Unit 6 Man and Animals

  2. Language Points Some zoologists and psychologists compare modern man to a caged lion. (l.
  19)
“compare… to…” 除了有“把……比作 除了有“ 比作……” 的意思外, 的意思外, 比作 还有“ 比较” 还有“把……与……比较”的意思(可用 与 比较 的意思( 来替代)。 “compare…with…”来替代)。 来替代 e.g. i) He compared London to/with Paris. ii) It was a very small place when compared with/to what it is now. iii) Children seem to learn more interesting things compared to/with when we were at school.
In fact, it is almost impossible for them to behave otherwise. (l.
  32) The word “otherwise” means “in a way that is different from what has been mentioned”. e.g. i) The government claims that the economy is improving, but this survey suggests otherwise. ii) Take approximately 60mg up to four times a day, unless advised otherwise by a doctor. iii) All photographs are by the author unless otherwise stated. iv) There is no way anything would ever happen between us, and believe me I’ve tried to convince myself otherwise.
in oneself (l.
  35), by oneself, to oneself, of oneself
in oneself: without considering other related ideas or situation 本身 e.g. i) The plan wasn’t illegal in itself but it would lead to some doubtful practices. ii) The problem is unimportant in itself, but its long-term effects could be very serious. by oneself:
  1) alone 单独地, 独自 单独地, e.g. The animal had been left in the house by itself.
  2) without help 自动地 e.g. The dog managed to drag the box into the room by itself. to oneself: not shared with others e.g. This idea deserves a chapter to itself. of oneself: without external force; spontaneously 自行地, 自然地 自行地, e.g. The light went out of itself.
Unable in these conditions to channel their aggression into creative work, people will probably express it through resentment and anger. (ll.47-
  48) The word “channel” means “to direct something into a particular place or situation” (把……引导向,转 引导向, 把 引导向 到……). e.g. i) If she could only channel all that nervous energy into something useful. ii) A lot of money has been channeled into research in that particular field. iii) He channeled his thought toward one phase of problem.
Word formation: constructive (l.
  61) construction, aggressive (l.
  1) aggression, destructive (l.
  37) --destruction appreciation appreciative, extension extensive, creation creative, investigation investigative, production productive, impression impressive, competition competitive, generation generative, deception deceptive, inclusion inclusive, conclusion conclusive, evaluation evaluative, protection protective
Reading Comprehension

  1.
  1) abnormal conditions

  2) abnormal aggressiveness
  3) came out of the jungle into a village and attacked a man
  4) becomes more aggressive than it would be in the wild
  5) would have stayed in the jungle and hunted for food in the customary way
  6) would be continually active, ranging over long distances, hunting in family groups
  7) wander on the grassy plains of Africa
  8) living conditions in crowded cities
  9) behave aggressively toward each other
  10) resentment and anger
  11) dropping a bomb from a plane
  12) their fellow creature
  13) hit another person in front of his eyes
  14) constructive activity and non-violent competition
  2.
  1) D
  2) C
  3) A
  4) C
  5) D
  6) B
Vocabulary
  2. violentnon-violent doubtfullyundoubtedly
satisfieddissatisfied normalabnormal constructivedestructive personalimpersonal diminishincrease encouragediscourage

  3.
  1) survive
  2) conflicts
  3) available
  4) likely
  5) injuring
  6) absorbed
  7) competition
  8) instinct
  9) hesitated
  10) similar
  4. ensure; population; characteristic; exhibit; defense; familiar; territory; case; minute; aggressive
Translation
  1. She always behaves badly when her aunt comes to visit.
  2. If it hadn’t been for your help, we wouldn't have been able to finish the task in time.
  3. I warned him off going to the east coast because it was full of tourists.
  4. The fact that something is cheap doesn't necessarily mean it’s of low quality.
  5. Without someone/anyone to turn to for help, making the most appropriate choice can be difficult.
  6. His sadness at the death of his wife found expression in his music.
  7. Only if Peter goes to the evening party will she go.
  8. I can only compare the experience to a nightmare.
 

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