2007 年 12 月大学英语六级考试真题(A 卷) 月大学英语六级考试真题(
注意事项, 注意事项,请考生注意查看 一、将自己的校名、姓名、准考证号写在答题卡上。将本试卷代号(A、B 卷)划在答题卡 上。 二、试卷和答题卡均不得带出考场。考试结束,监考员收卷后考生才可离开。 三、仔细读懂题目的说明。 四、多项选择题的答案一定要划在答题卡上,凡是写在试卷上的答案一律无效。每题只 能选一个答案:如多选。则该题无分,选定答案后,用铅笔在相应字母的中部划一条横线。 正确方法是:A) B) C) D)。使用其他符号答题者不给分,划线要有一定粗度,浓度要盖过字 母底色。 五、如果要改动答案,必须先用橡皮擦净原来选定的答案,然后再按上面的规定重新答 题。 六、试题的第四部分改错(Error Correction)和第五部分作文(Writing)印刷在答题卡上,请 用黑色字迹签字笔在答题卡上作答。 七、在 90 分钟内做完试题的第一至第四部分,90 分钟后,监考员收取试卷,然后考生 再做第五部分作文题,答题时间为 30 分钟。全部考试时间为 120 分钟,不得拖延时间。 八、在考试过程中要注意对自己的答案保密,若被他人抄袭,一经发现,后果自负。 全国大学英语四、六级考试委员会
College English Test ?Band Six? Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Digital Age. You : should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
  1.如今数字化产品得到越来越广泛的使用,例如… 如今数字化产品得到越来越广泛的使用,例如… 如今数字化产品得到越来越广泛的使用
  2.数字化产品的使用对人们工作、学习和生活产生的影响 数字化产品的使用对人们工作、 数字化产品的使用对人们工作 The Digital Age
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) 本题客观选择题共计 7 分,每小题 1 分。 Directions: In this part you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Seven Ways to Save the World Forget the old idea that conserving energy is a form of self-denial?riding bicycles, dimming the lights, and taking fewer showers. These days conservation is all about efficiency: getting the same?or better?results from just a fraction of the energy. When a slump in business travel forced Ulrich Romer to cut costs at his family-owned hotel in Germany, he replaced hundreds of the hotel’s wasteful light bulbs, getting the same light for 80 percent less power. He bought a new water boiler with a digitally controlled pump, and wrapped insulation around the pipes. Spending about ?100,000 on these and other improvements, he slashed his ?90,000 fuel and power bill by ?60,0
  00. As a bonus, the hotel’s lower energy needs have reduced its annual carbon emissions by more than 200 metric tons. “For us, saving energy has been very, very profitable,” he says. “And most importantly, we’re not giving up a single comfort for our guests.” Efficiency is also a great way to lower carbon emissions and help slow global warming. But the best argument for efficiency is its cost?or, more precisely, its profitability. That’s because quickly growing energy demand requires immense investment in new supply, not to mention the drain of rising energy prices. No wonder efficiency has moved to the top of the political agenda. On Jan. 10, the European Union unveiled a plan to cut energy use across the continent by 20 percent by 20
  20. Last March, China imposed a 20 percent increase in energy efficiency by 20
  20. Even Greorge W. Bush, the Texas oilman, is expected to talk about energy conservation in his State of the Union speech this week. The good news is that the world is full of proven, cheap ways to save energy. Here are the seven that could have the biggest impact: Insulate Space heating and cooling eats up 36 percent of all the world’s energy. There’s virtually no limit to how much of that can be saved, as prototype “zero-energy homes” in Switzerland and Germany have shown. There’s been a surge in new ways of keeping heat in and cold out(or vice versa). The most advanced insulation follows the law of increasing returns: if you add enough, you can scale down or even eliminate heating and air-conditioning equipment, lowering costs even before you start saving on utility bills. Studies have shown that green workplaces(ones that don’t constantly need to have the heat or air-conditioner running)have higher worker productivity and lower sick rates. Change Bulbs Lighting eats up 20 percent of the world’s electricity, or the equivalent of roughly 600,000 tons of coal a day. Forty percent of that powers old-fashioned incandescent light bulbs?a 19th-century technology that wastes most of the power it consumes on unwanted heat. Compact fluorescent lamps, or CFLs, not only use 75 to 80 percent less electricity than incandescent bulbs to generate the same amount of light, but they also last 10 times longer. Phasing old bulbs out by 2030 would save the output of 650 power plants and avoid the release of 700 million tons of carbon into the atmosphere each year. Comfort Zone Water boilers, space heaters and air conditioners have been notoriously inefficient. The heat pump has altered that equation. It removes heat from the air outside or the ground below and uses it to supply heat to a building or its water supply. In the summer the system can be reversed to cool buildings as well. Most new residential buildings in Sweden are already heated with ground-source heat pumps. Such systems consume almost no conventional fuel at all. Several countries have used subsidies to jump-start the market, including Japan, where almost 1 million heat pumps have been installed in the past two years to heat water for showers and hot tubs.
