1. 否定句型
  1) 部分否定。 其否定意义只局限于整体中的一部分。 其形式: 概括词 all, every 等+not+ “ 谓语动词” 。常用于该句型词:all, both, everybody, everywhere, always, altogether, entirely, wholly 等。 All is not gold that glitters. I do not wholly agree.
  2) 完全否定。其形式:no, none 等否定词+肯定式谓语。常用于该句型词:no, none, nobody, nothing, nowhere, never, neither, nowhere, nowise, 等。还有一种句型:all 等概括词+肯定式谓 语+否定意义的词。 No words can describe the scene. 任何言词均不能描绘那景色。 All his plan came to nothing.
  3)双重否定 a. 主语+cannot+ help/refrain/keep + from + v-ing He could not help showing his pleasure.他不由得喜形于色。 b. 主语+cannot+ but/choose but/ help but +do They can not choose but admit that they are wrong. c. (there be) not +主语+but+谓语 (There is )Nobody but has his faults. 人人都有缺点。
  2. 判断句型
  1) 强调判断句 a. 主语+be+ no/none +other than/but +表语(强调内容) The tall figure that I saw was none other than our commander. b. 主语+be+ nothing+(else)but/ else than/ less than+ 表语 Genius is nothing but labor and diligence.天才只不过是劳动加勤奋而已。 c. it is/was +强调部分+that/ who +从句 It is I who am to blame.
  2) 正反判断句 a. 主语+be +not+表语 a, but +表语 b What I admire in Columbus is not his discovered a world, but his having gone to search for it on the faith of an opinion. b. (it is) not… that(who) …, but…that (who) Not that we are afraid of them, but that they are afraid of us.
  3)比较判断句: a. 主语+be less+表语 a +than 表语 b / more+表语 b+表语 a Experience shows that success is due less to abilities than to zeal. b. 主语+be+表语 b+ rather than+表语 a He is an artist rather than a philosopher. c. 主语+be+ not so much +表语 a+ as+表语 b It is so much advice as approval that he seeks. 他寻求的与其说是忠告,不如说是忠告。
  3. 倍数表示句型: a. 主语+be+倍数+that of 被比较对象/ as +形容词+as+被比较对象
In this workshop the output is four times that of January. b. 主语+increase/rise/attain+(to) 倍数+compared with+被比较对象 Now the industry of the country has attained 6 times of last year. c. 主语+increase+(by)百分数+ (compared with) Many counties have increased their farm output by 100 percent in a short time.
  4. 比较句型
  1) 等比句型 a. 主语+谓语+as+ adj./adv. +as+ as+被比较对象 He is as tall as I am. b. 主语+谓语+no more/less+ adj./adv.+ than 被比较对象 She is no less diligent than her sister.
  2) 其他比较句型 我 would (had) rather… than/ ….rather than… …would sooner than… Sooner than do such work, I would starve.我你愿饿死,也不干这工作。
  5. 程度句型
  1) a. so… that…/ such…that The difference is such that all will perceive it. d. 主语+谓语+程度状语 so/such +adj./adv. +as + to do Your stupidity is cu as to fill me with despair.
  1) too… to It is too good to be true.
  6. 倒装让步句型 a. 表语+as +主语(代词)+联系动词,+主句 b. 表语+联系动词+主语(名词) ,+主句 c. 副词/动词原形+as +主语,+主句 Disabled as is Paul, he is trying his best to serve the people. Try as we might, we could not accomplish it.
  7. It 作形式主语的常艰句型 a. It is+ adj.+ that It is possible that the students come this afternoon. b. It 不及物动词+that It turns out that the price begins to go down. c. It be +名词+that… It was the case that everything was in a mess. d. It be +done + that It is said that a foreign teacher will come to our class.

New words adj. 在前[先]的, 前面的; 上述的 the preceding night 前一晚 in the preceding chapter 在前章 vt. (时间, 位置, 次序)在...之先[前], 领先于, 在...之上; 比...重要, 在...前加上; 为...加上引言(by, with)
The tourists were preceded by their guide. 向导走在游客的前面。 He preceded his speech with welcome to the guests. 他在正式讲演前, 先对来宾表示欢迎。 3 、 impromptu adv.,adj. 即 席 地 [ 的 ], 临 时 地 [ 的 ], 事 先 无 准 备 地 [ 的 ] a speech made impromptu 即席演说 made an impromptu speech 即席演讲
  4、humiliation humiliate 羞辱, 蒙耻 v. 羞辱, 使丢脸, 耻辱 humiliate oneself 丢脸, 出丑 The country was humiliated by defeat. 该国因战败而受辱。 n. 临时接受 acceptanc 接受; 验收 答应, 承认; 认可, 肯定 receive wide acceptance 得到广泛承认

  5、provisional acceptance
find acceptance with;gain acceptance with;win acceptance with;find acceptance in gain acceptance in ;win acceptance in 获得公认, 得到赞同 acceptance of persons 偏爱, 偏袒, 讲情面

