大学英语 4 级模拟试题之一 Model Test 1 Part One Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said - Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C)and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a line through the centre. Example: You will hear: You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room. C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) At the office is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

A) She is not interested in the article.
B) She has given the man much trouble. C) She would like to have a copy of the article. D) She doesn't want to take the trouble to read the article.

A) He saw the big tower he visited on TV~
B) He has visited the TV tower twice. C) He has visited the TV tower once. D) He will visit the TV tower in June.

A) The woman has trouble getting along with the professor.
B) The woman regrets having taken up much of the professor's time. C) The woman knows the professor has been busy. D) The woman knows the professor has run into trouble.

A) He doesn't enjoy business trips as much as he used to.
B) He doesn't think he is capable of doing the job. C) He thinks the pay is too low to support his family, D) He wants to spend more time with his family.

A) The man thought the essay was easy.
B) They both had a hard time writing the essay. C) The woman thought the essay was easy. D) Neither of them has finished the assignment yet.

A) In the park.
B) Between two buildings D) Under a huge tree.
C) In his apartment.

A) It's awfully dull.
B) It's really exciting.
C) it's very exhausting. D) It's quite challenging.

A) movie.
B) A lecture.
C) A play.
D) A speech.

A) The weather is mild compared to the past years.
B) They are having the coldest winter ever. C) The weather will soon get warmer. D) The weather may get even colder.

  10. A) The mystery story. B) The hiring of a shop assistant. C) The search for a reliable witness. D) An unsolved case of robbery.
Section B Passage One Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. A) They want to change the way English is taught. B) They learn English to find well-paid jobs. C) They want to have an up-to-date knowledge of English. D) They know clearly what they want to learn.

  12. A ) Professionals. C) Beginners
B) College students. D) Intermediate earners.

  13. A) Courses for doctors. C) Courses for reporters.
B) Courses for businessmen. D) Courses for lawyers.

  14. A) Three groups of learners.
B) The importance of business English.
C) English for Specific Purposes. D) Features of English for different papacies.
Passage Two Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  15. A) To show off their wealth. B) To feel good. C) To regain their memory. D) To be different from others.

  16. A) To help solve their psychological problems. B) To play games with them. C) To send sham to the hospital. D) To make them aware of its harmfulness.

  17. A) They need care and affection. B) They are fond of round-the-world trips. C) They are mostly from broken families. D) They are likely to commit crimes.
Passage Three Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  18. A) Because it was too heavy. B) Because it did not bend easily. C) Because it did not shoot far. D) Because its string was short.

  19. A) It went out of use 300 years ago B) h was invented alter the short how. C) It was discovered before fire and the wheel. D) It's still in use today.

  20. A) They are accurate and easy to pull. B) Their shooting range is 40 yards. C) They are usually used indoors.
D) They took 100 years to develop.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Design of all the new tools and implements is based on careful experiments with electronic instruments. First, a human “guinea pig” is tested using a regular tool. Measurements are taken of the amount of work done, and the buildup of heat in the body. Twisted joints and stretched muscles can not perform as well, it has been found, as joints and muscles in their normal positions. The same person is then tested again, using a tool designed according to the suggestions made by Dr. Tichauer. All these tests have shown the great improvement of the new designs over the old. One of the electronic instruments used by Dr. Tichauer, the myograph (肌动记器), makes visible through electrical signals the work done by human muscle. Another machine measures any dangerous features of tools, thus proving information upon which to base a new design. One conclusion of tests made with this machine is that a tripod stepladder is more stable and safer to use than one with four legs. This work has attracted the attention of efficiency experts and time-and-motion-study engineer, but its value goes far beyond that. Dr. Tichauer’s first thought is for the health of the tool user. With the repeated use of the same tool all day long on production lines and in other jobs, even light manual work can put a heavy stress on one small area of the body. In time, such stress can cause a disabling disease. Furthermore, muscle fatigue is a serious safety hazard. Efficiency is the by-product of comfort, Dr. Tichauer believes, and his new designs for traditional tools have proved his point.

  21. What are involved in the design of a new tool according to the passage? A) Electronic instruments and a regular tool. B) A human “guinea pig” and a regular tool. C) Electronic instruments and a human “guinea pig”. D) Electronic instruments, a human “guinea pig” and a regular tool.

