Unit 3
Teaching Objectives
By the end of this unit, students will be better able to
  1. talk about some body languages and their meanings and functions;
  2. use about 30 new words and 8 new phrases and expressions in brief conversations and translation;
  3. review grammar on Noun Clause I;
  4. read material on a similar topic and with a similar degree of difficulty.
Teaching Methods:
Lecture, Discussion, Translation Unit Duration: 8 class hours (45 minutes each)
Teaching procedures: I. Preparatory

  1. Words and Phrases Learned in Display
disguise: v. maintain: maintenance(n.);maintainer(n.);syn. continue; preserve; retain confidence: assurance reliable : rely(v.); dependable cross(v.): fold shiver(n. & v.): quiver; shake; tremble; quake; quaver enthusiasm: enthusiastic(adj.); great excitement alert(adj.): watchful; quick; brisk; lively establish: establishment(n.); set up; found resist: resistance(n.) withstand; oppose

  2. Expressions Learned in Display

  1. deal with
  5. hold back
  2.is going through your head
  3.all but
  6.occurs to me
  7. was of importance
  4.as well
  8.are aware of
II. Language in Context
Information Related to the Text
Body language is an important part of nonverbal communication and it is connected with culture. In order to make successful exchange in cross-cultural communication, we should know the body language from different cultures. And we should realize that body language, like verbal communication and culture, also has many similarities all over the world. However, body language from different cultures has many differences because of different regions, races and cultural customs. And it is restricted by its culture and has different cultural connotations. That is to say, the same body language has different meanings in different cultures and has different social functions.
Language Points

  1. occur to sb.: come to one’s mind e.g.It occurred to me that we should hire another secretary. It occurred to me that we had better go and have a picnic outside.
  2. constantly adv. 不断地;经常地 常与 always, continually, for ever, all the time 等频度状语一样用在现在进行时中,对现阶段 经常发生的动作表示某种感情色彩。 e.g.Tom is constantly complaining that she is not properly paid.
  3. be based on : form or provide a base for . e.g.Theory must be based on practice. The stories of Robin Hood are based mainly on traditions.
  4. be of (no) importance: be (not) important
e.g.Reform is of vital importance to us. This matter is of no importance to him.
  5. all but: (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; nearly 几乎; 差一点 e.g.The room was all but empty. They have all but finished the task.
  6. hold back: restrain; suppress; keep; keep back 保密;阻止;压抑 e.g.She was unable to hold back her excitement. The police had to use force to hold back the crowd.
  7. come across as: look as e.g.He comes across as someone who keep on his words. He came across as sympathetic/a sympathetic person.
  8. shut out: prevent from entering e.g.The late comers were all shut out of the stadium. The building shut out our view of the water.
  9. as well: too e.g.I’m coming to London and my sister’s coming as well. We will have maths exam as well as English test at the end of this section
  10. go through one’s head: something that one’s thinking about e.g.Will you please tell me what’s going through your head? I can imagine what’s going through your head.
  11. be aware of: having knowledge or cognizance; realize e.g.I was not aware of the slight changes. We were aware of the problem beforehand.
III. Toward Productive Language
Language Points

  1.to…extent: to…degree e.g. I agree with you to a certain degree.
  2. a variety of: various; all kinds of e.g.His lecture ranged over a variety of topics.
  3. conscious of: know; aware of e.g.They were conscious of being watched.
  4. Broadly speaking: generally speaking e.g.Broadly speaking, I agree with you.
  5. in any case: anyway; at any rate e.g.In any case, you’ll need to be at the station by nine. In any case, he will not give it up.
  6. substitute for: take the place of another for 代替 e.g.He substituted for the worker who was ill. Can you substitute for me at the meeting.
  7. account for: provide an explanation or justification e.g.The suspect couldn’t account for his time that night. You must account for the missing money in the bank.
IV. Homework:

  1. Dictation of the new words
  2. Chinese-English Translation.
 

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