大学英语六级考试阅读精选
一,自身建设问题 1,建立自信 Building up Self-Confidence Self-confidence, as is approved by research and practice, has an amazingly powerful influence on the output of people's activities. Patients who believe that they'll recover soon generally cure faster than those who think they won't. Students with optimistic characters usually provide better performance, even if they work the same hard as others. Although someone may regard such conclusion as superstitious, it does take place every day and everywhere. Neural scientists have discovered that, when a man feels confident, his brain will secrete some kinds of hormone that boost brain activity and improve the efficiency of his immune system. In contrast, a melancholic brain is suppressed by other chemicals and cannot fully exhibit its potential. To help build up self-confidence, you can take the following two steps. First, identify your merits and value them. If you constantly compare your weakness to others' advantages, you'd only gain frustration rather than confidence. Second, track every little progress you've made and review them frequently. You may not possibly become perfectly successful in one day, but if only you can see yourself growing gradually, surely you're on the right way. There're also other methods making you more confident that depend on yourself to find out, and they're all necessary elements to make you more competitive in your area. 2,积极面对竞争 Competition is Fun Chairman Mao once made a famous remark about competition, "To battle with God is great fun! To battle with Earth is great fun! To battle with people is great fun!" His words, although seeming a bit too aggressive, have illustrated that competition is never regarded
as something formidable 可怕的 by a brave. Competition exists throughout the evolution of nature and everyone's life. Creatures compete to survive the merciless environment, eliminating 消除 weaker ones; Nations in the world compete for resources and power, and whichever fallen behind is beaten. As for individuals, ever since the very first day of our lives, we are forced into a competition with thousands of others around us, including taking examinations, applying jobs and striving for promotion, the results of which definitely determine our fate. Competition is as real a fact as the air around us that can neither be evaded nor be ignored. Thus, my dear friends, do not fear competition. Accept it and enjoy it. With competition, you grow stronger, and you gain so much precious experience worth remembering of, regardless of what the outcome would be. Without competition, you cease to grow; you become a dead moth sealed in its own cocoon. 3,提高个人修养 Shaping the Morality According to a survey, more than two thirds of people in China agree that the public moral level is lower than before. This figure, although hard to accept, has indicated the fact that the nation's overall morality is declining. If you pay some attention, you could easily point out some improper behaviors happening around: young men refusing to give seats to the old on buses; shoppers jamming into queue instead of waiting in line; crude riders neglecting red lights, etc. So what the hell is going on? As analysts have figured out, this trend of degradation mainly originated from faulty education. For decades, Chinese schools simply infuse bookish knowledge to their students, whilst moral cultivation becomes a kind of formalism; on the other hand, children are naturally influenced by their family and other adults in the society, most of whom are too
sophisticated to be considered as eligible moral models. Facing such disappointing condition, you may ask: how can things become better? As far as I am concerned, we must following these three steps. First of all: self-shaping. We should manage ourselves well, and try to shape our own morality as perfect as possible. The second step: family-shaping, which is to behave as the model for your children and improve their moral status through strict discipline. The third: organization-shaping. If you are leading people, such as being a manager or national president, you could reinforce your whole organization's moral situation with policy and your own action. Even if you're no leader, you'll have a positive impact on the society if only you manage yourself well and try to influence others as much as possible. 二,自然问题(可以注意一下非典和艾滋,要考不会考太直接的) 4,危险活动的吸引力 The Attraction of Dangerous Activities In the past, people often faced many dangers in their daily lives. They had to cope with not only natural disasters and frequent outbreaks of disease, but also dangerous animals and warfare. The need to hunt and to protect their territory from other people required them to be skilled in the use of weapons. In addition, any travel also involved great risk as there were few roads and bridges. Nowadays, people do not have to live with such dangers on a daily basis, and yet many people choose to involve themselves in risky activities such as dangerous sports. I believe the following reasons can explain the attraction of such activities. One reason people are attracted to risky activities is that hey crave excitement. The thrill of mountain climbing or bungee jumping can satisfy their need to break out of their routine. Without the excitement of such sports, they may feel bored with their lives.
Another reason people like such activities is that these activities often require a certain amount of skill. Learning to drive a racecar or hang-glide may satisfy the desire to excel and give the participant a feeling of accomplishment and personal confidence in his abilities. A final reason that people may choose to engage in risky activities is that they want to stand out from the crowd. By developing a skill that others don't have, they can feel unique. For all of these reasons, I believe that risky activities will continue to be popular with some people. In fact, it seems that as soon as one activity becomes safer or commonplace, thrill seekers come up with a new way to challenge their skills and courage. 5,资助环保 Money for the Environment
Both the arts and protecting the environment are important causes, and both are often under-funded. They depend on government grants and private donations in order to continue. If a company were to give a sum of money to one of these causes, it would be difficult to choose between them. However, I believe that the company should put the money toward protecting the environment for the following reasons. First, the state of the environment affects everyone, and it affects people in a very important way. If mankind destroys the environment, we will not be able to survive. The arts are important to our quality of life, but the environment is important both to the quality of life and to life itself. Second, because industry causes much of the damage to the environment, I believe that companies have some responsibility to support conservation and cleanup efforts. Finally, protecting the environment is a bigger problem, and so requires a higher level of funding than the arts. A company's donation to the arts may be more visible, but one to the protection of the environment would be more meaningful.
