4 Translate the sentences into Chinese. 1 On university campuses in Europe, mass socialist or communist movements gave rise to increasingly violent clashes between the establishment and the college students, with their new and passionate commitment to freedom and justice. 在欧洲的大学校园里,大学生以新的姿态和激情地投入到自由和正义的事业中 去, 大规模的社会主义或共产主义运动引发了他们与当权者之间日益升级的暴力 冲突。 2 These days political, social and creative awakening seems to happen not because of college, but in spite of it. Of course, it’s true that higher education is still important. For example, in the UK, Prime Minister Blair was close to achieving his aim of getting 50 per cent of all under thirties into college by 2010 (even though a cynic would say that this was to keep them off the unemployment statistics). 现在,政治、社会和创造意识的觉醒似乎不是凭借大学的助力,而是冲破其阻力 才发生的。当然,一点不假,高等教育仍然重要。例如,在英国,布莱尔首相几 乎实现了到 2010 年让
  50%的 30 岁以下的人上大学的目标,(即使愤世嫉俗的 人会说,这是要把他们排除在失业统计数据之外)。 3 I never hoped to understand the nature of my generation or how American colleges are changing by going to Lit Theory classes. This is the class where you look cool, a bit sleepy from too many late nights and wearing a T-shirt with some ironic comment such as “Been there, done that and yes, this IS the T-shirt”. 我从没指望通过上文学理论课来了解我这一代人的特征, 或了解美国大学是如何 在变化的。这门课是让你在课堂上扮酷的??带着一丝熬夜太多的困劲儿,穿着 一件 T 恤衫,上面印着“去过那儿,干过那事儿,对,这就是那件 T 恤衫”, 或诸如此类带有讥讽意味的俏皮话。 4 We’re a generation that comes from what has been called the short century (19
  14-19
  89), at the end of a century of war and revolution which changed civilizations, overthrew repressive governments, and left us with extraordinary opportunities and privilege, more than any generation before. 我们这一代人来自所谓的短世纪(19
  14-19
  89),生于其末尾。这个世纪充满了 战争和革命,它改变了人类文明,推翻了强权政府,给我们留下了非同寻常的机 会和特权,我们所得到的机会与特权比从前任何一代人都要多。 5 Translate the sentences into English. 1 政府采取的一系列措施不但没有化解矛盾,反倒激起更多的暴力冲突。反对党 联合工会发动了一次大罢工,最终导致政府的垮台。( give rise to; form an alliance with; launch; bring about) Instead of resolving contradictions, the series of measures taken by the government gave rise to more violent clashes. The Opposition formed an alliance with the trade unions and launched a general strike, which ultimately brought about the downfall of the government.
2 如今,大学与现实世界的距离越来越小,学生也变得越来越实际。从前,大学 是一象牙塔,学者追求的是学问本身而不是把学问作为达到目的的手段,但这样 的时代已经一去不复返了。( shrink; gone are the days; a means to an end) Nowadays, the gap between the university and the real world is shrinking and the students are becoming more and more practical. Gone are the days when the university was an ivory tower in which scholars pursued knowledge as an end rather than a means to an end. 3 我从未指望靠上课来学好这门课。但我确实去听课,因为在课上我能了解这门 课的重点, 学会如何组织材料、如何推理。(hope; by doing …; the place where) I never hoped to learn the subject well by attending those lectures. But I did go to lectures, for it was the place where I could get the important points of the course and learn how to organize materials and how to reason. 4 我一直想方设法解决这个难题,但就是找不到满意的答案。可是当我去厨房喝 饮料的时候,我突然间灵机一动,意识到解决问题的方法实际上可能很简单。 ( work out; click) Although I have been trying every means to solve the problem, I cannot work out a satisfactory solution. But when I went to the kitchen to get a drink, something clicked and made me realize that the solution might be quite simple. Unit 2 5 Translate the sentences into Chinese. 