Unit Eight:Honesty:Is It Going out of Style? :
TEXT Ever thought about cheating on a test? Of course not. But some students are not quite so honest … Honesty: Is It Going Out of Style?
Stacia Robbins According to a recent poll, 61 percent of American high school students have admitted to cheating on exams at least once. It can be argued such a response my not mean much. After all, most students have been faced with the temptation to peek at a neighbor's test paper. And students can be hard on themselves in judging such behavior. However, there are other indications that high school cheating may be on the rise. More and more states are requiring students to pass competency tests in order to receive their high school diplomas. And many educators fear that an increase in the use of state exams will lead to a corresponding rise in cheating. A case in point is students in New York State who faced criminal misdemeanor charges for possessing and selling advance copies of state Regents examinations. Cheating is considered to be a major problem in colleges and
universities. Several professors say they've dropped the traditional term paper requirement because many students buy prewritten term papers, and they can't track down all the cheaters anymore. Colleges and universities across the nation have decided to do more than talk about the rise in student cheating. For instance, the Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland launched a campaign to stop one form of cheating. As 409 students filed out of their exam, they found all but one exit blocked. Proctors asked each student to produce an ID card with an attached photo. Students who said they'd left theirs in the dorm or at home had a mug shot taken. The purpose of the campaign was to catch "ringers," students who take tests for other students. The majority of students at the University of Maryland applauded the campaign. The campus newspaper editorial said, "Like police arresting speeders, the intent is not to catch everyone but rather to catch enough to spread the word." We frequently hear about "the good old days", when Americans were better, happier, and more honest. But were they more honest? Maybe yes, a long time ago when life was very different from what it is today. School children used to know the story of how Abraham Lincoln walked five miles to return a penny he'd overcharged a customer. It's the kind of story we think of as myth. But in the case of Lincoln, the
story is true … unlike the story of George Washington and the cherry tree. Washington's first biographer invented the tale of little George saying to his father, "I cannot tell a lie. I did it with my ax." What is important in both stories, however, is that honesty was seen as an important part of the American character. And these are just two stories out of many. Students in the last century usually didn't read "fun" stories. They read stories that taught moral values. Such stories pointed out quite clearly that children who lied, cheated, or stole came to bad ends. Parents may have further reinforced those values. It's difficult to know. We do know that children didn't hear their parents talk of cheating the government on income taxes - there weren't any. A clue as to why Americans may have been more honest in the past lies in the Abe Lincoln story. Lincoln knew his customer. They both lived in a small town. Would a check-out person at a large supermarket return money a customer? It's less likely. On the other hand, would overnight guests at an inn run by a husband and wife, steal towels? It's less likely. Perhaps this tells us that people need to know one another to be at their honest best. The vast majority of Americans still believe that honesty as an important part of the American Character. For that reason, there are
numerous watch-dog committees at all levels of society. Although signs of dishonesty in school, business, and government seem much more numerous in recent years than in the past, could it be that we are getting better at revealing such dishonesty? There is some evidence that dishonesty may ebb and flow. When times are hard, incidents of theft and cheating usually go up. And when times get better such incidents tend to go down. Cheating in school also tends to ebb and flow. But it doesn't seem linked to the economy. Many educators feel that as students gain confidence in themselves and their abilities, they are less likely to cheat. Surprisingly, some efforts to prevent cheating may actually encourage cheating - a person may feel "they don't trust me anyway," and be tempted to "beat the system." Distrust can be contagious. But, so can trust! NEW WORDS honesty n. freedom from deceit, cheating, etc. 诚实 style n. fashion 时髦 poll n. survey of public opinion by putting questions to a representative
