Unit 7
New words
massive 大规模的; monstrous 可怕的,极大的; subject integral attic porch 臣民; 必要的,必不可少的,构 成整体所必须的; 阁楼; 门廊,入口处,阳台;
banish stake
遗弃,摒弃 火刑柱,木柱
unrelenting 无情的,不减缓的 rip 撕,扯 永久的,持久的 perpetual enamel pin grisly 搪瓷,瓷釉 确实证明,准确说明 恐怖的,可怕的,令人毛 骨悚然的
aspect skeletal remains due captive interior recruit thither budget
方面 骨骼的 遗体,尸体 预定的 被拴住,被奴役的 内地 招募 向那里,到那里 预算,拨款
Trinity
Trinity is, in Christian doctrine, the unity of Father, son, and the Holy Spirit as three persons in one Godhead.
Wall Street
Wall Street is a street in the Southern section of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City. The street is narrow and short and extends only about seven blocks from Broadway to the East River. It was named for an earthen wall built by Dutch settlers in 1653 to repel an expected English invasion.
The Wall Street, or financial, district contains the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange, investment banks, government and municipal securities dealers, trust companies, the Federal Re-search Bank, many headquarters of utility and insurance companies and the International Cotton, Commodity Exchange. The district is the headquarter of many of the country’s brokerage firms.
?
  1.anthropologistsomeone who studies scientifically the nature of man. ? eg. As an anthropologist, he is interested in development of man’s body, mind and society. ?
  2. be focused onbe concentrated on 集中精力于 ? eg. At the moment, I was focused on the significance of terrorism as a student of political science. ? eg. All eyes were focused on her when she burst into tears.

  3.a most (grisly aspect)a very/quite (grisly aspect) Here “most ” is an adverb. 非常,极 eg. It is most kind of you to take care of my children while I am away. eg. College life is a most enjoyable life for most of the students. eg. It’s most dangerous to play with explosives.
  4.accidentally adv. not happening by plan or intention; eg. Police have uncovered a plot to kidnap the president’s son.
happened by chance; 意外的;偶然 的 eg. I didn’t think our meeting was accidental he must have known I would be there. eg As I turned around, I accidentally hit him in the face.
accident and emergency (BrE) (AmE emergency room) the part of a hospital where people who need urgent treatment and taken. (医院) 急诊室
  5. uncover un 否定前缀, not 不, cover 遮盖,遮蔽 ①to remove a covering from 打开…的盖子 eg. Uncover the pan and let the soup simmer . 揭开盖子,让汤再小火煨一下。 ②to find out (something unknown or kept
secret )discover 发现,揭露;揭发 eg. Police have uncovered a plot to kidnap the president’s son. uncovered adj. not covered by anything 裸露的,暴露的; 无覆盖的
His head was uncovered.
  6. depend on ① to rely on sb./sth. and be able to trust them. 依靠,信赖 eg. He was the sort of person you could depend on. eg. He knew he could depend on her dealing with the situation. ② to be sure or expected that sth. will happen 相信;确信;指望 eg. You can depend on his coming in on Sunday.
eg. I don’t want to depend on too much on my parents.
  7. grisly causing horror or terror,令人厌烦 的;恐怖的;可怕的 eg. At the sight of grisly remains of the victims in that fire, the young firefighter almost vomited. eg. Don’t tell grisly stories to children, for they are credulous.

  8. aspect particular part or feature of something being considered. 方面;层面 eg. The book aims to cover all aspects of city life. 这本书涵盖了城市的各个方面。 eg. Though married for ten years, she’s still disgusted by the selfish aspect of her husband . eg. To be on the save side, we should look at every aspect of the problem before we draw any conclusion.

