Is Learning English Easy or Not There are about fifteen hundred languages in the world .But only a few of them are very important .English is one of these .Many ,many people use it ,not only in England and the U.S.A. but also in the other parts of the world .About 200000000 speak it as their own language. Many millions are trying to do so. Is it easy or difficult to learn English? Different people may has different answers .Have you ever noticed ads of this kind in the newspapers or magazines? “Learn English in six weeks. or your money back ...” “Easy and fun ! Our records and tapes help you master your English in a month. From the first day your pronunciation will be excellent. Just send…” of course ,it never happens quite like that. The only languages that seems easy to learn is the mother tongue. We should remember that we all learned our own language well when we were children. If we could learn English in the same way ,it would seem not so difficult . Think of what a child does. He listens to what people say. He tries what he hear. When he wants something ,he has to ask for it . He is using the language, talking in it ,thinking in it all the time. Just imagine how much practice that gets. So it is hard to say learning English is easy. Because a good command of English depends upon a lot of practice. And practice needs great effort and takes much time. Good teachers ,records ,tapes ,books ,and dictionaries will help .But they cannot do the student’s work for him .
Good Manners
We say that a person has good manners if he or she is polite, kind and helpful to others. Every one likes a person with good manners. But no one likes a person with bad or careless manners. “yes,” you say , “but what are good manners ?how do I know what to do and what not to do ?” Here are some examples of these things. They tell you what a person with good manners does or does not do. He never laughs at people when they are in trouble. Instead, he tries to help them. He is always kind, never cruel, either to people or to animals. When people are waiting for a bus, or in a post office, he takes his turn. He does not push to the front. On the bus, he gives his seat to an old person or a lady. If he, by accident, knocks someone, or gets in their way, he says, “excuse me” or “I am sorry”. He says “Please” when he asks somebody to help. He says “thank you” when he receives something. He stands up when he speaks to a lady or an older person. And he does not sit down when the other person does. He does not speak or laugh loudly in public. However, different countries have different manners. When you enter a house in some Asian countries, it is good manners to take off your shoes. In European countries, even though shoes sometime become very dirty, this is not done. In Japan, the guest and host bow each other. But in some other countries they only nod or shake hands. A guest in a Chinese house never finishes a drink. He leaves a little to show that he has had enough. In England a guest always finishes a drink to show that he was enjoyed it. But no matter how different the manners are, people all over the world agree that good
manners really mean to be kind and helpful to others, especially those older or weaker than ourselves. If you remember this, you will not go very far wrong.
At a Railway Station Once, a long time ago, I went to a railway station. I planned to take the ninth train to New York and go on a journey with a friend. Many people were on the platform and they were pushing onto the long passenger train. It was already full. I asked the man at the booing office if I could have two tickets. He answered sharply, “no !” I felt hurt. It was important for me to have the tickets. I found a railway official and asked him if I could have a place some where in the sleeping-car, but he said sharply, “no! you can’t .the train is full. Don’t trouble me any more.” I felt very hurt indeed. I said to my friend, “they talked to me like this because they don’t know who I am. If they knew…” but my friend said: Don’t be foolish. Do you think it would help you to get a seat on the train? There are no empty seats.” I went up to the same official and said very politely that my mane was Mark Twain. But he only replied: “I told you not to trouble me any more.” I said to my friend: “he may not have heard my mane.” But my friend said that official had heard my mane quite clearly, but that he didn’t care, that was all. Just then I noticed a young porter in a sleeping-car was looking at me. He breathed something in the train conductor’s ear, and the conductor came over to me, removed his cap and said very politely. “Can I help you, sir? Do you want a place in a sleeping-car?” “Yes , I certainly do.” I said. The porter took our case and we got in to the sleeping-car. The porter saw that we were comfortably settled in our places. Then he said, “Now, is anything you want, sir?” When the porter left I smiled at my friend and said: “well, what do you say now?” My friend looked ashamed. “Well,” He said, “you were right, I’m sorry I said all those things to you on the platform. I was foolish, not you. I’m glad I came here with you.” Just then the porter came to the door again and said: “Oh, sir, I recognized you at once when I saw you. And I told the conductor so.”
