PartⅠ Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Example:You will hear: ? M: When shall we start our work, Jane?? W: Tomorrow at 9 o'clock. But we must work quickly, for we have to finish everything before 2 in the afternoon.? Q: For how long can they work?? You will read: A) 2 hours. B) 3 hours. C) 4 hours. D) 5 hours.? From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)"5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]?
  1.A) The man should try to be more understanding. B) The man's wife should be more understanding. C) The man's negative attitude may be derived from his childhood. D) The pessimism of man's wife may be the result of her past experiences. ?
  2.A) A snowstorm. B) An earthquake.? C) A traffic accident. D) A hurricane.?
  3.A) The two speakers are classmates. B) The man is majoring in elementary education. C) The woman is majoring in elementary education. D) The two speakers got to know each other in a class.?
  4.A) She's got a stomachache.? B) She feels perfectly fine. C) She's going to get married.? D) She's going to have a baby.?
  5.A) It is the best city he's ever visited.? B) It was worse than he had expected. C) It is difficult to get around in the city.? D) The hotel service is terrible in the city.?
  6.A) To encourage them.? B) To stop them immediately. C) To give some explanation.?
D) To leave them alone.?
  7.A) Unemployment. B) Family breakup.? C) Mental problems. D) Drinking.
  8.A) The woman is the man's boss.? B) The man is the woman's husband. C) The woman is the headmaster of a school.? D) The woman wants to know something about a student.?
  9.A) They are attending a concert.? B) They are negotiating about a price. C) They are planning to go for a date.? D) They are buying something for their firm.?
  10.A) The man is a football fan.? B) The man needs the woman's help. C) The man didn't watch TV last night.? D) The man often has power failure at home.?? Section B Directions:In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.\; Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and (
  11); that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. (
  12) thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing (
  13) clothes?\; It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people (
  14). A person's self ? concept is (
  15) in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people's (
  16). In general, the way people think about themselves has a (
  17) effect on all areas of their lives.\; Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their inferiority. (
  18). A shy person may respond to a compliment with a statement like this one:"you're just saying that to make me feel good. I know it's not true."(
  19).\; Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? (
  20). People's expectations of themselves must be realistic. Living on the impossible leads to a sense of inadequacy. ? Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions:There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the
corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage One ? Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:? When Kathie Gifford's face was splashed across the newspapers in 1996 after her lucrative line of Wal ? mart clothing was exposed as the work of underpaid laborers in New York City's Chinatown, the Department of Labor and the White House teamed up to condemn such practices. With much fanfare, President Clinton's administration launched the "No Sweat" campaign, which pressured retailers and manufacturers to submit to periodic independent inspection of their workplace conditions.\; This campaign urged manufacturers to sign the Workplace Code of Conduct, a promise to self ? regulate that has since been adopted by a handful of retailers and many of the nation's largest manufacturers, including Nike and L.L. Bean. However, the Department of Defense, which has a $ 1 billion garment business that would make it the country's 14th largest retail apparel outlet, has not signed the Code of Conduct. In addition, it has not agreed to demand that its contractors submit to periodic inspections.\; Because the Department of Defense has not agreed to adhere to the code, the job of stopping public ? sector sweatshops falls to the Department of Labor. Federal contractors that persist in violating wage laws or safety and health codes can lose their lucrative taxpayer ? financed contracts. But Suzanne Seiden, a deputy administrator at the Department of Labor, says that to her knowledge, the department has never applied that rule to government apparel manufacturers. "I just assume that they are adhering to safety and health requirements," she says. According to records obtained by Mother Jones, through a Freedom of Information Act request, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has cited Lion 32 times for safety and health violations in the past 12 years.
  21.What is this passgage mainly concerned with? A)The functions of the Department of Labor in America. B)A serious problem threatening American economy. C)The successful attempt of regulating sweatshops in America. D)The seriousness of the problem of sweatshops in America.?
  22.According to the passage, Kathie Gifford . A) was one of the underpaid laborers in New York City's Chinatown B) was one of the well ? paid laborers in New York City's Chinatown C) made much money from cheap laborers in New York City's Chinatown D) wrote a newspaper article exposing the practice of employing cheap laborers ?
  23.The underlined phrase "to submit to" is closest in meaning to . A) to accept unwillingly ? B) to refuse coldly C) to welcome warm ? heartedly ? D) to blame strongly ?
  24.Which of the following statements about the Department of Defense is true? A) It will become the country's 14th largest retail apparel manufacturer.
B) It hasn't acted according to the Workplace Code of Conduct. C) It has demanded its contractors to sign the Workplace Code of Conduct. D) It has teamed up with the Department of Labor to launch a campaign.?
