1. Nobody knows what these bombs were supposed to hit during the terrible Vietnam War, but they landed in a small orphanage run by a missionary group. (Line
  1)
在可怕的越南战争期间,谁也不知道这 在可怕的越南战争期间, be supposed to do… 些炸弹要轰炸什么目标,而它们却落在 些炸弹要轰炸什么目标,而它们却落在 应该做??????,理应做 应该做 ,理应做?????? 了一所由传教士办的小孤儿院内。 了一所由传教士办的小孤儿院内。
所有学生8点以前应该到教室。
Every student is supposed to be in the classroom before 8 o’clock. On Valentine’s Day, you are not supposed to send her carnations. You are supposed to send roses.
情人节你不应该送她康乃馨,你该 送她玫瑰。

  2. … it was clear that without immediate action, she would die from loss of blood and shock. (Line
  9)
此句型中clear 常可被其他形容词替换 此句型中 that, it is true 如:it is obvious 主语从句 clear +主语从句… that, it is 很显然,很清楚,显而易见 evident that等 等 很显然,很清楚, Die from 由于 而死。 由于…而死 而死。
显然你没有得到她的青睐,否则,她不会拒绝 你的邀请。
It is clear that you didn’t win her affection, otherwise she wouldn’t reject your invitation.
没有英语课,大学生活确实会轻松很多。但是不学英语,你显然 不能适应现代社会的需要。
It is true that without English course, college life may become much easier. But it is obvious that you can’t keep pace with the modern society if you don’t study English.
To learn that happiness is a decision. They decide to be happy with what they behave, or die from envy jealousy of what they lack. 去得知幸福是一种决定,他们决定为自己是谁 自己有什么快乐地活,或为自己所没有的东 西羡慕妒嫉地死;

  3. Using what little common language they could find, together with a lot of sign language, they tried to explain to the frightened children that unless they could give some blood to their little friend she would certainly die.
(Line
  16)

  1. Using 分词结构
  2. together with 相当于as well as
  3. unless they could give… 既是句子的直接宾语又是后面
句子的条件从句

  5. The medical team now was very worried because the needle should not have been hurting their tiny patient. (Line
  42)
should + have + 过去分词 这一结构的肯 定形式表示本应该做却没有做; 定形式表示本应该做却没有做;其否定 形式表示某种行为不该发生却发生了。 形式表示某种行为不该发生却发生了。
She shouldn’t have left the hospital so soon, for she had not yet recovered.
她不该那么早就出院,因为她还没有康复。 你本可以在期末考试中得A,但是你的字写 得太糟。
You should have got Mark A in your final examination but your handwriting is too bad.

  5. The medical team now was very worried because the needle should not have been hurting their tiny patient. (Line
  42)
现在医疗小组非常担忧,因为针不该 现在医疗小组非常担忧,因为针不该 使他们的小病人一直感到疼痛。 使他们的小病人一直感到疼痛。
context (para.1~
  2)
when where who what in Vietnam War in a small village several children, including one young girl Bombs landed in the orphanage and some children were wounded.
In time order, what happened next? (para.3~
  18)

  1) Medical help arrived and they found the young girl needed blood. (Para.
  3)
  2) Only several children had the correct blood type. (Para.
  4)
  3) Because of language barrier, they had difficulties in asking the children for blood. (Para.
  5)
  4) Heng was willing to give blood but he was always sobbing and then crying silently during the operation. (Para.6 ~
  13)
  5) Under the help of the Vietnamese nurse, the Americans knew the reason. Heng thought that he would die, but he still did it because she was his friend. (Para.14 ~ Para.
  18)
meaning of the story (para.
  19)
There is no love greater than this, that a person lay down his/her life for a friend.

  1. Will you give your time, favorite books, money or blood to a friend?
I would be willing to give anything to my best friend. As to my casual friends, I would give my time and blood to them when they are really needed. But I would not give my money or favorite books to them. If they really need money or like my books I would lend some money or books to them. Anyway, I would readily give help to my friends when it is needed because “a friend in need is a friend indeed”.

