Unit 2
Objectives
By the end of this unit, students will be better able to
  1. talk about some body languages and their meanings and functions;
  2. use about 30 new words and 8 new phrases and expressions in brief conversations and translation;
  3. review grammar on the Adverbial Clause I;
  4. read material on a similar topic and with a similar degree of difficulty.
Teaching Methods:
Lecture, Discussion, Translation Unit Duration: 8 class hours (45 minutes each)
Background Information for This Unit:
Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam and the Viscount St. Albans) was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science. Early in his career he claimed “all knowledge as his province” and afterwards dedicated himself to a wholesale revaluation and re-structuring of traditional learning. To take the place of the established tradition (a miscellany of Scholasticism, humanism, and natural magic), he proposed an entirely new system based on empirical and inductive principles and the active development of new arts and inventions, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and benefit of men” and the relief of the human condition. At the same time that he was founding and promoting this new project for the advancement of learning, Bacon was also moving up the ladder of state service. His career aspirations had been largely disappointed under Elizabeth I, but with the ascension of James his political fortunes rose. Knighted in 1603, he was then steadily promoted to a series of offices, including Solicitor General (16
  07), Attorney General (16
  13), and eventually Lord Chancellor (16
  18). While serving as Chancellor, he was indicted on charges of bribery and forced to leave public office. He then retired to his estate where he devoted himself full time to his continuing literary, scientific, and philosophical work. He died in 1626, leaving behind a cultural legacy that, for better or worse, includes most of the foundation for the triumph of technology and for the modern world as we currently know it.
Text Learning Text Analysis
Part I (
  1) Introduction of the text, the main features of the Information Age, knowledge is power. Part II (2-
  9) The four industrial revolution in the history of social production and their characteristics. Knowledge is essential factor. Part III (
  10) Conclusion of the text Prospective of Information Age. Knowledge itself is power.
Language Points

  1. This is more obviously true with the advent of the information age. Advent
  1) Tomorrow is Advent again.明天又是降临节。
  2) But I understand: the advent of autumn always, Mom always old, as my children grow up, like always! 但我明白:秋天总会来 临,妈妈总会老的,就象我的孩子总要长大一样!
  2. It is said that the total of man’s knowledge doubles every ten years Double ;
  1) The Germans: Double History of a Nation.《德国人》 :一个民族的双重历史。
  2) Do you want a single room or a double room?您需要一间单人房间,还是一间双人房间?
  3.At the beginning of the industrial revolution, a country's comparative advantage depended largely on the natural resources endowed by nature. Endow:
  1) Any attempt to endow the ego with the attributes of the Soul, is merely confused thinking. 任何想要赋予小我具有灵性特质的企图,都只是种模糊焦点的见解。
  2)We also compared the prognostication precision, endow differ power, and established assembled forecast model. 比较各方法预 测精度,赋予不同权重,建立组合预测模型。
  4. Otherwise, that society will inevitably lag behind. Lag behind:
  1)Alas, I fear the artillery must lag behind, but not I trust for long.
唉!我担心炮兵一定要落后,但是我相信他们不会落后得太久。
  2)We must achieve modernization of science and technology, otherwise we will lag behind other nations.我们必须实现科学技术 现代化,否则我们要落后于其他国家。
  5. However, in the great worldwide movement to the Information Age, if a developed country should fail to bring up-to-date system of education and training, it may not be able to continue growing richer at the expense of others. Fail to:
  1) No one plan to fail,but every one fail to plan. 不管方式如何,我们都要把握住生活的态度。
  2) If you fail to plan, you plan to fail. Think about it. 如果你的计画失败,你就是计画去失败了,仔细想想。 up-to-date:
  1) It it always very up-to-date with the newest (and/or best) versions of the components. 它总是非常切合时宜的,与最新的(和/或最好的)版本的组件。 At the expense of 费用,代价,损失,开支,费钱之物
  1) He travelled at the expense of the company.
  2) When they can, they wish to live and prosper at the expense of others. 如果他们可以,他们希望自己不做出牺牲而生存和繁荣下来。
  6. So now we come to understand Bacon’s dictum better “Knowledge itself is power.” Come to:
  1) I would have come to the party. 没人请我去。如果请了我的话,
  2) “So what have I come to do? “所以什麽是我要来做的?”
  7. And the raw material of the new economy ?information and knowledge? will be of a nation’s own making. Making n. Of one’s own making : causing or creating by oneself Some of the university’s financial troubles are of its own making. Grammar The Adverbial Clause 原因状语从句 常用引导词:because, since, as, for 特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that. My friends dislike me because I’m handsome and successful. Now that everybody has come, let’s begin our conference. The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more. Considering that he is no more than 12 years old, his height of
  1.80 m is quite remarkable. 目的状语从句 常用引导词:so that, in order that 特殊引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them. The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly. 结果状语从句 常用引导词:so … that, so… that, such … that, 特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that, He got up so early that he caught the first bus. It’s such a good chance that we must not miss it. To such an degree was he excited that he couldn’t sleep last night. 让步状语从句 常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though 特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while ( 一般用在句首 ),no matter …, in spite of the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever Much as I respect him, I can’t agree to his proposal. 尽管我很尊敬他, 我却不同意他的建议。
The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough. No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind. He won’t listen whatever you may say. 比较状语从句 常用引导词:as(同级比较), than(不同程度的比较) 特殊引导词:the more … the more … ; just as …, so…; A is to B what /as X is to Y; no … more than; not A so much as B She is as bad-tempered as her mother. The house is three times as big as ours. The more you exercise, the healthier you will be. Food is to men what oil is to machine. 食物之于人,犹如油之于机器。
Toward Productive Language

  1. People are now debating about future online music. Debate:
  1) Class Debate: Does Democracy Matter?课堂辩论:民主重要吗?
  2) He introduced a question for debate .他提出了一个问题供讨论
  2. There are basically two sides to the issue of future online music. Issue:
  1) How the gov. solve this issue? 这个问题政府怎么解决?
  2) Again, this is a support system issue 这又是一个证明制度的问题。
  3. There is a basic notion that ideas have value. Notion:
  1)Do you accept this notion? 你接受这种看法吗?
  2). This is an interesting notion and probably at least partly true. 这是一个有趣的观念和或许至少部分真实。
  4. The lack of knowledge makes it easy for people t get caught in a trap of blind following. Lack:
  1) They lack the motivation to study . v.他们缺乏学习的积极性.
  2) Lack of effective of antidepressants? N.没有有效的抗抑郁药?
  5. What do you think is a good way to promote music of the little known artists? Promote:
  1)They promote or transfer employees on the basis of seniority. 他们是根据资历对员工进行提升或调任。
  2) To promote the quality system and its principles throughout the organization. 在组织内部促进普及质量体系及其基本原则.
  6. I came across a particular article yesterday. Come across:
  1)Please tell me if you come across an apple. 如果你们遇见了一只苹果,请告诉我。
  2) I should say it is something we have never come across before. 我得说这个问题是我们从来没有遇到过的。
  7. The RIAA prevents the web sites from disturbing copyrighted music. Prevent:
  1) Prevent brain damage caused by the injury. 防止由大脑伤害造成的损伤。
  2) How to prevent the attack before computer? 怎样预防在电脑面前的攻击?
Homework

  1. Dictation of the new words
  2. Translate the sentences into English.
 

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