In conclusion, while both the arts and environmental protection are worthy causes, I believe the company should make its donation to an environmental cause. The environment affects everyone in important ways and protecting it is a big job. Hopefully, private donations will help to improve both our environment and our lives. 6,节约能源 Save the Energy Resources Another round of energy crisis is knocking at the door. In 2004, world oil consumption reached a new record, causing oil price in the international market to skyrocket amazingly. As for China, it was reported that many traditional mineral cities in northeastern China had run into predicament, with their economy collapsed and workers unemployed, only because coal had been mined out. Fossil energy resources, including coal, oil and gas, are unlike sunlight, water power and wind power which are generated consistently. They're not practically reproductive during human history. Once consumed, they're gone forever. If they were to be exhausted before we could find sufficient reproductive resources to replace them with, we'd have to live in entire blackout again like our ancestors have done thousands of years ago. That's of course not what anyone would want to see. Due to technical limitations, people still have to utilize these resources now. As a result, we must economize them most cleverly. New techniques should be developed and applied to reduce energy cost in industry and daily life. Alternative energy should be employed wherever possible. Eradicate any practice that wastes energy. Humans have overcome so many crises in history, and we're sure to win this time also. 三,社会问题 7,范文 1
据权威机构调查显示,2001 年,我国空调总产量为 2500 万台,而市场容量仅为 1500 万台.空调已经成为继 VCD,彩电后又一个家电企业了拼的市场.于是空调厂家坐 不住了,打折,送礼品,甚至出现了空调论斤卖的怪事.近日,空调企业又想出了新 花样:举办空调流行趋势发布会.面临巨大的竞争压力,多数空调生产厂家都意识到 了自己生存的危机, 他们不得不推出新产品以占据消费市场.同时,许多空调大企 业都声称他们不会去挑起空调价格战.但是,??Will There be an Air -- conditioner "Price Battle" This Year? essay to the newspaper There is a discussion in a newspaper on the issue. Write an

  1) giving a brief introduction to the issue
  2) stating your view
  3) justifying your prediction.
about the "price battle", and
With the rapid advances in the standard of living of the Chinese people in recent years, air -- conditioners have joined other household electrical appliances as items in great demand. However, output has far exceeded supply, as manufacturers have scrambled for sales in this profitable market. As a result, fierce competition has driven them to resort to all sorts of measures to pull ahead of their rivals and avoid going bankrupt. These measures include aggressive advertising campaigns, offering a free gift with every purchase of an air -- conditioner, and - - most important of all ? lowering prices. Price wars are a common phenomenon whenever supply outstrips demand in a free ? market economy, and China's newly liberalized economy is no exception. Nevertheless, I do not think we will see a repeat of the recent price war in the air ? conditioner market this year. I have three reasons for my prediction. The first is that the earlier round of price ? cutting eliminated the less ? efficient manufacturers from the industry; so there are fewer companies supplying the market. The second is that the government has taken measures to regulate the air ? conditioner market, eliminating the chaos that price wars entail. And the third is that with China's admission to the WTO, manufacturers will have to offer more attractive ? not cheaper ? products. 8,范文 2 How To Improve Or Reform Our Current College Entrance Examination System?
Time limit: 40 minutes; Word limit: about 200 words; Your essay should be based on the information given below. 目前我国高考竞争愈演愈烈.每年考生人数近 800 万,而录取率在 60%以下,多数考 生肯定要落选. 这给考生, 考生的家庭和学校, 乃至整个社会, 都造成了很大的压力, 引发了一些社会问题.此外,不同类型或特点的考生用同一模式和难度的试卷,有欠 公允;三天的考试成绩便决定一个人的未来命运,亦不够合理.如何解决这些问题, 改革现行的高考制度?我的意见是….
How To Improve Or Reform Our Current College Entrance Examination System
Statistics show that no more than 60% of people who take the college entrance exams pass. Because a college education is regarded as the key to a successful career, this puts enormous pressure on the applicants. It also causes social problems, as those who fail consider that they have disgraced their families. It seems to me that the exams are unfair, for three reasons: First, applicants with different abilities are faced with the same type of exam paper, second, the results of a mere three days of examination affect the applicant's whole future; and third, applicants who can afford private tutors usually score higher marks than those who are poorer, but perhaps more intelligent. To improve the system of college entrance exams, I suggest the following steps: the exam papers should be graded to take into account the different levels of ability and the different backgrounds of the applicants; in addition to the actual exam, a complete assessment of the applicant's educational achievements should be made; and tutoring in examination techniques should be made available to all. 9,范文 3 "The Relationship between Wealth and Happiness" (160 -- 200 words) 财富一直是有些人所渴望的对象.确实,大多数人努力通过诚实的劳动来获取财富. 他们的努力对造福社会有好处, 同时也促进了他们财富的积累,因此也使他们更幸 福.毫无疑问,尤其是在现代社会里,财富带来幸福.各种现代化的家用
 

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