写作专项辅导 第一章 2010 年 4 月作文
考试技巧: 考试技巧:
  1、考试前要熟悉常考的作文题目和范文。 、考试前要熟悉常考的作文题目和范文。
  2、遇到不完全一样的题目,或者题目要求与所复习的内容不完全一致,不要慌张,尽量找 、遇到不完全一样的题目,或者题目要求与所复习的内容不完全一致,不要慌张, 类似的题目模仿; 类似的题目模仿;
  3、写信和通知时要遵循固定的格式。 、写信和通知时要遵循固定的格式。
  4、第一段一定要点题; 、第一段一定要点题;
  5、如果作文没有具体要求,也最好分为三段。 、如果作文没有具体要求,也最好分为三段。
第一类: 第一类:写信和通知

  1、A letter to a friend 给一位朋友的一封信 、 Mar.16,2010 Dear Li Hua, It’s long time we haven’t seen each other. I miss you very much. How’s everything going on with you ? I am busy preparing for PETS
  4. I would appreciate if you could help me buy PETS 4 English oral textbook which was issued by the Beijing Press, because the books were sold out here. Drop in when you are free. I often think of those happy days we spent together when we were at University. Please let me know as soon as possible once you get the book. My best wishes. Yours truly,
基本格式
April 3, 2010 Dear XX, 称呼 …………………………………………………………………………………………(正文部分) Best wishes! 结束语 签名 Sincerely yours, XX
注意问题

  1)日期写在右上角,年份必须是放在最后; (
  2)称呼应与左边线对齐,后面的标点一定是用逗号; (
  3)结束语 Yours Sincerely, Sincerely yours, Yours Faithfully, Faithfully yours, Yours Truly, Truly yours,第一个字母要大写,结束语后要用逗号 (
  4) 署名一般低于结束语一两行,从信纸中间偏右的地方开始(注意:考生在答卷时不要 使用自己的真实姓名) ; (
  5)如果是要求写电子邮件,在前面所讲的基本格式前面还要加上以下内容: From: 任意一个电子邮箱地址 To:任意一个电子邮箱地址 Subject: Greetings / Invitation / Thanks …
  2、写通知 1 、
1
请按下列要求写一个通知
  1. 我们的英语老师将举行晚会,请全班同学参加。
  2. 晚会时间:晚上六点;地点:在 102 教室。 请每个同学准备唱一首英文歌曲或用英语讲一个笑话。 Notice Subject: Our English teacher will hold an English Party, and all the classmates are invited. Time: 6 pm Place: Classroom 102 Note: Every student should prepare an English song or an English joke.
  3、给报社的一封信 、 假如你叫李华,你的同学正在开展一场讨论,主题是:学生要不要参加体育锻炼。请根 据下面所提供的信息,给某英语报社写一封信,介绍讨论情况。 60%的学生 40%的学生
  1.应该每天进行体育锻炼
  1. 锻炼浪费时间
  2.做早操、打乒乓、打篮球,但不要时间过长
  2. 锻炼使人疲劳
  3.锻炼能增强体质减少疾病
  3. 锻炼以后很兴奋, 较长时间不能投入学习
  4. 锻炼能使大脑休息,使学习效果更好
  4. 锻炼中可能会受伤 注意:
  1. 信的开头已经为你写好,但不计入总词数
  2. 词数:80 字左右 参考单词:reduce vt. 减少 I am writing to tell you something about one of the discussion among our classmates. The main topic is whether the students should do some sports or not. 60% of the classmates think that the students should do some sports everyday. They suggest that the students do morning exercises, play table tennis, or play basketball, but not for a long time. They believe that will make them more healthy, and reduce the chances to get ill, and so they can study better. However, 40% of the classmates disagree with those students. They think doing sports is wasting time. And they think doing sports will make them tired. Sometimes sports will make them too excited to sit down for study. Moreover, people are easy to hurt themselves when doing sports. I want to know your opinion on this matter. Your Truly, Li Hua
  4、给 David 的一封 email 、 假如你叫李华, 在因特网上找到一个叫 David 的网友, 请根据下列要点给 David 写个 e-mail, 介绍你自己的一些情况。
  1. 李华,在职学生,家住上海。
  2. 喜欢集邮和运动。
  3.对英语很感兴趣,会唱不少英文歌曲。
  4. 班里同学也很想找网友,希望得到帮助。
  5.想去英国看看。 注意:
  1. 开头部分已写好,只需接着写。
  2. 词数:80 个左右。 David, I am Li Hua. I am a student, living in Shanghai. I like collecting stamps and doing sports. I often go swimming after school. And on the weekends, I often play football with my friends. I have been collecting stamps since I was 5, so I have got about 3000 stamps.
