级考试预测试题2 大学英语 4 级考试预测试题2
Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How to Prevent the Spread of Epidemics? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:
  1.近年来,各种传染病如甲流(H1N1 flu)、禽流感(bird flu)等频频威胁着我们的生存
  2.由此带来的问题
  3.控制传染病传播的措施 How to Prevent the Spread of Epidemics?

Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Raising Wise Consumers
Almost anyone with a profit motive is marketing to innocents. Help your kids understand it’s OK not to have it all. Here are five strategies for raising wise consumers.
  1. Lead by example While you may know that TV commercials stimulate desire for consumer goods, you’ll have a hard time selling your kids on the virtues of turning off the tube if you structure your own days around the
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latest sitcom(情景喜剧)or reality show. The same principle applies to money matters. It does no good to lecture your kids about spending, saving and sharing when doing out their pocket money if you spend every free weekend afternoon at the mall. If you suspect your own spending habits are out of whack, consider what financial advisor Nathan Dungan says in his book Wasteful Sons and Material Girls: How Not to Be Your Child's ATM. “In teaching your child about money, few issues are as critical as your own regular consumer decisions,” he writes. “In the coming weeks, challenge yourself to say no to your own wants and to opt for less expensive options.”
  2. Encourage critical thinking With children under six or seven, start by telling them , “Don’t believe everything you see,” says Linda Millar, vice-president of Education for Concerned Children’s Advertisers, a nonprofit group of 26 Canadian companies helping children and their families by media?and life?wise. Show them examples of false or exaggerated advertising claims, such as a breakfast cereal(谷类)making you bigger and stronger. Shari Grayson, a media educator and past president of Media Watch, suggests introducing children to the “marketing that doesn’t show”?the mascots(吉祥物)and web?sites that strengthen brand loyalty, the trading toys that cause must-have-it fever and the celebrity endorsements(代言). “Explain that advertisers pay millions of dollars for celebrities to endorse a product, and that the people who buy the product end up sharing the cost,” she says.
  3. Supervise with sensitivity According to a survey conducted by the Media Awareness Network in 2001, nearly 70 percent of children say parents never sit with them while they surf the Net and more then half say parents never check where they’ve been online. The states for TV habits paint a similar picture. A 2003 Canadian Teachers’ Federation study of children’s media habits found that roughly 30 percent of children in Years Three to Six claims that no adult has input into their selection of TV shows; by Year Eight, the figure rises to about 60 percent. “Research suggests that kids benefit more from having parents watch with them than having their viewing time limited,” says Graydon, nothing that many children have TV sets in their bedrooms, which effectively free them from parental supervision. And what exactly does “supervision” mean? “Rather than ridiculing your child’s favorite show, game or web-site, which will only create distance between you, you can explain media messages conflict with the values you’d like to develop in your child,” Graydon says. If you’re put off by coarse language in a TV show, tell your child that hearing such language sends the (false) message that this is the way most people communicate when under stress. If violence in a computer game disturbs you, point out that a steady diet of onscreen violence can weaken sensitivity towards real-life violence. “And when you do watch a show together,” adds Grayson, “discuss some of the hidden messages, both good and bad.”
  4. Say no without guilt I’m not proud to admit it, but when Tara asked me if I could take her shopping, I ended up saying yes. More precisely, I told her that if she continued to work hard and do well in school, I would take her over the school holidays. The holidays have now passed and I still haven’t taken her, but I have no doubt she’ll remind me of it soon enough. When I do take her, I intend to set firm limits (both on the price and the clothing items) before we walk into the store. Still, I wonder why I gave in so quickly to Tara’s request. Author Thompson says that my status as a baby boomer may provide a clue. “We boomer parents spring from a consumer culture in which having the right stuff helps you fit in,”she explains. “Our research has shown that even parents in poor homes will
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buy Game Boys over necessities.” In fact, 68 percent of parents routinely give in to their kid’s requests. To counteract this tendency, Gradon says parents have to “learn, or relearn, how to say no.” And what if the child calls you a miser or reminds you that her best friend has four Barbies 芭比娃娃) she ( and doesn’t even have one? Gaydon suggests practicing this mantra(祷文): “We create our own family rules according to our family values. We create our own family rules according to our own family values. We create....”
