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2002 年 1 月试卷
Part I
Section A Directions:
Listening Comprehension
(20 minutes)
In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. You will hear: You will read:
Example:
A) 2 hours. B) 3 hours. C) 4 hours. D) 5 hours. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) "5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) All the passengers were killed. B) The plane crashed in the night. C) No more survivors have been found. D) It's too late to search for survivors.
  2. A) Its results were just as expected. B) It wasn't very well designed. C) It fully reflected the students' ability. D) Its results fell short of her expectations.
  3. A) He believes dancing is enjoyable. B) He definitely does not like dancing.
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  4.

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C) He admires those who dance. D) He won't dance until he had done his work. A) His computer doesn't work well. B) He isn't getting along with his staff. C) He didn't register for a proper course. D) He can't apply the theory to his program. A) Reading on the campus lawn. B) Depositing money in the bank. C) Applying for financial aid. D) Reviewing a student's application. A) A new shuttle bus. B) A scheduled space flight. C) An airplane flight. D) The first space flight. A) The deadline is drawing near. B) She can't meet the deadline. C) She turned in the proposals today. D) They are tow days ahead of time. A) By going on a diet. B) By having fewer meals. C) By doing physical exercise. D) By eating fruit and vegetables. A) He enjoyed it as a whole. B) He didn't think much of it. C) He didn't like it at all. D) He liked some parts of it. A) It looks quite new. B) it looks old, but it runs well. C) It needs to be repaired. D) Its engine needs to be painted.
Section B Directions:
In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage one Question 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. A) Experience in negotiating. B) A high level of intelligence. C) The time they spend on preparation.
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D) The amount of pay they receive.
  12. A) Study the case carefully beforehand. B) Stick to a set target. C) Appear friendly to the other party. D) Try to be flexible about their terms.
  13. A) Make sure there is no misunderstanding. B) Try to persuade by giving various reasons. C) Repeat the same reasons. D) Listen carefully and patiently to the other party. Passage Two Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  14. A) They eat huge amounts of food. B) They usually eat twice a day. C) They usually eat to their hearts' content. D) They eat much less than people assume.
  15. A) When it is breeding. B) When it feels threatened by humans in its territory. C) When its offspring is threatened. D) When it is suffering from illness.
  16. A) They are not as dangerous as people think. B) They can be as friendly to humans as dogs C) They attack human beings by nature. D) They are really tame sea animals. Passage Three Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  17. A) Because people might have to migrate there someday. B) Because it is very much like the earth. C) Because it is easier to explore than other planets. D) Because its atmosphere is different from that of the earth.
  18. A) Its chemical elements must be studied. B) Its temperature must be lowered. C) Big spaceships must be built. D) Its atmosphere must be changed.
  19. A) It influences the surface temperature of Mars. B) It protects living beings from harmful rays. C) It keeps a planet from overheating. D) It is the main component of the air people breathe.
  20. A) Man will probably be able to live there in 200 years. B) Scientists are rather pessimistic about it. C) Man will probably be able to live there in 100,000 years' time.
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D) Scientists are optimistic about overcoming the difficulties soon.
Part II
Direction:
Reading Comprehension
(35 minutes)
There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B) C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: Navigation computers, now sold by most car-makers, cost $2,000 and up. No surprise, then, that they are most often found in luxury cars, like Lexus, BMW and Audi. But it is a developing technology ? meaning prices should eventually drop ? and the market does seem to be growing. Even at current prices, a navigation computer is impressive. It can guide you from point to point in most major cities with precise turn-by-turn directions ? spoken by a clear humansounding voice, and written on a screen in front of the driver. The computer works with an antenna (天线) that takes signals from no fewer than three of the 24 global positioning system (GPS) satellites. By measuring the time required for a signal to travel between the satellites and the antenna, the car's location can be pinned down within 100 meters. The satellite signals, along with inputs on speed from a wheel-speed sensor and direction from a meter, determine the car's position even as it moves. This information is combined with a map database. Streets, landmarks and points of interest are included. Most systems are basically identical. The differences come in hardware ? the way the computer accepts the driver's request for directions and the way it presents the driving instructions. On most systems, a driver enters a desired address, motorway junction or point of interest via a touch screen or disc. But the Lexus screen goes a step further: you can point to any spot on the map screen and get directions to it. BMW's system offers a set of cross hairs (瞄准器上的十字纹) that can be moved across the map (you have several choices of map scale) to pick a point you'd like to get to. Audi's screen can be switched to TV reception. Even the voices that recite the directions can differ, with better systems like BMW's and Lexus's having a wider vocabulary. The instructions are available in French, German, Spanish, Dutch and Italian, as well as English. The driver can also choose parameters for determining the route: fastest, shortest or no freeways (高速公路), for example.
