第一单元 1 这场给人类带来巨大灾难的战争对这样一个诗人产生了什么影响呢?(impact on) How did the war, which brought terrible disasters to mankind, impact on such a poet? 2 做母亲的有时候不能察觉她们所宠爱的孩子们的过错,这样做的结果会使孩子们再次犯 同样的过错。(be blind to) Mothers are sometimes blind to the faults of their beloved children, which will cause the children to make the same mistake again. 3 作为一个在这个完全陌生国度的新移民,她总是感觉到孤立无援。(isolate) As new immigrant in this completely strange country , she always felt isolated. 4 做事不先考虑周全常会导致失败,因此我们应该三思而后行。(result in ,act before thinking) Acting before thinking often results in failure, so we should think before we leap.
5 奢侈的时候已经过去了,我们必须积极行动起来保护我们的环境。(take…action) The time for talking is past; we must take a positive action to protect our environment. 第二单元 1 记者敦促发言人就此次军事打击作出解释。(to press for) Reporters pressed the spokesman for an explanation of the military attack. 2 他的竞选活动未能使选民相信他就是参议员的合适人选。(to convince) His election campaign failed to convince the voters that he has the right person for the Senator. 3 尽管我承认有问题存在,但我并不认为这些问题不能解决。(While) While I admit that there are problems,I don’t agree that they cannot be solved. 4 他在电视上的第一次演讲给听众留下了深刻的印象。 (impression) His first speech on TV made a deep impression on his audience. 5 一切事物都是相互联系又相互作用的。 (to interact with) All things are interrelated and interact with each other. 第三单元 1 思想是通过语言来表达的。 (by means of) Thoughts are expressed by means of language. 2 我今年买的新书多得难以数清。 (keep count of) I have bought so many new books this year that it’s really difficult for me to keep count of them. 3 这位老太太确信今天他儿子会回家来为她庆祝生日的。 (feel assured) The old lady feels assured that her son will come back home today to celebrate her birthday. 4 他妈妈坚持说他每月的零用钱不能超过一百元。 (exceed) His mother insisted that his pocket money should not exceed 100 yuan per month. 5 上个月我们买了一辆车,是用我的名字登记的。 (register) We bought a car last month, which was registered under my name. 第四单元 1 这只乐队二十世纪八十年代凭借那张专辑一举成名。 (shot to fame) The band shot to fame in the 1980s with that single album. 2 冒一下险吧,你可能还是会输,但赢的机会增加了。(take a risk) Take a risk, and you may lose again, but you have improved your chances to win. 3 科学家正极力研究治愈艾滋病的良方。(push…to the limits) Scientists are pushing themselves to the limits in their researches for the cure of AIDS. 4 现在我们知道了网络的意义:鼠标一点就能知晓天下大事。(point)
Now we could see the point of the Internet: we can get information from all over the world just by clicking the mouse. 5 一些人认为政府迟早将会使克隆人类的研究规范化。(regulate/sooner or later) Some people believe the government will regulate the research of human cloning sooner or later. 第五单元 1 知道原理是一回事,但要付诸又是另外一回事。 (it’s one thing…it’s another…) It’s one thing to know the theory, it’s another thing to put it into practice. 2 据报道,慢跑(jogging)可将患心脏病的可能性减少三分之二。 (less likely) It’s reported that jogging can make you two thirdless likely to suffer from a heart attack. 3 根据最新调查,半数英国人不清楚欧元与英镑的比值。(to have no idea/in relation to) According to the latest investigation, half of the British people don’t have any idea what the euro is worth in relation to the British Pound. 4 这片土地本应建成一个供大家享用的公园, 但现在却立起来了几栋公寓楼。 (should have done) This piece of land should have been made into a park for everyone to enjoy, however, several apartment buildings have been set up there. 5 不知道所有这些相关信息能否凑成一幅关于他的清晰图画。(to add up to) I wondered whether all the related information could add up to a clear figure of his. 第六单元 1 他悲叹一声, 对我们说他年轻时也曾风光一时。 breathe a sigh of/to have seen a better (to day) He breathed /heaved a sigh of sorrow and told us that he had seen a better day when he was young. 2 他有极强的责任感,这就是为什么他被选中掌管这个项目。(to take control of) He has a strong sense of responsibility, and that’s why he is chosen to take control of the project. 3 不管你去哪里,不管是出差还是去玩,尽量多了解那个地方总是一个不错的注意。(be it...or..) Wherever you go, be it for business or pleasure, it is always a good idea to find out as much as you can about the place. 4 我们得小心一点,同样的情景可能就要出现。(to be about /to repeat) Let’s be careful. The situation may be about to repeat itself. 5 事实上,室内空气质量与儿童的健康密切相关,当然与成人的健康也有关系。(for that matter) In fact, indoor air quality has a great deal to do with children’s health, and adult’s health for that matter. 第七单元 1 许多人认为这种药有助于睡眠,而我只能暗自感叹: “要是他们知情就好了。 ”(all I can think /if…only) A lot of people believe that sleeping pills help them sleep. All I can think is, “if they only knew.” 2 他一直在琢磨这个问题,直到把它解决为止。 (to chip away at) He kept chipping away at the problem until he had completely solved it. 3 这位乡下孩子接触到了城里的种种陌生的事物。 他感到十分惊讶, 仿佛自己进入了未来
世界一般。(to be exposed to/as if) The country boy was exposed to many strange things in the city. He felt greatly shocked as if he had entered a future world. 4 大学毕业才一年,他就从一个追求梦想的青年变成了一个凡事都无所谓的庸人。(to go from…to…/to pursue) Within only one year after graduation from college, he went from a student who pursued his dream to a person who didn’t care about a thing. 5 我已经获准进入那个地区进行采访,这可不是人人都能得到的机会。(to be given permission) I have been given permission to do the interview in that area, and that’s not something that everyone gets. 第八单元 1 同这个案件相比,最近几个月的盗窃事件不值得一提。(pale/in comparison) The thefts in recent months paled in comparison with the case. 2 那次交通事故虽然已经过去了好几年,但他还是摆脱不了负疚感。(to shake away) Several years have passed since traffic accident, and he still can’t shake away the guilty feeling. 尽管我们提出了降低成本的建议,董事会的成员们似乎没有人在考虑。(to appear/to take…seriously) Though we had put forward the proposal to reduce cost, the board members didn’t appear to take it seriously. 4 周围的山坡已经变得光秃秃的,但这并没有使村民们想起保护环境的重要性。(bare/to remind) The bare hills around haven’t reminded the villagers of importance of protecting the environment. 5 办公室里可能再不会响起他那爽朗的笑声了。(unlikely/to ring) It is unlikely for his hearty laughter to ring in our office again. 3
 

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