Remake Factories From steel mills to paper factories, industry eats up about a third of the world’s energy. The opportunities to save are vast. In Ludwigshafen, German chemicals giant BASF runs an interconnected complex of more than ?200 chemical factories, where heat produced by one chemical process is used to power the next. At the Ludwigshafen site alone, such recycling of heat and energy saves the company 200 million a year and almost half its CO2 emissions. Now BASF is doing the same for new plants in China. “Optimizing (优化) energy efficiency is a decisive competitive advantage,” says BASF CEO Jürgen Hambrecht. Green Driving A quarter of the world’s energy?including two thirds of the annual production of oil?is used for transportation. Some savings come free of charge: you can boost fuel efficiency by 6 percent simply by keeping your car’ tires properly inflated(充气). Gasoline-electric hybrid(混合型的)models like the Toyota Prius improve s mileage by a further 20 percent over conventional models. A Better Fridge More than half of all residential power goes into running household appliances, producing a fifth of the world’s carbon emissions. And that’s true even though manufacturers have already hiked the efficiency of refrigerators and other white goods by as much as 70 percent since the 1980s. According to an lnternational Energy Agency study, if consumers chose those models that would save them the most money over the life of the appliance, they’d cut global residential power consumption(and their utility bills)by 43 percent. Flexible Payment Who says you have to pay for all your conservation investments? “Energy service contractors” will pay for retrofitting(翻新改造)in return for a share of the client’s annual utility-bill savings. In Beijing, Shenwu Thermal Energy Technology Co. specializes in retrofitting China’s steel furnaces. Shenwu puts up the initial investment to install a heat exchanger that preheats the air going into the furnace, slashing the client’s fuel costs. Shenwu pockets a cut of those savings, so both Shenwu and the client profit. If saving energy is so easy and profitable, why isn’t everyone doing it? It has to do with psychology and a lack of information. Most of us tend to look at today’s price tag more than tomorrow’s potential savings. That holds double for the landlord or developer, who won’t actually see a penny of the savings his investment in better insulation or a better heating system might generate. In many people’s minds, conservation is still associated with self-denial. Many environmentalists still push that view. Smart governments can help push the market in the right direction. The EU’s 1994 law on labeling was such a success that it extended the same idea to entire buildings last year. To boost the market value of efficiency, all new buildings are required to have an “energy pass” detailing power and heating consumption. Countries like Japan and Germany have successively tightened building codes, requiring an increase in insulation levels but leaving it up to builders to decide how to meet them. The most powerful incentives, of course, will come from the market itself. Over the past year, sky-high fuel prices have focused minds on efficiency like never before. Ever-increasing pressure to cut costs has finally forced more companies to do some math on their energy use. Will it be enough? With global demand and emissions rising so fast, we may not have any choice but to try. Efficient technology is here now, proven and cheap. Compared with all other options, it’s the biggest, easiest and most profitable bang for the buck.
  1. What is said to be the best way to conserve energy nowadays? A) Raising efficiency.
B) Cutting unnecessary costs. C) Finding alternative resources. D) Sacrificing some personal comforts.
  2. What does the European Union plan to do? A) Diversify energy supply. B) Cut energy consumption. C) Reduce carbon emissions. D) Raise production efficiency.
  3. If you add enough insulation to your house, you may be able to. A) improve your work environment B) cut your utility bills by half C) get rid of air-conditioners D) enjoy much better health
  4. How much of the power consumed by incandescent bulbs is converted into light? A) A small portion. B) Some 40 percent. C) Almost half. D) 75 to 80 percent.
  5. Some countries have tried to jump-start the market of heat pumps by. A) upgrading the equipment B) encouraging investments C) implementing high-tech D) providing subsidies
  6. German chemicals giant BASF saves 200 million a year by. A) recycling heat and energy B) setting up factories in China C) using the newest technology D) reducing the CO2 emissions of its plants
  7. Global residential power consumption can be cut by 43 percent if. A) we increase the insulation of walls and water pipes B) we choose simpler models of electrical appliances C) we cut down on the use of refrigerators and other white goods D) we choose the most efficient models of refigerators and other white goods
  8. Energy service contractors profit by taking a part of clients’ .
  9. Many environmentalists maintain the view that conservation has much to do with .
  10. The strongest incentives for energy conservation will derive from. Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes) 本题 Section A&B 共计 25 分,每小题 1 分。 Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversation. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on
Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
  11. A) Proceed in his own way. B) Stick to the original plan. C) Compromise with his colleague. D) Try to change his colleague’s mind.
  12. A) Mary has a keen eye for style. B) Nancy regrets buying the dress. C) Nancy and Mary went shopping together in Rome. D) Nancy and Mary like to follow the fashion.
  13. A) Wash the dishes. B) Go to the theatre. C) Pick up George and Martha. D) Take her daughter to hospital.
  14. A) She enjoys making up stories about other people. B) She can never keep anything to herself for long. C) She is eager to share news with the woman. D) She is the best informed woman in town.
  15. A) A car dealer. B) A mechanic. C) A driving examiner. D) A technical consultant.
  16. A) The shopping mall has been deserted recently. B) Shoppers can only find good stores in the mall. C) Lots of people moved out of the downtown area. D) There isn’t much business downtown nowadays.
  17. A) He will help the woman with her reading. B) The lounge is not a place for him to study in. C) He feels sleepy whenever he tries to study. D) A cozy place is rather hard to find on campus.
  18. A) To protect her from getting scratches. B) To help relieve her of the pain. C) To prevent mosquito bites. D) To avoid getti
 

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