句式
一)比较 比较
  1.The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.
  2.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
  3.A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...
  4.It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...
  5.For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.
  6.Like anything else, it has its faults.
  7.A and B has several points in common.
  8.A bears some resemblances to B.
  9.However, the same is not applicable to B.
  10. A and B differ in several ways.
  11. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.
  12. People used to think ..., but things are different now.
  13. The same is true of B.
  14. Wondering as A is ,it has its drawbacks.
  15. It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ... 二)原因 原因
  1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation. A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem).
  2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.
  3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...
  4. The factors that contribute to this situation include...
  5. The change in ...largely results from the fact that...
  6. We may blame ...,but the real causes are...
  7. Part of the explanations for it is that ... One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ... Another contributing factor (cause ) is ... Perhaps the primary factor is that…
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But the fundamental cause is that ... 三)后果 后果
  1. It may give rise to a host of problems.
  2. The immediate result it produces is ...
  3. It will exercise a profound influence upon...
  4. Its consequence can be so great that... 四)批驳 批驳
  1)It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.
  2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.
  3) Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.
  4) Many of us have been under the illusion that...
  5) A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.
  6) It makes no sense to argue for ...
  7) Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...
  8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ...
  9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ... 五)举例 举例
  1) A good case in point is ...
  2) As an illustration, we may take ...
  3) Such examples might be given easily.
  4) ...is often cited as an example. 六)证明 证明
  1) No one can deny the fact that ...
  2) The idea is hardly supported by facts.
  3) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...
  4) Recent studies indicate that ...
  5) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...
  6) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ... 七)开篇 开篇
  1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...
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  2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.
  3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.
  4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...
  5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...
  6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.
  7) Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...
  8) According to a recent survey, ...
  9) With the rapid development of ...... 八)结尾 结尾
  1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ...
  2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...
  3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...
  4) In conclusion, it is imperative that ...
  5) There is no easy method, but ...might be of some help.
  6) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...
  7) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue, more problems will crop up.
  8) With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly.
  9) We might do more than identify the cause ; it is important to take actions to ...
  10) Taking all these into account, we ...
  11) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear...
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作文范文

  1、Turn off Your Mobile Phone 、
  1). 移动电话给我们的生活带来了便利 )
  2). 移动电话有时也会影响别人 )
  3). 在某些场合请关掉你的手机 ) With the development of information technology and reduced price of communication products,the mobile phone has become a necessity for most people. Obviously, it shortens the distancebetween people and makes our life more convenient. Thanks to it, it's easy for us to contact or be contacted by others anytime and anywhere. We will never miss any important meetings, great deals or admirable opportunities. But, have you noticed sometimes the mobile phone also brings embarrassment to us? It's not rare to see some pressing the mobile phone to his ear and shouting loudly in public as if there were no one else present. And I'm sure each one has had such an experience that the mobile phones ring continuously on a formal occasion. Perhaps those people have life-and-death reasons to keep the phone working at all times, but it interrupts people around them who have to hear what they don'tcare when they want to concentrate on what they're doing. So if you are one of them, please shut off your cell phone in public, especially on a quiet and serious occasion. It's a respect for both others and yourself.

  2、Traveling by Train or by Plane 、
  1. 我们出远门总要坐火车或飞机
  2. 坐火车和坐飞机各有什么利弊
  3. 你的结论如何
When we go on a business trip, we will be faced with the choice of traveling by train or by plane. Before making the right choice, we had better make a close comparison and contrast of them.
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First of all, a train will take us to our target railway station. Also, a plane will take us to the target airport. Second, in a train we can enjoy the beautiful scenery of the countryside. Likewise, in a plane we can command a good view of fields, buildings, mountains and even plains of clouds. Despite these similarities, they differ in the following aspects. First, a train ticker is cheap. Most of us can afford it. However, a plane ticket is about twice as expensive as a train ticket. Most of us grudge paying for it. Besides, it is safer to travel by train. If the train gets some trouble, we survive by jumping out of it. On the contrary, if we travel by plane, we have to ask God to bless us. However, it takes us longer time to travel by train than by plane. Therefore, it depends which transportation tool we should choose. If we just want to save money, we will travel by train. But if we want to save time, we will turn to the plane.