selection of persons 民意测验 admit v. state or agree to the truth of; confess 承认,供认 admission n. temptation n. the act of tempting or being tempted 引诱;诱惑 peek vi. look (at sth.) quickly, esp. when one should not 偷看 behavio(u)r n. way of behaving 行为 behave v. indication n. sign or suggestion 迹象
competency n. ability; being competent 能力;胜任 diploma n. official paper showing that a person has successfully finished a course of study or passed an examination 文凭 corresponding
a. matching 相应的 criminal a. of crime misdemeano(u)r n. crime that is less serious than, for example, stealing of murder 轻 罪 charge n. accusation 指控 possess n. have, own 占有,拥有 advance a. made available before the date of general publication or release 预 先的 regent n. member of a governing board (学校董事会的)董事 drop vt. give up; discontinue 放弃;革除 traditional a. of or according to tradition 传统的 tradition n. requirement
n. sth. required; sth. demanded as a condition 要求;必要条件 prewritten a. written beforehand; written in advance psychology n. science of the mind 心理学 psychological a. launch vt. start, set going 发起;发动 campaign n. series of planned activities for some special purpose 运动 file vi. march or move in a line 排成纵队行进 exit n. way out of a place 出口(处) proctor n. 临考人 ID card n. identity card 身份证 dorm n. (short for) dormitory 宿舍 mug
n. the face or mouth shot n. a single photograph mug shot n. (sl.) photograph of a person's face, used for purposes of identification 面部照片 ringer n. any person who pretends to be another 冒名顶替者 applaud vt. praise esp. by striking one's hands to gether 拍手称赞 campus n. university; the grounds of a university, college, or school 大学;校 园 editorial n. leading article 社论 arrest vt. seize (sb.) in the name of the law 逮捕 speeder n. person who drives an automobile at a higher speed than is lawful 违法超速驾驶者 intent n. purpose; intention
frequently ad. at short intervals, often 频繁地 overcharge vt. charge too much 对...要价太高 customer n. person who buys goods from a shop, esp. regularly 顾客 myth n. 神话 unlike prep. not like, different from cherry n. 樱桃 biographer n. person who writes about another person's life 传记作家 ax(e) n. 斧子 character n. mental or moral qualities that make one person, race, etc. different from others 性格,品质 moral a. concerning principles of right of wrong 道德的 reinforce
vt. encourage of strengthen 加强 tax n. 税,税款 clue n. sth. that helps to find an answer to a question 线索 check-out n. desk where one pays the bill of the goods one has chosen 结帐处 supermarket n. large shop where one serves oneself with food and goods 超级市场 overnight a. for or during the night 住一夜的;一整夜的 inn n. small hotel 小旅馆,客栈 towel n. 毛巾 vast a. very big numerous a. many watch-dog a. organized or acting as a watchful guardian, esp. against unlawful practice 起监督作用的
dishonesty n. the quality of being dishonest reveal vt. make known 揭露 evidence n. sign or proof 证据 ebb vi. (of the tide) flow back from the land to the sea; grow less; become weak or faint 落潮;低落,衰退 flow vi. (of the tide) come in; rise; run or spread smoothly (潮)涨;上升; 流 incident n. event; happening 事件 theft n. (the act of, an instance of) stealing tend vi. have a tendency 易于,往往会 link vt. join or connect 连接;联系 economy n. 经济
anyway ad. at all; in any case 究竟;无论如何 tempt vt. attract (sb.) to do sth. wrong or foolish 引诱 system n. 体制;制度 systematic a. distrust n. lack of trust; mistrust 不信任,怀疑 contagious a. tending to spread easily from person to person 传染的
PHEASES & EXPRESSIONS out of style no longer fashionable 过时的,不再流行 according to as stated or shown by; in a way that agrees with 按照,根据 (be) faced with 面对 be hard on 对...过分严厉
on the rise increasing steadily 在增长;在加剧 a case in point a very good example 恰当的例子 all but all except 除了...都 (be) different from unlike, not the same as 与...不同 think of ... as regard as in the case of 就...来说,至于 come to arrive at a particular state or position 变成(某种状态) lie in exist in 在于 on the other hand from the opposed point of view 另一方面,反过来说 at one's best in as good a state as possible 处于最佳状态 go up rise; increase 上升;增加
go down fall; decrease 下降;减少 PROPER NAMES Stacia Robbins 斯泰茜娅.罗宾斯 Maryland 马里兰(美国州名) Abe 艾贝(Abraham 的昵称) Abe
 