1 Such motor mimicry, as it is called, is the original technical sense of the word empathy as it was first used in the 1920s by E. B. Titchener, an American psychologist. Titchener’s theory was that empathy stemmed from a sort of physical imitation of the distress of another, which then evokes the same feelings in oneself. 这种所谓的运动神经模仿就是“同感”这个词于 20 世纪 20 年代由美国心理学家 E?B?铁钦纳首次使用时的原始技术含义。铁钦纳的理论是:同感萌发自对他人 痛苦的一种身体模仿,这种模仿继而在自己心里引起同样的感受。 2 He sought a word that would be distinct from sympathy, which can be felt for the general plight of another with no sharing whatever of what that other person is feeling. Motor mimicry fades from toddlers’ repertoire at around two and a half years, at which point they realize that someone else’s pain is different from their own, and are better able to comfort them. 他当时在寻找一个与同情有所区别的词;同情是针对他人的一般困境而发的,无 须分担他人的任何感受。小孩两岁半左右就渐渐不再有运动神经模仿行为,那时 他们会意识到别人的痛苦与自己的不同,会更有能力安慰别人。 3 I also love the split-second shocked expression on the new people, the hasty smiles and their best imitations of what they think of as their "normal faces". If they do the ritual well enough I turn my head ever so slightly and tuck my hair behind one of my ears, whichever one’s closer to them.
我也喜欢生人脸上那瞬间的震惊表情、匆忙的微笑和他们竭力装出的“正常脸 色”。如果他们这套仪式做得够好,我就会微微转过头,把头发掖到离他们较近 的那只耳朵后面。 4 “I mostly just read lips because it was easier to pick up than signing, although that’s not the only reason I was staring at your lips,” I told him. He laughed. We talked more, and then the host upped the music volume and dimmed the lights for the “dance floor”, and I had to lean in much, much closer to be able to continue reading his lips in the semi-darkness. And read his lips I did. 我告诉他说:“我基本上只读口形,因为这比用手语更容易,尽管这不是我一直 盯着你的嘴唇的唯一原因。”他大笑起来。我们又说了一会儿话。后来,主人放 大音乐的音量,调暗“舞池”的灯光;我不得不凑近他,近得多得多,以便能在 昏暗中接着读他的口形。我的确看清了他的嘴唇。 6 Translate the sentences into English. 1 一看见抽屉里的那些老照片,我的眼泪就涌了出来。它们让我想起了我跟爷爷 奶奶、爸爸妈妈、兄弟姐妹一起生活的美好时光。( the moment; well up) The moment I saw those old photos in the drawer, tears welled up in my eyes, for my memory went back to the days when I lived happily with my grandparents, my parents and my brothers and sisters. 2 有个学生踩到地上的一滩水滑倒了。周围的人反应各异,有的关心地走上前去 看他是否受伤了、 能为他做点什么; 有的则站在一边不知所措; 有的干脆就不理。 ( diverge from; approach; confuse over; tune out) When a student slipped on a pool of water and fell over, people’s reaction diverged from one another. Some approached caringly to see if he was hurt and if they could help; some just stood there confusing over what to do about it; while others just tuned out. 3 上星期六上午, 我像往常一样去超市购物。 我刚要打开车门, 却发现没带钱包。 我只好回家去找,可是哪儿也找不到。( do the usual; do nothing but; fail to do) Last Saturday morning, I did the usual and went shopping in the supermarket. When I was about to open the door of my car, I found that I did not have my wallet on me. I could do nothing but go back home in search of it, but I failed to find it anywhere. 4 我上小学二年级的时候,我们班有个同学得到的生日礼物是一辆红色的遥控 车。我们大家只有羡慕的份,却不能也去买一辆,因为那种遥控车很贵,而且还 是在香港买的,那时候在我们看来香港和美国一样遥不可及。( could only; as far as) When I was a second grader, one of my classmates got a red radio control toy car as a birthday gift. The rest of us could only admire, but could not imitate, because the car was expensive and was bought in Hong Kong, a place which seemed to us as far away as America. Unit 3 6 Translate the sentences into Chinese.
