大学英语期末复习试题(专升本) 大学英语期末复习试题(专升本) PartⅠ Vocabulary and Structure Ⅰ
  1. In view of global warming, coastal buildings should B sea-level rise. A) prevent B) anticipate C) discourage D) prompt

  2. I feel D you will extend a helping hand to those who are suffering from cold and hunger. A) unlike B) complacent C) apparent D) confident

  3. The book is written so that a reader will benefit in a future A with a work of art. A) encounter B) conflict C) investment D) evaluation

  4. My attitude to aging is that it's A so there's very little we can do about it. A) inevitable B) psychological C) contagious D) steady

  5. We had better move forward, for it will not do us any good to Bthe past. A) shrug off B) dwell on C) live on D) single out

  6. They took emergency steps to protect themselves from the B disease. A) conveyed B) dreaded C) dispersed D) exploded

  7. The spending cuts made it impossible to fill the posts left C by retired teachers. A) depressed B) jealous C) vacant D) dissatisfied

  8. Can you list a few problems likely to B the human race in the next few decades? A) fracture B) confront C) occupy D) frustrate

  9. More than $10 million in research costs has been lost on a(n) A nuclear safety program. A) abandoned B) deduced C) melted D) resolved

  10. They will give presentations on those aspects of engineering that are having an Don the development of military equipment. A) application B) indication C) intent D) impact

  11. If you love plants, the chances are you buy them on B and then wonder where to put them. A)purpose B)impulse C)display D)cue

  12. If you have to go through a smoke-filled area, you'd better A with your head low. A)crawl B)retreat C)proceed D)drag

  13. Mother B my brother to keep his voice down but he ignored her. A)remarked B)motioned C)shrugged D)impressed

  14. If doing one thing gives you an unpleasant feeling, the normal C would be to stop doing it. A)perspective B)emotion C)reaction D)function

  15. Among these articles, which do you think are most D to interest our students? A)unexpected B)awkward C)competent D)likely

  16. Long after even the latest apple tree had finally broken into leaf, the mulberry's(桑树) branches remained stubbornly B. A)empty B)bare C)stale D)dumb

  17. These schools come under the supervision of locally A committees. A)appointed B)rotated C)consisted D)composed

  18. We should see ourselves as part of nature rather than in C with it. A)argument B)connection C)conflict D)crash

  19. These rows of small trees growing close together D living walls for shelter and privacy in the garden. A)obtain B)breed C)arrange D)create

  20. Don't A to let me know if there's anything I can do for you. A)hesitate B)reject C)puzzle D)thrill

  21. With determination and hard work, you are A succeed eventually. A) bound to B) sure of C) necessary to D) free to

  22. We never lose heart when we D difficulties in our work. A) engage B)conflict C) catch D) encounter

  23. Microsoft is toA its fight against piracy by requiring users who visit its download sites to verify their installation. A) step up B) step in C) step onto D) step by

  24. Nearly all major cities in the US are crime-ridden. B is Chicago. A) A point in case B) A case in point C) Any case D) To the point

  25. Investigation B the women’s 800-meter race champion to be a man in disguise. A) concealed B) revealed C) deprived D) assured
PartⅡ Reading Comprehension Ⅱ Passage One The good news we get from TV and radio makes us feel more kindly toward other people, but bad news ? especially news of cruelty and violence ? stirs up suspicion and a sense of competition toward others. These are the findings of 10 years of experiments by research psychologists (心理学家) at Columbia University, who conclude that broadcasters encourage hostile (敌对的) behavior by stressing bad news. "We found that the news people are exposed to either encourages them to concentrate on the differences between themselves and others, or on the common problems that make them feel, 'We're all in this together,'" explained Dr. Harvey Hornstein. "News about one human being helping another … brings out feelings of trust and cooperation. But news about one person actually doing harm to another changes our estimate of other people for the worse." In an early experiment in 1968, Dr. Hornstein and his associates, who had been dropping wallets (钱包) for two years to test the honesty of people, discovered that on June 4, 1968, not one wallet was returned. "That was the night Robert F. Kennedy was shot," he recalled. "Strangers suddenly seemed dangerous, and nobody wanted to return a lost wallet to a stranger. "But good news on the other hand, lifts us up," he stressed, citing the date of July 4, 1976, America's Bicentennial (两百年的) celebration. "On that day, we all felt safe and good. Being American was the thing. We all felt as if we all belonged together." Recent tests support these conclusions. In one experiment, 60 subjects were exposed to good news, bad news or music. Then they were told to play a game with a non-existent person supposedly in another room. It was a game of choice that emphasized cooperation or competition. After hearing good news, the overwhelming majority, 91 percent, played cooperatively. But after hearing bad news, competitive responses were over three times as high ? up to 28 percent, from 9 percent. "If we watch television and see a lot of blood," said Dr. Hornstein, "we're probably assuming that the world is a dirtier place than we assumed before we saw that TV violence. And we'll deal with the next individual we come upon as if he is part of that grim (冷酷的) picture of humanity. After the good news, it's the reverse."
  26. According to the findings of researchers at Columbia University, when people hear good news, they feelB. A)happier C)safer than they really are B)more kindly toward others D)more competitive

  27. Dr. Harvey Hornstein found that when people hear news about one person actually doing harm to another, they tend to A. A)regard other people as worse than they really are B)treat total strangers as suspects of cruel crimes C)become hostile towards neighbors and friends D)think about the common problems facing mankind
  28. What did Dr. Harvey Hornstein and his associates discover on the night of June 4, 1968? D A)Robert F. Kennedy was shot. C)People in America suddenly became dishonest. B)Their wallets were lost. D)Nobody returned the wallets they dropped.

