Unit 6
Objectives
By the end of this unit, students will be better able to
  1. talk about some of the music instruments, their origins and history of development;
  2. use about 30 new words and 8 new phrases and expressions in brief conversations and translation;
  3. review grammar on Inversion;
  4. read material on a similar topic and with a similar degree of difficulty.
Teaching Methods:
Lecture, Discussion, Translation
Unit Duration: 8 class hours (45 minutes each) Teaching procedures: I. Preparatory
  1. Words and Phrases Learned in Display
imitate: imitation(n.); imitable(adj.); imitative(adj.); syn. copy; simulate honor:honorable(adj.);honorary(adj.);honorific(adj.)syn. respect; observe accidentally: accident(n.); accidental(adj.) syn. incidentally; by chance compose: composer(n.); composed(adj.); composition(n.) syn. write entertainment: entertain(v.); entertaining(adj.); entertainer(n.) signal: signalize(v.); signaler(n.) permanent: permanence(n.); permanency(n.) syn. lasting invent: invention(n.); inventor(n.); inventive(adj.) tune: tunable(adj.); tuneful(adj.); tuneless(adj.) unique: uniqueness(n.); uniquely(adv.)

  2. Expressions Learned in Display

  1. be made up of
  2. pick up
  3. on purpose
  4. make a living
  5. would rather…than
  6.apart from
  7.come into power
  8.on a large scale
II. Language in Context Information Related to the Text Queen Elizabeth ? (1533--16
  03)
Elizabeth I was born on September 7,1533 at Greenwich Place, London, England, an estate of her Father King Henry VIII. Elizabeth’s mother was Henry’s second wife, Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth I became Queen of England in 1558 and reigned until her death in 16
  03. Her reign was often called the Golden Age of England because it was a time of great achievement and prosperity.
King James II
James II and VII (14 October 1633?16 September 1701 ) was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 6 February 16
  85. He was the last Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Some of James’s subjects were unhappy with James’s belief in absolute monarchy and opposed his religious policies, leading a group of them to depose him in the Glorious Revolution. The Parliament of England deemed James to have abdicated on 11 December 16
  88. The Parliament of Scotland on 11 April 1689 declared him to have forfeited the throne. He was replaced not by his Catholic son, James Francis Edward, but by his Protestant daughter, Mary II, and his son-in-law, William III. William and Mary became joint rulers in 16
  89. James II made one serious attempt to recover his crowns, when he landed in Ireland in 1689 but, after the defeat of the Jacobite forces by the Williamite forces at the Battle of the Boyne in the summer of 1690, James returned to France. He lived out the rest of his life under the protection of his cousin and ally, King Louis XIV.
Language Points

  1) Music has developed just as much as the people who created it. The first people imitated music from nature. as much as almost the same e.g.My father loves me as much as my mother does. I’ll help as much as I can, but there is a limit to what I can do. imitate v. reproduce someone’s behavior or looks; make a reproduction or copy of e.g.They watched jig on TV and tried to imitate. He can imitate his teacher perfectly.

  2) Ancient people used music for much more than entertainment. more than greater in size, mount, value, or degree e.g.He is more than a coach. He is a friend, too. I’ll stay here not more than three days.
  3) Around the 16th century, people started to collect instead of just playing music. instead adv. in place of, or as an alternative to on the contrary e.g. If you can’t sign your name, make a cross instead. I didn’t go to the shopping center yesterday; I went to study in the library, instead. instead of e.g.I made this cake specially, with brown sugar instead of white. I gave him advice instead of money.
  4) It was found accidentally when someone picked up a dried gourd of some sort and shook it. accidentally adv. unexpectedly; by chance; without intention e.g.He accidentally nudged the gatepost with the front of the car. I met my old friend accidentally yesterday. pick up a. take and lift upward e.g.He picked u a wallet from the chair. He picked up the child and put her on his shoulders. b. learn e.g.The children have picked up the local accent. She soon picked up French when she went to live in France.
  5) Queen Elizabeth I had a great impact on England when she died in 1603, apart from the grief of her country. impact n. a forceful consequence; a strong effect e.g.The plane flew into a mountain and disintegrated on impact. It’s difficult to assess the impact of new ideas on discontented students. apart from in addition to; besides e.g.Apart from English, we study Russian and Spanish. It’s a good piece of work, apart from a few slight faults.
  6) The types of music that we now have are so unique that everyone has their own type of music instead of there just being one. unique adj. being the only one of its sort e.g.He has caught the unique opportunity. It’s a unique work of art. so… that… e.g.She is so excited that she forgot time. It so happened that I couldn’t attend the meeting.
III. Toward Productive Language Language Points

  1. It was around that time that Brian Epstein heard them playing and proposed that he be their manager. propose v. offer or put forward for consideration, as a suggestion, plan or purpose e.g.I wish to propose a toast to our friendship. He proposed that a change should be made.
  2. I think the Beatles were able to attain that lasting power due to their ability to constantly develop and keep a constant ear to the ground. attain v. to gain with effort; reach a destination, either real or abstract e.g.I’m determined to attain my purpose at any cost. The country attained its independence in 19
  72. lasting adj. existing for a long time e.g.First impressions are most lasting. The treaty will be the threshold of lasting peace. due to because of e.g.His successes were largely due to luck.
Due to circumstances beyond our control the lecture was cancelled. keep/have an ear to the ground be aware of things that people are saying or doing e.g.The Beatles attained a lasting power by keeping a constant ear to the ground. Jobs in manufacturing are relatively scarce, but I keep my ear to the ground.
IV. Grammar Inversion 倒 装
一. 概说
  1.英语基本语序,即基本结构是主谓语序,如将某些句子成分移至句首而引起主语和谓语词序的颠倒,则称为倒装。
  2. 倒装原因
  1)语法结构的需要
  2) 为了强调
  3. 分类
  1) 完全倒装 (Complete Inversion) 整个谓语动词放主语之前 结构: 提前部分+ 谓语动词+主语
  2) 部分倒装( Partial Inversion) 靠助动词或情态动词构成倒装 结构: 提前部分+助动词(情态动词等)+主语+主要动词 二. 完全倒装 (Complete inversion) 整个谓语部分放主语前面。一般用于一般现在时和一般过去
  1.将状语 here, there 前移, there stands/ lies/ exists/ lives/ appears/ seems/rise/ remains There appeared to be only two spelling mistakes in her composition. There remains a still more difficult task for us to finish.
  2. Now, then 放在句首,动词往往是 be, come, go 等 Now comes your turn. Then came the order to take off.
  3. 表示位置,方向的副词 up, down, in, away, ahead,off 等移至句首 Away went the visitors. Up went the rocket. 但在此三种结构中,如主语是人称代词,则不引起倒装 Here he comes Aren’t you looking for your bag? Look, here it is. Higher and higher it flew.
  4. 句首状语为表示地点的介词词组 In the centre of the square stands a high monument. They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat a small boy.
  5. 作表语的形容词或分词结构位于句首 Seated on the grass are a group of students. Great and spacious is our beloved motherland.
  6. 某些表示祝愿的句子的倒装 May the New Year bring you all your heart desires. Long live our motherland. 三. 部分倒装 (Partial Inversion) 将谓语的一部分,如助动词/情态动词移至主语之前,如句子没有助动词,则添加助动词 do/does/did,置于主语之前 (See Page 1
  21)
V. Homework:
`
  1. Dictation of the new words
  2.Translate the sentences into English.(on page 1
  19)
 

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