Pronouns
韩婧 E-mail: hanjinghd1999@yahoo.com.cn
Revision
The statistics ( ) that living standards in the area have improved dramatically in recent years. (TEM 4?20
  06) A. proves B. is proving C. are proving D. prove statistics: 统计学单数 数据,统计结果复数
? Once a ( ) of lions lived in the forest. A. pride B. swarm C. troupe D. herd pride / group 特指狮子或孔雀等的一群,也可泛 指鸟群或兽群 Swarm指蜂群 Herd指家畜或大象群
代词分类
? ? ? ? ?
  1. 人称代词
  2. 物主代词
  3. 反身代词
  4. 疑问代词
  5. 不定代词

  3.1人称代词
? 人称代词主格与宾格 主格 I You He she 宾格 Me You Him her 主格 It We You they 宾格 it Us You them
英语人称代词排列顺序顺口溜
? 单数
  2,
  3,1 (you, he and I),复数
  1,
  2,
  3: 单数2 I) 复数1 they) (we, you and they) ? 都是三人称,女后男在先(he and she); 都是三人称,女后男在先( she); ? 若是有过失,主动要承担; 若是有过失,主动要承担; ? 单数
  1,
  3,
  2(I, he and you),复数
  3,
  2,1 单数1 you),复数3 ),复数 we); (they, you and we); ? 晚辈与动物,我须放在前(I and my son; I and 晚辈与动物,我须放在前( dog) the dog) ? 人称排列好,你会用语言。 人称排列好,你会用语言。
人称代词在句中的次序
? He and I both like swimming. ? You, she and I used to be classmates, you know. ? I and Larry are responsible for that. ? P28
人称代词的特殊用法(感情)

  1) She / he 雌性 / 雄性动物 Eg. You may take a horse to the water, but you can’t make him drink.
人称代词的特殊用法(感情)

  2) heaven, sun, war ? 阳性 earth, moon, history, 国家,船只,车辆 ? 阴性 Titanic was a tragic ship, for she sank on her voyage. We thank earth for her bounty.
人称代词的特殊用法(感情)

  3) 指代胎儿或婴儿用 it The nurse pick up the baby and give it to the mother.

  3.2 物主代词
形容词性 物主代词 my yours his her 名词性 物主代词 mine Yours His hers 形容词性 物主代词 its our your their 名词性 物主代词 its ours yours theirs
反身代词
单数 myself yourself himself herself itself 复数 ourselves yourselves themselves themselves themselves
反身代词用法
? P31 课下自学
常用反身代词短语
? P32 beside oneself, (all) by oneself, for oneself among yourselves你们之间, among themselves他们之间 They are arguing themselves.他们互相争论。 between ourselves 咱么私下说说 Between ourselves, I think Mr. Green is about to resign.(just between you and me.)
常用搭配
常用搭配
? ? ? ? ? ? ? adapt oneself to 使自己适应或习惯 absent oneself from 缺席 avail oneself of 利用 avenge oneself on sb.报复某人 behave oneself 规范行为 bear oneself 举止,表现,为人处事 blame oneself 自责
常用搭配
? busy oneself about / in / with 忙于 ? conduct oneself well / poorly …表现好/ 不好 ? divorce oneself from 与某人离婚,抛开 divorce oneself from personal considerations 抛开个人考虑 ? depend on oneself ? enjoy oneself
常用搭配
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Kill oneself Make oneself at home pride oneself on 使得意 provide oneself with repeat oneself 不自觉地重复 hurt oneself Help oneself

  3.4 疑问代词
? Who, whom, what, which, whose ? 究竟,到底 on earth, in hell What in hell are you doing? What on earth are you doing?

  3.5不定代词
? ? ? ? ? ? 定义:不指明代替特定名词或形容词的代词 some, something, somebody, someone any, anything, anybody, anyone no, nothing, nobody, no one, none every, everything, everybody, everyone each, much, many, little, a little, few, a few, other, another, all, one, both, either, neither
代词、形容词通用的词
? Some, each, most, one, other, either any, all, such, many, the same, another, both, few, enough, neither
只作形容词的代词
? every, no
只作代词的不定代词
? none, someone, anyone, everyone ? nobody, somebody, anybody, everybody ? nothing, something, anything, everything
Choose the best answer
? Children who stay away from school do for different reasons. (TEM 4?20
  05) A. them B. / C. it D. theirs 离开学校的学生都有各自不同的理由。 theirs 指代stay away from school
? Because fuel supplies are finite and many people are wasteful, we will have to install ( ) solar heating device in our home. A. some type of B. some types of a C. some type of a C. some types of some type of: 某种 some types of 某几种
? Above the trees are the hills ( ) magnificence the river faithfully reflects on the surface. A. where B. of whose C. whose D. which 群山位于树林的上面,一条小河的河面上清楚 地映出群山之雄伟壮丽。
 

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