北航大学英语四级口语考试大纲
一、语言功能(测量范围) 考试要求考生参与不同形式的口头交际,其语言能力将根据其在考试中的表现予以测 量。考生需要掌握的语言功能和意念主要参照《大学英语课程教学要求》中列出的口语表达 能力较高要求:能用英语就一般性话题进行比较流利的会话,能基本表达个人意见、情感、 观点等,能基本陈述事实、理由和描述事件,表达清楚,语音、语调基本正确。 二、考试形式 第一部分是考生与主考进行面对面的交谈,采用问答的形式,约 2 分钟; 第二部分是看图说话,而且要求同组考生听并提问,约 4-5 分钟; 第三部分为讨论,指的是考生与考生之间在给出的情景中就指定话题交谈,约 4-5 分钟。 三、评分标准 评分 项目 语法 词汇
90-100 分
80-90 分
70-80 分
60-70 分
60 以下 语法严重 错误,词汇 有限,不恰 当。 语言、文化 知识严重 不足,话语 有限,不连 贯。 不能进行 交流,需要 大量提示 和帮助。 口音重,发 音不正确, 话语难以 理解。
语法正确,能够 语 法 多 数 正 使用复杂结构, 确,词汇比较 词 汇 恰 当 、 丰 恰当。 富。 语言、文化知识 丰富,话题展开 恰当,有效完成 任务,并且流畅 连贯。 交流完整有效, 产出和接受自 如,应答主动, 恰当,且能导入 话题 语音清晰、语调 正确,话语易于 理解。 语言、文化知 识较丰富,能 够完成任务 要求。话语比 较连贯。 交流较完整 产出和接受 适时,应答自 然,停顿较 少。 发音清晰,语 调恰当,话语 易于理解。
语法基本正确, 语 法 错 误 较 词汇基本恰当。 多 , 词 汇 有 限。 语言、文化知识 基本恰当,话语 基本连贯。 语言、文化 知识不足, 话语有限。
语言 文化 知识
互动 交流
能够交流,能够 应答,时有停 顿。
能够进行简 单的交流, 但需要提示 和帮助。
语音 语调
发音较清晰,语 发 音 不 正 调较恰当,部分 确 , 话 语 理 话语不易理解。 解 起 来 有 一 定困难。
四、语言输入
  1. 途径:听、看兼有
  2. 形式:语言、图片兼有
  3. 语言:英语
  4. 种类:提示(画面提示、文字提示)
Sample for Oral English Test of BUAA
(Revised version,April 25, 20
  09) Students will be asked to enter the examination room and sit at the back about ten minutes before the actual examination. Then two pictures and a card will be given to them. Each student will have one picture. Students are expected to look at their respective picture carefully and think about how to describe it and give comments on it. After that, they will have to think about the situation as described on the card together and prepare to start a conversation based on it during the examination. Ten minutes later, they will take the oral examination. While their examination is going on, the next pair will be preparing for their turn at the back of the examination as they did.
Sample pictures
Candidate A wants to find a part-time job for the coming summer vacation, but doesn’t know how. He/she asks Candidate B for advice.
A sample card Time Allocation (Total: 10-12 minutes) Section I (2 minutes) Interlocutor: Good morning/Good afternoon! [To Candidate A] Could you please tell me your name?
[To Candidate B] And yours? Now I am going to ask you some questions about yourselves. [To Candidate A] How do you like living in Beijing? [To Candidate B] How do you like shopping in a supermarket? [One or two questions for each candidate.] Section II (4-5 minutes) Interlocutor: [To Candidate A and Candidate B] Now each of you will have one minute and a half to describe the picture you have got and then give comments on it. Interlocutor: Now, [Candidate A], let [Candidate B] have a look at your picture. [To Candidate B] Please listen attentively to [Candidate A] and ask him/her a question after his/her presentation. Interlocutor: [To Candidate A] Would you please begin? (If the student speaks very little, the interlocutor is expected to ask him/her one or two questions based on the picture to encourage the student to talk. Otherwise the interlocutor is to keep silent.) [After
  1.5 minutes] …… [To Candidate B] Could you please ask him/her a question based on his/her presentation? Interlocutor: Thank you. [To Candidate B] Now, please let [Candidate A] have a look at your picture. [Candidate B] Would you please begin? (If the student speaks very little, the interlocutor is expected to ask him/her one or two questions based on the picture to encourage the student to talk. Otherwise the interlocutor is to keep silent.) [After
  1.5 minutes] [To Candidate A] Could you please ask him/her a question based on his/her presentation? Thank you. [Take back the pictures.] Section III (4-5 minutes) Interlocutor: You now have 4 to 5 minutes to engage in a conversation based on the situation as
described on the card. Please begin. [If one candidate talks too long] Sorry, I’ll have to stop you, let’s listen to what … has to say. [If one candidate keeps silent for a long time] Now, …, could you please say something about your view of …? All right, that’s the end of the test. Thank you.
 

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