大学英语第四册期末考试试题(2003/6/
  26)
注:所有答案均写到答题纸上。
Part One: Section A
Listening Comprehension
(20
points)

  1. A. He went to see his schoolmates. B. He went to see a film with his friend. C. He watched television with his friend. D. He stayed at home talking with his friend.
  2. A. Who are going to attend the meeting. B. What’s to be discussed at the meeting. C. Where the meeting is going to be held. D. When the meeting is to be held.
  3. A. The arrangement of the Wednesday meeting. B. The necessity of writing to Mr. Johnson. C. Where they are going to meet Mr. Johnson. D. Who is going to contact Mr. Johnson.
  4. A. Jack lent his tape to Paul. B. The tape was missing. C. The tape had been returned to Paul. D. Jack brought the tape to the party.
  5. A. The man wants to buy a flat on the second floor. B. The man wants to reserve a room. C. The man reserved a room some time ago. D. The man has booked a room with no bath.
  6.A. The paperback edition is on sale. B. The hardcover edition is more expensive. C. Both editions are the same price now. D. It has two editions with the same cover.
  7. A. His TV sets are all of the dame brand. B. He has the best TV sets on sale. C. His TV sets have a good sale. D. He doesn’t have the newest models right now.
  8.A. He has to read a history book.. B. He has already visited the museum. C. He is too busy to go with her. D. He must hand in a report about the museum.
  9. A. They are entertaining. B. They are time-consuming. C. They are boring. D. They are rewarding.
  10. A. A raincoat. B. An attractive hut. C.. A lovely hat. D. A runny day.
Section B Passage One Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard:

  11.A. She sat back and relaxed. B. She worked out a new English. C. She entered university. D. She decided to retire
  12. A. 8 years B. 16 years C. 20 years D. 30 years
  13. A. Bring a fear of aging among young students on the campus. B. Improve human relationships in university. C. Bring a great deal of useful experience to the university. D. Improve human reputation of the university.
  14.A. She is learning how to teach minority students.
B. She is learning how to make judgments. C. She is learning to perceive ,not to judge. D. She is learning English and Drama.
Passage Two Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  15. A. How to improve your reasoning ability. B. Why classical musical is popular with math students. C. The difference between classical musical and rock music. D. The effects of music on the results of the math tests.
  16. A. Because it keeps you calm. B. Because it strengthens your memory. C. Because it stimulates your nerve activity. D. Because it improves your problem solving strategies.
  17. A. The effects of music do not last long. B. Piano music could interfere with your reasoning ability. C. Music, whether classical or rock , helps improve your memory. D. The more you listen to music, the higher your score will be.
Passage Three Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  18. A. To prevent car accident. B. To monitor the driver’s health. C. To drive the car automatically. D. To measure the driver’s pulse.
  19. A. It sends out signals for help. B. It takes over the driving immediately. C. It stops the car automatically. D. It sounds an alarm to warn the driver.
  20. A. It can measure the driver’s alcohol level in the blood. B. It bases its analysis on the driver’s heartbeat. C. It can quicken the driver’s response to emergencies. D. It monitors the signals transmitted from the driver’s brain.
Part Two: Reading Comprehension
Passage one Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
(40
points)
Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human condition is our tendency to give and receive support from another under stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to cope with major life changes and daily hassles. People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over a
range of illnesses ,from depression to heart disease, reveal that the presence of social support helps people fend off illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely. Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives, and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by other despite our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Engaging in leisure-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instructive supportfinancial aid, material resources, and needed servicesthat reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.
  21.Interpersonal relationships are important because A. they are indispensable to people’s social well-being
B. they waken people’s desire to exchange resources C. they help people to cope with life in the information age D. they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc.

  22.Research shows that people’s physical and mental health A. relies on the social welfare system which support them
B. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles C. has much to so with the amount of support they get from others D. is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives

  23.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “cushions”(line 1,para.
  2)? A. Adds up to B. Lessens the effect of C. Does away with D. Lays the foundation of
  24.Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of A. informational support B. instrumental support C. social companionship D. the strengthening of self-respect
  25.Social companionship is beneficial in that A. it helps strengthen our ties with relatives
B. it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes C. it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable D. it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based the following passage:
In the passed two years ,millions of Americans have suddenly embraced the bicycle as if it were a starting new invention. Annual bike dales doubled between 1960 and 1970, and there are nearly 70 million bikes in the United States today. That’s more than two for every three automobiles. Of course, the bike has been around for more than 150 years , and this isn’t America’s first bicycle boom. A wave of bike enthusiasm swept the land in the late 1800s and bike production hit two million unites in 18
  97. Then with the coming of the auto ,bicycling declined ,and for decades remained popular only with children and a few adult faddists(追随时尚的人). Now, national preoccupation(重视)with air pollution and physical fitness has brought the bike back to the forefront particularly with adults. More than eight million bikes were sold in the United States last year and a third of them went to adults. The year before, only 15 percent of
new bike sales were for adults.
  26. It can be concluded that if people continue to concern themselves with air pollution and physical fitness A. stricter air standards will be enforced B. fewer automobiles will be sold C. Americans will enjoy better health D. bicycle sales will continue to rise
  27.The bicycle is A. enjoying a strong revival B. creating traffic problems C. popular only with children D. replacing the family car
  28.The reader can infer that Americans are A. quick to follow the example of others B. interested in comfort and luxury C. concerned with the quality of their lives D. childish in the way they relax and exercises
  29.It can be inferred that in America there are A. more bicycles than automobiles B. more automobiles than bicycles C. as many bicycles as automobiles D. fewer automobiles than bicycles
  30.What is the author’s attitude to this phenomenon? A. Negative B. Positive C. Neutral D. Compromising
Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Believe it or not, optical illusion (错觉) can cut highway crashes. Japan is a case in point. It has reduced automobile crashes on some roads by nearly 75 percent using a simple optical illusion. Bent strips, called chevrons(人字形), painted on the roads make drivers think that they are driving faster than they really are, and thus drivers slow down.. Now the American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety in Washington D.C. is planning to repeat Japan’s success. Starting next year,the foundation will paint chevrons and other patterns of stripes on selected roads around the country to test how well the patterns reduce highway crashes. Excessive speed plays a major role as much as one fifth of all fatal traffic accidents, according to the foundation. To help reduce those accidents, the foundation will conduct its tests in areas where speed-related hazards are the greatestcurves, exit slopes, traffic circles, and bridges. Some studies suggest that straight , horizontal bars painted across roads can initially cut the average speed of drivers in half. However, traffic often returns to full speed within months as drivers become used to seeing the painted bar. Chevrons, scientists say, not only give drivers the impression that they are driving faster than they are but also make a lane speed to be narrower. The result is a longer reduction in highway speed and the number of traffic accidents.
  31. The passage mainly discusses A. a new way of highway speed control B. a new pattern for painting highways C. a new approach to training drivers E. a new type of optical illusion
  32. On roads painted with chevrons, drivers tend to feel that A. they should avoid speed-related hazards B. they should slow down their speed C. they are driving in the wrong lane
D. they are approaching the speed limit
  33. The advantage of chevrons over straight, horizontal bars is that the former A. can keep drivers awake B. can cut road accidents in half C. will look more attractive D. will have a longer effect on drivers
  34.The American Automobile Association Foundation for Traffic Safety plans to A. change the road signs across the country B. try out the Japanese method in certain areas C. replace the straight, horizontal bars with chevrons D. repeat the Japanese road patterns
  35.What does the author day about straight ,horizontal bars painted across roads? A. They are falling out of use in the United States B. They tend to be ignored by drivers in a short period of time C. They are applicable only on broad roads D. They cannot be applied successfully to traffic circles
Passage Four Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
Crime has its own cycles, a magazine reported some years ago. Police records that were studied for five years from over 2,400 cities and towns show a surprising link between changes in the season and crime patterns. The pattern of crime has varied little over a long period of years. Murder reaches its high during July and August, as do rape and other violent attacks. Murder, moreover, is more than seasonal: it is a weekend crime. It is also a nighttime crime:62 percent of murders are committed between 6 p.m and 6 a.m.. Unlike the summer high in crimes of bodily harm, burglary has a different cycle. You are most likely to be robbed between 6 p.m. and 2 a.m on a Saturday night in December ,January, or February. The most uncriminal month of all? May except for one strange statistic. More dog bites are reported in this month than in any other month of the year. Possibly, soaring thermometers and high humidity(湿度) bring on our strange and terrifying actions, but police officials are not surer. “ There is ,of course, no proof of a connection between humidity and murder,” they say, “Why murder’s high time should come in the summertime we really don’t know.”
  36.The passage is about A. police records B. crime patterns C. the links between seasonal changes and the crime patterns D. the summer high in crimes
  37.For many years which of the following does not reach its high during the summer? A. Rape B. Burglary C. Murder D. Other violent attacks
  38. In which month(s) are more dog bites reported? A. May B. January C. December D. June and July
  39.In which month(s) are the fewest crimes registered? A. May B. January C. December D .June and July

  40.The word “soaring” in the last paragraph means A. flying B. blowing C. rising D. dropping
Part Three: Vocabulary and Structure
(15
points)

  41. I have no objection your story again. A. to hear B. to hearing C. to having heard D. to have heard
  42. The suggestion that the mayor the prices was accepted by everyone. A. would present B. present C. presents D. ought to present
  43. The British constitution is a large extent a product of the historical events describ
 

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