  5. Offer alternatives As parents know, saying “You can't have that” only intensifies a kind’s desire for whatever “that” is. Rather than arbitrarily restricting their TV or computer time to protect them from media influence, Jeff Derevensky, a professor of applied child psychology at McGill University, suggests creating a list of mutually acceptable alternatives. “If you want to encourage your children to build towers or play board games, be prepared to participate,” he says. “Many kids will do these activities with their parents but not with other kids.” Miranda Hughes, a part-time physician and mother of four, fills her home with such basics as colored pencils and paints, craft materials, board and card games, building toys, a piano with the lid permanently open, sheet music and books of all kinds. “I also offer my own time whenever possible,” she says. Although Hughes has a television in her house, “complete with 150 channels,” she says her kids watch only about an hour a week. “I haven't had to implement any rules about TV or computer use,” she says. “There’s usually something else my kids would rather be doing.” 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。 答题卡1 答题卡 1. According to Nathan Duggan, in teaching your child about money, the most important issue is . A) the way you spend your money B) the time children are allowed to watch TV C) the activities shared by you and your children D) the amount of money at the children’s disposal
  2. What do we learn about Linda Millar from the passage? A) She is the mother of a six-year-old girl. B) She directs a non-profit organization. C) She owns 26 Canadian companies. D) She is a famous Canadian advertiser.
  3. Shari Graydon suggests that children should be aware of . A) brand loyalty B) the must-have-it fever C) invisible marketing D) exaggerated advertisements
  4. How many children in Year Eight claim to have selected TV shows without parents’ supervision? A) 30 percent. B) More than half. C) 60 percent D) 70 percent.
  5. Shari Graydon noted that children may benefit more when . A) parents shared TV shows with them B) parents limited their viewing time C) they had a TV in their own bedrooms D) they were free from parents’ supervision
  6. Some TV shows led children to believe that people would communicate with when under stress. A) violent behaviors B) psychiatrists C) peer groups D) rude language
  7. The author promised to take her daughter Tara to if she could do well at school.
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A) see a film B) go shopping C) the Disneyland D) the game arcade
  8. It is believed by the , who were born in a consumer culture, that having the right stuff helps one fit in.
  9. To protect children from media influence, arbitrarily restricting their TV or computer time is not as good as .
  10. The passage is intended to help parents to raise their kids to be . Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意: 此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。 答题卡2 答题卡
  11. A) Quit their jobs at the same time. B) Take an adventurous trip with their savings. C) Enrich their poor knowledge in business. D) Establish a firm in collaboration.
  12. A) It was withdrawn from the shelf as a back issue. B) It is not available unless it has been reserved. C) It hasn’t been returned by the borrower. D) It won’t come out until June
  26.
  13. A) Its rapid growth is beneficial to the world. B) It can be seen as a model by the rest of the world. C) Its success can’t be explained by elementary economics. D) It will continue to surge forward in the future.
  14. A) It takes only 5 minutes to reach the campus from the apartments. B) Most students can’t afford to live in the new apartments. C) The new apartments are not available until next month. D) The new apartments can accommodate 500 students.
  15. A) They stay closed until summer comes. B) They cater chiefly to tourists. C) They are busy all the year round. D) They provide quality service to their customers.
  16. A) Her mild temper. B) Her broad knowledge. C) Her teaching style. D) Her detailed answers.
  17. A) Enter the stock market instead of investing in clothing. B) Move to another residence from Wall Street. C) Transfer his investment to the Chinese stock market.
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D) Share his money-making experience with other marketers.
  18. A) Sign his name for the fan. B) Fill in an application form. C) Exchange gifts with his friends. D) Get a purchase refunded. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. A) Walk the dog. B) Clean the house. C) Go to the dentist’s D) Finish her assignment.
  20. A) 12:30 pm. B) 2:00 pm. C) 4:30 pm. D) 5:30 pm
  21. A) Exciting. B) Rewarding C) Disappointing D) Exhausting
  22. A) They can’t decide on a video. B) Susan’s mother is going to use the video machine. C) Susan will be asked to do something else. D) The machine isn’t working. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23. A) Since Friday. B) Since Saturday. C) Since Sunday. D) Since Monday.
  24. A) He has a cold B) He has the flu. C) He has a stomachache. D) He has a toothache.
  25. A) Take herbal medicine. B) See another doctor. C) Drink chicken soup. D) Stay in bed. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。 答题卡 Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26. A) Diet. B) Sleep. C) Space. D) Stress.
  27. A) They tend to reproduce more. B) They may show more signs of violence. C) They can eat and sleep better. D) They may commit suicide.
  28. A) Rats can populate rapidly. B) Population explosion can lead to violence. C) Overcrowdedness may have the same effects on man. D) It is a natural law that animals live and die. Passage Two Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  29. A) Crimes committed by young people. B) Crimes committed by needy people. C) Influence on young
 

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