  3、Foreign Investment 、
  1、外商投资的优越性 、
  2、外资给中国经济建设带来的变化 、
  3、如何进一步吸引外资 、
The merit of foreign investments lies in many aspects. It increases capital investment in our economic construction, speeds up the technical innovation in our enterprises and accelerates our output. In brief, the foreign investment plays an important role in the modernization of our country. Thanks to the foreign investment, great changes have taken place in our economic construction. Many new and advaced enterprises have been set up, old enterprise have been revolutionized and the living standards of our people have been greatly improved. All these have something to do with the foreign investment. Then, how can we attract more foreign investment? We must maintain our country's stability to create a good investment environment. Meanwhile we should carry out some favorable policies, making the foreign businessmen believe that to invest in China does pay off. Only in this way can we further attract and secure foreign investment.

  4、假设你的好朋友李芳是大学四年级学生,正在考虑是考研究生继续深造,还是大学毕业 、假设你的好朋友李芳是大学四年级学生,正在考虑是考研究生继续深造, 后就踏上工作岗位。请你给她写封信表明你的态度。 后就踏上工作岗位。请你给她写封信表明你的态度。
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June, 2003 Dear Fang, I understand that you are in a dilemma. Although so many graduates are eager to set feet on their work-life road, there are still some who prefer to start their new life after gaining another degree to make better preparation for entering society. In my opinion, the latter are more admirable. You are good at all your courses these years, so if you do like to spend another two or three years on campus, you should stick to it. In today's society, the achievement and status you can get and the devotion you can make are no doubt in proportion to your educational background and degrees, coupled with the efforts you put in them. If you want to stride to your destinations more smoothly and easily, why not head for the further study courageously? Whichever you choose, I firmly believe your industry will ensure your success. After all, it is you who have the final say on the final choice. Best wishes. sincerely,
  5、Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: 、 My View on the Post-graduate Craze. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
  1、目前考研究生形成热潮。 、目前考研究生形成热潮。
  2、我认为这股热潮的原因是…… 、我认为这股热潮的原因是 My View on the Post-graduate Craze Every year, millions of college students will sit in for the postgraduate entrance examination. More and more students have regarded the pursuing of a master degree as an indispensable part of their education. What is to account for their enthusiasm for a post-graduate diploma? First, it is the demand of the time. In an age of knowledge updating and information explosion, what you have learned in college can hardly meet the demand of society. Talents of high quality who are equipped with the latest knowledge and skill will be needed more than ever. That is why many students will further their studies. Second, we all recognize that the more education you have, the more likely you are to
6
succeed. Compared with those without a master degree, masters will enjoy more preferential treatment, for example, better salaries, more opportunities for promotion and training. A post-graduate degree can guarantee a more promising career. Last but not least, with the graduation of a large number of college students, competition for jobs becomes more and more fierce. One way to gain some advantage over others is to have a higher degree. No wonder millions of students will consider pursuing a post-graduate degree.

  6、Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: 、 Something I Admire about the Western Culture. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below:
  1. Is there anything in the Western culture you admire?
  2. What is it (are they)and why do you like it (them)? Something I Admire about the Western Culture Despite the cultural conflicts between the Orient and the Occident, there do exist some admirable ingredients in the Western culture. First and foremost, the equality between parents and children. The parents are not always superior to their children, and the children do not always need to obey their parents' orders, that is , they are more like close friends. Second, the independent personality. Western people have a strong sense of supporting themselves and being independent. They begin earning their pocket money early in their life, even as kids. Last, Western people do not always assess a person according to his background. If only he can achieve success through personal struggle, he can win status. It's a talent-oriented society, not background-oriented. All the above mentioned are what I admire in the Western culture and what I think we Chinese should learn.

  7、Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic 、 Campus Life. You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on
7
the outline(given in Chinese) below:
  1. 有的大学生认为大学生活是丰富多彩、充实的。 有的大学生认为大学生活是丰富多彩、充实的。
  2. 有的大学生对校园生活不满意。 有的大学生对校园生活不满意。
  3. 你理想中的大学生活是什么样的?谈谈你的感受。 你理想中的大学生活是什么样的?谈谈你的感受。 Campus life Early in senior high school, we longed to be enrolled in a university. Now the dream has come true. But how do we college students like our campus life? Certainly, some relish it, finding it colorful and rewarding. Besides study, they spend considerable amount of time improving themselves in various aspects. Yet others do not think much of their college life, thus do not benefit as much. In their eyes, the university is just a bigger high school. The only difference is that they have more time at their disposal without parents looking over their shoulder. As to me, college life is ideal if only I have abundant books to read, some bosom friends to keep me company, a couple of conscientious professors to instruct me, and an easy access to the Internet.

  8、Direction:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic 、 : My Opinion on Advertisement. You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline below: Some people hold the idea that the advertisement is a necessary evil in modern life. What do you think?
 

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