Unit 1 Changes in the Way We Live
Text A
Mr. Doherty Builds His Dream Life
A poem P11 What’s the poet telling us through the poem?
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未选择的路 罗伯特. (美)罗伯特.弗罗斯特 黄色的树林里分出两条路, 黄色的树林里分出两条路, 可惜我不能同时去涉足, 可惜我不能同时去涉足, 我在那路口久久伫立, 我在那路口久久伫立, 我向着一条路极目望去, 我向着一条路极目望去, 直到它消失在丛林深处。 直到它消失在丛林深处。
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但我却选了另外一条路, 但我却选了另外一条路, 它荒草萋萋,十分幽寂, 它荒草萋萋,十分幽寂, 显得更诱人、更美丽, 显得更诱人、更美丽, 虽然在这两条小路上, 虽然在这两条小路上, 都很少留下旅人的足迹, 都很少留下旅人的足迹,
4
虽然那天清晨落叶满地, 虽然那天清晨落叶满地, 两条路都未经脚印污染。 两条路都未经脚印污染。 留下一条路等改日再见! 呵,留下一条路等改日再见! 但我知道路径延绵无尽头, 但我知道路径延绵无尽头, 恐怕我难以再回返。 恐怕我难以再回返。
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也许多少年后在某个地方, 也许多少年后在某个地方, 我将轻声叹息把往事回顾, 我将轻声叹息把往事回顾, 一片树林里分出两条路, 一片树林里分出两条路, 而我选了人迹更少的一条, 而我选了人迹更少的一条, 从此决定了我一生的道路。 从此决定了我一生的道路。
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What comes to your mind when you see the word “country” or “countryside”? peace relaxation natural beauty green fields crops wild hiking fishing picnic
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Words and Phrases
8

  1. (L
  3) get by: be good enough but not every good; manage to live or do things in a satisfactory way 过得去 get by (on sth) (靠某物)勉强维生;设法维持; 对付 It is a little bit difficult for the old couple to get by on such a small pension. 我父母亲靠很少的一些钱凑合着过下去。 My parents managed to get by on a small amount of money.
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  2. (L
  4) frustration: n. (state of) being frustrated 灰 心;沮丧;不满;失意;受挫 The frustration of our design made us every unhappy. 我们计划的失败使我们感到非常难过。 Every job has its frustrations. 每种工作都有令人不 称心的地方。 frustrate: v.
  1) prevent (sb) from doing or achieving sth 阻止/妨碍 某人做成某事 The bad weather frustrated our hopes of going out.
  2) upset of discourage (sb) 使沮丧,灰心 Mary was frustrated by the lack of appreciation shown of her work.
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  3. (L
  5) contentment n. state of being content with a smile of contentment 带着心满意足的微笑 content:
  1) n. that which is contained in sth 内容 At the front of the book is a table of contents, giving details of what is in the book.
  2) adj. Satisfied with what one has; not wanting more; happy 知足;满足;满意( be ~ with sth; be ~ to do sth) Are you content with your present salary? He is content to remain where he is now. 他安于现 状。
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  4. (L
  8) and we cut enough wood to just about make it through the heating season. make it = succeed The meaning of this part is “With the wood they cut, their family can succeed in getting through the cold winter.” He’s never really made it as an actor. 他当演员 从未有所成就。
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  5. (L
  16) haul: vt.
  1) transport, as with a truck, cart, etc. (用卡车、马车 等)搬运 The farmers haul vegetables to the market on a truck every morning. 救援队把药品和食物运到被淹的村庄。 The rescue team hauled medical supplies and food to the flooded villages.
  2) pull or drag sth. with effort or force用力拉或拖 A crane(吊车) had to be used to haul the car out of the stream. Rescue workers hauled passengers out of the crashed train.
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CF: haul, drag & pull 这几个词都是动词,都有
“拖”、“拉”、“拽”之意。 。 haul 指缓慢而费力地拖一极重之物,有时可表示 很困难地拽。例如: Lorries haul heavy goods from factories to the ports. 大卡车把沉重的货物从工厂运到港口。 drag 指施力者在地面或表面 地面或表面上缓慢而沉重地把东 地面或表面 西拖过一段距离,该词通常使人想到主动或被动的 阻力。例如: You might drag a heavy box across the ground if you couldn’t lift it. 提不动一个重箱子,你可以在地上拖着它走。
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pull 指朝任何方向移动,一般后接副词 或副词词组以表示移动方向。例如: They pulled hard but the rock remained immovable. 他们拼命地拉,但这块石头一动不动。
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  6. (L19~
  22) Soon Jim, 16 and Emily, 13, the youngest of our four children, ……….when we are working outside. The structure of this sentence is complicated.