1 That was the strapline of the 2002 film Catch Me if You Can, which tells the story of Frank Abagnale, Jr. (Leonardo DiCaprio), a brilliant young master of deception who at different times impersonated a doctor, a lawyer, and an airplane pilot, forging checks worth more than six million dollars in 26 countries. He became the youngest man to ever make the FBI’s most-wanted list for forgery. 这是 2002 年的电影《有种来抓我》的剧情简介。影片讲述了弗兰克?小阿巴格 纳尔(列奥纳多?迪卡普里欧饰演)的故事,影片的主人公是一位聪明绝顶的年 轻骗术大师,曾在不同时间扮演医生、律师和飞行员的角色,在 26 个国家伪造 了价值六百万美元以上的支票。 他成了联邦调查局伪造罪头号通缉令名单上最年 轻的人。 2 Since 2003, identity theft has become increasingly common. Few people could imagine how important things like taking mail to the post office and not leaving it in the mailbox for pickup, shredding documents instead of throwing them out with the trash, even using a pen costing a couple of bucks, have become to avoid life-changing crimes. 2003 年以来,身份盗窃案变得越来越常见。很少有人会想象到,为了防止改变 人生的犯罪,像把邮件拿到邮局去寄而不是丢在信箱里等人来取、把文件切碎而 不是把它们连同垃圾一道扔出去, 甚至使用价值一两块美元的笔之类的事情已经 变得多么重要。 3 If we’ learned one thing from terrorists, not to mention action movies, ve it’s that a tool is also a weapon. Globally accepted credit cards and the databases that support them are tools for taking the friction out of commerce. That’s another way of saying that they’re tools for extracting money from people with minimum effort on everyone’s part. 假如说我们从恐怖分子那里??更不用说从动作电影那里??学到了一招, 那就 是,工具也是武器。全球通用的信用卡和支持它们的数据库是去除商业摩擦的工 具。换句话说,它们是以让各方最省事的方式从人们那里取钱的工具。 4 Wherever universal identification leads, we don’t yet know how to manage a world in which everything can be linked to me, wherever I am. We don’ t know yet how to balance the undoubted convenience of this world with the peril?vague, but apparently near?that we sense in the presence of all that information combined and consolidated, if only logically. 无论通用身份的前景如何,我们尚不知道该如何应付这样一个世界:在其中,无 论我身在何处,一切都可能与我有关联。我们尚不知道该如何在这世界给予我们 的无可置疑的方便和我们在面对一切组合、 强化了的 (要是合理的话那该多好啊) 信息时所感到的危险之间保持平衡。这危险模糊,但显然很近。 7 Translate the sentences into English. 1 这些文件很重要,内容要绝对保密。如果要处理掉的话,应先把它们切碎,而 不是直接当垃圾扔掉。 (content of which; tear up; instead of) These are important documents, the content of which should be kept strictly confidential. If you need to dispose them, you must shred them instead of throwing them out with the trash.
2 现在,像伪造支票、身份证和信用卡这类的白领犯罪已变得相当普遍。尽管 我们学会了许多防止被骗的招数,可是看起来我们随时都可能被骗。( forge; prevent…from) Nowadays, white-collar crimes such as forging checks, ID cards and credit cards have become very common. Though we have learnt much about how to prevent ourselves from being cheated, it seems that we could be its victims at any time. 3 地震已过去了好几个月,生活恢复了正常。人们与平时一样忙着各自的事情。 但一个无法回避的事实是,地震给人们带来的精神创伤也许永远无法抹去。( go about; there is no escaping the fact that…; mental trauma; wipe out) It has been several months since the earthquake. Life has returned to normal, and people are busy going about their business. But there is no escaping the fact that t
 

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