Unit Four: The Virtual World
Detailed Reading
Useful expressions & New words
Grammar
Sentence Explanation
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
D
etailed Reading
Useful Expression

  1. 一周中的最好时光
  2.投稿 投稿
  3.有时 有时
  4.对……感到厌恶 对 感到厌恶
  5.社交方式 社交方式
highlight of the week submit articles at times feel an aversion to forms of socializing
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
D
etailed Reading
Useful Expression

  6.缺乏自律 缺乏自律
  7. 网络交际
  8.面对 面对
  9.穿着得体 穿着得体
  10.坏脾气 坏脾气
a lack of discipline cyber-interaction be confronted with be dressed appropriately be bad-tempered
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
D
etailed Reading
Useful Expression

  11.在此状态下 在此状态下
  12.日常事务 日常事务
  13.依赖 依赖
  14. 长期失业
  15. 吸毒
in this state daily routine rely on long-term unemployment drug abuse
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
D
etailed Reading
Useful Expression

  16. 恢复平衡
  17. 将 …… 与 …… 区分开
  18. 面对面
  19. 找借口
restore balance set apart…from… face to face make an excuse
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
N
ew Words
&
Expressions

  1. interpret
  2. stretch
  3. submit
  4. communicate
  5. take in
  6. symptom
  7. conversely

  8. but then
  9. suck in
  10. in sight
  11. remark
  12. cue
  13. routine
  14. rely
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
N
ew Words
&
Expressions

  13. abuse
  14. arrange
  15. interview
  16. appointment
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
interpretv. ⑴ understand (sth. said, ordered, or done) 理解 e.g. She made a gesture, which he chose to interpret as an invitation. ⑵ give or provide the meaning of , explain 解释 e.g. This dream can be interpreted in several different ways.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
⑶ translate what is said in one language into another e.g. No one in the tour group spoke Spanish so we had to ask the guide to interpret. Practice
诗有助于阐述人生的意义。 诗有助于阐述人生的意义。
Poetry helps to interpret life.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
stretchv. (cause to) become longer, wider, etc. without breaking 拉长,伸展 e.g. My wool coat stretched when I washed it. Practice
我的工作时间从早上7点延长至晚上 点 我的工作时间从早上 点延长至晚上8点。 点延长至晚上
My working day stretches from seven in the morning to eight at night.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
submitv. ⑴ vt. give (sth.) to sb. so that it may be formally considered (followed by to) 提交,呈递 e.g.
  1.You should submit your reports to the committee.
  2. I am going to submit an application for that job in Microsoft.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
⑵ vt. yield (oneself) to the will or power of another, agree to obey e.g. Should a wife submit herself to her husband? ⑶ vi. give in to the will or power of another e.g. He may be defeated, but he will never submit.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
Practice
皮特把有关新广场的计划递交给当地政府。 皮特把有关新广场的计划递交给当地政府。
Peter submitted his plans for the new town square to the local government.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
communicate--⑴ vi. contact sb. in any way, eap. by speaking to them, writing to them or calling them (followed by with) e.g. We can communicate with people in most parts of the world by telephone. ⑵ vt. make (news, opinions, feelings, etc.) known e.g. The radio stations communicate the storm warnings to the islanders.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
Practice
  1.年轻人有时抱怨无法与父母沟通思想。 年轻人有时抱怨无法与父母沟通思想。 Young people sometimes complain of not being able to communicate with their parents.

  2. 这首诗流露出作者的绝望心情。 这首诗流露出作者的绝望心情。
This poem communicates the author's despair.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
常用搭配
take in--
  1) receive, admit
  2) include
  3) make (clothes) narrower
  4) understand
  5) deceive
  6) see at a glance; see at once
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
Practice
  1. The dress was too big, so I took it in.
  2. I didn’t take in what you were saying. took in
  3. She every details of the other woman’s clothes.
  4. Do you mean we should get rid of the stale and take in the fresh?
  5. Don’t be by her promises. taken in
  6. This is the total cost of the trip, taking in everything.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
take after 仿效,跟随;相像,在相貌、脾气或性格上相似 仿效,跟随; 在相貌、 take apart 拆开 收回(所说的或所写的事) 收回(所说的或所写的事) 拿下, 拿下,放下 把……视作;误认为 视作; 视作 脱掉(衣服等);起飞 脱掉(衣服等);起飞 ); 从事; 从事;开始对付 取出; 取出;弄走 接管 举起;开始从事 举起;开始从事
Pre-Reading Detailed Reading Post Reading
扩展
take back take down take for take off take on take out take over take up
Warm-up
应用
symptomn. ⑴ sign of the existence of sth. bad 征兆 e.g. The Government must not ignore these symptoms of discontent among their own supporters. ⑵ change in the body that indicates an illness 症状 e.g. A cold, fever and headache are the usual symptoms of flu.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
Practice

  1. 高利率是经济不景气的征兆。 高利率是经济不景气的征兆。
High interest rates are a symptom of a weak economy.