“The youngest of our four children” is in apposition to “Jim, 16 and Emily,13”. “That supplements our indoor plumbing when we are working outside” is an attributive clause modifying “the outdoor toilet”.
过些时候,四个孩子中的两个小的, 岁的吉米和 过些时候,四个孩子中的两个小的,16岁的吉米和 13岁的埃米莉,会帮着我一起把拖了很久没修的室 岁的埃米莉, 岁的埃米莉 外厕所修葺一下。当我们在室外干活时, 外厕所修葺一下。当我们在室外干活时,这个厕所 便成为室内卫生设备的补充。 便成为室内卫生设备的补充。
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  7. (L
  21) supplement:
  1)vt. Add to sth. in order to improve it with) Peter supplements his ordinary income by writing books. 医生建议在我的饮食中补充维生素E和A. The doctor suggested supplementing my diet with vitamins E and A.
  2)n. an additional amount of sth. She has been ill and must have supplement to her ordinary food.
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  8. (L
  22) spray: vt. force out liquid in small drops upon (followed by with)喷洒 I’ll have to spray the roses with insecticide to get rid of the greenfly (蛀 虫). They sprayed the President’s car with bullets. 汽车开过,溅了我一身水。 A car went past and sprayed me with water.
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  9. (L
  26) pursue: vt
  1)be busy with; continue (steadily) ) with (继续)从事或忙于 …;进行 He is pursuing his studies at the university. After graduation Martin chose to pursue the same career as his father as a doctor.
  2)follow esp. in order to catch, kill or defeat 追赶,追逐 The police are pursuing an escaped prisoner. * pursuit: n. 追捕某人/物;追求某事物(in pursuit of sth) ) She devoted her life to the pursuit of pleasure Thirty men were in pursuit of a single fox. People are traveling about the country in pursuit of work.
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  10. (L
  27) oversee: vt. watch over and control (sb/sth); supervise 监督,监视 You must employ someone to oversee the project. CF: oversee & overlook overlook: vt.
  1) have / give a view of (a place) from above 俯瞰,俯视 We overlook the church from our house.
  2) fail to see or notice (sth); ignore 忽视;未注意到 He overlooked a spelling error on the first page. She overlooked his rudeness and tried to pretend nothing had happened.
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  11. (L
  30) stack:
  1) v. make into a pile 堆起,摞起 ~ sth (up); ~ sth (with sth) Please stack your chair before you leave. The whole garden was stacked with bricks.
  2) n. pile or heap stack of sth: large number or quantity a stack of newspapers a stack of hay
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  13. (L
  32) wicked: adj. evil or bad We are all born good, but can be taught to be wicked. 他真邪恶 That was wicked of him. I have such a wicked toothache.
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  1. Part Division of the Text
Parts Lines Main Ideas 1 1~14 The writer views his life in the country as a self-reliant and satisfying one. 2 15~44 Life in the country is good yet sometimes very hard. 3 45~77 After quitting his job, the writer’s income was reduced, but he and his family can manage to get by. 4 78~101 A tolerance for solitude and a lot of energy have made it possible for family to enjoy their life in the country.
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Read every paragraph and find out the main idea for it. Para 1 Para 2 Para 3 Main idea for Part I?
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Structure of para 1,2,3: From topic sentences to development / supporting sentences
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Part II
Find out words or phrase of farm chores as many as you can Suppose you are Mr. Doherty or his wife Sandy. Describe your life on the farm. Try to use your own words.
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Homework
P11 ex1 learn by heart P15 ex2 P17 II Confusable Words P20 Structure 带快速阅读3 带快速阅读 网络课:综合Unit1 Texts A&B Study 网络课:综合 (listening, language, Ex.); 视听说、全新版听说Unit1 online Ex 视听说、全新版听说 背单词
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学习进度 每两周一Unit(综合、视听说和网络) 每两周一 (综合、视听说和网络) 综合U3 ad presentation 综合 U4 share about a sci-fi story U6 act play
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Part III
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  18. get through: come successfully to the end 通过, 度过 当地政府已采取一些措施以确保全体人民熬过冬天。 The local government has taken some measures to ensure that all the people will get through the winter. She got through the entrance examination and was accepted by the college. * Collocation: get across (使)被了解,解释清楚 get along 进展;相处 get by 过得去,尚可;过活 get on with 与….相处;(中断后)继续;进展 get over 从(疾病,悲伤等)中恢复过来;克 服(困难)
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  19. (L
  47) at that point: at that very moment; right then 就在那时 The train was now only a couple of yards from the kids on the track. At that point, Anthony threw himself forward and pulled them clear. The man suddenly held up a poster. At that point, all TV cameras were pointed at him. take sb’s point: understand and accept sb’s argument 理解并接受某人的论点 to the point: relevant and appropriate 中肯;恰当 中肯; to the point of sth: to a degree that can be described as sth 达到某种程度 up to a (certain) point: to some extent; in some degree 在某种程度上
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  20. (L
  47) quit: v.
  1) go away from (a place); leave 从(某处)离开;离去 He got his present job when he quitted the army. (退伍) If I don’t get a pay rise, I will quit. 若不给我加薪, 我就不干了
  2) stop (sth / doing sth) Now let’s quit work for five minutes.
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  23. (L
  54) on balance: with all things considered 总 的来说 On balance, it’s probably not advisable to change the company’s name. 我想,总的来说我更喜欢新的体制。 I think, on balance, I prefer the new system. balance 的反义词是imbalance。 此外,与balance有 关的其他搭配有: keep one’s balance 保持平衡 lose one’s balance 失去平衡 strike a balance 力求折中 in the balance 不确定,成败或安危未定
33