  21. We learn from the passage that navigation computers . A) will greatly promote sales of automobiles B) may help solve potential traffic problems C) are likely to be accepted by more drivers D) wills soon be viewed as a symbol of luxury
  22. With a navigation computer, a driver will easily find the best route to his destination . A) by inputting the exact address
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B) by indicating the location of his car C) by checking his computer database D) by giving vocal orders to the computer
  23. Despite their varied designs, navigation computers used in cars . A) are more or less the same price B) provide directions in much the same way C) work on more or less the same principles D) receive instructions from the same satellites
  24. The navigation computer functions . A) by means of a direction finder and a speed detector B) basically on satellite signals and a map database C) mainly through the reception of turn-by-turn directions D) by using a screen to display satellite signals
  25. The navigation systems in cars like Lexus, BMW and Audi are mentioned to show . A) the immaturity of the new technology B) the superiority of the global positioning system C) the cause of price fluctuations in car equipment D) the different ways of providing guidance to the driver Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage: "The world's environment is surprisingly healthy. Discuss." If that were an examination topic, most students would tear it apart, offering a long list of complaints: from local smog (烟雾) to global climate change, from the felling (砍伐) of forests to the extinction of species. The list would largely be accurate, the concern legitimate. Yet the students who should be given the highest marks would actually be those who agreed with the statement. The surprise is how good things are, not how bad. After all, the world's population has more than tripled during this century, and world output has risen hugely, so you would expect the earth itself to have been affected. Indeed, if people lived, consumed and produced things in the same way as they did in 1900 (or 1950, or indeed 19
  80), the world by now would be a pretty disgusting place: smelly, dirty, toxic and dangerous. But they don't. The reasons why they don't, and why the environment has not been ruined, have to do with prices, technological innovation, social change and government regulation in response to popular pressure. That is why today's environmental problems in the poor countries ought, in principle, to be solvable. Raw materials have not run out, and show no sign of doing so. Logically, one day they must: the planet is a finite place. Yet it is also very big, and man is very ingenious. What has happened is that every time a material seems to be running short, the price has risen and, in response, people have looked for new sources of supply, tried to find ways to use less of the material, or looked for a new substitute. For this reason prices for energy and for minerals have fallen in real terms during the century. The same is true for food. Prices fluctuate, in response to harvests, natural disasters and political instability; and when they rise, it takes some time before new sources of supply become available. But they always do, assisted by new farming and crop technology. The longterm trend has been downwards.
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It is where prices and markets do not operate properly that this benign (良性的) trend begins to stumble, and the genuine problems arise. Markets cannot always keep the environment healthy. If no one owns the resource concerned, no one has an interest in conserving it or fostering it: fish is the best example of this.
  26. According to the author, most students . A) believe the world's environment is in an undesirable condition B) agree that the environment of the world is not as bad as it is thought to be C) get high marks for their good knowledge of the world's environment D) appear somewhat unconcerned about the state of the world's environment
  27. The huge increase in world production and population . A) has made the world a worse place to live in B) has had a positive influence on the environment C) has not significantly affected the environment D) has made the world a dangerous place to live in
  28. One of the reasons why the long-term trend of prices has been downwards is that . A) technological innovation can promote social stability B) political instability will cause consumption to drop C) new farming and crop technology can lead to overproduction D) new sources are always becoming available
  29. Fish resources are diminishing because . A) no new substitutes can be found in large quantities B) they are not owned by any particular entity C) improper methods of fishing have ruined the fishing grounds D) water pollution is extremely serious
  30. The primary solution to environmental problems is . A) to allow market forces to operate properly B) to curb consumption of natur
 

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