  2. Who released the bombs which landed in the small orphanage? And who offered medical help to the wounded?
It was not exactly stated that which side released the bombs. But based on the fact that the intruder to Vietnam was American troops, we could fairly say they were American Air Force. The medical help was a young American Navy doctor and a Navy nurse. So it was quite ironic that both the destroying part and the protecting part came from America.

  3. Did Heng cry loudly as soon as the needle was inserted into his arms?
No. After the moment of the insertion, he let out a long sob. And after a few moments another sob escaped, but he was always trying to cover up his crying. Finally his occasional sob turned to a steady, silent crying. Heng’s sobbing and silent crying suggested that he was terrified and frightened by death, but at the same time he would rather lay down his life for his friend.

  1. suffer (Line
  5): feel or have pain, loss, etc.
  1) vt. 忍受,容忍,承受,耐住
If you break the law, you must be prepared to suffer the consequences.
你如果违犯法律,就必须准备承担后果。
That young man had to suffer the injuries caused by the chemical weapons left by Japanese troops in World War II.
那个年轻人不得不去承受日军在二战期间遗留的化学武 器给他造成的伤害。

  2) vi. 受痛苦,受苦难,患病
许多大学新生偶尔会想念自己的家乡是很自然的事情。
It is natural for many freshmen to suffer from homesickness now and then. Boxing legend Ali suffers from the disease of Parkinson for a long time.
拳王阿里身患帕金森(氏)病已经有很 长一段时间了。

  2. wound (Line
  6); injure (Line
  9); hurt (Line
  36)
词义辨析
wound injure hurt
一般是指由枪械或者刀剑等尖锐物体 造成的身体上的伤害。 a)由于重物如棍棒或者炸弹爆炸所造 成的伤害;b)在事故中受到的伤害。 除表示受伤外,主要用于表示身体疼 痛及情感受伤害。
请用wound, hurt 或 injure 的适当形式填空 请用 hurt She was slightly when she fell off the ladder.
她从梯子上跌下来时,受了一点轻伤。
The bullet unfortunately wounded James Bond in the shoulder.
枪弹不幸打伤了詹姆斯?邦德的肩膀。
Hong Kong Phoenix TV news anchor Liu Hai-ruo was seriously in a British train accident in 20
  02. injured
香港凤凰卫视新闻主播刘海若在2002年发生在英国的一次列 车事故中身受重伤。

  3. supply (Line
  11)
  1) n. supplying, stock 补给,供给,[常作supplies] 供应品,补给品,(储备)物资
a good supply of fruit household (medical) supplies
水果的大量供应 家庭(医药) 家庭(医药)用品

  2) vt.make available to use 供给,提供(所需物品); Supply sth for sb/ supply sb with sth
The Chinese government is urgently supplying food and camps for the survivors in Yushu, the quake-stricken area. 中国政府紧急向受地震侵袭的玉树幸存者提供粮食和帐 篷。
请求,
  4. request (Line
  21): vt. ask or being asked 请求,恳求
词义辨析
request
require
request 请求,语气较强 require 委婉、客气,通常不用于口语,要求 May I request you to leave?
请你离开一下好吗?
We request the favor of a reply at your earliest convenience.
请方便时尽早给予答复。
require vt. 类似 order, demand 用法,向对方提出的要求有 一定权威性,强制对方服从其要求,但语气弱 些。
The border police required the traveller to unlock his luggage. 边境警察要求游客打开自己的行李。 To become an excellent soccer referee requires painstaking effort as well. 要想成为一名优秀的足球裁判同样需要下苦工夫。
请用 request 或 require 的适当形式填空
requested The US Navy us to provide emergent assistance.
You are to attend tomorrow’s news conference. required
requested The presence of all members of the band was . requires The new regulation strict observance in every detail.