  24. (L
  56) illustrate: vt. provide with visual features; clarify by use of examples, etc. Let me use another example to illustrate this difficult point. illustrate, exemplify & demonstrate都有“举例说明”之意。 illustrate 表示不仅使用具体事例而且有时使用图画,目的 是使说明生动、逼真或有效,从而真实地说明某一观点 The way that a pump works is used to illustrate how the heart sends blood around the body. 抽水机抽水的原理能够 用来说明心脏怎样使血液周身循环。 exemplify 表示使用事例说明一个笼统而抽象的陈述,或佐 以揭示某一提法的真实。例如: Knights exemplified courage and courtesy. demonstrate 表示用足够数量及可靠的证据说明某一学术 争论、结论的真实性,也可用于说明人或事。例如: Galileo demonstrated that objects of different weights fall at the same speed.伽俐略证实了重量不同的物体以同样的 速度下落。
34

  25. (L
  58) digest:
  1) n. a short account of written materials or data文摘 摘要 Reader’s Digest is a popular magazine in the US. He was so busy that he only read a concise digest of their project.
  2) v. a) 消化 玛丽吃肥肉不消化。 Mary can’t digest fat. b) think about sth. carefully and understand it 完全理 解;彻底领会 I heard her speech, but I haven’t digested it yet. 吸收新思想往往需要很长时间。 It often takes long time to digest new ideas. digestible adj. that can be digested
35

  27. (L
  61) generate: vt. bring into existence; produce 煤燃烧时,产生热量。 When coal burns, it generates heat. The teacher’s remark generated loud laughter. * 同义词 同义词(synonym): create; produce; originate
  28. (L
  64) When it comes to sth / doing sth: when it is a case, matter or question of (doing) sth 当涉 及(做)某事物的情况、事情或问题时 (See exercise on Page
  20)
36

  29. (L
  64) insurance: n. 保险 Does your insurance cover damage by flooding? an insurance against theft, fire, etc 盗窃保险,火险 household, personal, etc insurance 家庭、人身保险 *CF: insure, assure & ensure insure sb / sth (against sth)) 投保 I ~ my house against fire. assure sb that… ; assure sb / oneself (of sth):向 (某人)保证 Nothing can assure permanent happiness. ensure that….; ensure sb sth: 确保,保证 measures to ensure safty
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  30. (L
  66) fee: 服务费,酬金 pay the lawyer’s fee / a bill for school’s fee/airport fee If you want to join, there’s an ent
 

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