一.名词
  1.常见的不可数名词 advice luggage bread damage food equipment furniture hair homework housework information knowledge progress population
  2.可数名词的特殊形式
  1) “s”结尾,单复同形 means series species works
  2)形式上是单数,但用作复数 police mankind people cattle audience
  3)合成名词的单复数变化,通常在主干词上加“s” brother-in-law (单数) brothers-in-law (复数) passer-by (单数) passers-by (复数) story-teller (单数) story-tellers (复数) 二.形容词
  1.形容词可以跟在以下半系动词的后面做表语 appear turn feel become stay look come prove grow go get keep
  2.容易混淆的形容词 alone lonely alive living live clean clear considerate considerable continual continuous dead deadly economical economic efficient effective healthful healthy intense intensive imaginary imaginable imaginative sensitive sensible successful successive valuable invaluable priceless valueless worthless historical historic respectable respectful respective like likely alike 三.副词
  1.有些形式相异的副词,意义差别也比较大,如: high highly just justly hard hardly free freely late lately most mostly near nearly
  2.些形容词也以-ly 结尾,应避免误用为副词,如:
lively silly
lovely
lonely
friendly
ugly
costly

  3.形容词和副词只差一个词尾,但意义大相径庭 hard hardly like likely bare barely bad badly scarce scarcely 四.介词
  1.介词和名词的搭配
  1)名词 + about concern about remark about complaint about opinion about doubt about
  2)名词 + for ambition for anxiety for cause for desire for hope for need for sorry for reason for talent for
  3)名词 + from absence from difference from protection from
  4)名词 + in confident in delight in difficulty in experience in faith in pride in success in trust in
  5)名词 + of account of capability of care of description of feeling of habit of impression of intention of number of pleasure of possibility of shortage of
  6)名词 + on ( upon ) authority on dependence on effect on remark on emphasis on influence on impression on stress on
  7)名词 + over advantage over control over quarrel over victory over worry over
  8)名词 + to answer to access to attention to approach to contrast to exception to gratitude to invitation to limit to objection to reference to solution to
  9)名词 + with agreement with contact with common with connection with conversation with trouble with
  2.介词 + 名词的固定搭配
at ease at first at last at crossroads at least at large at once at a loss at present at will by accident by chance by turns for certain in general in a sense in theory in practice in the way in the past in the future in advance in return in turn in that event in some respects in a hurry in addition in fact in place in sight in use in common in private in despair in part in detail in particular in short on second thoughts on average on duty on vacation
  3.介词和形容词的搭配
  1)形容词 + about anxious about careful about curious about concerned about careless about certain about particular about doubtful about
  2)形容词 + at angry at annoyed at good at quick at pleased at
  3)形容词 + for anxious for convenient for eager for famous for hungry for known for late for necessary for possible for ready for responsible for suitable for
  4)形容词 + from absent from different from distant from free from far from protected from
  5)形容词 + of afraid of aware of ashamed of capable of considerate of conscious of composed of deprived of full of fond of independent of proud of regardless of sick of short of tired of thoughtful of
  6)形容词 + to accustomed to contrary to convenient to devoted to essential to familiar to favorable to opposed to peculiar to relevant to be used to beneficial to
  7)形容词 + in absorbed in confident in disappointed in experienced in interested in lacking in lost in rich in successful in
  8)形容词 + with
associated with annoyed with angry with busy with friendly with nervous with patient in satisfied with Exercise: 一.单词
  1. She has been busy after she became the manager. Her working day often __ well into the night. A. expands B. expends C. extends D. extents
  2. This __ him to the first rank among the writers of fiction. A. raised B. lifted C. rose D. made
  3. It is arranged that the opening ceremony will __ at 10:00 Wednesday morning next week. A. happened B. occur C. appear D. take place
  4. The sight __ to me the days of my childhood in the countryside. A. reminded B. recalled C. remembered D. recommended
  5. Good transportation is essential to the __ growth of the country. A. economy B. economical C. economics D. economic
  6. The judge’s order to arrest me was no longer __. A. creative B. effective C. efficient D. competent
  7. Burglars broke is into the __ flat while the Whites were on holiday. A. vacant B. blank C. bare D. empty
  8. She is engaged in __ research. A. historical B. historic C. history D. histrionic
  9. She had never felt so __ and helpless in her life. A. along B. lonely C. alone D. aloud
  10. As far as hobbies are concerned, Tom and his brother have little in __ . A. common B. average C. popular D. normal
  11. The restoration of China’s lawful rights in the United Nations was a great __ in history. A. case B. incident C. accident D. event
  12. Mr. Smith will leave for New York in__November. A. late B. lately C. later D. latter