  6、accept Acceptability 合意,适合;可接受性,可承诺性 Acceptable 合意的,可接受的,可承诺的,容忍的 Acceptance 接受,接纳;赞同;承认 Acceptant a. 接受的,易于接受的; n. 接受者,领受者 Acceptation = acceptance 承认;赞同 Accepted a. 公认的,认为恰当的;一般所向,新的 ~ly, adv. Accepter/ acceptor 领受者,接纳者 区别 accept/receive
  7、 ambitious 志向远大的; 有雄心壮志的; 豪迈的; 有野心的 热望的/矫饰的; 矜矫的/炫耀 自负的 ambition n. 野心, 雄心 ambitious for [power, social position, etc.] 极欲获得[权力, 社会地位等] be ambitious of success 渴望成功 be ambitious to serve the people 一心想为人民服务 8 、 promotion n. 促 进 , 发 扬 , 提 升 , 提 拔 , 晋 升 Promote vt. promote growth [prosperity, understanding] 促进增长[繁荣, 了解] be promoted (to be [to the rank of]) first mate 被提为 提为大副 提为 Several banks promoted the company. 好几家银行创办 创办了这个公司。 创办 The boy was promoted to the fourth grade. 这个男孩升到 升到四年级。 升到 The company are promoting their new products on television. 这家公司在电视上宣传 宣传他们的 宣传 新产品。
  9、 inevitably adj. 不可避免的; 无法避免的; 必然(发生)的/ 照例必有的; 惯常的 the inevitable course of history 历史的必由之路 Death is inevitable. 死是不可避免的。 Mary was wearing her inevitable large hat. 玛丽戴着她总是戴的那顶大帽子。
  10、 assume vt. 假定, 设想/担任; 承担; 接受/采取; 采用; 表现为, 呈(形式, 姿态, 位置) /装出, 假装/擅取, 侵占 assume this to be true 假定这是真的 assume office 就职 assume the reins of government 执政, 开始掌权 assume a leading position 担任领导职务 assume responsibility 负责, 承担责任 assume a new aspect 呈现新的面貌 assume airs of 摆...架子 assume great airs 神气活现, 装作要人的模样, 摆架子
The motion of matter always assumes certain forms. 物质的运动总是表现为一定的形式。 He's not such a fool as you assumed him to be. 他并非你所以为的那样愚蠢。
  11、fascinate vt. 迷住, 使神魂颠倒; 吸引; 使感兴趣蛊惑住 The changing vivid colours of the sunset fascinated the eye. 日落时变化多端的色彩使人看得入迷。 Writing ? ? ? ? ? ? Write a short essay describing a rite of passage in China. Think about: 1 what is the event, and where does it take place? 2 in what way can it be seen as a rite of passage? 3 who takes part in it? 4 what happens afterwards? 5 has the event changed at all in recent years?
HIT consists of > >
  1. School of Astronautics, >
  2. School of Mechanic and Electrical Engineering, >
  3. School of Material Science and Engineering, >
  4. School of Energy Science and Engineering, >
  5. School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, >
  6. School of Science, >
  7. School of Management, >
  8. School of Humanities and Social Sciences, >
  9. School of Computer Science and Technology, >
  10. School of Software, >
  11. School of Civil Engineering, >
  12. School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, >
  13. School of Architecture, >
  14. School of Science and Engineering on Communication, >
  15. School of Vehicle Engineering (Branch Campus at Weihai), >
  16. School of Food Science, >
  17. School of International Relations of Economics and Trade >
  18. School of Foreign Languages, >
  19. School of Law, >
  20. Dept. of Media Technology and Art. >



   翻译中常见的句型 1. 否定句型 1) 部分否定。 其否定意义只局限于整体中的一部分。 其形式: 概括词 all, every 等+not+ “ 谓语动词” 。常用于该句型词:all, both, everybody, everywhere, always, altogether, entirely, wholly 等。 All is not gold that glitters. I do not wholly agree. 2) 完全否定。其形式:no, none 等否定词+肯定式谓语。 ...


   汉译英 重要考点 一 虚拟语气 二 非谓语动词 三 倒装结构 四 时态和语态 it形式宾语和形式主语 五 做it形式宾语和形式主语 六 各种从句 七 对比与比较 八 情态动词 汉译英 重要考点 九 祁使句 十 并列句 十一 主谓一致 重点词汇与短语( 十二 重点词汇与短语(见外专 编高频词汇) 编高频词汇) 汉译英 汉译英注意事项: 汉译英注意事项: 明确考点 分析却失部分 语序安排 简洁用词 全句检查 合理用时 ...


   第五部分:英译汉(共 5 小题;每题 3 分,满分 15 分) 请在 15 分钟内把下列 5 句英文翻译成中文。 2008 年 6 月部分英译汉 1. In the world, soccer or football is the most popular sport. (08 年 6 月) 2. She was the only daughter and youngest child of five. (08 年 6 月) 3. The friend saw everything but ...