  5. insert (Line
  29)
]
  1)
vt. put something in something else 插入,嵌入
An surgeon inserted a special medical device into his mouth to pick up DNA sample. 医生把一个特殊的医学装置插入他的口中来提取 DNA样本。

  2) n. something inserted 插入物,镶补物
Medical examiners found a knife-like insert inside the victim’s stomach. 法医在受害者的体内发现 了一把刀状的插入物。

  6. stiff (Line
  32): adj.
  1) quite hard and not easy to bend 硬的,僵直的
I can’t play the piano like I used to. My fingers have gone stiff from lack of practice.
我不能像过去那样弹钢琴了,我 的手指因缺乏练习变得僵硬了。

  2) formal, unfriendly 生硬的,呆板的,不友好的
Facing journalists’ questions, the Prime Minister always kept a stiff face. 面对记者的提问,那位总理总是板着面孔。

  7. occasional (Line
  40): adj. happening sometimes 偶然的,偶尔的,非经常的
The weather was good except for an occasional shower. 天气还算不错,只是偶尔有阵雨。 occasional visits / rain / sneeze / trips 偶尔来访/有雨/打喷嚏/旅行

  8. steady (Line
  40): adj.
  1) developing or growing gradually 不断的,持续的
Yao Ming’s steady progress in skills results from his wonderful performance in the NBA matches. 姚明的不断进步的球技来自于他在 NBA比赛中的出色表现。

  2) firm, stable 稳的,平稳的
Jackie Chan’s amazing Chinese kung fu lays a steady foundation for his success in Hollywood. 成龙的令人惊叹的中国功夫为 他在好莱坞的成功打下了牢固 的基础。

  9. relief (Line
  50): n.
  1) the lessening or removing of pain, anxiety, etc. (痛苦等)缓解,减轻,解除
Fans’ support brought Messi some relief from the missing of 2010’s World Cup. 球迷们的支持使梅西多少缓解了 2010年世界杯失败的痛苦。

  2) the feeling that you have when something unpleasant stops or becomes less strong(痛苦、忧郁等消除后 感到的)轻松,宽心,宽慰
It was a great relief to find nothing had been stolen. 发现没丢任何东西,感到很宽慰。
同根词: relieve: v. ease, lessen 使减轻,使解除(痛苦、忧 愁等);使宽慰
She said that listening to light music could relieve her pressure in study. 她说听轻音乐可以减轻 学习中的压力。

  10. lay down (Line
  57): lose or stop having something willingly in order to help others 牺牲,献身
Countless space experts are laying down their wits and energy to accelerate the realization of the launch of Shenzhou VI spaceship. 无数航天科技人员都在为 加速实现“神舟”六号的 发射奉献着自己的智慧和 精力。

  10. lay down (Line
  57): lose or stop having something willingly in order to help others 牺牲,献身
Yitzhak Rabin, called man of Israel, even laid down his life for the eternal peace of the Middle East. 被称为以色列伟人的拉宾为中东地区的永久和 平甚至献出了自己的生命。

  1. 这个女孩腿上有伤。 The girl suffered wounds to her legs.
  2. 几小时后,医疗救助人员赶到了。 A couple of hours later, medical help arrived.
  3. 立即的行动 immediate action
  4. 相配的/适合的血型 the matching/correct blood type

  5. His life was / hung in the balance. 他命悬一线。
  6. after several long moments of silence 几次长时间沉默后
  7. Heng lay stiff and silent. Heng直挺挺地躺着,也不说话。
  8. A look of great relief spread over his face. 他的脸上露出了轻松的表情。
Yet they could only get the blood if one of the frightened children would agree to give it.
(Line
  22) 此句可以从反面着笔进行翻译, 此句可以从反面着笔进行翻译,即正说反译或反说 正译。不用这种反面着笔译法的译文并非不通, 正译。不用这种反面着笔译法的译文并非不通,而 是译者为了达到行文优美、表达生动的目的。 是译者为了达到行文优美、表达生动的目的。此为 英汉翻译中非常有用的一个技巧。 英汉翻译中非常有用的一个技巧。 然而, 然而 , 如果这些受惊吓的孩子中无人 自愿献血,他们就无法得到血。 自愿献血,他们就无法得到血。
You couldn’t kill any more.
你已经恶贯满盈了。 你已经恶贯满盈了。
I prefer the red one to the black one.
我要红的,不要黑的。 我要红的,不要黑的。
This book could not have been written or published without the help of dozens of people, and I am deeply grateful to all of them.
这本书的写作和出版曾
 

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