  13. It is said that the tips of the fingers are particularly __ . A. sense B. senseless C. sensitive D. sensible
  14. It’s almost __ that our team will win. A. certain B. sure C. exact D. accurate
  15. Some people in the back row were __ al the time during the lecture. A. speaking B. talking C. saying D. replying
  16. The school is going to __ the sports meeting to next week. A. postpone B. delay C. replace D. exchange
  17. People can’t bear this __ hot weather. A. continual B. continuous C. various D. variety
  18. Educational TV stations offer teaching in various __ ranging from home nursing to art appreciation. A. directions B. points C. occurred D. subjects
  19. I didn’t know what to do but when an idea suddenly __ . A. happened B. entered C. occurred D. hit
  20. Waiter in restaurants __ all kinds of food and drink to customers. A. entertain B. serve C. provide D. offer 二.固定搭配
  1. The failure in examination __ his inadequate preparation. A. resulted in B. resulted from C. led to D. let in
  2. The party __ us to turn grief into strength. A. called off B. called at C. called on D. called to
  3. He __ a number of journals for his information. A. went through B. saw through C. looked through D. notice through
  4. We have run __ typing paper. A. into B. over C. on D. out of
  5. Scientists will have to __ new methods of increasing the world’s food supply. A. come up to B. come up with C. come up for D. come put of
  6. you can __ our family whenever you are in need of assistance. A. associate with B. connect with
C. count on D. relate to
  7. The “lost money” __ to be in the safe all the time. A. turned into B. turned out C. turned over D. turned down
  8. “Psychology” is __ the study of human behavior by scientific methods. A. defined as B. taken as C. regarded as D. believed as
  9. John found it extremely difficult to __ his had habits A. do without B. dispose of C. clear up D. do away with
  10. They could hardly believe that the trouble should __ the new engine of the car. A. lie in B. turn to C. come to D. bring down
  11. We didn’t tell her the sad news for fear that she might not __ the heavy blow. A. come up with B. make up for C. put up with D. stand up for
  12. The chairman put __ his plan, expecting that everyone would approve it. A. toward B. up C. out D. forward
  13. You must take into __ the boy’s long illness. A. account B. condition C. chance D. calculation
  14. I don’t like to disturb you, because you’re quite tired __ working hard today. A. on B. from C. out D. of
  15. Unlike most Chinese, many Americans __ bread and eggs for breakfast every morning. A. used to eat B. are used to eat C. are used to eating D. used to eating
  16. You should learn to take __ of every opportunity to improve oral English. A. chance B. use C. action D. advantage
  17. I took someone’s umbrella by __ . A. heart B. mistake C. nature D. the way
  18. Some men broke __ the central bank near the post office last Sunday. A. into B. up C. off D. out
  19. The writer was so absorbed __ his job that he did not notice me enter the room. A. on B. in C. of D. at

  20. He tried to make __ all the trouble he had caused. A. out B. up C. for D. up for 三.语法
  1. In the last ten years, great changes __ in my hometown. A. have been taken place B. took place C. was taken place D. have taken place
  2. He discovered that his luggage __ stolen. A. had been B. has been C. was D. would be
  3. I __ everything by the time you get back next time. A. shall finish B. will be finishing C. have finished C. shall have finished
  4. I have no doubt __ he will overcome all his difficulties. A. whether B. which C. that D. if
  5. The science __ deals with the law of nature is called natural science. A. which B. who C. by which D. whom
  6. The city __ my father grew up is not far from here. A. what B. where C. wherever D. which
  7. __ you lice next door to Mr. Roberts, you ought to be able to recognize him. A. Although B. Since C. Where D. Unlike
  8. Anyone can borrow books from this library __ he keeps them clean. A. even if B. unless C. as long as D. so that
  9. All matter is made of atoms, which are too small __ even through the most powerful microscope. A. to be seem B. to see them C. to have seen D. to be seeing
  10. Every day they spend a lot of time __ their assignments. A. to do B. on doing C. by doing D. doing
  11. __ five successful novels, she published a collection of short stories. A. Having been written C. Writing B. Having Written D. To write
  12. What do you think of the performances __ by the girls of Grade III? A. giving B. gave C. having given D. given

  13. It is necessary that the project __ before next Monday. A. be completed B. is completed C. is to be completed D. will be completed
  14. I lift very early last night, but I wish I __ so early. A. haven’t left B. didn’t leave C. hadn’t left D. couldn’t leave
  15. I was ill that day. Otherwise I __ the meeting. A. would have attended B. would attend C. attended D. should had attended 五.以单词正确的形式填空
  1. You’d better (copy) the whole article at once.
  2. The manager promised (get) me a position in his company.
  3. Remember ( lock) the door when you leave.
  4. The main benefit of (work) with the company is the opportunity to travel abroad.
  5. I don’t mind (have) a dog in the house so long as it’s clean and it doesn’t smell.
  6. Did you have any difficulty (get) a visa to Britain?
  7. The children from the U.S. got used to (eat) Chinese food quite soon.
  8. They stopped (search) for the missing plane as the weather was very rough.
  9. If you intend (visit) the National Garden, please contact me soon.
  10. I wondered why the boy often avoided (talk) with his classmates.
  11. To my (surprising), he passed the test.
  12. In recent years, Japan has to become less (depend) on importing fish from other countries.
  13. He told me that it was not his fault, he was not (response)for the accident.
  14. The weather here is (change). You’d better bring a rain coat with you in case it rains.
  15. Although I do not share his religious (believe), I respect him.
  16. When I apply for jobs, I find I am always at a (advantage) because I can’t drive.
 

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