“Really,” I said, and I gave him twice as much as I usually give to a porter. Who am I then?” “You are Mr. McClellan, of course, the Mayor of New York,” he said and disappeared.
The Fun They Had Margie kept her diary almost every day. One day she wrote, “17 may,2155” and then this sentence: “Today Tommy found a real book.” It was a very old book. Its pages were yellow. Margie suddenly remembered that her grandfather once said that that centuries ago all stories were printed on paper. This must be a book on that time. Tommy and Margie were anxious to read the book. They turned the pages. It was very funny. The words stood still, and didn’t move as they did on a TV. And then, when they turned back, the same words were there. “Oh,” said Tommy, “what a waste, when you finish reading the book, you just throw it away. You can have a million books on our television, and even more, there is nothing throw away.” Tommy and Margie were both thirteen. They had read a lot. Whenever they wanted to read, the books appeared on the TV. They had turned a page like they were doing now. “What’s it about?” Margie asked. “School.” Margie didn’t like the idea. “School? All those lesson: chemistry, physics, arithmetic! What can be interesting about school?” she hated school. Her school was a room next to her bedroom. There was a machine with a big TV set on it. The big TV showed her lessons, asked her questions and gave her exercises and examination papers. “why did they write about school?” “it’s not our kind school..” Tommy answered. “this is the old kind of school hundreds of years ago. They had teachers. All were people.” “Really? How could that be? And I don’t thing it’s pleasant to have a stranger in my house to teach me.” Tommy laughed. “You don’t know much, Margie. The teacher didn’t lived in the house. They had a special building and all the pupils all there.
“And all the pupils learn the same thing?” “Of course, if they were the same age, the book says.” At that moment, the machine in the next room called, “Maregie! School!” Margie went into her classroom. The TV was on and waiting for her. It was always on at the same time every day except Saturday and Sunday. The TV announced, “Today’s arithmetic lesson…” Margie looked at the TV. But she was thing about the old school. All the pupils from the neighbourhood came. They laughed, and shouted when they played ball games in the schoolyard or at the stadium. They sat together in the classroom, went together at the end of the day. They learned the same things, so they could help one another with their homework and talk about it. And the teacher were people… Oh, what fun they had!
Lesson 5 Text The Little Man I once knew a little man. He grew every day twenty-four hours older without becoming any taller or larger. This made him unhappy. For he wished very much to be tall and large like other men. He could not bear people say, “good morning, my LITTLE man!” One day a bright idea came into his mind. He would go to the shoemaker’s and have a pair of heels put on his shoes. That would make him taller, at least, he thought. And people stop calling him “little man” The shoemaker was very kindly set to work. When he had finished and been paid, he said, “I hope that I pleased you and you will call another day. Good-bye, my little man.” The little gentleman walked away, greatly hurt. The shoemaker did not show much respect for his feelings. “It will be different with the doctor. Doctors knew everything,” he thought, “He will open his eyes and greet me by another name.” So he went at once to the doctor’s. he kept himself all the time as straight as a young soldier on guard. “Good morning, my little man,” said the doctor, “what ca I do for you?”
Just think how sad the little man must have felt.
