北大版
大学英语教程
第一册
Objectives
By the end of the unit, students will be better able to
? talk and write about the importance of creativity and imagination during college study; ? use about 30 new words and 10 new phrases and expressions in brief conversations, translation and preliminary writing tasks; ? use "ask if …"and "one argues (believes, points out) that …"; ? read material of a similar topic and degree of difficulty; ? know how to use exact words in writing in terms of their connotations and denotations.
Part I Part II Part III
Language Skill Text A Discussion Text B Treatment Writing Awareness
Part I
Language Skill
? Key Words Made Easy ? Key Expressions in Use ? Communicative Practice
Tuning In Listening comprehension Speaking Task
Key Words Made Easy
n. 失败;失败者 ? failure the fact of not achieving the desired ends; one that fails n. 同事 ? colleague a fellow member of a profession, a co-worker n. 考分,成绩记录 ? score the number of points as the result of an exam n. 判断 ? judgment action of judging; opinion formed about something. n. 学分 ? credit unit of study at a university or college
Key Words Made Easy
adj. 有能力的; 称职的 ? competent capable, properly qualified n.公式 ? formula established form of symbols n. 比例 ? proportion a part considered in relation to the whole n. 教师,讲课人(instruction n.) ? instructor
a college or university teacher who ranks below an assistant professor.
? discontent dissatisfaction
n. 不满意(content) 反义
Key Words Made Easy
? John didn't pass the exam, but he doesn't take it as a failure. failure Q: Is John one of the students who failed in the test? A: Yes, but he doesn't take it as a failure. ? Professor Wang and I are colleagues ; we work at the same university. Q: What is the relationship between you and Professor Wang? A: Professor Wang and I are colleagues.
? Jane is the best student in the class;she always gets a perfect score in tests. Q: How well does Jane always do in her tests? A: She always gets a perfect score in tests. ? In my judgment the student's answer to the question is judgment, correct. Q: What do you think about the student’s answer to the question? A: In my judgment, his/her answer is not wrong.
? I'll get four credits for the College English course this semester. Q: How many credits will you get if you pass the College English course this semester? A: I' ll get four credits if I pass the course. ? Professor Smith is a competent teacher;I learned a lot from him. Q: Is Professor Smith a good teacher? Did you learn from him? A: Yes. He is a very competent teacher and I learned a lot from him.
? We have to use a special formula to find the answer to this math problem. Q: How can we find the answer to this math problem? A: We have to use a special formula. proportion ? This picture lacks proportion;the man's head is too big for the body. Q: What's wrong with the picture? A: The man in the picture is out of proportion.
? Miserable! Our language instructor makes us do a lot of grammar exercises. Q: Who makes you feel miserable and why? A: Our language instructor makes me un-happy because he/she wants us to do a lot of grammar exercises. ? Mary is not happy with her test result, but she doesn't want to show her discontent discontent. Q: What does Mary want to do with her test result? A: She doesn't want to show her discontent.
Key Expressions in Use
? stand for 对……有权利;象征,代表;意思是 have the right for; mean ? set up against 制定对……不利(的条例、制度等) organize/arrange against ? have another try 再试一次 try again ? be fed up with 对……受够了/烦透了 have too much; be disgusted with ? with something in mind 考虑到某事;想到 thinking of something
Key Expressions in Use
? Mr. Green is a competent instructor; he really stands for the prize. Q: Mr. Green is going to get a prize. What do you think about it? A: He really stands for it. up against ? Facts are collected and set up against my judgment. Q: They have collected some facts. What do you think of them? A: I hope they are not set up against my judgment.
try ? You'd better have another try;it won't be another failure. Q: What are you asked to do? A: I am asked to have another try. ? I'm really fed up with all these math formulae! fed up with Q: What do you think of these math formulae? A: I am really fed up with them. ? With a good sense of proportion in mind, my colleague mind was able to solve the problem. Q: How did your colleague solve the problem? A: He/She solved the problem with a good sense of proportion in mind.
Communicative Practice
Words in Sound
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Tuning In
? 想象力 ? 有创造力的 ? 准确的 ? 生物学家 ? 实地考察 ? 解决(问题) ? 指示 ? 发疯的 ? 社会 ? 叛逆者
imagination creative accurate biologist fieldwork solve direction crazy society rebel
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