  25.What was the purpose of President Clinton's administration launching the "No Sweat" campaign? A) To urge manufacturers to obey the Workplace Code of Conduct. B) To remind the manufacturers of the Workplace Code of Conduct. C) To urge the Department of Labor to take its responsibility. D) To urge the Department of Defense to inspect manufacturers.? Passage Two ? Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:? The term investment portfolio conjures up visions of the truly rich-the Rockefellers, the Wal ? Mart Waltons, Bill Gates. But today, everyone-from the Philadelphia firefighter, his part ? time receptionist wife and their three children, to the single Los Angeles lawyer starting out on his own-needs a portfolio.\; A portfolio is simply a collection of financial assets. It may include real estate, rare stamps and coins, precious metals and even artworks. But those are for people with expertise. What most of us need to know about are stocks, bonds and cash (including such cash equivalents as money ? market funds).\; How do you decide what part of your portfolio should go to each of the big three? Begin by understanding that stocks pay higher returns but are more risky; bonds and cash pay lower returns but are less risky.\; Research by Ibbotson Associates, for example, shows that large ? company stocks, on average, have returned
  11.2 percent annually since 19
  26. Over the same period, by comparison, bonds have returned an annual average of
  5.3 percent and cash,
  3.8 percent.\; But short ? term risk is another matter. In 1974, a one ? year $1000 investment in the stock market would have declined to $7
  35.\; With bonds, there are two kinds of risk: that the borrower won't pay you back and that the money you'll get won't be worth very much. The U.S. government stands behind treasury bonds, so the credit risk is almost nil. But the inflation risk remains. Say you buy a $1000 bond maturing in ten years. If inflation averages about seven percent over that time, then the $1000 you receive at maturity can only buy $500 worth of today's goods.\; With cash, the inflation risk is lower, since over a long period you can keep rolling over your CDs every year (or more often). If inflation rises, interest rates rise to compensate.\; As a result, the single most imortant rule in building a portfolio is this: If you don't need the money for a long time, then put it into stocks. If you need it soon, put it into bonds and cash.
  26.This passage is intended to give advice on . A) how to avoid inflation risks ? B) what kinds of bonds to buy C) how to get rich by investing in stock market ?
D) how to become richer by spreading the risk ?
  27.The author mentions such millionaires as the Rockefellers and Bill Gates to show that . A) they are examples for us on our road to wealth B) a portfolio is essential to financial success C) they are really rich people D) they started out on their own ?
  28.Which of the following statements will the author support? A) Everybody can get rich with some financial assets. B) The credit risk for treasury bonds is extremely high. C) It's no use trying to know the advantages of stocks, bonds and cash. D) Everybody should realize the importance of distribution of their financial assets. ?
  29.The word "returns" in paragraph three can be best replaced by "."? A) returning journeys ? B) profits ? C) savings ? D) investments ?
  30.The author of the passage points out that . A) keeping cash is the only way to avoid risks B) the longer you own a stock, the more you lost C) the high rate of profit and high rate of risk coexist in stocks D) the best way to accumulate wealth is by investing in stocks ? Passage Three ? Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:? There were two widely divergent influences on the early development of statistical methods. Statistics had a mother who was dedicated to keeping orderly records of governmental units (state and statistics come from the same Latin root, status) and a gentlemanly gambling father who relied on mathematics to increase his skill at playing the odds in games of chance. The influence of the mother on the offspring, statistics, is represented by counting, measuring, describing, tabulating, ordering, and the taking of censuses-all of which led to modern descriptive statistics. From the influence of the father came modern inferential statistics, which is based squarely on theories of probability.\; Descriptive statistics involves tabulating, depicting, and describing collections of data. These data may be either quantitative, such as measures of height, intelligence, or grade level-variables that are characterized by an underlying continuum-or the data many represent qualitative variables, such as sex, college major, or personality type. Large masses of data must generally undergo a process of summarization or reducing to comprehensibly form the properties of an otherwise unwieldy mass of data.\; Inferential statistics is a formalized body of methods for solving another class of problems that present great difficulties for the unaided human mind. This general class of problems characteristically involves attempts to make predictions using a
sample of observations. For example, a school superintendent wishes to determine the proportion of children in a large school system who come to school without breakfast, have been vaccinated for flu, or whatever. Having a little knowledge of statistics, the superintendent would know that it is unnecessary and inefficiency to question each child; the proportion for the entire district could be estimated fairly accurately from a sample of as few as 100 children. Thus, the purpos



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