  00.00]Lesson 6 Odds and Ends [00:
  27.00]On these days,much of the profit of a business [00:
  32.18]-- sometimes the whole of its success [00:
  36.29]--depends on the use of the odds and ends. [00:
  40.99]The odds and ends are various small things. [00:
  45.67]They are left over when the main thing is produced. [00:
  50.86]Yet they have a real value of their own. [00:
  55.44]All kinds of big businesses have their odds and ends. [01:
  00.94]In a big meal factory,for example,there are countless odds and ends [01:
  08.02]--bones and hair,to name only a few. [01:
  13.22]The bones are made into glue;the hair is made into rope. [01:
  19.22]If these odds and ends were to be looked down upon, [01:
  24.31]it would mean a big difference in the amount of the profit of the factory. [01:
  30.29] We students have our own odds and ends. [01:
  34.78]Take time for instance. [01:
  38.57]Every one of us has the same amount of it. [01:
  43.15]Our success or failure depends on the use of our time. [01:
  48.74]But we use the time more or less in the same way. [01:
  53.83]We have our regular day's work: [01:
  57.53]certain perilds of classes,or several hours for review. [02:
  03.94]And that ends a day. [02:
  07.13]But what about its odds and ends--the odd moments? [02:
  12.24]Many giants in science or art [02:
  16.44]have made huge successes for themselves in the world [02:
  21.72]mainly because they have made best use of their odd moments. [02:
  28.10]Take Tomas A.Edison. [02:
  31.68]While he was earning his living by tapping out messages, [02:
  36.96]he did not allow his odd moments to slip by. [02:
  41.95]He thought,he planned,and he tried between messages. [02:
  48.74]And he succeeded in working out a lot of things entirely new to the world. [02:
  55.44]By fully using his odd moments, [02:
  59.54]he provided valuable wealth for the modern world. [03:
  04.73]Think of the odd quarter of an hour in the morning before breakfast, [03:
  10.42]the odd half an hour after dinner, [03:
  14.33]and the odd moments in the washroom or between classes. [03:
  19.73]Remember the chances to read or think [03:
  24.12]that come now and again during the day. [03:
  28.92]Make full use of them, and you my find, [03:
  34.03]as many big businesses have found, [03:
  38.33]that the real profit is in using the odds and ends. [03:
  43.82]Words to watch [04:
  03.02]odds profit success main n.益处,利益 n.成功,成就 a.主要的,总的 [04:
  06.78]n.残剩的东西 [04:
  10.54]value business meat factory
  14.68]n.价值,实用性,重要性 n.行业,生意;事务,业务 n.肉,食用肉类 n.工 厂,制造厂 [04:
  18.82]bone hair glue rope [04:
  22.86]n.骨,骨骼 n.毛发,头发,汗毛 n.胶,胶水 n.绳,索 [04:
  26.90]difference amount instance failure [04:
  31.20]n.差别,差异;分歧,争论 n.,v.数量;合计,相当于 n.例,例证,实例 n.失 败,不及格 [04:
  35.50]regular period several review [04:
  39.74]a.定时的;规则的 n.期间,一段时间 a.若干,数个 v.,n.复习,回顾 [04:
  43.99]giant science art huge [04:
  48.08]n.巨人 n.科学 n.艺术,美术 a.巨大的,庞大的 [04:
  52.18]mainly earn tap message [04:
  56.12]ad.主要地,大体上 v.挣得 v.轻敲,敲打出 n.通讯,消息,音 信 [05:
  00.07]allow slip succeed entire [05:
  04.27]v.允许 v.滑,滑倒,溜掉 v.成功;继承,接替 a.完全的,完整的 [05:
  08.47]provide valuable wealth modern [05:
  12.42]v.提供,供给 a.有价值的,贵重的 n.财富,财产;丰富 a.现代的, 新式的 [05:
  16.37]quarter breakfast dinner wash [05:
  20.52]n.四分之一,一刻钟 n.早饭,早餐 正餐,宴会 v.,n.洗,冲洗 [05:
  24.67]chance account arrange produce [05:
  28.67]n.机会,可能性;偶然性 n.,v.账;说明,解释 v.整理,布置;安排,筹备 v.生产, 制造,产生
  00.00]Lesson 7 A high school student speaks (After Randal Williams) [00:
  30.79]I went through four years of high school in Alabama, [00:
  36.77]and became active in clubs and sports. [00:
  41.26]I made a lot of friends and became a regular boy. [00:
  46.66]But one thing was irregular about me: [00:
  51.77]I managed those four years without ever having a friend visit my house. [00:
  58.66]I was ashamed of where I lived. [01:
  03.53]We had a big fam



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