  22. From the passage we know that joints and muscles perform best when . A) B) C) D) they are twisted and stretched they are in their normal positions they are tested with a human “guinea pig” they are tested with electronic instruments

  23. A “myograph” (Para. 2, Line
  1) is an electronic instrument that . A) is able to design new tools B) measures the amount of energy used C) enable people to see the muscular movements D) visualizes electrical signals

  24. It can be inferred from the passage that . A) B) a stepladder used to have four legs. it is dangerous to use tools
C) D)
a tripod is safer in a tool design workers are safer on production lines

  25. Dr. Tichauer started his experiments initially to . A) B) C) D) improve efficiency increase production reduce work load improve comfort
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
More and more, the operations of our businesses, governments, and financial institutions are controlled by information that exists only inside computer memories. Anyone clever enough to modify this information for his own purposes can reap big reward. Even worse, a number of people who have done this and been caught at it have managed to get away without punishment. It’s easy for computer crimes to go undetected if no one checks up on what the computer is doing. But even if the crime is detected, the criminal may walk away not only unpunished but with a glowing recommendation from his former employers. Of course, we have no statistics on crimes that go undetected. But it’s disturbing to note how many of the crimes we do know about were detected by accident, not by systematic inspections or other security procedures. The computer criminals who have been caught may have been the victims of uncommonly bad luck. Unlike other lawbreakers, who must leave the country, commit suicide, or go to jail, computer criminals sometimes escape punishment, demanding not only that they not be charged but that they be given good recommendations and perhaps other benefits. All too often, their demands have been met. Why? Because company executives are afraid of the bad publicity that would result if the public found out that their computer had been misused. They hesitate at the thought of
a criminal boasting in open court of how he juggled (诈骗) the most confidential (保密) records right under the noses of the company’s executives, accountants, and security staff. And so another computer criminal departs with just the recommendations he needs to continue his crimes elsewhere.

  26. It can be concluded from the passage that . A) B) C) it is still impossible to detect computer crimes today people commit computer crimes at the request of their company computer criminals escape punishment because they can’t be detected
D) computer crimes are the most serious problem in the operation of financial institutions

  27. It is implied in the third paragraph that . A) B) C) D) most computer criminals who are caught blame their bad luck the rapid increase of computer crimes is a troublesome problem most computer criminals are smart enough to cover up their crimes many more computer crimes go undetected that are discovered

  28. Which of the following statements is mentioned in the passage? A) B) C) D) A strict law against computer crimes must be enforced Companies usually hesitate to uncover computer crimes to protect their reputation Companies will guard against computer crimes to protect their reputation Companies need to impose restrictions on confidential information

  29. What may happen to computer criminals once they are caught? A) B) C) D) With a bad reputation they can hardly find another job. They may walk away and easily find another job. They will be denied access to confidential records They must leave the country to go to jail.

  30. The passage is mainly about . A) B) why computer criminals are often able to escape punishment why computer crimes are difficult to detect by systematic inspections
C) how computer criminals mange to get good recommendations from their former employers D) why computer crimes can’t be eliminated
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
In a family where the roles of men and women are not sharply separated and where many household tasks are shared to a greater or lesser extent, notions of male superiority are hard to maintain. The pattern of sharing in tasks and indecision makes for equality and this in turn leads to further sharing. In such a home, the growing boy and girl learn to accept equality more easily than did their parents and to prepare more fully for participation in a world characterized by cooperation rather than by the “battle of the sexes”. If the process goes too far and man’s role is regarded as less important ? and that has happened in some cases ? we are as badly off as before, only in reverse. It is time to reassess the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of “Momism” ? but we don’t want to exchange it for a “neo-Popism”. What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals. There are signs that psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and specialists on the family are becoming more aware of the part men play and that they have decided that women should
not receive all the credit ? nor the blame. We have almost given up saying that a woman’s place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyse man’s place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant to the healthy development of the child. The family is a co-operative enterprise for which it is difficult to lay down rules, because each family needs to work out its own ways for solving its own problems. Excessive authoritarianism(命令主义)has unhappy consequences, whether it wears skirts or trousers, and the ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is pertinent (相关 的,切题的) not only to a healthy democracy, but also to a healthy family.

  31. The ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is . A) B) C) D) fundamental to a sound democracy not pertinent to healthy family life responsible for Momism what we have almost given up

  32. The danger in the sharing of household tasks by the mother and the father is that . A) B) C) D) the role of the father may become an inferior one’ the role of the mother may become an inferior one C) the children will grow up believing that life is a battle of sexes sharing leads to constant arguing

  33. The author states that bringing up children . A) B) is mainly the mother’s job belongs among the duties of the father
C) D)
is the job of schools and churches involves a partnership of equals

  34. According to t



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