  29. We can infer from the passage that on July 4, 1976, most probably B.
A)people drank and sang and danced C)everybody wanted to be American
B)lost wallets were returned to their owners D)even criminals were friendly to others

  30. The last sentence “After the good news, it’s the reverse” means A A) We probably assume the world is better than we assumed after we watch good news. B) After we watch good news on TV, we might consider the world is as good as before C) We might regard the world as worse than we did after we watch good news D) After we watch good news, we will probably deal with more bloody persons
  31. We can conclude from the passage that B A) violence on TV leads to more violence on the streets B) broadcasters should emphasize good news rather than bad news C) the world is a dirtier place than we assume it to be D) people are more competitive when they are faced with challenges
Passage Two Laura walked towards the man. "It is terribly cold," she said. "Colder than ever," the man said. "Now tell me what the hell you want." He stared at Laura for a few seconds, and then grinned. "Maybe you'd like to come inside and warm up." "No. No, I don't want to come in." She took a deep breath. "I just wanted to know if you're interested in selling your dog." "That worthless mutt?" The man pointed to a dog in the yard and laughed for a few seconds, then suddenly stopped. "I was just joking about the worthless part. He's a pretty good dog. Yeah, I might be interested." "Well, he's the kind of dog I'm looking for, and it doesn't look to me like you're too fond of him. I mean he's tied up outside. I don't see any food or water." "You just wait a minute. I take good care of that dog. The guy I got him from said he was a trained guard dog. Trouble is the stupid thing doesn't even bark when strangers come around. But then I guess that wouldn't matter to you. You're probably just looking for a pet, huh?" "Yeah, well here's your chance to get rid of him. I'll give you twenty dollars." He snorted (哼着鼻子说). "You expect me to sell a purebred guard dog for twenty dollars? Fifty dollars. That's my price. You bring me fifty dollars, honey, and you got yourself a dog." The man smiled. "Sure you don't want to come in?" Laura shook her head. "I'll be back with the money." Breakfast forgotten, she searched for and found a cash machine four blocks away. I can't afford this, she thought as she punched the numbers into the machine. The dog will need a vet (兽医) and where am I going to get the money for that? Her fears faded (消退) as she pictured the dog, curled up, not outside on the cold, hard ground, but in front of a glowing fireplace. Blue ceramic bowls filled with food and water sat in the corner of the kitchen, and she saw him, head held high, matching her stride (大步) on their daily walk. With the money in her purse she hurried back to the man's house.
  32. Why did Laura walk up to the man? A) To ask him where she could buy a pet. C)To give him a morning greeting.
  33. For what purpose had the man bought the dog? A)To protect his home. C)To breed pet dogs. B B) To see if she could buy his dog. D)To ask him to let her in and warm up. A B)To get rid of his loneliness. D)To make money.

  34. When Laura left home in the morning, she was most probably going B. A)to take a walk C)to get some cash
  35. Judging from the passage, Laura is B. A)a very rich lady C)an animal protectionist B)a rather poor girl D)a social worker B)to get her breakfast D)to buy the man's dog

  36. The girl thought the man didn’t like the dog becauseA.
A) B) C) D)
she saw the dog was tied up outside in such a cold day without water or food she knew the dog didn’t bark at strangers she immediately knew the dog was a worthless mutt at the sight of it the man wanted very much to sell it. A

  37. How come Laura’s worry about money faded? A) B) C) D)
The dog will lead a happy life under her good care. She will soon get a good job and earn money to pay the vet. She will have a guard dog beside her as she takes a walk. She’s got the money in her purse to pay for the pet she desired.
Passage Three Although Thomas Jefferson did not begin the effort of designing the University of Virginia until late in his life, the education of the common man had occupied his thoughts for decades. He believed ignorance (无知) to be the enemy of freedom, and he wanted to correct what he considered to be the weaknesses of educational institutions (机构) modeled on European settings. He imagined that an "academical village" around a tree-lined lawn would provide an ideal setting in which to pursue higher education. The center of such a village would be a Temple of Knowledge that would house the university library. When Virginia decided to set up a state university in 1818, the retired U.S. President finally was able to devote his talent, time, and energy to creating this new kind of educational institution. By the time he was finished with his design, Jefferson had invented an entirely new American setting for higher education: the college campus. In 1812, Jefferson chose to begin building his "academical village," the University of Virginia, in Charlottesville, VA, far away from the city center. He intended this spot to promote learning because it was natural and unspoiled, and far from anything that could distract or harm the students. The University consists of two rows of houses, five on each side, leading to a main building. This main building, the Rotunda, became the most important part of the University, because it contained the library. By focusing his entire institution on the library, instead of around the church, Jefferson revolutionized American university architecture. Jefferson's aim was to create a new institutional form for his ideal educational system, a system he thought should give every citizen the information he needs for carrying out his daily business. This new approach to citizenship and education demanded a new type of university, one where students and professors could coexist and share ideas. He attempted to create this environment by combining the professors' houses and students' classrooms, and linking all the buildings with covered walkways so intellectual exchanges between departments could go on smoothly. Jefferson had also recognized the importance of the students' whole life, and given much thought and planning to the students' dining, living, and exercise facilities (
 

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