Unit 3 The Present
They say that blood is thicker than water, that our relatives are more important to us than others. Everyone was so kind to the old lady on her birthday. Surely her daughter would make an even bigger effort to please her?
Unit 3 The Present

  1. Useful Expressions
  2. Text Interpretation
  3. Word Family
  4. Sentence Structure
  5. Translation Practice
  6. Reading Skill
  7. Guided Writing
  8. Homework
Useful Expressions
难得/ 难得/偶尔 铜牌 老年人口
to one's heart's content On rare occasions Bronze medal Aged population
Primary reason Arranged marriage
首要原因 包办婚姻
Useful Expressions
funeral home efficiency wage endurance exercise beauty spot A minor operation
殡仪馆 计件/效率工资 计件/效率工资 耐力训练 痣,风景区
A bunch of keys
Useful Expressions
official seal
A pang of disappointment A reluctant smile
一阵失望的痛楚 勉强的微笑
To and fro
Tear … into little bits Make a bigger effort
撕成碎片 做出更大努力
Text Interpretation

Warm-up questions Global analysis Detailed reading Picture talk Inspiring quotations

  1. Warm-up questions
Related topics

What is the best present you have ever received? Tell us one of your unforgettable birthdays? Have you ever given your parents presents? Do you think you truly understand your parental love?
Content questions (

  2. Global analysis
◆ What
type is the text? A narration B description C exposition D argumentation
记叙文 a movie 描述文 a picture 说明文 a lecture 议论文 a debate
◆ What
pattern is the text organized in? A problem-solution 问题 解决 问题-解决 B cause-effect 因果 C general-specific 总-分 分 时间 / 顺序 D time / sequence

  2. Global analysis
Basic elements for the story
Setting Characters Plot Climax 80th birthday, second floor flat She, daughters, neighbors, son-in-law Expected a present, but disappointed
Only got a check as the present Point of view The third person Chronology Chronological structure Flashback Theme Recalled what happened 2 years ago Blood is thicker than water.

  2. Global analysis
Changes of her actions and feelings
Expect Concede Expect
Up early, sure of sth, best dress, might come Even if, send a present Brightened, excited, watching, beat fast
Disappoint A pang of disappointment Concede The parcel too large to come by the post Disappoint Reluctantly, trembling, tore into bits

  2. Global analysis
Part division
Parts Paras
1 2 3 1-2 3-12 13-21
Main Ideas
Got up early to be ready for the post Expected the arrival of Myra (‘s present) Received the present and tore it

  3. Detailed reading

Her husband had been made Mayor, and Myra herself had got a medal for her work for the aged. … a school / turned round the corner I’ve arranged for Mrs. Morrison to look after you. Two years ago that was. (more in Para
  20) … another decade lived or endured just as you chose to look at it. The old lady was sure of that.



  3. Detailed reading

Two spots of color brightened her cheeks. She stood by the window, watching. Her heart beat fast. The fourth was sealed, in Myra’s writing. The parcel was too large to come by letter post. That was it. Folded in the card was a piece of paper. …fluttered like a bird with a broken wing.

  4. Picture talk
② ①

  5. Inspiring quotations

  1. To love our parents is the first law of nature. 爱父母是自然的首要法则。 爱父母是自然的首要法则。
  2. We never know the love of our parents for us till we have become parents. 养儿方知父母恩。 养儿方知父母恩。
  3. All I am, or can be, I owe to my angel mother. 我之所有,我之所能,都归功于我天使般的母亲。 我之所有,我之所能,都归功于我天使般的母亲。
  4. How sharper than a serpent's tooth is to have a thank -less child. 逆子无情甚于蛇蝎。 逆子无情甚于蛇蝎。
Word Family
Postmaster, rarely, occasionally, mayoress, medalist, award, content, secondary, fundamental, arrangement, preparation, major, cooperative, dressing/writing table, wedding, effective, century, millennium, bear, last, spotless, lighten, bundle, minty, slippery, seal, bang, appointment, unwilling, bend, shudder
IV. Enriching your word power (54-
Sentence Structure
The parcel was too large to (so large that it couldn’t ) come by letter post. Johnnie said he would not go out to play until (only after) the post had come.
Translation Practice

The famous actor seemed content to play a minor part in the play. National Day is round the corner. Let’s give our bedroom a thorough clean. She agreed, very reluctantly, to be operated on by a young doctor. They’ve arranged for us to visit the Great Wall tomorrow. I’m sure we’ll have a good time there.



Translation Practice




After reading the letter the old man was so disappointed that he tore it into little bits with trembling fingers. The old couple were pound of their grandson, who got two gold medals and a bronze at the 28th Olympic Games. Even if his grandmother could not come to his birthday party, she would send him a lovely present. Tom was sure of that. It was Mary’s twentieth birthday yesterday. Her father sent her a pair of boots. Her mother bought her a box of chocolates. And here boyfriend brought her a bunch of roses.
Reading Skill
Reading in thought groups
While making constant efforts to improve your reading comprehension, you should try consciously to increase your reading speed. And to read in thought groups is an easy, yet effective way of picking up speed and fluency. (
Guided Writing
Using subordinating clauses
It is true that being terse is one of the most important principles in writing. But, it does not mean that you should always write simple and short sentences, which would make your writing too monotonous. It is advisable to use longer and more complex sentence patterns now and then in order to achieve variation. Subordination is just one way of doing that.
Review Preview Recitation Fast reading Sentences Learning journal


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