  9. remains dead body or corpse 遗体;遗骸 eg. Investigations have found a trench littered with human remains. eg. Remains can also mean ancient buildings, or what is left. eg. The missionary’s remains were buried in the native churchyard .
  10. A series of a number of 一系列;连续;接连 eg. The farmers have enjoyed a series of good
harvests. eg. He went all to pieces following a series of misfortunes.
  11. due scheduled, arranged, expected 预定;预期;预计 eg. The assignment is due on Friday, so there should be enough time for it. ? eg. The audience were counting their fingers as the play was due to start in fine minutes
.
  12. in addition besides, moreover 除外,此外 eg. You are not in good condition. In addition, the competition is rather fierce. So I would rather you quit this time. eg. Aunt Mary gave us sandwiches for our picnic and a dog of cookies in addition. 玛丽婶婶除了给我们一包饼干外,还有三明治做 野餐。

  13. in addition (to) as well as 除……外;加于……之上 eg. In addition to generosity, he is honest, which makes him in his new workplace.

  14. brutality cruelty ; brutal behavior or acts. 残暴;兽性 eg. War should be avoided in terms of brutality. eg. His brutality towards a dog cast a shadow upon his reputation.
  15. etch on leave a deep and lasting impression on sth. 铭刻 eg. The brutalities of the war were etched on the Veteran’s mind for years. eg. As a witness of September 11, the sufferings of some victims remained etched on his memory.
Key words and Expressions

  1. captive adj. ⑴ held as a prisoner; unable to escape, often used as attributive. eg. They were taken captive by masked gunmen. 他们被蒙面的持枪歹徒劫持了。 eg. In ancient China, many women were confined in the house much like
captive birds. ⑵ n. captive person or animals eg. The captive tried in vain to escape from the prison and soon reconciled to his doom.

  2. estimate calculate roughly 估计;估价 eg. It is estimated that seven students died in the big fire. eg. The anthropologists estimated the cost of the research on the skeletons .
  3. capture ⑴ n. capturing or being captured eg. The runaway slavers had been hiding in the bush for three days to evade capture. The victim was overjoyed at the capture of the thief. ⑵ v. take sth./sb. as a prisoner eg. Those who were to capture the runaway
slaves were called slave hunters. With so many advertisements, TV series no longer captured the attention of the audience as much as it used to.
  4. decimate to kill large number of animals, plants or people in a particular area 大量毁灭;大批杀死 eg. The rabbit population was decimated by the disease. 这种疫病使大批兔子死亡。
⑵ to severely damage sth or make sth weaker. 严重破坏; 大大削弱 eg. Cheap imports decimated the British cycle industry. 廉价进口大大了英国的自行车行业。

  5. implore ask or beg earnestly eg. Some religious people would implore God’s mercy on human race when disasters befall. eg. It is not rare to see some old people imploring passengers
for help in the railway stations.

  6. depravity the state of being morally bad 堕落,腐化 a life of depravity 腐化的生活 deprave to make sb. morally bad. 使堕落;使腐化;败坏
eg. In my view, this book would depraved young children. 我认为这本书会腐蚀儿童。

  7. depopulation to reduce the number of people living in a place. 使人口减少 eg. Whole stretches of land were laid waste and depopulated. 一片片土地荒芜,人口减少。
  8. end up to final yourself in certain situation that you did not intended or expected to be 最终成为, 最后处于 eg. If you go on like this, you will end up in prison. 如果你继续这样,早晚得进监狱。 eg. At first they hated each other, but they ended up getting married. 他们起初相互仇恨,到后来却成了夫妻。

  9. integral to necessary for completeness 必须的; 不可或缺的 eg. The arms and legs are integral to human body. eg. You’d better leave out this part, as it is not integral to your argument.
  10. accomplish to succeed in doing or completing with sth. 完成 eg. The first part of the plan has been safely accomplished. 计划的第一部分已顺利完成。 eg. I didn’t feel I have accomplished very much today. 我觉得我今天没干成多少事。