2
I like English very much. I often read English newspapers and listen to the English songs. So I can sing a lot of English songs. Among them, “You and Me” is my favorite. I am very glad to have you as my key pal. Now some of my classmates want to find a foreign key pal, too. I don’t know whether you can help them. Reading your emails is very interesting, and the photos of U.K. you sent me last time are so beautiful. I am eager to go there to see you.

  5、写通知 2 、 明天(星期五)全班同学将去参观科学博物馆(the Science Museum) ,由你(班长)通知全 体同学(通知的开头和结尾已经给给出) 。具体内容如下:
  1. 早上 8 点钟在校门口集合,不行前往;
  2. 参观时要认真听,仔细看,并记下有趣的东西;
  3. 不可在博物馆内大声喧哗及拍照;
  4. 携带钢笔和笔记本;
  5. 下星期一交一份有关参观的报告。 要求:
  1. 不要逐句翻译;
  2. 词数 80 个左右。 Notice All the classmates will visit the Science Museum tomorrow (Friday), and everyone has to go to the school gate at 8 in the morning. We will go there on foot. We should take our notebook and pen so that we can write down what we are interested in. When visiting, we should listen and look carefully. In the museum, we can’t shout and take photos. The most important, we have to hand in a visiting report next Monday.
  6、写信讲述乐施会毅行者活动情况 、 Oxfam Trailwalker(乐施会毅行者)是一个非常著名的慈善机构。假如你是 Lucy,现在要写 封信给你澳大利亚的好友, 向他介绍你哥哥和他的朋友们上个星期参加乐施会毅行者活动的 情况。信中要包括以下内容,信的开头和结尾已经写好。 词数 80 左右。 概况:自从 1981 来是香港最大的资金募集活动之一。 目的:帮助香港以及亚洲(Asia) 、非洲(Africa)其它地区的穷人。 有关远足的信息:上个星期,哥哥和他朋友们在 48 小时内走完了 100 公里的路。在途中, 他们互相支持和帮助。 为什么呢?因为只有团队的结束时间才被记录下来。 后援队给他们拿 来食物和干衣服。 感想: 这是一次极好的学习团队精神的机会。 我们为什么不尽力去帮助那些需要中的人呢? 等我满了 18 岁,我也要参加香港乐施会毅行者。 Maybe you have never heard the term--Oxfam Trailwalker. So I want to tell you something about it. It has become one of the greatest fund raising activities since 19
  81. Its aim is to help the poor in Hong Kong and other places in Asia and Africa. Last week, the friends of my elder brother’s and he walked 100 km in 48hours. During the time, they supported and helped each other. Why so? Because only the finish time of teams will be recorded. The supporters brought them food and dry clothes. We all think it is a good chance to learn what team spirit is. Why don’t we try our best to help
3
those in need? When I am 18, I will join Oxfam Trailwalker. 第二类: 第二类:写人 写人可以采用某个模板,这样可以用最短时间记忆最有用的内容, 写人可以采用某个模板,这样可以用最短时间记忆最有用的内容,不论遇到什么样写人的 题目,都可以适当地运用这样的模板。不过要注意,在使用时要确定这个人的性别, 题目,都可以适当地运用这样的模板。不过要注意,在使用时要确定这个人的性别,然后 之间确定其中的一个系列: 在 she 和 he,him 和 her,his 和 her 之间确定其中的一个系列: , , My father/mother is the one I love most. ( 或者 Lisa/John is my best workmate/friend/ classmate/teacher. ) Why so? Firstly I think s/he is the best wo/man in the world since s/he is very kind. Secondly, s/he is the top worker in his/her/the company. S/He is good at his/her work and always ready to help his/her/the workmates. I am proud of him/her. Thirdly, s/he studies hard. S/He is a good student. S/He always thinks it’s never too late to learn. So s/he comes together with me to study English in TV University. And s/he always gets the first place in class. I admire him/her very much. Just because the above reasons, I love him/her very much. 这个模板十分有用,下面大家可以从不同范文中找到模板中的内容。 这个模板十分有用,下面大家可以从不同范文中找到模板中的内容。
  1、 My best workmate 我最好的同事 、 Mary is my best workmate. Why so? Firstly I think she is the best man in the world. She is always very kind. Secondly, she is the top worker in her company. She is good at her work and always ready to help her workmates. I am proud of her. Thirdly, she studies hard. She is a good student. She always thinks it’s never too late to learn. So she comes together with me to study English in TV University. And she always gets the first place in class. I admire her very much. Because of the above reasons, I like her very much, and she is my best workmate.