   1. abnormal a. 不正常的> I’m normal, you’re ~ ! 2. abolish v. 废除 > CET-Band 4 should be abolished ! A daydreamer 3. abrupt a. 突然的, 唐突的 > Your~ manner embarrassed her! 4. absurd a. 荒唐的 >What an ~ idea!来源:http://www.hxen.com 5. accessory n. 附 ...


   一,四级考试对听力能力的要求 《大学英语课程教学基本要求》对学生英语听力能力的一般 大学英语课程教学基本要求》 要求(即四级水平)可以量化为:能听懂英语授课, 要求(即四级水平)可以量化为:能听懂英语授课,能听懂 日常英语谈话和一般性题材讲座, 日常英语谈话和一般性题材讲座 , 能基本听懂英语慢速节 词每分钟, 目,语速 130 词每分钟,并能运用基本听力技巧帮助理解中 心思想和信息要点, 70%. 心思想和信息要点,准确率不低于 70%. 二,四级听力考试的演变过程 从 87 年到 200 ...


   大学英语学习方法简介(阅读篇) 大学英语学习方法简介(阅读篇) 时间:2008-11-25 22:28:02 作者 作者:jason (来可可部落,交更多朋友|订阅可 时间 可听力网电子杂志) 提高阅读水平建议从以下几点进行突破: 提高阅读水平建议从以下几点进行突破: 1.精读为主,多背诵经典篇章:选一本经典教材,比如《新概念》,坚持进 行精读训练. 精读可以从以下几点进行: 首先放在语境中体会单词, 词组的用法. 并且记住一些重要的单词和词组.然后体会句子的结构,句式的安排,句与句之 间的 ...


   2007 年 6 月 第4卷 第6期 湖北经济学院学报( 人文社会科学版) Journal of Hubei University of Economics(Humanities and Social Sciences) Jun.2007 Vol.4 No.6 体育英语翻译方法探讨 孙光旭 ( 淮北煤炭师范学院 大外部, 安徽 淮北 235000 ) 摘 要: 本文通过对体育英语中人名、 地名、 队名及体育名称的错误翻译的分析, 从音译、 意译、 直译等方面进行 阐述, 探索体育英语的翻译方 ...


   本文对应《科技英语中长句的翻译方法》PPT 文件: Those functions that describe how a computer software reacts to mechanical design,called application functions,are more often important to the engineer in engineering applications such as analysis, calculation, and simulat ...


   重庆科技学院学报(社会科学版) 2010 年第 15 期 Journal of Chongqing University of Science and Technology(Social Sciences Edition) No.15 2010 英语影视剧字幕翻译方法研究 段志聪 摘要:从关联理论视角看,影视剧字幕翻译承载了传递交际意图的重要作用,须选择适当的翻译方法,寻求最佳关联。 介 绍了影视剧字幕翻译常用的直译、替代、增译和浓缩翻译方法。 认为根据字幕的特点和特定的语言情境灵活使用这些 ...


   考研教育网名师指导考研英语翻译方法 一、主语从句 (一)关联词或从属连词位于句首的从句+主句谓语+其他成分 它们一般是译在句首,作为主从复合句的主语。这样的词有关联词 what, which, how, why, where, who, whatever, whoever, whenever, wherever 及从属连词 that, whether, if.如: What we now will describe is how the magnetic nature of iron oxi ...



   英语情景对话-交流 Getting people's attention 引起别人注意 1. Can I talk to you ? 能和你谈一下吗? 2. Can we talk? 能一块儿谈谈吗? 3. Let's talk. 我们谈谈吧. 4. Excuse me. You got a minute? 对不起,能耽误你一分钟吗? 5. May I have a word with you? 能和你说句话吗? 6. If you don't mind my asking, where d ...

2008高考英语试题分类汇编 特殊句式

   2008 年全国各地 20 套高考卷分类汇编 单项选择语法 十六. 简单句、 十六.特殊句式 (简单句、强调句、倒装句、省略句 简单句 强调句、倒装句、省略句) (安徽卷)32. Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday? 安徽卷) Yes, , I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city. A. If ever B. If busy C. If anyth ...


   Preliminary Contest 2007 on Capacity of Learning via English Media Hosted by Quality Inspection Centre on China’s Foreign Language Teaching Magazines Attention: This is the question copy. All your answers must be marked or written on the answer she ...

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 2答案

   新视野大学英语(第二版) 新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册 Unit 2 答案 Section A Comprehension o f the text 1. He lived a poor and miserable life during his childhood. 2. Because no one in Britain appeared to appreciate his talent for comedy. His comic figures did not conform to ...


   学习英语较好的电影(英语肥皂剧加电影) 1. 女演员说得较好的电影: Sabrina 情归巴黎 Dove 真假总统 When harry meet salay 当哈里遇见莎莉。 Pretty woman 漂亮女人 My best friend wedding 我最好朋友的婚礼 Eirn Brockovich 永不妥协 There is somewhere about mary 我为玛丽狂 Vanilla sky 香草的天空 Sleepless in seattle 缘分的天空 西雅图不眠夜 ...