Unit 8
Objectives
By the end of this unit, students will be better able to
  1. talk about moving stories about family love and perseverance;
  2. use about 30 new words and 8 new phrases and expressions in brief conversations and translation;
  3. review grammar on coordinate structure;
  4. read material on a similar topic and with a similar degree of difficulty.
Teaching Methods:
Lecture, Discussion, Translation Unit Duration: 8 class hours (45 minutes each)
Teaching procedures: I. Preparatory

  1. Words and Phrases Learned in Display supplement: add as an addition to what seems insufficient endeavor: attempt, effort, try lack: to be deficient (in) or have need (of) pursue: engage, follow, go after qualify: to provide or be provided with the abilities or attributes necessary for a task, office, duty, etc persistence: the act of persisting; continued effort or existence applause: appreciation or praise, esp. as shown by clapping the hands perseverance: continued steady belief or efforts, withstanding discouragement or difficulty; persistence inborn: existing from birth; congenital; innate elementary: not difficult; simple; rudimentary
  2. Expressions Learned in Display
  1. on his feet
  2.dress up
  3.go off
  4.drop out
  5. picked up
  6.on stage
  7. took a chance
  8.passed away
II. Language in Context
Information Related to the Text Common Musical Instruments Violin 小提琴 Viola 中提琴 Cello 大提琴 Double bass 低音提琴或大贝司 flute 长笛 piccolo 短笛 clarinet 单簧管 oboe 双簧管 English horn 英国管 bassoon 或 fogotto 大管 double bassoon 低音大管 horn 或 French horn 圆号或法国圆号 trumpet 小号 cornet 短号 trombone 长号 tuba 大号 harp 竖琴 piano 钢琴 organ 风琴 harpsichord 羽管键琴 glockenspiel 钟琴 xylophone 木琴 bass drum 大鼓 tambourine 铃鼓 lute 鲁特琴(中文的琵琶也译做 lute) mandolin 曼陀林 guitar 吉他 Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 ? 5 December 17
  91), was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. He composed over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music. He is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood in Salzburg. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty; at 17 he was engaged as a court musician in Salzburg, but grew restless and traveled in search of a better position, always composing abundantly. While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position. He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security. During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and the Requiem. The circumstances of his early death have been much mythologized. He was survived by his wife Constanze and two sons. Mozart learned voraciously from others, and developed a brilliance and maturity of style that encompassed the light and graceful along with the dark and passionate?the whole informed by a vision of humanity "redeemed through art, forgiven, and reconciled with nature and the absolute." His influence on subsequent Western art music is profound. Beethoven wrote his own early compositions in
the shadow of Mozart, of whom Joseph Haydn wrote that "posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years."

  1. Language Points

  1.I’ve never had the pleasure of having a protégé, though I have taught some talented students. protégé: a person who receives support and protection from an influential patron 被保护者 e.g.As the protégé of the most powerful man in the country, his success was guaranteed.他有该国最有势力的人做靠山,准能成 功。 He is a young protégé of a famous violinist. 他是某著名小提琴家的年轻门生。
  2. I only knew his mother from a distance as she dropped Robby off or waited in her old car to pick him up. pick sb. up: give a passenger or hitchhiker a lift; meet sb.接人 e.g.He picked up the child and put her on his shoulders. 他抱起孩子让她骑在自己的肩膀上。 Please come to pick me up if you are free this afternoon. 如果今天下午你不忙,请过来接我。
  3. I thought about calling him, but assumed, because of his lack of ability, that he had decided to pursue something else. pursue: be engaged in; carry further; advance 追求,继续,从事 e.g.No hardness could stop him from pursuing his goals. 任何困难也阻挡不住他去追求他的目标。 He has set his heart on pursuing his studies abroad. 他下决心到国外求学。
  4. I told him that the recital was for current pupils and because he had dropped out he really did not qualify. drop out: give up in the face of defeat of lacking hope; admit defeat 退出 e.g.He had sunstroke and dropped out.他因中暑而掉队。 Luckily, I dropped out before the deal turned sour. 幸运的是,在交易变坏前我已退出了。
  5. Well, the recital went off smoothly. go off: happen in a particular manner 进行情况,发生 e.g.The interview went off very badly.采访进行得极不顺利。 The press conference is still going off.记者招待会还在继续进行。
  6. “Why didn’t he dress up like the other students?” I thought. dress up: make sb./sth. appear superficially attractive 穿着打扮 e.g.What they wanted was to dress up and display themselves. 他们所期望的是穿上盛装展示自己。 Don’t bother to dress up for the party.不必为这次聚会穿礼服。
  7. For it is he that taught me the meaning of perseverance and love and believing in yourself and maybe even taking a chance in someone and you don’t know why. take a chance: take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome 碰运气,冒险,利用机会 e.g.He took a chance to hire her.他冒险雇用她。 He took a sporting chance in jumping across the ditch. 他冒险越此沟。
III. Toward Productive Language Language Points

  1.But the doctor let them not expect him to make it. make it: succeed in a big way; get to the top 达到预定目标;及时抵达;成功 e.g. The train goes at 10:
  15. I think we shall make it. 火车十点一刻开,我想我们能赶上。 I am glad we were able to make it to the theatre on time. 我很高兴我们能够准时赶到戏院。
  2. Somehow, Chase was alive.
somehow: in a way not specified, understood, or known 以某种方式,不知怎么地 e.g.She somehow got lost.她不知道怎么竟迷了路。 Somehow, I don’t feel I can trust him. 不知道什么缘故,我觉得不能信任他。
  3. Then, another problem arose. arise: result, proceed 出现,引起,出自 e.g.An opportunity has arisen. Accidents often arise from carelessness.事故往往起因于粗心。
  4. Then, on November 21, the young man who wasn’t supposed to live, or wouldn’t have any brain function. be supposed to: should 应该,被期望 e.g.He was supposed to give us advice, but all he came up with were airy-fairy ideas. 他应该给我们提些劝告,但他所想出来的一切是不切实际的。 I was supposed to meet her, but I spaced out and forgot. 我本应该和她见面的,但我昏昏沉沉地以致把事给忘了。
  5. Doctors can’t explain how Chase survived, much less how well he was recovered. much less: not to mention 更不用说 e.g.I can hardly walk, much less run.我几乎走不动,更不用说跑了。 I didn’t even see him, much less speak to him. 我见也没有见到他,更谈不上和他说话了。
  6. The emotional support of family and friends, of an entire town, has been also part of his recover, pulling him through the difficult times, making sure he knew there was something to live for. pull through: survive the crisis or danger(使)度过难关,使恢复健康 e.g.If we can pull through this recession, we will be in good shape. 如果我们能度过这段经济不景气的时间,我们就会好多了。 He pulled through the surgery remarkably well. 他手术后恢复得非常好。
  7. Friends also started showing up, filling the waiting room with nearly 100 people by the second day. show up: appear or become visible; make a showing 出现,到场 e.g.No fewer than twenty girls showed up at the party. 不少于二十个女生出现在那场舞会。 Uncle George didn’t show up for our wedding because he forgot. 乔治叔叔没有出席我们的婚礼,因为他忘记了。
  8. Love manifested through the Internet, good wishes and prayers from as far away as Australia, from people of many faiths…… manifest: show or demonstrate plainly; reveal 显示,出现,证明 e.g.His generosity manifest itself in times of need. 他的慷慨在困境中表现了出来。 He doesn’t manifest much interest in his studies. 他对学习没表现出多大兴趣。
V. Homework:

  1. Dictation of the new words
  2. Translate the sentences into English.(on page 1
  64)
 

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