  2、The man I love most in my life 我人生中最爱的一个人 、 My father is the one I love most. Why so? Firstly I think he is the best man in the world since I was a little girl. He takes good care of me. Secondly, he is the top worker in his company. He is good at his work and always ready to help his workmates. I am proud of him. Thirdly, he studies hard. He is a good student. He always thinks it’s never too late to learn. So he comes together with me to study English in TV University. And he always gets the first place in class. I admire him very much. Because of the above reasons, I love my father very much.
  3、假设 20 年后的自己 、 假如你是以下内容是你未来 20 年的设想。请以此为题写一篇短文,介绍 20 年后的你。内容 可适当发挥。 In 20 years Job Police officer Appearance Tall, strong Short straight hair Place Beijing Sports Swimming Table tennis Family Two children
4
I am a strong tall police officer, with short straight hair. I live in Beijing?the capital of China. There are many people in the city, so my work is very busy. Every day I will go to work by car. And my work is mainly trying to catch the thieves. Although I am busy, I have a lot of hobbies, such as swimming and table tennis. I often go swimming or play table tennis with my workmates. I am married, and I have two children: a boy and a girl. They are both very lovely, so I love them very much.
  4、My teacher in high school 高中的老师 、 My favorite teacher is Miss Huang. She is a beautiful lady. She teaches us English, and she has a lot of hobbies. Miss Huang likes singing and collecting posters. She is good at playing the piano. In the evening, she always sits in front of the piano and plays nice music. She is good at dancing, too. Sometimes she teaches us dancing. Miss Huang likes dogs very much because the dog is very friendly and cute. Her favorite color is blue. Because blue is the color of the sky and the sea. This is my favourite teacher in high school. Our classmates all like her very much.
  5、My beloved grandparents 我爱着的祖父母 、 I love my grandparents very much. They are two kind old people. When I was a little boy, my parents were very busy, so I was brought up by my grandparents. They took care of me?cooking for me, washing my clothes, cleaning my room, and playing with me. So, they were very important in my childhood. Now, they are really very old and not as healthy as before. So I will go to see them this summer. I am eager to see my beloved grandparents.
  6、 、 Talking about yourself 说说你自己 请注意与上面 高中的老师 的范文有很多相同之处, 说说你自己(请注意与上面“高中的老师 的范文有很多相同之处, 高中的老师”的范文有很多相同之处 ( 可以当作一个模板背诵) 可以当作一个模板背诵) I am not very tall and not very fat. I have round face and big eyes, with short black hair. I am a worker, but I have a lot of hobbies. I like singing and collecting posters. And I am good at playing the piano. In the evening, I always sit in front of the piano and play nice music. I am also good at dancing. I like dogs very much because the dog is very friendly and cute. My favorite color is blue, because blue is the color of the sky and the sea. This is myself.
  7、My teacher of English 我的英语老师(可使用上
 

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