save the enterprise which was on the verge of collapse but failed.
  2、总统已经宣布,在第一个任期结束时不再谋求连任。 The president has announced that he will not seek reelection at the end of his first term.
  3、那个年轻教师在激发学生努力学习方面很有技巧。 The young teacher is skilled at motivating his students to study hard.
  4、她喜欢举行社交聚会,只要能找到借口,她就随时举行。 She loves giving parties and does so whenever she can find an excuse.
  5、要在这家公司找到一个管理职位,你恐怕至少要和 50 个人竞争。 I’m afraid that you’ll have to compete with at least fifty people for an administrative post in this company.
  6、坦率的说,就算你对公司很忠诚,我觉得你得到提拔的机会也不大。 To be frank, I don’t think you stand a good chance of getting promoted even if you are loyal to the company.
  7、很显然,他的演讲激发了观众对地震灾难中受害者的极大同情。 It was obvious that his speech aroused the sympathy of the audience for the victims of the earthquake.
  8、尽管他反复向我保证他有能力推销我们公司的产品,但在雇佣他之前我还要再面试他一 次。 Though he has repeatedly assured me of his ability to promote our company’s products, I’ll give him another interview before hiring him.
  9、公司的投资之所以以失败而告终是由于总经理的决策错误,于是董事会(board of directors)觉定把他从公司赶出去。 The company’s investment ended in failure due to the wrong strategic decisions of
the general manager and so the board of directors decided to throw him out.
  10、我知道你累了,不过再坚持一会儿吧。再过半个小时我们就要到达顶峰了。 I know you are tired but try to hang on a little bit longer. We will reach the peak in half an hour.
 

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