Unit Six
Teaching Objectives:
By the end of this unit, the students will be expected to be able to
  1.
  2. talk about some sports items such as sleighing and diving; use about 15 new words and 8 new phrases and expressions in brief conversations and translation;
  3.
  4. know the use of infinitive; read material on a similar topic and with a similar degree of difficulty.
Teaching Methods: Lecture, Discussion, Role-play Unit Duration: 8 class hours (45 minutes each) Teaching procedures: I. Preparatory

  1. Words and Phrases Learned In Display obstacle: syn. obstruction; barrier native: a person who was born in a particular place fasten: antonym unfasten perform: performance(n.) resort: a place where people go for holidays; seaside/beach/ski resort course: syn. field; pitch; court crew: crewman bend: syn. curve sharp: syn. shrill; piercing man-made: syn. artificial; antonym natural
  2. Key to Expressions Learned In Display
  1. such as
  2.cares for
  3. made up his mind
  4. except for
  5. dates from
II. Language In Context

  1. Preview Questions
i. Do you have any favorite sports? What are they? Why? ii. Please list some sports that require two players. iii. Can you name any favorite Chinese or international sports players? Keys for reference: ① there are various answers according to the individuals. The following expressions may be of assistance. football volleyball、basketball、table tennis、tennis、baseball、softball、water polo badminton、snooker、bowling、golf cricket、ice hockey、handball Running、jogging、relay、long-jump、high-jump、huddles 、javelin、discus shot put、hammer、pole vault sleighing、skiing、skating、swimming、diving、surfing、shooting、dancing gymnastics、bicycling、rowing、archery、canoeing Basketball is one of my favorite sports. I like watching NBA because it not only brings entertainment to the inspectors, but I have learnt the importance of teamwork. ② Sports that require two players include badminton, table tennis, tennis, fencing, chess, judo, wrestling and so on. ③ My favorite sports players are Yao ming, Beckham, Iverson, Liu Xiang, Lang Ping, Luo Xuejuan, and Schumacher. Of the many sports players, I like Liu Xiang best. After he won the gold medal in 110 meter hurdles at 2004 Olympic Games, Liu Xiang became the idol in my heart. He is worth the title of “the person who moves Chinese in 2004”.
  2. Information Related To The Text i. Eskimos Any member of a group of peoples who, with the closely related Aleut, constitute the chief element in the native population of the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of Greenland, Alaska, Canada, and far eastern Russia. Self-designations vary among the languages and dialects of the Eskimo peoples. They include such names as Inuit, Inupiat, Yupik, and Alutiit, each of which is a regional variant of “the people” or the “real people.” The oldest known Eskimo
culture is that from a site on Umnak Island in the Aleutians, for which an age of 3,018 (plus or minus 2
  30) years was recorded. In the late 20th century there were an estimated 17,000 self-described Eskimo: some 51,000 in Greenland and Denmark, 43,000 in Alaska, 21,000 in Canada, and about 1,6000 in Siberia. Traditional Eskimo culture was totally adapted to an extremely cold, snow-and icebound environment in which vegetable foods were almost nonexistent , trees were scarce, and caribou , seal, walrus, and whale meat, and fish were the major food sources. Dogsleds were the basic means of transport on land. Eskimo clothing was fashioned of caribou furs, which provided protection against the extreme cold. In summer many Eskimos lived in animal-skin tents. Their basic social and economic unit was the nuclear family, and their religion was animistic. ii. Holland Historical region of the Netherlands, divided since 1840 into the provinces of Noord-holland (north Holland) and Zuid-holland). It constitutes the flat, low-lying northwestern portion of the modern country. Holland originated in the early 12th century as a fief of Holy Roman Empire and was ruled by a dynasty of counts that traced its origin to the 9th century. These nobles had reemerged in the 10th century after Viking devastation of the coastal area had ended, and they proceeded to expand their territory of present Noord-Holland northward, at the expense of the Frisians, and eastward and southward, which involved them in a series of wars with the bishops of Utrecht. The name Holland was derived from the region around Dordrecht, which was known as Holtland(“wooden land”).
  3. Language Points
  1. Many sports began as ways to overcome obstacles. obstacle n. thing in the way that either stops progress or makes it difficult e.g. Not being able to pass his mathematics exam proved an obstacle to his career.
  2. Natives of northern countries such as Lapps, Finns, and Eskimos were the first experts in sleighing and sledding. native n.

  1) person born in a place, country, ect, and associated with it by birth e.g. a native of London, Wales and India.
  2) local inhabitant e.g. when we’re on holiday in Greece, we live like the natives.
  3. Eskimos raced across frozen ground at breakneck speed breakneck adj. dangerously fast e.g. drive, ride, travel, ect at breakneck speed e.g. a football pitch illuminated with floodlights
  4. Sleighing by boats dates from the seventeenth century. date back to/from have existed since e.g. This castle dates from the 14th century. Our partnership dated back to 19
  60.
  5. The Dutch made up their minds to sail their boats with runners fastened beneath the bow, or front, a boat became a sleigh. Make up one’s mind come to a decision e.g. I’ve made up my mind to be a doctor. Have you made up your mind where to go for your holiday?
  6. The riders, except for the driver, bend backward. Except (for sb./sth.) not including (sb./sth.); but not e.g. The restaurant is open every day except Monday. I can answer all the questions except for the last. She remembered nothing (about him) except that his hair was black.
  7. It is simply a board bound to two well-oiled runners. bind v. tie or fasten, e.g. with rope e.g. they bound his legs so he couldn’t escape. He was bound to a chair and left.
  8. Sleighs still perform the same task. Perform v.
  1) do (a piece of work, something. One is ordered to do, something. One has agreed to do)
e.g. perform an operation to save his life
  2) act (a play), play (a piece of music) or to do tricks to entertain an audience e.g. they are performing his piano concerto tonight.
III. Toward Productive Language
Language Points
  1. For two years, not once did she clamber onto a board. clamber v. climb, esp. with difficulty or effort , using the hands and feet e.g. The children clambered over the rock.
  2. Fu joined the diving camps at age 7 and was shipped off to a Beijing sports school a couple of years later ship sb./sth. off send sb. away e.g. the children had been shipped off to a boarding-school at an early age.
  3. Occasionally they would come to diving meets in her native Hubei province, and would scan the audience from the platform trying to locate them. occasionally adv. now and then; at times e.g. he visits me occasionally.
  4. In January, less than a year after she re-emerged, her crisp dives captured a silver medal at the Diving World Cup capture v.
  1) take or win (sth.) by force or skill e.g. capture a town
  2) take (sb./sth) as a prisoner e.g. capture an escaped convict this advertisement will capture the attention of TV audiences.
IV. Homework

  1.Dictation of the new words;
  2.More grammar exercises(present participles);
  3.Translation (from Chinese to English)
  1)英语不是我们的母语。

  2) 请把纸张定在一起。
  3) 你能完成该项任务吗?
  4) 他指导我们朝正确的方向努力。
  5) 本学期我们开了多门课程,比如数学、英语、体育。
  6) 他下决心要战胜一切困难。
  7) 这一天以不好的消息开始,而且看起来越来越糟。
  8) 我能回答所有的问题,除了最后一个。 Keys for reference:
  1) English is not our native language.
  2) Please fasten all the paper together.
  3) Can you perform the task?
  4) He steered our efforts in the correct direction.
  5) We have many courses this term such as math, English and P.E.
  3) He has made up his mind to overcome all the difficulties.
  4) The day began with bad news and looked like getting worse.
  5) I can answer all the questions except for the last one.
 

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