  11. outflow n. the movement of a large amount of money, liquid, people, etc out of place 外流;流出 eg. There was a capital outflow of $22 billion in 19
  88. 1988年的资本外流为220亿元。 a steady outflow of oil from the tank 罐子里 不断流出的石油 the outflow of refugees 难民涌出
12 banishsend away ;drive out eg. The politician was banished form his homeland for life. eg. She banished nervousness and fear for the coming interview by praying to God.
  13. recruit v. to find new people to join in a company ,an organization the armed force etc 吸收;招募
? eg. The police are trying to recruit more officers from ethnic minorities. ? 警察机关试图从少数民族中征募更多 的新警员。 ? eg. They recruited several new members to the club. ? 他们吸收了几名新成员加入俱乐部。
?
  2。L26 that one slave perished for every one who survived capture in the African interior and made it alive to the New World meaning that as many as 12 million perished along the way. (The slaves who died were as many as those who survived capture in the inner land of Africa and arrived in the New World alive. ) ? 。。。死去的奴隶与在非洲内地捕捉中幸免一死并且能活 到新大陆的奴隶一样多。这表明多达1200万名奴隶在路上 就死去了。
? L51 Integral to the colony from the start, slaves helped build Trinity Church, the streets of the city and the wall from which Wall Street takes its name that protected the colony from military strikes. ? 从一开始,奴隶对殖民地就是必不可少的, 他们帮助建造了三一教堂,城市的街道和 地域军事进攻的城墙,后来的华尔街就是 从该城墙得名的。
Translation:
In life, slaves lived in attics, hallways and beneath attics, porches, porches, cheek to jowl with their masters and mistresses. In death, these same slaves were banished to the Negro Burial Ground, which lay a mile outside the city limits and contained between 10,000 and 20,000 bodies by the time it was closed in 1794, according to the historian Sherrill Wilson. 奴隶们活着的时候住在阁楼、过道、或门廊下,与他们的 主人也算是鸡犬相闻;但是死后,同样是这些奴隶,却被 遗弃在城市外一英里的黑奴墓地。据历史学家沙利? 遗弃在城市外一英里的黑奴墓地。据历史学家沙利?威尔逊 说,在1794年该墓地被关闭之时,那里埋葬着大约1 说,在1794年该墓地被关闭之时,那里埋葬着大约1-2万 具奴隶尸体。
? The Howard team has yet to identify among the skeletons the many Africans who are known to have been burned at the stake during the rebellion-plot hysteria that swept the colony in 17
  41. But what the researchers have found is brutal enough on its own. ? 在这些骸骨中,霍华德小组还需辨认在1741年横 扫殖民地的围绕所谓的"造反阴谋"的歇斯底里中 被绑在木桩上活活烧死的许多非洲奴隶。尽管如 此,研究员们已经发现的事实本身就已经是足够 骇人听闻的了。
Key Words and Expressions
1 excavatemake or remove by digging 挖出;挖掘. eg. The young soldiers excavated a trench to store vegetables in winter. eg. This site has been excavated by archaeologists. 这个遗址已被考古学家发掘出来. 2 financeto provide money for a project. 给……提供资金
eg. The building project will be financed by the government and by the public donations. 这个项目将由政府出资以及公众捐 款。 eg. He took a job to finance his stay in Germany. 他找到了一位工作以赚钱支付他在 德国的费用。
3 drag one’s feetto be deliberately slow in doing sth. or in making a decision 故意拖拉,故意延迟。 4 budget--
  1)plan the spending of or provide the money in a budget eg. Our government has budgeted a large amount of money for college education spending.
  2)estimate or plan of how money will spend over a period of time eg. When he was a college student, he limited himself to a monthly budget of 400 yuan.
5 behind schedule 落后 eg. We are behind the schedule. 我们的工作进度落后了。 identifyto recognize sb/sth and be able to say who or what they are 确认;认出;鉴定 eg. The bodies were identified as these of two suspected drug dealers. 这两具尸体被辨认出是两名贩毒嫌疑犯。 eg. She was able to identify her attacker.
7 on one’s ownwith out help 独立地 eg. He did it on his own. eg. It is a happy day when you are allowed to drive a car on your own. 被允许独立开车真是快乐的事。 eg. Being on your own may be a frightening experience. 独自做事可能是一项可怕的经验。 8 unrelentingnot reducing in intensity eg. Nowadays many college students are suffering unrelenting
 

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