相关内容

大学英语精读第二册_Unit_Five

   阿尔伯特.爱因斯坦(1879-1955) 他是一位德裔美籍科学家, 历史上最伟大的理论物 理学家之一, 以提出狭义与广义相对论著称. 对物 质动力论与比热原理贡献卓著,是量子论的先驱之 一. 爱因斯坦出生于德国一犹太人家庭,他从小即 对简单代数和几何问题兴趣浓厚, 14岁接触自然 科学书籍, 受到极大影响而将兴趣转向理论物理学. 1916年发表广义相对论, 1921年获诺贝尔物理学 奖, 以表扬他在光电效应方面的成就. 爱因斯坦以 钟情于“简单与真理”的信念而闻名于世, 完全不 受传统枷锁束 ...

大学英语精读第一册 Unit Eight

   Unit Eight You Go Your Way, I’ll Go Mine hear of= have knowledge of or receive information about听到,听说 " e.g. " We are happy to hear of your success. " (听说你成功了,我们大家都很高兴说。) be responsible for= be the cause of… 应对…负责的 " E.g. " The drunken driver sh ...

《计算机英语》Unit Eight

   定语(从句) 定语(从句)的翻译 定语可分前置和后置两种。当定语是一个或几 个单一的词来充当的话通常是前置,而定语如 果是短语或句子的话,通常会后置。 英语定语从句的翻译涉及到限制性定语从句的 译法和非限制性定语从句的翻译.此外,有些定 语从句和主句之间还存在状语关系,对这种定 语从句的译法也值得探讨. 一、限制性定语从句 限制性定语从句对所修饰的先行词起限制作用, 限制性定语从句对所修饰的先行词起限制作用 , 与先行词 关系密切, 在意义上与先行词密切不可分, 如被省去, 关系密切 , 在 ...

现代大学英语精读第三册答案Unit3 课后练习答案

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

大学英语精读第三版(董亚芬主编)第二册 Unit1~Unit10 翻译答案

   Unit1 翻译 1.她砰地关上门,一声不吭地走了,他们之间那场争执就此结束。 Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word. 2. 出席晚宴的客人对那个美国人威严的语气感到有点意外。 The guests at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American. 3. 约翰尼已长大成熟, ...

(免费)英语学习:Osprey.-.Aviation.Elite.Units.014.-.49th.Fighter.Group00003

   the day, which he later identified a a Nakajima Ki-44 'Tejo'. The s Japanae fighter was in rhe process of outrunning six P-40s when Dick dived vertidly on it to rake rhe srubby-winged aircmfr from stem rostern. The dl secrion separated and [he pilo ...

大学英语精读第二册 答案

   大学英语精读第二册(第三版)book2Unit1答案 上海外语教育出版社 一) 1. bare 2. empty 3. empty 4. bare 5. empty 6.empty 二) 1. shortly 2.track down 3.faint 4.motioned 5.at the sight of 6.feel like 7.slamming 8.rang out 9.contract 10.made for 11.heated 12.emerged 三) 1. host 2. s ...

大学英语精读第二册答案

   大学英语精读第二册(第三版)book2Unit1答案 上海外语教育出版社 一) 1. bare 2. empty 3. empty 4. bare 5. empty 6.empty 二) 1. shortly 2.track down 3.faint 4.motioned 5.at the sight of 6.feel like 7.slamming 8.rang out 9.contract 10.made for 11.heated 12.emerged 三) 1. host 2. s ...

大学英语精读 第二册Unit7

   Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Warm-up Questions 2. Listening Comprehension 3. Background Information 4. English Song 5. Topic-related Prediction Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Warm-up ...

初一英语上册Unit9_Signs

   Unit9 Signs 第一课时 1.句型 Great!We can…We can’t…I see. 2.动词 bring 的用法 3.can 的否定形式 见上 图片,录音机,多媒体 Step1.Revison (1)T:Good morning,class.S: Good morning ,teacher. T: Whose walkman is this?Is this yours,Lily?S:Yes,it is. (2)T: Do you have a model plane,Pet ...

热门内容

英语交际

   1 out of the blue 意想不到 2 till one is blue in the face 舌干唇焦 3 up in the air 未决定的 即事情悬而未决. 4 all the more 更有理由 "all the more"是"all the more reason(s) to do something"的简略形式,表示"更有理由(做某事)". 5 feel it in one's bones 有预感,有直觉 ...

英语阅读理解解题技巧

   英语阅读理解解题技巧 2008-03-20 白洁 万学海文 阅读在考研英语试卷中占了六十分,它的重要性不言而喻.重视阅读训练和对技 巧的掌握,对广大考生提高英语能力,提高考研英语分数至关重要.建议大家在做阅 读题的时候,按照如下几个流程: 1,快速浏览题干,通过题干先对问题做一些区分.一般来说,出题人在题目的设 置方面, 都会按照文章的内容来依次设置问题的顺序. 问题设置的难度也是由浅入深. 所以,大家在第一遍阅读文章时,基本上可以将该篇文章的 1-3 小题做出答案或是找 到问题在文章中显示 ...

高考英语作文常用词语和句型

   高考英语作文常用词语和句型 一.开头用语: 开头用语: 良好的开端等于成功的一半.在写作文时,通常以最简单也最常用的 方式开门见山法.也就是说, 直截了当地提出你对这个问题的看 法或要求,点出文章的中心思想. 1.议论论文: A. Just as every coin has two sides, cars have both advanta ges and disadvantages. B. Compared to/ In comparison with letters, e-mails ...

成语,英语翻译

   英译常用的 100 个中国成语 2008-06-25 21:40 | (分类:默认分类) 1.爱屋及乌 Love me, love my dog. 2.百闻不如一见 Seeing is believing. 3.比上不足比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst. 4.笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make ...

2011年6月份大学英语四级作文预测范文

   本文由发飙的莫小贝贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 英语四级、 英语四级、英语六级考试写作预测范文 预测一 For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Attend Your Classes Regularly。You should write at least 120 words following the o ...