  2. 所有这些症状表明是癌症。 所有这些症状表明是癌症。
All the symptoms point to cancer.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
converselyad. in a way that is opposite to sth. 相反地 e.g. $1 buy 100 yen worth of Japanese goods. Conversely, 100 yen will buy $1 worth of American goods. You can add the fluid to the powder or conversely, the powder to the fluid.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
常用搭配
but thenyet at the same time 然而,但另一方 e.g. The failure of China’s soccer team looks inevitable. But then, anything can happen in football. Practice
玛丽在期末考试中比别的学生表现更好,然而, 玛丽在期末考试中比别的学生表现更好,然而,她比别 人花更多的时间。 人花更多的时间。 Mary performed better than the others in the final exam; but then, she spent much longer on it than they did.
Warm-up Pre-Reading Detailed Reading Post Reading
常用搭配 suck in(usu. passive) involve (sb.) in an activity, an argument,etc., usu. against their will (used in the pattern: suck sb. in/into sth.; suck in) 使卷入;吸引 e.g. Some teenagers don’t want to get involved with gangs, but they find themselves getting sucked in.
Practice
我不想卷入有关学校改革的辩论中去。 我不想卷入有关学校改革的辩论中去。 I don’t want to get sucked into the debate about school reform.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
常用搭配
in sight--⑴ visible 可看到的 e.g. No vehicle is in sight. ⑵ likely to come soon 临近 e.g. The end of the economic nightmare is still nowhere in sight. Practice

  1. 两个月过去了,还不见胜利的踪影。 两个月过去了,还不见胜利的踪影。
Two months passed, and victory was not yet in sight.
Warm-up Pre-Reading Detailed Reading Post Reading
Practice
当火车开进车站时,我一下子看见父母站在月台上。
  2. 当火车开进车站时,我一下子看见父母站在月台上。 As the train pulled into the station my parents standing on the platform were soon in sight.
扩展
lose sight of 看不见;失去联系;忘记;没有考虑到 out of sight 看不到,不被看到
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
remark--⑴ n. things said or written as a comment 言辞,话 语 e.g. He closed the discussion with the remark that “he who plays with fire gets burnt”. ⑵ v. say, esp. something which one has just noticed; give as an opinion 评论 e.g. His fluency with the Chinese language was remarked upon by all his Chinese colleagues.
Warm-up Pre-Reading Detailed Reading Post Reading
[辨析] 辨析
remark & comment 这两个词都可用作名词,都有“谈论”、“评论”之意。 remark 是常用词,指议论、评价,常含有一种随便的意味。 例如: I should be pleased to have your remark. 我将很高兴听到你的意见。 comment 通常强调批判性的评述。例如: Some scathing (严厉的)comments were heard from visitors. 从来宾那听到了一些尖刻的批评。
Warm-up Pre-Reading Detailed Reading Post Reading
应用
cuen. anything that serves as a signal about what to do or say (followed by to/for)提示,暗 示 e.g. When he started to talk about the finances, that was our cue to get up quietly and leave. Practice
当我点头的时候, 当我点头的时候,就是给你提示把样品给 客户看。 客户看。
When I nod my head, that’s your cue to show the sample to the clients.
Warm-up Pre-Reading Detailed Reading Post Reading
应用
routinen. A fixed and regular way of doing things (often adjectival) 例行事物, 日常工作, 惯例 e.g. These two babies have different daily routines. Practice
在退休以后他有了新的日常安排。 在退休以后他有了新的日常安排。
He established a new routine after retirement.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
relyvi. depend confidently on, put trust in e.g. You may rely on my early arrival. Some children rely heavily on the advice of their parents. [辨析] rely, trust, depend 辨析 这些词都有“信任”、“相信”的意思。 rely 指完全的信任。例如: You are the only woman I can rely on. He can be relied on to keep secret.
Warm-up Pre-Reading Detailed Reading Post Reading
trust 常强调基于没有说服力的证据的信仰产生的信心。例 如: We must try to trust one another. Stay and cooperate. I don't think I could trust myself to speak to him about it. depend 意味着对另一个人的帮助或支持有信心。例如: It is foolhardy (愚勇的)to depend on Middle Eastern countries for our oil supplies. It all depends on how you tackle the problem.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
abuse--n.
  1) wrong or excessive use e.g. The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a report on drug abuse and addiction.
  2) cruel treatment e.g. The policemen are making an investigation of child abuse. vt.
  1) put to wrong use; use badly e.g. He has abused my confidence in him.
  2) do cruel things to (a person or animal) e.g. I won’t allow you to abuse that dog.
Warm-up Pre-Reading Detailed Reading Post Reading
abuse, misuse, mistreat 这些词都可用作动词,都有“不公正对待”、“伤害”或 “滥用”之意。 abuse 最普通,指各种故意的或非故意的、言语上的辱骂或 行为上的伤害。例如: He was always abusing people when he was drunk. The serf-owners had the right to beat, abuse or even kill the serfs at will. misuse 指不适当的使用,即“误用”、“滥用”,并不一 定有目 的性。例如: He misused the idiom.
[辨析] 辨析
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
mistreat 多用于美国英语,表示苛刻或残暴地对待。例如: The dog’s owner mistreated him terribly. The magistrate (地方官员)administered a public thrashing (鞭打)to the landlord who had mistreated his brother.
法官对那虐待兄弟的地主施以当众鞭苔。
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
arrangevt.
  1) prepare or plan e.g. The Tourist Bureau arranged everything for our journey to Rome.
  2) put in order e.g. I arranged the books on the shelves.
常用搭配 arrange for arrange with sb. about sth.
Warm-up Pre-Reading Detailed Reading
安排, 准备 与某人商定某事
Post Reading
Practice

  1. 我已经安排一辆出租明天早上八点接我们。 我已经安排一辆出租明天早上八点接我们。 I have arranged for a taxi to pick us up at 8:00 a.m.
  2. 如果你愿意,我可以安排你和我们一起走。 如果你愿意,我可以安排你和我们一起走。 I could arrange for you to come along with us if you like.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
应用
interview--n.
  1) meeting at which a journalist asks sb. questions in order to find out their news e.g. Radio interviews are generally more relaxed than television ones.
  2) formal meeting at which sb. applying for a job is asked questions, as a way of judging how suitable they are e.g. She has had a couple of job interviews, but no offers.
Warm-up
Pre-Reading
Detailed Reading
Post Reading
vt. ask questions of (somebody) in an interview
e.g. I will be interviewed
 

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