  1. We often need to be creative to problems. solve accurate
  2. To be creative is good, but we also need to be .
  3. My helps me get high grades in college. imagination Creative
  4. thinking helps me make As for my classes. biologist
  5. A is more accurate in his work than an artist.
  6. You want to be creative in word spelling! Are you crazy ?
  7. The professor tells us exactly how to do the . fieldwork
  8. are ones who want to break rules. Rebels
  9. We have to follow the professors' . directions
  10. We are living in a of rebels and dreamers. society
Idioms in Use
? Right, we just have to show that we know the facts. ? Right, we just have to, like, show that we know the facts. like: a "verbal filler" that does not add any meaning to a statement. (It is very common in informal conversations among young Americans.)
? Creative spelling! It’s impossible. You’re totally wrong! ? Creative spelling! Are you crazy? crazy: mad, having lost reason; often used to express surprise or disbelief ? My writing teacher was really angry. ? My writing teacher totally freaked out. freaked out: get upset, angry, or distressed
? Mike, that’s totally foolish and wrong. ? Mike, that’s totally messed up. messed up: be foolish or misguided ? We’d finally have a society of rebels. ? We’d end up with a society of rebels. end up with: become finally; have the result in the end
Listening Comprehension Dialogue A
Mike: So you don't you think your So, Ally, do think biologists Ally: Right, we just have to, like, Ally:imagination helps you get Why not? need to be creative? show that have to follow the know the Mike:Well, wewein college? facts. No Well, wemight need to be grades Ally:high creativity or anything. professors' directions. The professor Ally: What to solvemean? creative do you problems, I tells us exactly how to to be guess, but we need do the Mike: You know, being creative, fieldwork, and we do it. accurate, too.imagination. Does using your Ally:itLike do you think our biology Mike: So, little make anmachines? help you biology “A”? Mike:What kind ofchance to is that? class gives Ally: Exactly.us a question be creative? can't be creative I'd Ally:If I wanted to be creative, in And we the exams, artist, not a biology Ally:be an either. we do fieldMaybe when work. major. Mike: Yeah, they just want the same answerI from everyone. Mike: don't think so.
Dialogue B
Ally: So, Ally, do any Are you Ally: Creative spelling! of messed Mike: Mike, that's totally your up. We'd end up with classes I guess, forhigher crazy? give you a me,abeing society being creative? grade forin rebels. means, creative of writing like, choosing Well, maybe Mike: Rebels, poets, dreamers! Ally: I don't know.different words class. Writing's a We need people who know writingand stuff. We still have to break theright? how activity, rules. creative have some rules for spelling see sure you and Ally: I'm I and grammar mean, Mike: OK,not sowhat about that. all that. don't think we Ibut I still writing teacher she told my Mike: I think there are toomarks should have creative many should give me extra spelling. rules. College should teach for creative spelling. She us how to break the totally freaked out. rules.
Speaking Task
Mimetic
? A: Do you think your imagination...(能帮你在考 试中取得高分吗)? can help you get (achieve) high grades in exams ? B: I'm not sure about that, but rich imagination some-times... (能使我解决学习中的问题). helps me solve some problems in my study
? A: Well, I don't think my biology class ... (不能给 我提供发挥创造力的机会). gives me some chance to be creative ? B: Yeah, we have to follow (听从老师的指示). our teachers' directions (instructions) ? A: And we can't use...( 自已的想像力和创造力) ) in the exam. our imagination and creativity in the exams ? B: Right, this is because in exams, ... (每个人都必 须提供惟一正确的答案). everyone is expected to give the only correct answers to the questions
Idiomatic
? A: (tells B he/she wants to be creative in spelling) . A: Hi, Wang Bin, nice to meet you here. You know, I want to create my own spelling for some English words. ? B: (expresses disbelief and surprise with the word "crazy") ! B: What? Are you crazy? Spelling can't be created. There is only one correct spelling for each word. ? A: (tells B not to be surprised and upset like that, using the expression "to freak out") . A: Well, don' t be freaked out like that. Let me tell you how.
? B: (says if people just break rules, this world will be confused, using the expression "to be messed up") . B: I know you are kidding. You certainly can't break certain rules in our society. If people keep on breaking rules, this world will be totally messed up. ? A: (says life is boring and rebels are welcome) . A: But don't you think our life is really, like, boring? We always follow rules of all kinds. Don't you think life will be more enjoyable if we have some rebels who break rules?
? B: (disagrees and says that if so, the world will be full of crazy people, using the expression "end up with") . B: Life is boring, Zhang Lan, but the solution is not breaking rules. If people enjoy misspelling words, this world will end up with no language at all, and nobody but crazy people will rule the world.
Creative
? I am more imaginative and creative than most of my classmates. ? My major doesn't allow much room for independent thinking. ? My teacher always freaks out when I solve problems in my own way. ? It is wonderful to see people break rules.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
think differently memory forgetfulness think wildly encourage(鼓励) accuracy a set of rules most facts never change
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
never believe without asking questions study hard to pass the examinations work like a machine follow his/her directions find solutions to a problem in many ways scientific evidence (科学证据) humanities (人文学科) give a change to think independently happy to see a change
Part II Text A Discussion
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Introduction Preview Questions Text Analysis Comprehension Questions Theme or Main Idea Expanding Questions Exercises
Introduction
At the request of his colleague, the author worked as a referee on the grading of an examination question. Unusual as the student’s answer was, it convinced the author that the student stood for full credit. Moreover, the student offered another three unusual answers to the same question afterwards, but he said nothing about the usual one. Later he told the author why he had given such an unexpected answer to the question on the test. The student was actually bored with high school and college instructors, who had been trying to teach him to use the “scientific method” in a pedantic way. And he wanted to show his discontent in disguise of a fool.
Preview Questions

  1. What do you think of our college grading system?
Our college grading system is normally based on a 100-point (score) system. Other typical grading system may be based on a scoring range from A to E in which A stands for “excellent”; B “very good”; C “good”; D “pass” and E “fail”. At some universities, teachers may use other forms of grading.

  2. If you failed in you final exam, how would feel? And what would you do?
Normally in this case, most students would say that if they failed in their exam, they would feel very bad, but they would not give up. They would pluck up their courage, face the challenge and try again. Guide their conversation so that they may ask why they failed. Is it because they focused on the text too much, ignoring building up their problem-solving ability?
Is it because some exam questions have nothing to do with their lecture notes or assignment reading? Or is it because they could not concentrate during the exam because of overnight preparation? Or, to think otherwise, their teachers have put in some silly questions (or questions too difficult) for them? Instead of trying to do better in a “make-up
 

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